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Unit 3 The Road to Success

Unit 3
The Road to Success

Part 1 Get Started ( Speaking Activity ) Please discuss and answer the following questions: 1.What are symbols of success in your opinion? Answer for your reference:
Different people have different ways of understanding success, and symbols of success vary from person to person. Some people may regard an important position in a big company, a happy and comfortable home or even a luxurious car as symbols of success; some may regard high social status and wealth as symbols of success; others may be interested in being awarded various national or international honors and receiving public praise. In my opinion, success lies in the realization of both self and collective value. As long as one strives to be accomplished and proves one’s worthiness to oneself and the society, one is a successful person.

2.What is a successful person like according to your understanding of success? Answers may vary. Possible answers may include: ? A successful person is one who is intelligent and competent in his or her work; ? A successful person is one who is trustworthy and likeable and who is loved and respected by his or her family, friends, colleagues and neighbors; ? A successful person is one who enjoys fame and publicity, and who is a news maker; ? A successful person is one who enjoys high social status and wealth; ? A successful person may be just an ordinary person who can prove his/her worthiness to himself/herself as well as to the society. ? A successful person is one who laughs much and knows how to appreciate the beauty of life and how to enjoy life.

3. What is your lifetime dream? Why do you have this dream? Answers may vary from person to person. The following are some of the possible lifetime dreams: ? To be a successful professional, such as lawyer, a professor, a medical doctor, an engineer, etc. ? To be a successful businessman or business woman or a civil servant, etc. ? To go and see the world in one’s own car. ? To go abroad and engage in academic studies. ? To start one’s own business. ? To travel to outer space, etc.

4.How are you going to realize your dream? Answers may vary, but most students would probably say that in order to realize their lifetime dream they should work hard now and be well prepared for their future career.

5.What are you going to do if you become a successful person one day? ? The need to help those less fortunate people either in their careers or in their lives. ? The need to encourage more people to pursue success. ? The need to help make their neighborhood better places to live in.

Part 2 Learning of Text A The Shadowland of Dreams (Alex Haley) Section 1: Language Points Tytle: 1. shadowland =(n.) the hardship that one suffers from in the course of pursuing his/her dreams =某人在追求梦想的过程中所遭受的艰难困苦 The Shadowland of Dreams =追梦;追梦苦旅 Paragraph 1: 1.many a + (countable n.) =many n.s =许多··· ··· Note: When such a structure is used as the subject, the predicate should be in the form of a third single person. (当使用该结构作主语时,谓语必须使用第 3人称单数形式)

e.g. 许多科学家不得不独自在实验室长时间 工作,在个人生活上做出巨大的牺牲。 =Many a scientist has to work long hours alone in the laboratory and sacrifice a great deal in his/her personal life. 2. tn most cases =under/in most circumstances =in most situations =在大多数情况下 3. there’s a difference between “being a writer” and writing =“当作家”和写作之间是有区别的 That’s to say: (1) being a writer=wealth and fame coming together with the status of a writer (2) writing=the long hours alone at the typewriter

Paragraph 2: 1.writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair =写作是一件孤独、冷清、低薪的苦差 2.be kissed by fortune =be blessed/preferred by the god of fortune =受到幸运之神的青睐/眷顾 3.longing is never rewarded =longing is never met/satisfied =渴望永远无法得到满足 4.long periods of neglect and poverty =long periods of being paid no attention to and having no money =长期的无人问津和穷困潦倒状态 neglect (1)=(vt.) pay no attention to=忽视 e.g.在关注经济发展的同时,我们不应该忽视精神文 明的建设。 =While paying attention to the economic development, we shouldn’t neglect the construction of spiritual cultivation.

(2)=(n.) state of being paid no attention to =被忽视的状态;受冷落的状态;无人问津 的状态 e.g.由于闹鬼的传说,这座房子已无人问津 了。 =The house has fallen into a state of neglect as a result of the story of a ghost haunting (经常 光顾;经常出现) it. Paragraph 3: 1.the Coast Guard =(美国)海岸警备队 2.a freelance writer =a writer who is not paid by anybody unless he can get his works published =自由作家(除非其作品能被出版卖出钱,否 则无人会发给其薪水的作家)

3.have no prospect at all =have no good future/expectation at all =毫无前途和期望;前途一片渺茫 e.g.现在,大学毕业生的就业前景看来并不太好。 =Nowadays the job/employment prospects for college graduates don’t look good. 4.find me my home =find a house for me =为我找了一间房子权当我的家 5.a cleaned-out storage room =a storage room, the things in which have been moved out =一间腾出来的贮藏室 6.work as superintendent =work as doorkeeper =当门卫 ;做看门人 7.It didn’t even matter that-clause =I even didn’t care that-clause =尽管···但我并不介意;尽管···但这没关系 ··· ··· Note: Here "It" is the form subject and the true subject is "thatclause".

8.a used manual typewriter =a second-hand typewriter which has to be operated by hand =一部二手的手动打字机 manual =(adj.) operated by hand =手动的;用手操作的 e.g.我的照相机有手动和自动双重功能。 =My camera has both manual and automatic functions. Paragraph 4: 1.a year or so =about a year; more or less than a year =一年左右;大约一年 2.receive a break =get one’s fate change for good =使某人的命运朝着好的方向转变;时来运转 e.g.他已穷困潦倒了大半生,看来是没有时来运转的 那一天了。 =He has been in such poverty for most of his lifetime and it seems that he will never receive a break.

3.began to doubt myself =begin to feel uncertain about myself =开始怀疑我自己 4.sell a story =sell a book or a piece of work (which tells stories) =卖出一部作品 5.barely =(adv.) hardly; scarcely; rarely (indicating a negative meaning) =几乎不(否定含义) e.g.别看他是一位色盲患者,他却会做色彩缤纷的沙 拉-----他的色盲几乎没对他产生任何不良影响,这 可真是难以置信。 =He can make colorful salads in spite of his colorblindness----- It is really unbelievable that his colorblindness barely / hardly / scarcely / rarely produces any negative influnce on him. 6.barely made enough to eat =hardly earn enough money to affor food =几乎挣不到足够的钱买食果腹

7.dream of/about sth/sb =梦想或梦见某事/某人(please do not neglect the prepositon “of / about”) 8.put sb/sth to the test =force sb/sth into a difficult situation in order to discover what the limits of their strength, skills, etc. are =使···经受考验 ··· e.g.我的儿子现在是如此叛逆,他正在使我的耐心经 受严峻的考验。 =My son is now so rebellious that he is putting my patience to the fierce test. 9.put my dream to the test =never give up my dream in spite of the test of difficulty =使我的梦想经受考验;(尽管艰难但)绝不放弃我 的梦想 10.live with uncertainty and fear of failure =怀着衣食无着的忐忑和对失败的恐惧而生活

Paragraph 5: 1.an agent or editor (offering a big contract) =an agent or editor who provides me with a big contract =和我签署一份大额合同的经纪人或编辑 2.siren call =the call of the sea monster called Siren =海妖塞壬的呼唤 Note: Siren=(in ancient Greek literature) any of a group of woman-like creatures whose sweet singing caused sailors to sail towards them and caused the wreck of their ships; a dangerous beautiful woman =古代希腊神话中的一群女人形象的海妖,

她们的甜美歌声会吸引海员们向她们驶去 从而导致他们的船只的沉没和毁灭;也常 用来比喻危险的美女

3.an old acquaintance =a person whom one knows for a long time, but who is not a close friend =老相识;老熟人;泛泛之交 4.station =(vt.) [often used in a passive voice] put sb/sth into a certain place for esp. military duty =(常用于被动语态)使驻扎;安置;设置 e.g.在会议大厅的每一个出口处都设有警察把守。 =There were police officers stationed at every exit of the conference hall. 5.buck =(n.) (informal) dollar =(非正式用语)美元 6.egg sb about sth. =(slangy expression) annoyingly remind sb of sth =(俚语)用令人厌烦或生气的方式提醒某人某事

e.g.他的确曾经借给我100元钱,虽然如今我 早归还了这笔钱,可他却依然总是提起 他所给予我的这一帮助。 =He always eggs me about his help for me that he ever lent me 100 yuan though I have paid it off for a long time. 7.tease =(vt./vi.) make jokes about or laugh at unkindly or playfully =取笑;戏弄;拿···开玩笑 ··· e.g.人们总是喜欢取笑他,但他并不因此生 气,真是好脾气! It is so good-tempered of him that he never gets angry in spite of people’s frequent teasing him.

Paragraph 6-9: 1.next time I make a sale =I will pay the $15 back to you next time when I sell one piece of my works =等下次我卖了稿子(我就归还欠你的15美元钱) 2.public information assistant =公共信息助理 3.That was real money in 1960. =That was really a big sum of money in 1960. =在1960年,那可真是一大笔钱了。 e.g.1980年,一万元可算是一大笔钱了。 = Ten thousand yuan was real money in 1980. 4.on the side =in addition to one’s main job =作为兼职;暗地里(做··· ··· ) e.g.现在我国已明令禁止中小学教师暗地里干兼职。 =Nowadays the primary and middle school teachers are prohibitted to take part-time jobs on the side in our country.

5.As the dollars were dancing in my head, something cleared my senses. =While the money were getting me to lose my reason, something makes my mind clear. =钞票在我脑海中舞动使我丧失理智的 同时,有某种东西却使我蓦然头脑 清醒了。 6.bull-headed =(adj.) having a head as stubborn as a bull’s head (often used as a derogatory meaning) =像公牛一样倔强的(常用作贬义含义)

7. resolution =(n.) determination (to do sth) =(做某事的)决心 8.well (vi.) up/out =(of liquid) flow or start to flow out with great force =(液体)以极大的力量流出或涌出 e.g.她哀哭着,泪水奔涌而出,湿透了她的 面容。 =She groaned, tears welling out and wetting her face.
9.stick sth out =continue to the end of sth (esp. difficult) =将某事坚持到底 e.g.尽管遇到了许多的劝阻和影响,他还是下定决心 要将他的梦想坚持到底。 =He has made up his mind to stick his dream out in spite of a lot of persuasion and influence on him.

Paragraph 10-12: 1.afterward(s) =(adv.) following sth that happened before =随后;后来 2.pace around my little room =在我小小的房间里四处踱步 Additional: pace up and down the room=在房间里来回踱步 3.reach into sth =reach one’s hands into sth =将手伸进···中 ··· e.g.她将手伸进她的手提包中,掏出一面小镜子,茫然地看着镜中。 =She reached into her handbag and took out a small mirror, into which she looked blankly. 4.an orange crate (nailed to the wall) =一个被钉在墙上的装橘子的板条箱 5.pull sth out =take sth out (with force) =(费力地)拿出某物;(费力地)取出某物 e.g.孔乙己将手伸进他的长衫口袋,摸出几枚铜板。 =Kong Yiji reached into one pocket of his long gown, pulling out several copper coins.

6.plunge sth1 in/into sth2 =cause sth1 to fall into sth2 suddenly and with force =使sth1突然而猛地进入sth2中 e.g.年轻人猛地扎入冰冷的水中,救起了那名溺水的 孩子。 =The young man plunged (himself) into the icy water and saved the drowning child. 7.come up with (1)=(informal) take out=拿出;取出 e.g.你多久后才能拿出你欠她的钱呢? = How soon can you come up with the money that you owe her? (2)=think of (a plan, an idea, a reply, etc.)=想出(计划、 主意、回答等等) e.g.他想出了一个对付那讨厌的家伙的好主意。 =He came up with a good idea about how to deal with the annoying guy. 8.jam sth1 into sth2 =crowd / cram sth1 into sth2 =将sth1硬塞进sth2中

9.I said to myself: "There Alex, there's everything you've made of yourself so far." =I said to myself: "Alex, until now everything that you have made and that belongs to yourself is over there in the crumpled paper bag." =(literal translation 直译) 我对自己说:“亚 历克斯,到目前为止,你所创造的属于你 自己的一切东西全部在那皱巴巴的纸袋里 了。” =(modified translation润色后的译文)我对自己 说:“看吧,亚历克斯,这皱巴巴的纸袋 中的东西就是你现在的全部家当了。” 10.I'm not sure I ever felt so low. =I'm not sure whether I ever felt in so low spirit before. =我感到前所未有的沮丧。 low=(adj.) in low spirit=沮丧的;低靡的;情 绪不振的

paragraph 11-12: 1.I wish I could say ... =我希望我可以说... ;要是我能说...就好了(但实际我却不 能说......) Please pay attention to the subjunctive mood in the objective clause introduced by "wish" , the rules of which are the same as those of the subjunctive mood in the adverbial clause introduced by "if" and "as if" =请注意此处由"wish"引导的宾语从句中的虚拟语气,其规 则与"if" and "as if"所引导的状语从句中的虚拟语气的规


(1) present SM-----simple past tense (be---were) (2) past SM-----past perfect tense (had done) (3) future SM-----should do/ were to do/ simple past tense (be--were) e.g1.但愿我年轻10岁就好了。(但谁都知道这是痴心妄想) =I wish I were 10 years younger. e.g2.要是昨天我在事故现场就好了。(但事实上昨天我不 在事故现场) =I wish I had been on the spot of the accident yesterday. e.g3.要是我能活到看见我的曾孙的那一天就好了。(但事 实上我压根不相信我能活到那一天) =I wish I should / were to live to the day when I should / were to see my great grandchild.

2.right away =at once; immediately =立刻;马上 3.help sb over the rough spots =help sb to go through the difficulties =帮助某人度过难关 4. struggling artists =artists who are still struggling =正在苦苦奋斗的艺术家们 5.a veteran painter =a painter who has long experience in painting =一位从事绘画多年的画家 a veteran soldier =a soldier who serves in the army for many years =老兵 6.big bones with small pieces of meat =沾着肉末的大骨头 7.withered vegetables =蔫了的蔬菜

wither =(vt. / vi.) become or cause (esp. a plant) to become reduced in size, color, strength, etc. =(使)(植物等)枯萎;(使)干枯;(使)凋谢 e.g. 枯萎/凋谢的花朵 =a withered flower paragraph 13-14: 1.run a struggling restaurant =manage a restaurant which has few customers and is about to close down =经营一家生意惨淡的餐馆 2.Rumor has it (that)-clause =It is said that-clause =据说··· ··· e.g.据说我们不久将拥有一位新经理。 =Rumor has it (that) we’ll have a new manager soon. 3.order steak [steik] =点牛扒/牛排

4.dash to a supermarket across the street =rush to a supermarket that is opposite to the street =冲到街对面的超市 5.become role models for me =变成了我的楷模 6.make sacrifice =做出牺牲 7.live creatively =有创意地生活 8.keep working at dreams =keep pursuing dreams =坚持追逐梦想 Paragraph 15-16: 1.absorb the lesson =汲取教训 2. begin to sell my articles =我的文章的销路开始慢慢好起来(直译:开始卖出 我的文章) 3.Civil right =right of citizens=民权

4.my thoughts were drawn back to my childhood =my thoughts were brought back to my childhood =我的思绪回到(直译:被拖回到)了童年 5.in the silence of my room =在我的寂静的房间里(直译:在我的房间的寂静里) 6.tend to avoid sth/sb =have the tendency of avoiding talking about sth/sb =往往/常常对某事/某人避而不谈 tend to do sth =have the tendency of doing sth =往往/常常做某事 e.g.人们往往会认为男人比女人更坚强,但事实并非 一定如此。 =People tend to think that men are stronger-minded than women, which is not necessarily the case. 7.keep sth/sb to oneself =do not tell sth/sb to others; keep sth/sb secret =不对他人谈论某事/某人;将某事/某人保密 e.g.他发誓不对任何人说起此事。 =He promised to keep this thing to himself.

8.at lunch/breakfast/supper/dinner =在吃午餐/早餐/晚餐/晚餐(正餐)时 9.Readers’ Digest =《读者文摘》 10.trace my family’s history to the first African (brought to these shores in chains) =trace my family’s history to the first African person who was brought to these shores wearing chains =追溯我的家族史,找到那位戴着枷锁来到美国海岸 的第一个非洲人 11.a contract that would help support my research and writing for nine years =一份承诺要资助我的研究与写作达9年的合同 Paragraph 17-18: 1.It was a long, slow climb out of the shadow. =It was a long and hard process before I struggled out of the Shadowland =爬出追梦的阴影,是一个漫长而艰难的过程 2.instantly =(adv.) immediately; at once=顷刻之间;一夜之间

3.The shadows had turned into dazzling limelight. =I obtained success and became the center of public attention =阴影已经变成了令人目眩的聚光灯。 4.For the first time I had money and open doors everywhere. =平生第一次,我有了钱,机会之门处处为我敞开。 5.new deals =new contracts / transactions =新的合约/交易 6.pack up =put belongings in a case or bag for leaving =收拾行李;收拾行囊 e.g.他是个旅行爱好者,时时准备收拾行囊踏上旅程。 =He is such a travel-lover that he is ready to pack up and set off on the trip all the time. 7.help in the making of the Roots TV mini-series =协助《根》的电视系列短剧的拍摄

8.in a/one sense =to a certain degree =从某种程度上来说;从某种意义上说 e.g.从某种意义上来说,爱是一种责任。 =Love, in a/one sense, is a duty. 9.be blinded by sth/sb =lose one’s mind because of sth/sb =被某事/某人蒙蔽了双眼;因某事/某人而失去头脑或 理智;被某事/某人冲昏头脑 e.g.女人比男人更易于被爱蒙蔽双眼。 =Women are easier than men to be blinded by love. =It is easier for women than men to be blinded by love. Paragraph 19-20: 1.unpack =(vt./vi.) open suitcase or something that is packed =打开行李箱或某种被包裹起来的物品 e.g.这个教室的电脑无法打开用Word 2007写的文件, 因为它与该种文件不兼容。 =The files written with Word 2007 can not be unpacked by the computer in this classroom because they are incompatible with it.

2.come across =meet, see, discover, find esp, by chance =碰巧遇见/看见/发现/找到 e.g.在回家路上我碰巧遇到了我的一位老朋友。 =On my way home I came across an old friend of mine. 3.There were two corroded sardine cans, a nickel, a dime and three pennies. =有两个锈迹斑斑的沙丁鱼罐头,一枚五分硬币,一 枚十分硬币和三枚一分硬币 4.flood in like a tide =rush in sth in great power and huge amount like a tide =像潮水般涌进来;以巨大的数量和力量涌进来 e.g.他获得金牌之后,电话和信件就从世界各地纷纷 涌进来。 =After he won the gold medal, calls and letters flooded in from around the world. 5.huddle over the typewriter =put all one's body parts together (because of cold or fear, etc.) at the typewriter =蜷缩在打字机前 6.in that cold, bleak, one-room apartment =在那凄冷(或:寒冷、凄凉)的单间公寓里

7.The things in this bag are part of my roots, too. I can’t ever forget that. =这袋子里的东西也是我的一部分根,这点我可不能 忘了。 Paragraph 21-22: 1.I sent them out to be framed. =我将这些东西送出去请人将它们镶起来。 2.clear plastic case =transparent plastic case =透明的塑料盒 3.the Pulitzer Prize =普利策奖(杯) 4.Emmys (awarded to the TV production of Roots) =因为电视版的《根》的制作而获得的艾美奖(塑像) 5.the Spingarn medal =斯宾甘奖(牌) 6.the NAACP =the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People =(美国)全国有色人种协进会

7.I’d be hard pressed to say which means the most to me. =It is hard for me to say which of these prizes means the most to me. =(我感到)很难回答(这些奖项中)哪一个对我来 说意义最重大。 be (hard) pressed to do sth =it is hard for sb to do sth e.g.我很喜欢这部小说,但我总感到难以说出为什么 如此。 =I like this novel very much, but I am always hard pressed to say why. 8.stay the course in (doing) sth =last successfully until the end of (doing) sth; not give up in spite of difficulties =(在做某事时)坚持到底 e.g.祝贺每一位参与者-----他们全都坚持到了最后并证 明了自己的价值所在。 Congratulations go to every participant ----- they all stayed the course and proved their worth.

Section 2: Difficult Sentences (Passed over. See the translation version of Text A) Section 3: Content Questions 1.According to Alex Haley, why does many a young man want to be a writer? Because they think that being a writer can bring them wealth and fame.

2.Does writing mean glory and wealth in the author’s opinion? No. The author thinks that writing is a lonely, private and poorpaying affair. Only a few can succeed after long periods of neglect and poverty.

3.What was the author’s life in Greenwich Village like? His life in Greenwich Village was very poor. He barely made enough to eat. 4.Did he ever doubt his ability to write? Why or why not? Yes. Because he didn’t receive a break after writing for a year or so.

5.Why did the call from his old acquaintance change his life? Because it was the call that provoked his thinking about his dreams of writing and after prudent (adj. =wisely careful =审 慎的) thinking, he is determined to stick his dreams out. so in a sense, it was the call that cleared his doubt of his resolution to write

6.In what way did people like Delaney and Belafonte become role models for the author? From them he learned that one had to make sacrifices and live creatively to keep working hard to realize one’s dreams.

7.How many years did the author keep on writing before his great success? He kept on writing for 17 years before his great success. 8.What did the two sardine cans and 18 cents in the brown paper bag symbolize? They symbolized his courage and persistence to stick to his dream of writing.

9.What is the meaning of the Shadowland of dreams? The Shadowland of dreams means all the difficulties (e.g. neglect, poverty, doubt, uncertainty, and fear of failure) people meet with in pursuing their dreams.

The End of Unit 3 Thank You For Listening!


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