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【外研版必修3】2014高考英语一轮复习配套课件:


Module 4

Sandstorms in Asia

(2011· 浙江卷)假设你是高中生李越,有感于校园中存 在的随意涂写(to scribble) 和乱丢垃圾(to litter)的行为, 请用英语给校长写一封100~120个词的信。信中应包括以 下内容: 1.说明写信目的; 2.对这些行为进行批评; 3.提出建议。

读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

注意:信的开头、落款及信的第一句已给出(不计词数)。
June 8,2011 Dear Mr.Headmaster, I am Li Yue,a student from Class 1,Senior Ⅱ.___ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

Yours faithfully,
Li Yue

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

【满分作文】 June 8,2011

Dear Mr.Headmaster,
I am Li Yue,a student from Class 1,Senior Ⅱ.I am writing to draw your attention to some improper behaviour among us students: littering and scribbling.①It makes our school dirty and unpleasant,and does harm to the image of our school. I always feel ashamed whenever I see this.②It is clearly not appropriate for a student to litter and scribble about.

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

③I wonder if the school could place more

dustbins around and set up specific rules
against such behaviour.At the same time,students should be encouraged to develop good habits and better

behave themselves.I believe that,with the joint efforts of
both teachers and students,our school will become a more enjoyable place in the near future. Thank you for your consideration. Yours faithfully,

Li Yue

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

【高级词汇】 draw one's attention to吸引某人的注意力

do harm to...对……有害;有损于……
whenever无论何时 joint efforts/a joint effort共同的努力 【佳句变换】 ①Not only does it make our school dirty and unpleasant, but also it damages the good image of our school. ②Littering and scribbling are not what a student should do. ③I suggest that the school place more dustbins around and

set up specific rules to stop such behaviour.
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

A 考纲词汇——思忆
mass 1.____ adj.大量的;大规模的 campaign 2.________ n.战役;活动 process 3.______ n.进程;过程 citizen 4._____ n.公民;市民 atmosphere 5.__________ n.大气;大气层 recycle 6.______ v.重新利用;再循环 strengthen strength 7._______ n.力量;力气→_________ v.加强 environment 8.__________ n.环境→_____________ adj.环境的 environmental
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

concerned concern 9._________ adj.关心的;担心的→_______ n.& v.关 心;担心 evidence evident 10._______ n.证据;证明→______ adj.明显的;显然 的 major majority 11._____ adj.主要的;多数的→________ n.大多数 urge urgent 12.______ adj.紧急的→____ vt.催促;极力主张 pollution 13.______ vt.污染→________ n.污染 pollute complaint 14.________ vi.抱怨;发牢骚→________ n.抱怨 complain scary scare 15.____ adj.恐怖的;吓人的→_____ vt.使……受惊

scared →______ adj.受惊吓的 protect protection 16._________ n.保护→______ vt.保护
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

——字词入章,相得益彰 Now,more and more people are complaining about the atmosphere pollution.Protecting the environment has become a major concern of the

society.It is urgent to strengthen people's awareness of
the environmental protection.I'm afraid getting things changed will be a slow process.

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

B 重要短语——识记
1.cut down _____砍倒;减少,缩减 2.be caught in __突然遭遇(风暴等) 3.one after ____another 一个接一个地 4.have a bad effect on __对……有坏影响

5.take in __吸收;欺骗;理解
6.give ___放出;发出 out 7.__ a nutshell 简言之;概括地讲 in

8.look through _______浏览;翻阅;翻找

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基础盘点ABC

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C 经典句式——再现
1.make+宾语+宾语补足语(it作形式宾语) The storms sometimes continue all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust makes it difficult to see ___________________(降低了能 见度). 2.can't help but不得不做I can't help but feel _______________(不得不感到)very

concerned.
3.if+形容词/副词 if possible The garbage is then taken away and,________ (如果可能的 话),recycled.

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4.get sb to do sth让某人做某事 The “Green”movement tries to get governments to think seriously about ___________________________________(让政府认真 思考)the environment and how to look after it.

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

A 核心单词——巧布点,基石奠 strength n.力量;力气;长处;强度
For Nyad her strength of purpose was just as important as
reaching Cuba. (2012· 天津卷,阅读表达) 对Nyad来说,她目标的力量和到达古巴一样重要。

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基础盘点ABC

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?(have)the strength to do sth ? (1)?(有)做某事的力气;做某事的意志力 ? 不断取得成功;日益壮大 ?go from strength to strength_____________________
?___ the strength of sth基于??;受??的鼓励 ? on (2)? with ?_______ all one's strength用尽全身的力气 ?

(3)strengthen vt.加强;增强;改善 (4)strong adj.强壮的;坚固的 on the strength ①I bought the book ___ ____ ________ of your recommendation.我是因为听了你的推荐才买这本书的。 ②At present,America is taking some measures to strengthen economy __________ _________. 目前美国正在采取措施以改善经济。
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

辨析
常指固有的潜在力量。着重指力气;就物 strength

而言,着重指强度、潜力等
主要指自然界的力量、暴力、势力、说服 力、压制力、法律、道德或情感的力量、

force

军事的力量等。总之,它是活动过程中的
力量 主要指“人的精力”、“自然界的能量” 主要指做一件事所依靠的能力、功能、人 或机器等事物的潜在的或所能发挥出来的 力量、职权、权力或力量
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

energy

power

force ①The soldiers took the prisoners away by ______. energy ②It is important to conserve ______. power ③We need to provide industry with ______ it can afford. strengths ④The ability to keep calm is one of her many _________.

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

——看看高考怎么考 —Why do you choose to work in an international travel

agency?
—Well, you know, English is my ________.So it is my best choice. A.strength C.ability B.talent D.skill (2012· 福建卷,25)

答案

A

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

major adj.主要的;多数的;较大的,较多的;主修 的;较重要的n.主修课程;主修学生vi.主修,专攻
Meanwhile,all the Indian IT majors are setting up a strong presence in China. 形象。 major in (1)________主修
?majority n.大多数 ? be in the/a majority (2)?____________________占大多数; ? ?构成大部分
?minor adj.较少的;次要的 ? (3)? ?minority n.少数;少数民族 ?
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

(辽宁卷)

与此同时,所有的印度IT行业都在中国树立了一个良好的

majors in ①He __________chemistry.他主修化学。 The majority ②_____________were in favour of banning smoking.
大多数人支持禁烟。 小贴士 major无比较级,不能与than和to连用。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

urgent adj.紧急的;迫切的;非常重要的
The question of whether leaders should apologize publicly has never been more urgent.(2011· 江苏卷,任务型阅读)

领导人是否应该公开道歉,这个问题再急迫不过了。 urge vt.催促;极力主张
to do sth ? urge sb __________ ? into doing sth ? urge sb _______________?力劝某人做某事 ? urged her to think over Brown _____________________her decision. urged her into thinking over =Brown __________________________her decision. 布朗极力劝说她重新考虑自己的决定。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

小贴士 urge+that从句 强烈要求;极力主张(从句用should be/do虚拟 语气) My friends urged that I (should)apply for the job. 朋友们劝我申请那份工作。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

complain vt.抱怨;发牢骚;悲叹;控诉
If you are one of them, I would say the only way to change things is by doing rather than complaining. (2012· 天津卷,完形)

如果你是其中之一,我将说改变事情的唯一方法是做而不
是报怨。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

about/of ? complain __________W...? ? ? ?抱怨 ? ? (1)? complain that... ? to ?complain ____sb向某人抱怨
?complaint n.诉苦,抱怨,牢骚 ? (2)? 提出投诉;发牢骚 ?make a complaint_________________ ?

complained about/of Many customers ___________________the bad service the hotel offered.许多顾客抱怨旅店提供的服务太差。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

concerned adj.关心的;担心的;烦恼的
Scientists are concerned about their populations. (2012· 浙江卷,阅读A) 科学家担心它们的数量。 be concerned about/for担心;忧虑

show concern for关心;关注
be concerned+thatclause担心 be concerned with与……有关 as/so far as sb/sth +be+concerned就……而言

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

concern ①My ________ is that prices keep up. 我最关注的就是物价攀升。 concerning ②He asked some questions ___________ the future of the company.他就公司发展提了一些问题。 ——满分作文之佳句

a.As far as I'm concerned,riding bicycles is a good solution. (2011· 江西卷) b.I am very concerned about him. (山东卷) c.In my opinion,it is reasonable and understandable that the department makes the practice illegal .(广东卷) d.From my point of view,I think we should listen to others. (江苏卷)

晨读吧

基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空 fright;strength;evident;urgency;majority;chemistry;

protect;complain;environment
1.The earthquake that occurred several months ago in Sichuan was most ________. 2.The coach knows every player's ________ and weaknesses.

3.There wasn't enough ________ to prove his guilty.
4.As global warming continues to be a ________ concern for the future of our planet,people are starting to turn to green

living practices.
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

5.We ________ them to keep the time factor in mind.

6.In recent years some businessmen have used too many
________ in their products,which are bad for people's health. 7.The small trees grow well under the ________ of us. 8.It's no use ________ without taking any action.

答案

1.frightening 2.strengths

3.evidence 4.major
8.complaining

5.urged

6.chemicals 7.protection

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Unless my room is warmer tonight,I'm going to

________to the hotel manager.
A.argue B.Regret C.complain D.pretend 2.________about Lucy,the teacher called her parents to find out why she was so often absent from class. A.Concerning C.Concerned A.major;majored B.Considering D.Considered B.minor;majored in

3.English was his________,while she________Japanese.

C.major;majoring

D.major;majored in
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

4.They urged that the library ________open during the
vacation. A.must be kept C.would be kept ________. A.ability C.strength B.force D.mind B.is kept D.be kept

5.Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his

答案

1.C

2.C

3.D

4.D

5.C

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

B 核心短语——点入线,基础建
cut down砍倒;削减,缩小(尺寸、数量或数目); 驳倒
Firstly,when people cut down trees,generally they can only

use the land for a year or two.

(安徽卷)

首先,一般说来人们砍倒树后,那地也就使用一两年而已。 cut in 插嘴,打断

off cut ____切断;中断;隔绝 删掉;戒掉 cut out___________
cut across走捷径;抄近路穿过

through cut ________刺穿
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

cut out ①I'm ________for gardening.我擅长园艺。 cut off ②He felt almost _______during the long period in hospital.
长时间住院他感到近乎与世隔绝。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

take in包括;吸收;理解;欺骗
Alcohol is taken in more quickly when drunk with fruit juice. (2011· 福建卷,阅读A) 同时饮用果汁酒,酒精吸收更快。 take back收回(诺言);带回 take down拆掉;拉低(衣服);写下 up take ____占据;以后;继续 on take ___ 呈现;雇用 over take ______接管;占领 take off脱掉;起飞;成功
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take up ①Please ________the story,Sir,for I'm eager to know
what happened then. 先生,请继续讲那个故事,我很想知道后来发生了什么 事。

took me in ②She __________completely with her story.
她用她的故事把我完全蒙蔽了。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

give out放出;发出;宣称;公布;发表;分发; 用完;耗尽;精疲力竭
巧学助记

gave out ①Both the man and the horse _________after the long ride.赶了很长一段路后,人马俱疲。 given out ②It was __________that the minister would visit our school.据说部长要来我们学校。

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基础盘点ABC

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小贴士

(1)give out意为“分发;发表;放出”时是及物动词短语。
(2)表示“用尽,用完”时,give out与run out是不及物动词短 语,主语常是物,不能用于被动语态;而use up,run out of

是及物动词短语,可用于被动语态。主语往往是人。
We used up the petrol. =Our petrol was used up. =We ran out of the petrol. =Our petrol ran out.

=Our petrol gave out.
我们汽油耗光了。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空
cut down;take in;in a nutshell;be caught in;look through;give out 1.Who will ________a dirty pet like that? 2.We should ________chemical plants to protect our

environment.
3.To put it________,the show was a total disaster. 4.Students were ________leaflets to everyone on the street.

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

5.________the article and give me the general idea. 6.He ________the heavy snow last night. 答案 1.take in 2.cut down 3.in a nutshell 4.giving

out 5.Look through

6.was caught in

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.No matter how low you consider yourself,there is

always someone________you wishing they were that
high. A.getting rid of C.looking up to (2010· 安徽卷,22) B.getting along with D.looking down upon (湖北卷)

2.Would you please ________the paper for me and see if there are any obvious mistakes? A.look around C.look up B.look into D.look through

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基础盘点ABC

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3.—I'm still working on my project. —Oh,you'll miss the deadline.Time is ________.

(江苏卷)
A.running out C.giving out B.going out D.losing out

4.Many parents are afraid that their children are ________so they won't let them post their personal information on the Internet. A.taken in C.taken on B.taken up D.taken off

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要点精析ABC

5.Jack's business is not as good as before,so he has to ________the expenses of his company. A.cut off C.cut up 答案 1.C 2.D B.cut away D.cut down 3.A 4.A 5.D

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

C 核心句型——线入面,灵犀现 The garbage is then taken away and,if possible, recycled. 然后把垃圾带走,如果可能的话,进行回收利用。
此处if possible相当于if it is possible,属于省略。在if,when 引 导的从句中,如果从句是“if/when+主语+系动词+其他”时,

这时主语与系动词可省略。
When in Rome ______________do as the Romans do.入乡随俗。 If any Have you read any similar books?_______,can you name them? 你读过类似的一些书吗?如果读过一些的话,你能说出来吗? If/When necessary _________________,we'll give you a hand. 如果必要/必要时,我们会帮助你的。
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

if ever如果曾经有的话
if not 如果不 if so如果这样 小贴士

状从省略巧妙记,从主it亦可以。
省略条件看仔细,从谓必有be形式。 主从同享一主语,省略从主还有be。

从主:从句主语
从谓:从句谓语。

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

集训中心
Ⅰ.完成句子
1.他,如果有的话,也很少缺课。 He is seldom,_____,absent from school. if ever 2.开始可能有困难,如果有,给我们打电话。 If any You may have some difficulties at first._____,ring us.

3.大家冷吗?不冷的话打开窗户啦。
Is everybody feeling cold?_____,let us open the If not windows. 4.我会参加你的婚礼,如果可能的话。

if possible I will attend your wedding party,_________.
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Ⅱ.单项填空
1.There were many talented actors out there just waiting________. A.to discover C.discovered (2010· 江西卷,32) B.to be discovered D.being discovered

2.—Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? —Yes.________,I?m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. (安徽卷)

A.If ever
C.If anything

B.If busy
D.If possible

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

3.Our hometown appears ________a lot in recent years. A.to change B.to have changed

C.to be changed
A.When it necessary C.When necessary

D.changing
B.When is necessary D.When this is necessary

4.________,I will go with you.

5.He is ________a careless boy that he has made________many mistakes in the final exams. A.such;such C.so;so B.so;such D.such;so

答案

1.B

2.D

3.B

4.C

5.D
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单元语法要点附加练
动词不定式

1.The bathroom looks lovely.Did you decorate it yourself
or get someone________it? (2013· 温州第一次适应性测试) A.be doing C.do B.done D.to do

2.Always remember that your own decision________is
more important than anything else.(2013· 北京西城期末) A.to succeed B.succeeding

C.having succeeded D.succeeded
晨读吧 基础盘点ABC 要点精析ABC

3.________global temperatures rising, the UN Climate

Change Conference was held in Cancun(坎昆),Mexico
last year. A.Prevented C.Having prevented (2013· 郑州第一次质检) B.Preventing D.To prevent

4.The police are looking for a missing boy, who is

believed________a white pullover and blue jeans.
(2013· 北京海淀水平检测) A.wearing C.to wear B.to be wearing D.having worn

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC

5.Our new laboratory is said________instruments made

in Shanghai.
A.to equip with

(2013· 甘肃西北师大附中月考)
B.to be equipped with D.to be equipping with 5.B 4.B

C.to have equipped with 答案 1.D 2.A 3.D

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基础盘点ABC

要点精析ABC


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