Sandstorms in Asia
NO.1 NO.2 NO.3
自主学习· 对知识面的辐射要 宽 师生共研· 对知识线的归纳要清
课堂评价· 对知识点的掌握要 实
1. mass adj. 2. process n. 3. forecast vt. 4. atmosphere n. 5.environment n. 6. recycle v. 7. evidence n. 8. absolutely adv. 大量的；大规模的 进程；过程 预报；预告 大气；大气层；气氛 环境 重新利用；再循环 根据；证明 绝对地；完全地
9.frightening adj.吓人的；可怕的→ frightened adj.害怕的 → frighten vt.使害怕→ fright n．害怕；恐惧 10.strength n．力量；力气→ strengthen vt.加强 11.concerned adj.关心的；担心的；有关的→ concern n．& vt. prep.关于；就??而言 12.major adj.主要的；多数的→ majority n．大多数 13.urgent adj.紧急的→ urge vt.催促；极力主张→ urgency n．紧急情况 14.pollute vt.污染→ pollution n．污染 15.complain vi.抱怨；发牢骚→ complaint n．抱怨 16.protection n．保护→ protect vt.保护 关心；担心→ concerning
用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Knowing our strength is very important. But the most important is to strengthen the ties with the people around us.(strength) 2.Lacking proper protection against cold, we try to make a fire to protect us from the cold night.(protect) 3.The teacher urged that the students should be taught how to take urgent action in urgency .(urgent) 4.The frightening scene frightened the boy. He felt frightened but he tried to hide his fright .(fright)
5.The public have shown great concern about the food safety, because it concerns the people's health. It is hoped that the authorities concerned can really do something about the issue concerning the public health. (concern) 6.The majority of us agreed to take the major road to go to Beijing.(major)
1.前缀 fore高频词全扫描 ①forecast v． ②foretell v. ③foresee v. ④forehead n. 2.en开头名词大团圆 ①environment ②encouragement ③endurance ④engagement ⑤entertainment 环境 鼓励 忍耐力 约定 招待 预报 预言 预见 前额
3.“可怕的”形容词小结 ①frightening ②scary ③terrible ④horrible ⑤terrifying 4.后缀th 名词集锦 ①strength ②length ③warmth ④truth ⑤youth 力量 长度 温暖 真理 青春 吓人的 恐怖的 可怕的 恐怖的 令人惊恐的
1. cut down 2. be caught in
砍倒；减少，缩减 突然遭遇(风暴等) 一个接一个地 对??有坏影响 吸收；欺骗；理解 放出；发出；停止运转 简言之；概括地讲 把??放进?? 取走；拿走 浏览；翻阅；翻找
3. one after another 4. have a bad effect on 5. take in 6. give out 7. in a nutshell 8. put ... into ... 9. take away 10.look through
选用左栏短语填空 1.My uncle hasn't been able to quit smoking, but at least he has cut down . 2.On my way home yesterday, I was caught in the heavy rain. 3.It was several minutes before I could take in what he was saying. 4.He has formed the habit of looking through evening papers in his spare time.
1.由 one after another ①one by one ②one after the other ③one and all ④one and only 2.in a nutshell 同义短语小聚 ①to sum up ②in summary ③on the whole ④in general 总之 总之 总体来说 总体来说 想到的 一个接一个地 相继地；一个接一个地 全都 独一无二的
[背原句] [记句式] [会仿用] 他太粗心了，以至于 无论你和他说什么， 他都是“左耳进，右 耳出”。 careless that He is so _____________ whatever you say to him goes in at one ear and out at the other. 1.They are often so thick that you cannot see the sun, and the wind is sometimes strong so ... that ... enough to move sand 引导结果状 dunes. 语从句。 沙尘常常弥漫以至于 你连太阳都看不见， 风力有时强到可以移动 沙丘。
[会仿用] 互联网使得人们可 以更容易地获取他
2.The storms sometimes
continue all day and traffic moves very slowly
because the thick dust
makes it difficult to see. 沙尘暴有时候持续一整 天，浓密的沙尘使得能 见度很低，因此来往车 辆行驶得很慢。
不定式是真正 的宾语。 The Internet ______ makes it easier for people to _________________
get ____the information
3.The garbage is then
taken away and, if possible, recycled. 然后垃圾将被运走， 如果可能的话，予以 if possible 如果可能的话，我想避 开交通高峰期。 I want to avoid the rush
if possible hour__________.
[教材原句] The Chinese Central Weather Station can
forecast a sandstorm some weeks before it arrives in Beijing, but the strength of the storm sometimes surprises people. 中国中央气象台能够在沙尘暴到达北京前几周预测到， 但是有时沙尘暴的强度还是令人吃惊。
(1)build up one's strength with all one's strength strengths and weaknesses have the strength to do sth. (2)strengthen vt.
强身健体 用尽全身的力气 优势和劣势 有力气/意志做某事 加强；增强；改善
①While DNA test will help strengthen (strength) people's health consciousness, it is more probable that it will lead to overanxiety.(2015· 广东高考满分作文) 尽管 DNA 测试能帮助增强健康意识，但更有可能造成过度 焦虑。 ② Having failed once again, he didn't have the strength
to have ________(have) another try.
[教材原句] I can't help but feel very concerned.
(1)be concerned with ... be concerned about/for ... be concerned in ... as far as ... be concerned (2)concern n．& v.
与??有关，涉及 关心/担心?? 被牵扯进?? 就??而言/来说 关心；担心 对??表示关心/担心
show/express one's concern about/for (3)concerning prep. 关于
show more concern for/about ①However, I think we should ___________________________
our friends.(2014· 重庆高考满分作文) 可是，我认为我们应该对朋友表示更多的关心。 concerning ② As far as I am concerned ,I think that the column __________ (concern) entertainment should be removed. (2014· 上海高考满分作文) 就我而言，我认为关于娱乐的专栏应该去掉。 [名师指津] concerned 作形容词时，意为“关心的，挂念的， 担心的”，充当前置定语；表示“相关的，有关的”，作定语 时 要 后 置 。 例 如 ： a concerned look“ 关 切 的 神 色 ” ； the authorities concerned“有关部门”。
What is the most urgent problem of all?
(1)in urgent need of (2)urge vt.
n. 冲动；强烈的愿望；迫切的要求 urge sb. to do sth./into doing sth. 力劝/敦促某人做某事 urge that ... (3)urgency n. 强烈要求； 极力主张[从句谓语动词 用(should＋)动词原形] 紧急；紧急情况
in urgent need of _________________food, medicine and shelters.
(should) take (take) ②The public urged that the government_____________
measures to prevent such cases from happening again. 公众强烈要求政府采取措施来防止此类案件的再次发生。
[教材原句] He does nothing but complain.
(1)complain (to sb.) of/about (doing) sth. (向某人)投诉/抱怨(做)某事；(向某人)发牢骚 complain (to sb.) that ... (2)complaint n. make a complaint about/of sth. make a complaint to sb. (向某人)抱怨?? 抱怨；投诉；控告 抱怨/投诉某事 向某人抱怨/投诉
① Several passengers complained to
the air company
about/of _________the bad service on the flight.
几名旅客向航空公司抱怨班机上服务差。 ②If you want to make a complaint about that, you should see the manager. 如果你要对此投诉，你应该去见经理。
Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．The film is now in the process of moving the main equipment to a new place. 2．Tom came up with a good idea to deal with the polluted (pollute) water. 3．There is clear evidence that the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. 4．The top leaders of the two countries are holding talks in a friendly atmosphere.
5．He spent his undergraduate days in Columbia University,
majoring _________(major) in economics.
6．She could hear him urging her ___ on as she ran past.
watch the frightening 7.It's not wise of you to let the children ___________________
film 看恐怖电影)． _____(
masses of graduates 许多毕业生) go abroad to 8．In China, __________________(
have a further study every year.
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．strength 万花筒 (1)单句语法填空 ①I don't have the strength to climb (climb) any further. ②He pushed against the rock with all his strength. ③Not only can students improve their writing ability in this way but also they can strengthen confidence. (strength) their self
build up your strength Take part in the physical exercise and____________________.
strengths and weaknesses As a coach, he knows what ________________________his
athletes have against their rivals.
2．concerned 面面观 (1)单句语法填空 ①We could not prove he was concerned with the crime, so we had to release him. ②If we could show concern for/about the people in need, the world would be a better place to live in. ③He asked several questions concerning (concern) the future of the company.
(2)完成句子 ④首先，就我而言，我已经为考试做好了准备。 To begin with, as far as I am concerned ,I have made good preparations for the examination.(2014· 四川高考改编) ⑤我们政府决心解决农民们最关心的那些问题。 Our government is determined to solve those problems that
are most concerned about/for farmers___________________________.
3．complain 全接触 (1)单句语法填空 ①Neighbors complained to the police about the dogs barking. ②It's no use complaining (complain) without taking any action. (2)句型转换 ③They complained that the wages were too low. →They complained →They made
a about the low wages.
about the low wages.
Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 process 的词性和词义
① Supermarkets sell many vegetables that have been B processed. _____ ②It may take a few weeks for the government to process C your application. _____ ③I was moving some furniture and I hurt my ankle in the process.
2．根据语境选出 major 的词性和词义
(A)adj.主要的；较重要的 (C)v.主修；专攻 (B)adj.多数的 (D)n.主修??的人
①He spent the major part of a year abroad. Great Wall. to handle. history of China.
B _____ A _____ C _____ D _____
②One of our major aims of coming here is to visit the ③I major in engineering, but this machine is really hard ④She is a history major and does research about ancient
1．cut down 砍倒；消减；缩小(尺寸、数量)；驳倒
Deserts are also created because people cut
down trees and dig up grass. 人们砍伐树木和铲除草地也会导致沙漠的形成。
cut down on cut in cut off cut out cut up
削减??的数量 插话；插进；让某人分享利润 切断，中止 删除 切碎；齐根切掉
①Many big trees along the road have been cut down for building houses, many of the branches of which have been cut up _______for firewood. 路边的许多大树都被砍掉用来建房了，树上的很多树枝被 劈作木柴了。 ②It is impolite for children to cut in when their seniors are talking. 孩子们在他们的长辈谈话时插嘴讲话是不礼貌的。
2．take in 吸收，吸入；收留；留宿；包括；包含；理解； 领会；欺骗；上当
[教材原句] oxygen. 树木吸收二氧化碳并释放氧气。 [一词多义] 写出下列句中 take in 的含义 Trees take in carbon dioxide and give out
①This is the total cost of the holiday, taking everything in.
②Don't be taken in by products promising to make you lose weight quickly.
③I found it easy to take in what the professor had said.
④I managed to rent a big enough house to take in homeless people.
3．look through 浏览；翻阅；翻找；审核
[ 教材原句 ] Look through the reading passages and
activities in this module. 浏览本模块中的阅读短文和活动内容。
look around look back (on) look down on/upon look into look out look up look up to
环视，四下张望 回顾 看不起，轻视 朝里看；调查；深入了解 当心，注意 抬头看；查找；查出；查阅 尊敬，敬仰
① Looking back ,I feel I wouldn't be able to ride a bike had I lost heart.(2014· 福建高考书面表达) 回顾以往，我感觉如果我失去了信心就学不会骑自行车。
look down upon/on ②Nobody will look up to you if you __________________
yourself. 如果你自己都瞧不起自己，没人会尊敬你。 ③The police are looking into the disappearance of two children. 警察正在调查两个孩子失踪的事。
4． They are often so thick that you can not see the sun, and the wind is sometimes strong enough to move sand dunes. 沙尘常常弥漫以至于你连太阳都看不见，风力有时强到可 以移动沙丘。
(1)so ... that ...引导的是结果状语从句，so 为副词，具体用 法如下： ?adj./adv. ? ? ? ?＋that ... so＋?adj.＋a/an＋单数名词 ? 少? ＋名词? ?many/much/few/little? ?
①Kathy is so lovely that we all like to play with her. 凯茜很可爱，我们都愿和她玩。
(2)such ... that ...也可引导结果状语从句，such 为形容词，具 体用法如下：
? ?a/an＋adj.＋单数名词 ? ? ?＋that such＋? ? ?adj.＋复数/不可数名词? ?
②The villagers were such kind people that they all came to help us. 村民们都是好心人，都前来给我们帮忙。
so difficult a question/such a difficult question that ③It was ____________________________________________
none of us worked it out. 这个问题很难，我们都没解答出来。
当“少”讲时后接不可数名词，用 so 修饰；当“小”讲时 后接可数名词，用 such 修饰。 (3)so 或 such 位于句首时，主句用倒装结构。 ④ So loudly
did he speak
that even people in the next
room could hear him. 他讲话声音那么大，隔壁屋里的人都能听得见。
Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①The flowers give out a sweet smell, which makes us relaxed. ②The door was so narrow that we had to enter the room one after another. ③He was caught in a traffic jam so he was late for the meeting.
④Some false advertisements are taking the countryside women as their targets, because they are easy to take in . ⑤The heavy rain made it more difficult for them to arrive there on time.
a ⑥Unemployment is rising; prices are increasing. In __nutshell,
the economy is in trouble.
are often caught in 经常遭遇 ) These years they ① _________________(
sandstorms. Why? Because a lot of trees have been
cut down 砍 倒 ). Trees do a lot of good to the ② ________(
environment. They ③_______( take in 吸收) carbon dioxide and
give out 放出) oxygen. ⑤___________ In a nutshell (简言之), if we ④________(
cutting down 砍 伐 ) trees, sandstorms are keep on ⑥ ____________(
one after another 一个接一个地)． likely to come ⑦_______________(
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．cut 相关短语点点练 介、副词填空 ①Let's cut up the chicken and make some soup. ②Drivers who habitually cut in are bound to cause accidents sooner or later. ③They were almost completely cut off from the outside world. ④By adopting the new method, they have cut down the noise made by the machines.
2．look 相关短语一站清 用 look 相关短语填空 ①Please look through your paper before you hand it in to avoid possible mistakes. ②I often look up the words I don't know in the dictionary or on the Internet. ③The government will look into how to reduce unemployment. ④Mr. Smith has taught for many years, and all the students look up to him. ⑤She looks down on/upon people who haven't been to college.
3．“so/such ... that ...”句型多棱镜 选词填空：so, such ①It is so heavy a box that I can't lift it. ②They are such lovely children that we all like them. ③There are so many people that I felt uncomfortable. ④This is such a high mountain that few of us can reach the top of it. ⑤The weather was so cold that I didn't like to leave my room.
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．It is such walk. fine weather that we all want to go out for a
majoring 2．Mike is a student at Howard University, _________(major)
in physics for a degree in Natural Science. 3．It took me a long time to take in what you were saying. 4．The report urged that all children (should) be taught (teach) to learn.
through 5．Look ________the newspapers every day and you can keep
up with the rapidly developing situation. complain 6．He did nothing but __________(complain) to me about the food and the service of the restaurant.
down 7．Our money is running out. We should cut ______expenses.
concerning 8．I enjoyed the great benefit of his instructions ___________
(concern) the matter.
strengths 9．You'd better take into account your own __________
(strength) and weaknesses before choosing a major.
that 10．There is clear evidence ____the company is losing money
due to the economic situation at home.
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．It's frightened to think how easily children can be hurt.
2．Caught by the rain on my way home, I had a bad cold.
3．Tom's illness made impossible for us to finish the work on time.
made 后加 it
4．They urged that the library must be kept open during the vacation.
must→should 或去掉 must
5．I couldn't help but to stand still for hours as the boss told me to.
去掉 but 后的 to
6．The majority of people in the town strongly supports the plan to build a playground for children. supports→support 7．He had so little education that he can't teach so little children.
8．We should do something to protect our atmosphere from polluted.
from 后加 being
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 We human beings have caused great damage to our
has a bad effect on (对??有坏影响) environment, which 1 _________________
our existence. ①Because of pollution, we can seldom breathe
concerned about fresh air. Now more and more people 2 are _________________
complain about (抱怨/ (关心/担心??) this problem and 3 _______________
投诉) it. Therefore, protecting the environment has become a major worry of the society.
As far as I am concerned (就我而言), it is high time that 4 ______________________
we took measures to protect the environment. We should launch a campaign to raise people's awareness of environmental protection. ②We should urge the government to close factories
give out ( 放出 ) polluted waste. We should live a which 5 ________
lowcarbon life, riding bikes or buses instead of cars. ③Besides, if it is possible, we should plant more trees to absorb CO2 rather
cut them down ( 把 它 们 砍 掉 ). Although getting it than 6 _____________
changed is a slow process, we are confident that we can make it.
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)worry→ concern (2)raise→ strengthen (3)absorb→ take in 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用 it 作形式宾语改写句①
Pollution often makes it hard for us to breathe fresh air ________________________________________________.
(2)用 urge 跟宾语从句改写句②
We should urge that the government (should) close factories ____________________________________________________
which give out polluted waste. __________________________
(3)用 if 的省略句改写句③
Besides,if possible,we should plant more trees to absorb CO2 ____________________________________________________ rather than cut them down. _________________________
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