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多媒体语篇精读课
——阅读理解解题样板(六)

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阅读理解解题样板
01社会热点类 03社会生活类
05学校生活类

02个人情况和日常活动类 04新闻广告类 06人物故事类

07个人情感与人际关系类 08科技发明类 09介绍说明类 10家庭、朋

友与周围的人

阅读理解解题样板(六)

人物故事类

01精读语篇

[1] One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “ This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I'm very worried about him. Can you help?” [2] I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn't have the answer to, and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically. [3] The first two times we met, David didn't say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children's drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon — in complete silence and without looking at me. It's not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice.

01精读语篇

[4] Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me? [5] “Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly. [6] “It's your turn,” he said. [7] After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times, about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life. [8] Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one — without any words — can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens.

题目试做

36.When he first met the author, David ________. A.felt a little excited B.walked energetically C.looked a little nervous D.showed up with his teacher 37.As a psychologist, the author ________. A.was ready to listen to David B.was skeptical about psychology C.was able to describe David's problem D.was sure of handling David's problem 38.David enjoyed being with the author because he ________. A.wanted to ask the author for advice B.needed to share sorrow with the author C.liked the children's drawings in the office D.beat the author many times in the chess game

题目试做

39.What can be inferred about David? A.He recovered after months of treatment. B.He liked biking before he lost his family. C.He went into university soon after starting to talk. D.He got friends in school before he met the author. 40.What made David change? A.His teacher's help. B.The author's friendship. C.His exchange of letters with the author. D.The author's silent communication with him.

02读文样板

一. 理清文章脉络
本文讲述了作者在英国做心理学家时的一段经历。这段经历 告诉我们,有时给别人心理帮助不一定需要语言的开导。 [1] One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I'm very worried about him. Can you help?” [2] I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn't have the answer to, and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically.

“我”作为心理学家 接诊了因失去家人而 拒绝与人交流的大卫。

02读文样板

一. 理清文章脉络
[3] The first two times we met, David didn't say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children's drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon — in complete silence and without looking at me. It's not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice. [4] Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down.It seemed as if he enjoyed my company.But why did he never look at me? [5] “Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with,” I thought.“Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly. [6] “It's your turn,” he said. [7] After that day, David started talking.He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club.He wrote to me a few times, about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university.Now he had really started to live his own life.

“我”以跟 大卫下棋的 方式帮他治 疗的过程。

02读文样板

一. 理清文章脉络

[8] Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one — without any words — can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a “我”的感受。 shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens.

02读文样板

二. 破解阅读障碍

(一)怎样破解生僻词汇

1. psychologist n.心理学家
破解方法 利用构词法 psychologist

psychology (心理学)+ist (人): 与心理学有关的人即心理学家

02读文样板

二. 破解阅读障碍

(一)怎样破解生僻词汇

2. adolescent n.青少年 adj.青春期的
破解方法 利用语境猜词法

下文提到David还在上学,再结合boy一词,可知David是 一个处于青春期的男孩子。

02读文样板

二. 破解阅读障碍

(一)怎样破解生僻词汇

3. sympathetically adv. 富有同情心地
破解方法 利用构词法

sympathy(同情)+ly (副词后缀):

sympathetically

02读文样板

二. 破解阅读障碍

(二)怎样破解长难句 谓语二 谓语三 时间状语从句

Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and
主语 谓语一

pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down.
译文:像平常一样,他在约定的时间之前就到了,而且还 拿着从架子上取下来的棋盘,我还没找到机会坐下,他就 开始摆棋子了。

03解题样板 36.第一次见到作者时, 大卫________。

信息源
第一段第三句 第一段第三句 第一段第三句 第一段第四句

选项特征
曲解文意 曲解文意 合理推断 曲解文意

A.感到有点兴奋 B.走起路来很有精神 C.看上去有点紧张 D.和他的老师一块来的

[分析] 选C 根据第一段描述的David与作者见面时的表现“He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly.”可以判 断出,David当时是紧张的。

03解题样板 37.作为心理学家,作者 ________。

信息源
第二段最后一句 第二段第三句 第二段第二句 第二段最后一句

选项特征
合理推断 曲解文意 颠倒是非 曲解文意

A.准备倾听大卫 B.怀疑心理学 C.能描述大卫的问题
D.有把握处理大卫的问 题

[分析] 选A 根据第二段内容,尤其是最后一句“Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically.”可知,作者已经做好了倾 听David的准备。

03解题样板 38.大卫喜欢和作者在一 起是因为他________。

信息源
第二段最后一句 全文,特别是 第五段第一句 第三段第二句 第三段最后一句

选项特征
混淆视听 合理推断 混淆视听 曲解文意

A.想征询作者的建议
B.需要与作者一起分享痛 苦 C.喜欢办公室里孩子画的 画 D.在棋类游戏中多次赢了 作者

[分析] 选B 根据第五段作者对David的行为表现的揣测可以判断,David可 能只是需要有人默默地与他分享失去亲人的痛苦,无需其他语言上的开导。

03解题样板 39.关于大卫我们可以推 测出什么? A.经过几个月的治疗,他 恢复了健康。 B.失去家人之前他喜欢骑 车。 C.开始谈心后不久他就去 上大学了。 D.遇到作者之前,他在学 校有好多朋友。

信息源
最后两段 倒数第二段 倒数第二段 倒数第二段

选项特征
合理推断 曲解文意 曲解文意 曲解文意

[分析] 选A 根据倒数第二段中的“After that day, David started talking.”以 及后面关于David生活中各种变化的描述可知,David在数月的治疗后心理方 面恢复了健康。故A项正确。

03解题样板

40.是什么改变了大卫? A.他老师的帮助。 B.作者的友谊。
C.他与作者之间的书信交 流。

信息源
第一段 全文 倒数第二段 最后一段

选项特征
曲解文意 混淆视听 混淆视听 合理推断

D.作者与他无声的交流。

[分析] 选D 本文的大意就是在最后一段出现的。作者先是叙述故事,最后 才点明主题:有时“无声的语言”像一个拥抱、一个可以供你哭泣的肩膀、 一次友好的触碰、一只可以倾听的耳朵等都有可能触及一个人的内心并改变 这个人,使其走出阴影或困境,因此选择D项。

04阅读积累

一. 考纲重点词汇复现
1. refer ... to sb. 向某人提起…… 2. describe vt. 描述 3. admit v.承认 eg. We must admit that a bicycle will still remain its important role in Chinese people's daily life. 我们必须承认自行车在中国人的日常 生活中依然是非常重要的。 4. company n.陪伴;做伴 5. respect v.尊重,尊敬,遵守 eg. She promised to respect our wishes. 她保证尊重我们的愿望。 6. show up 出现,如约赶到 7. as if 似乎,好像 eg. It seemed as if the world was at an end. 世界似乎到了末日。 8. reach out to sb. 向某人伸出手;
帮助某人

eg. The church needs to find new ways of reaching out to young people. 教会 需要寻找新途径来为年轻人提供帮助。 9. insist v.坚持,强调
eg. Some of us insisted that we should have a party at the weekend, yet others insisted that they could not spare the time. 我们中 有些人坚持要求我们周末聚一聚,可是另 外一些人却坚持说他们抽不出空来。

eg. A policewoman put some chemicals on 10. sense vt.感到 the piece of paper, and a line of words eg. I sensed that she was not happy at the showed up. 一位女警察在一张纸条上涂 moment. 上化学药品,一行字迹清晰地显示出来。 我觉得她此刻并不幸福。

04阅读积累

二. 文中小语法
系动词的省略 原句 点拨

He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly.
本句中his face和his hands后分别省略了系动词“was”和“were”。 省略是为了避免重复,突出新信息和行文连接的一种语法手段。英语省略 应坚持只要不损害语法结构或产生歧义能省则省的原则。如果一个句子中 前后谓语相同且都是系动词,在不影响句意的情况下,这些系动词可以省 略。再如: Ma Lin is a bus-driver, his wife (is) a conductor. 马林是公共汽车司机,他的妻子是售票员。 His face is tanned and his hands (are) big and strong. 他的脸晒得很黑,他的双手大而有力。

Goodbye!


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