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《创新设计》2016届高考英语大一轮复习习题 专项10 定语从句


专项十

定语从句

Ⅰ.语法填空(用适当的关系代词或关系副词填空) 1.(2015· 杭州模拟)Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, ________ price was very reasonable. 答案 whose [whose price = the price of which,

whose 作定语,代指 an

ancient Chinese vase's。] 2.(2012· 北京东城一模)Sam remembered several occasions in the past ________ he had experienced a similar feeling. 答案 where [句意:Sam 想到了从前他有过相同感触的几个场合。根据句意

可知用 when(=on which)引导定语从句,修饰先行词 several occasions,将其 代入后为:On_the_several_occasions he had experienced a similar feeling.] 3.(2015· 安庆模拟)It's said that he's looking for a new job,one ________ he can get more money to support his family. 答案 where

4.Mary wants to have a study of her own,________she can study without being troubled. 答案 where [定语从句中的谓语动词 study 为不及物动词, 故空格处需填关

系副词,先行词为 study “书房”,应用 where。] 5.(2015· 南京模拟)Being a doctor is one of the few professions ________ if you make a mistake,it can mean killing somebody's life. 答案 where

6.Nelson Mandela died on Dec.5, 2013, ________ people all over the world were in great sorrow. 答案 when [句意:纳尔逊· 曼德拉于 2013 年 12 月 5 日逝世,当时全世界的

人们都处于万分悲恸之中。when 引导定语从句,when 代指前面表示时间的 先行词 Dec.5,2013。] 7.(2015· 郑州模拟)Every time Ashrita tries to break a record, he reaches a point ________he feels that he cannot physically do any more.
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答案

where

[point,case,situation 等作先行词时,要用 where 引导定语

从句。] 8. He reached London in 1994, ________, some time later, he become a famous actor. 答案 where

9. (2015· 石家庄模拟)About 2.3 million Chinese students went abroad to study between 1978 and 2013,among ________ only 600,000 have come back. 答案 whom at ________ people think I 'm a

10.Constant practice has erased my accent to a point native speaker. 答案 which

[句意:持续的练习除掉了我的口音,人们在一定程度上认为我

是当地人。point,case,situation 等作先行词时,要用 where 引导定语从句, 此处构成 at a point。] 11. (2015· 唐山模拟)The children, all of ________ had played the whole day long, were worn out. 答案 whom [分析句子结构知,此处是定语从句,可排除 A 、B 两项,从句

缺主语,代指 children。] 12.Maria has written two novels,both of ________ have been made into television series. 答案 which [先行词是 novels,要用代词+of+which 作主语。]

13.(2015· 安庆模拟)All the people agree that it is so difficult a task ________ no one can carry out within three weeks. 答案 as

14.According to China's Food Safety Law,________ was passed in February 2009, the State Council established the Food Safety Committee to oversee a chain of departments. 答案 which

15 . (2015· 昆明模拟 )She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ________ allows them to communicate freely with each other. 答案 which [定语从句缺少主语,故可排除 B 项;what 不引导定语从句;

定语从句的先行词是 atmosphere。]

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Ⅱ.语法与写作 用定语从句翻译下面的句子 1.我们学生应该经常和我们的父母交换意见,他们经验丰富,最重要的是,他们 是世界上最爱我们的人。 (重庆· 写作一) _______________________________________________________________ 2.很抱歉我没有立刻回复一周前你寄给我的电子邮件。 (山东· 写作) _______________________________________________________________ 3.总之,能够在短时间内赢得他们的友谊是我一生中感到最自豪的事。 (浙江· 书面表达) _______________________________________________________________ 4.因此,那些做那些最不起眼工作的人应该得到和工程师或教师一样的尊重。 (广东· 读写任务) _______________________________________________________________ 5.我让他给你带去你以前要的中国画。 (新课标全国Ⅰ· 书面表达) _______________________________________________________________ 答案 1 . We students should often exchange ideas with our parents , who are rich in experience,and above all,love us most in the world. 2.I'm sorry I couldn't reply to your email which you sent me a week ago immediately. 3. In a word, being able to win their friendship in a very short time is the thing that I am proud of most in my life. 4. Consequently, those who do those most insignificant jobs should get respect as much as those being engineers or teachers. 5.I've asked him to bring you the Chinese paintingyou' ve asked for before.

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