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高中英语写作


如何提高学生的高中英语写 作能力?

覆盖所有内容 要点

主要内容: 内容要点; 词汇和语法的数量和准确性; 上下文的连贯; 有效地使 语言的得体性。 语言地道、 用了语句
间的连接 成分 规范

应用了较多 的语法结构 和词汇

如何让高考英语作文得高分?
? 近几年要求“

使用较多语法结构和词汇”,因此 要想得高分,除了要点和语言准确度以外, 还必须在较复杂的句子结构或较高级的词汇 上有所表现。 ? 句式单一,缺乏生气的文章,哪怕无任何错 误也不可能得高分,相反“有些错误,但是为 了使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致”,给分 档次仍在最高档(21~25分)。

阅卷教师喜欢什么样的作文 ? 字体工整,卷面干净; ? 紧扣主题,条理清晰; ? 语言地道,过渡自然; ? 长度适中,一气呵成。
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阅卷教师讨厌什么样的作文?
涂涂抹抹,斑斑点点; ? 层次不清,段落不分; ? 语句不通,杂乱无章; ? 书写潦草,卷面不洁;
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★精彩的首尾句 ★通俗易懂的短语 ★多样的句型 ★恰当的连接词 ★规范的书写

★3个段落 ★3—5个高级词汇 ★3—5个句型 ★3—5个连接词 ★12句 15行

句子的结构

一、简单句:
She arrived quite early. She may have arrived now. 二、并列句: We love peace but we are not afraid of war. Hurry up, or it’s getting late. 三、复合句:

There is something wrong in what he said.
That’s exactly what I am planning to do.

运用多种方法,抓好句型表达训练 1. 一句多译 2. 句型转换 3. 句子扩展 4. 修辞手段

一句多译
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他们努力去完成这项任务。 They tried their best to finish the work. (简 单句) They did their best to finish the work. (简单 句) They attempted to finish the work. (简单句) They did what they could to finish the work. (复合句) They did everything/all they could to finish the work. (复合句)

一句多译
他太累了,不能继续前进。 He was too tired to walk any farther. (简单 句) He was so tired that he couldn’t walk any farther. (复合句) He was too tired, so he couldn’t walk any farther. (并列句) Since he was too tired, he couldn’t walk any farther. (复合句)

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句子扩展
1.由简单句扩展成并列句 Tom is our monitor now. He came to our school last year. → Tom came to our school last year and he is our monitor now. (把意义松散的两个句子 合为一体,句意连贯性更强了) → Tom came to our school last year; he is our monitor now. (通过标点符号也能达到异 曲同工之效)

句子扩展
2.由简单句扩展成复合句 例如:The meeting came to an end. 我们试加一个定语从句: The meeting that they held in our classroom came to an end. 我们试加一个状语从句: When we arrived, the meeting came to an end. 或:The meeting came to an end though it was still early. 或: Before I could speak anything, the meeting came to an end.

运用连词或介词,提高文章的连贯性
并列:and, as well as, also, both…and等 ; 选择:or, either…or, neither...nor, otherwise 等; 原因:because, for, as, since, owing to, due to 等; 结果:so, therefore, thus, as a result 等 ;

时间:when, before, later, first, and then, next 等; 比较:on the contrary, for another thing 等 转折:but, yet, however, although, in spite of 等; 递进:besides, even, what’s more, in addition等; 举例:for example, such as, like, namely 等 总结:in short, in general, in a word, to sum up等。

例如:

Tom saw a bird. The bird was wounded. He took the bird to the zoo. The workers in the zoo praised him. He arrived home late. He was happy. →Tom saw a wounded bird, so he took it to the zoo. The workers in the zoo praised him. Though he came home late, he was happy.

写作中复合句常见的错误
1.只有从句,没有主句 The keeper who had lived in the light tower for a long time, so he could keep calm in the storm.

2.以逗号代替句号,把两个简单句当成一个句子 ① The hall is different from all other buildings , it is made of glass. ② The old man thought of his son, tears came down from his face. 3.刻意使用从句,表达不自然 There are over fifty students in this school who are going to take part in the sports meet next Sunday. Over fifty students in this school are going to take part in the sports meet next Sunday.

4.过多地使用并列句组合信息

① It is a beautiful day, and the sun is shining and a breeze is blowing. → It is a beautiful day with the sun shining and a breeze blowing.
② We were driving out into the country, and we saw our English teacher riding in a bus, and the bus driving was crowded. → As we were out into the country, we saw our English teacher riding in a crowded bus.

学 会 运 用 复 合 句

用一句话表达 ① Kate is a new student. ② She comes from a northern province. ③ She speaks a dialect. ④ We find it hard to understand her dialect. Kate, a new student from a northern province, speaks a dialect which we find hard to understand.

学 会 运 用 复 合 句 和 词

不是人人都能学好英语,小学生同时 学汉语和英语反而会影响汉语学习。
第一步:拆分成几个简单句
①不是人人都能学好英语。 ②小学生同时学汉语和英语。

③这会影响汉语学习。

第二步:分别翻译这几个简单句
① Not everyone is good at learning English. ② Children from primary school learn English and Chinese at the same time. ③ This will affect their Chinese study.

第三步:合并句子 ① Not everyone is good at learning English ② Children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time.

③ This will affect their Chinese study.
That children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time will affect their Chinese study because not everyone is good at learning English.

第三步:合并句子 ① Not everyone is good at learning English. ② Children from primary school start to learn English and Chinese at the same time. ③ This will affect their Chinese study.

方法2 : If children from primary school start to learn
English and Chinese at the same time, this will affect their Chinese study because not everyone is good at learning English.

学 会 使 用 复 合 句 和 非 谓 语 动 词

你来试试
现象 原因 学生作文中出现很多错别字 1.上网聊天时经常使用网络语言。

2.每天有很多作业做,没有记住生字。

要求:1. 用两句话表达表格内容 2. 两句话要有连贯性

参考词汇: 错别字: wrongly-written characters 网络语言:web language

第一句(两个信息点):
1. 学生作文中出现很多错别字 2.(他们)上网聊天时经常使用网络语言。 ① There are many wrongly-written characters in students’ compositions. ② They often use web languages when chatting on line. 合并句子:

The reason why there are many wrongly-written characters in students’ composition is that they often use web languages when chatting on line.

第二句: 1. 每天有很多作业做 2. 没有记住生字。 ① They have much homework to do every day. ② They fail to memorize the new characters. 合并句子: 1. They have so much homework to do every day that they fail to memorize the new characters 2. With so much homework to do, they fail to memorize the new characters. 3. Because they have so much homework to do, they fail to memorize the new characters.

连接两句话: The reason why there are many wrongly-written characters in students’ composition is that they often use web languages when chatting on line. Moreover, they have so much homework to do every day that they fail to memorize the new characters.

2. 三段式作文法
1. 所谓三段式就是将一篇书面表 达按三段的写作模式谋篇布局。 2. 就整体篇章结构而言,如何把 握较大的写作空间,三段式的写 作模式为最佳选择。

基本模式
1.第一段开门见山,提出要解决的 问题或观点,或者把时间、地点、 人物和主要事件及时点出。 2.第二段要摆出事实或提出论据, 或者把事情发展的经过详细写出来。 3.最后一段,得出结论或理由。

3. 十句作文法
十句作文法是有关专家总结 出来的一种高分作文方法,考生 在经过短期训练之后便可较大幅 度地提高写作水平。

基本模式
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第一段为开头,包括两句。第一句为主题句,点明全 文主题;第二句为扩展句,进一步说明和支持主题句。 两者关系也可倒过来,由第一句说明情况,第二句点 明主题。 第二段为正文,共七句。第三句为主题句,提出本段 的主题,它应与第一段的主题相关或一致。第四至九 句为扩展句,说明和支持本段的主题。句与句之间要 注意好过渡,以使段落逻辑合理,结构得当。 第三段为结尾,简化为一句,也是全文的总结句(第 十句),它将前面的内容总结为一个结果,表明自己 的论点。

写作典例

电视在人们的日常生活中占有 很重要的地位,电视传播不断深层 次地影响着每一个人。请以 “Television” 为题,写一篇有关其 所带来的积极影响的英语短文。

写作分析
1. 这篇书面表达的中心思想是电视所带来的 积极影响。 2. 电视对现代生活的影响是多方面的,考生 不要试图面面俱到,如果涉及面太多,文 章反而显得松散。我们只需选择几个方面 进行写作,可用举例的方法合理安排语言 材料。

【范文】

Television Television presents a vivid world in front of us.1(主题句) Through TV, we can learn what is happening half way across the world. 2(扩展句) Television also plays an important educational role in our daily life.3(主题句) For one thing, the TV university provides an opportunity for people who can not go to formal university.4(扩展句) For another, children can broaden their scope of knowledge by watching popular programs.5(扩展句) Besides, women can learn about the latest fashion of dresses and the best recipe for making fruit cakes.6(扩展句) Furthermore, we can learn many world advanced technologies from TV programs.7(扩展句) And also we can learn singing, dancing and doing physical exercise in some special TV training courses.8(扩展句)In short, the effect of TV’s educational role is becoming more and more obvious.9(扩展句) Having viewed these aspects, and with many more TV programs produced, I believe that our life will become even more significant. 10(总结句)


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