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unit 8-Reading and Writing


Reading and Speaking

Higher Education Press

Unit 8

Business Ethics and Integrities

1 2 3 4

Getting Things Ready

Things to Do



Things to Write

More Things to Do

Section 1

Getting Things Ready

In this unit, you will learn how to:

3 2 1
? make comments ? talk about social on a business case responsibilities of ? understand a company business ethics and integrities

Section 1 Getting Things Ready

Section 1 Getting Things Ready
Activity 2: Read the passage in Section 2 and complete the following paragraph.
ethical Business ethics is to examine 1) _________ principles and moral problems that arise in the business environment. All implement voluntary codes of businesses should adopt and 2) __________ conduct for doing business around the world. The basic 3) principles __________ of business ethics cover many areas, from provision of safe and healthy workplaces to the maintenance of violates the a corporate culture. Any corporation who________ principles or codes of ethics should be subjected to immediate disciplinary ___________ action.

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Section 2

Things to Do

Things to Do

Activity One
Listen and Write

Activity Two

Related Information

Read and Think

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Section 2

Things to Do

Related Information:
Etiquette Etiquette, or good manners, is an important part of our day to day lives. Whether we realise it or not we are always subconsciously adhering to rules of etiquette. Much of the time these are unwritten; for example giving up your seat to a lady or elderly person, queuing for a bus in an orderly fashion according to who arrived first or simply saying "please" or "thank you". All are examples of etiquette; complex unwritten rules that reflect a culture's values.

Section 2

Things to Do

Etiquette accomplishes many tasks. However, the one noteworthy function that etiquette does perform is that it shows respect and deference to another. By doing so it maintains good interpersonal relationships. Ultimately, it could be argued, etiquette is about making sure that when people mix together there are rules of interaction in place that ensure their communication, transaction or whatever it may be goes smoothly.

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Section Two

Things to Do

Activity One Listen and Write
voluntary provision avoidance compliance prohibit adopt exemplify undertake integrity disciplinary

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Section Two

Things to Do

Question 1
What is business ethics?

Question 2
What do codes of conduct for doing business around the world cover?

Question 3
Do you think money is everything? Why or why not?

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Read and Think
Principles of Business Ethics Business ethics examines ethical principles and moral problems that can arise in a business environment. In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces, the demand for more ethical business processes and actions is increasing. Recognizing the positive role of business principles, the Administration encourages all businesses to adopt and implement voluntary codes of conduct for doing business around the world that cover at least the following areas:

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1. Provision of both safe and healthy workplaces; 2. Fair employment practices, including avoidance of child and forced labor and avoidance of discrimination based on race, gender, national origin, or religious beliefs; 3. Responsible environmental protection and environmental practices; 4. Compliance with local laws promoting good business practices, including laws prohibiting illegal payments and ensuring fair competition; 5. Maintenance of a corporate culture that respects free expression consistent with legitimate business concerns, that encourages good corporate citizenship and
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makes a positive contribution to the communities in which the company operates; and where ethical conduct is recognized, valued, and exemplified by all employees. Adoption of codes of conduct reflecting these principles is voluntary. Corporations are encouraged to develop their own codes of conduct appropriate to their particular circumstances. Many companies already apply statements or codes that include these principles. Companies should find appropriate means to inform their shareholders and the public of actions undertaken in connection with these principles. A company may not act in violation of host country law according to the principles.

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The business principles and codes of ethics require that any reports and complaints under these codes should be dealt with according to the principles of fairness, honesty and integrity. Non-compliance with the procedures set out above may be reported to the Administration. The corporations will not revenge or undertake action against any employee for filing a report or complaint under these codes or for assisting. Any corporation who violates the principles or codes of ethics should be subjected to immediate disciplinary action. (323 words) translation

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Read and Think
Task 1 Test your problem-solving ability. Find out the origin of the word “ethic”.

The word "ethic" has been derived from the Greek word "ethos" which means conduct, customs or character. So, "ethic", according to the Greeks, would mean a code of conduct, the manner of customs and the characterization of a person's morals. It would also mean in a positive way the accepting of responsibilities.

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Task 2 Tell whether the following statements are true or false. Write T for True and F for False. 1. The demand for more ethical business processes and actions is decreasing in the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces. F 2. Fair employment practices include avoidance of child and forced labor and allowance of discrimination based on race, gender, national origin, or religious beliefs. F 3. A good corporate culture makes a positive contribution to the communities in which the company operates. T

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4. Corporations are voluntary to adopt codes of conduct reflecting these principles. T 5. According to the principles of fairness, honesty and integrity, the business principles and codes of ethics require that any reports and complaints under these codes should not be coped with. F 6. If corporations violate the principles or codes of ethics, they should be subjected to immediate disciplinary actions. T

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Task 3 Give brief answers to the following questions. 1. What is business ethics? Business ethics examines ethical principles and moral problems that can arise in a business environment. 2. What does the Administration encourage all businesses to do? To adopt and implement voluntary codes of conduct for doing business around the world. 3. What does the local law include in order to promote good business practices? It includes laws prohibiting illegal payments and ensuring fair competition.

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4. What are the corporations encouraged to do according to their particular circumstances? Corporations are encouraged to develop their own codes of conduct appropriate to their particular circumstances. 5. What will corporations not do if any employee files a report or complaint under these codes? The corporations will not revenge or undertake action against him/her. 6. Why are principles of business ethics important? Open.

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Read and Think
Task 4 Match A with B

1- c 2-f 3-e 4-a 5-d 6-i 7-j 8-g 9-h 10-b
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Read and Think
Task 5 Fill in the blanks with the right words or phrases. Change the form where necessary.
undertake consistent with exemplify make contributions to prohibit be subjected to voluntary in violation of ensure compliance with

ensure 1. I __________ that I can make him change his mind even though I have to make an effort to persuade him. consistent with 2. His behavior is not_________________ his words; he always eats his words. undertake actions to 3. We must seize all opportunities and ____________ accelerate development and reform.

Read and Think
prohibit marriages between blood relatives. 4. Many societies _________ are subjected to the local law. 5. All business processes and actions _____________ compliance with the rules and regulations of the 6. We should be in ______________ hospital. voluntary 7. She does ______________ social work to help the old with some housework in the community. 8. All businesses should ____________________ make contributions to the creation of an ethical business environment. in violation of its agreement and 9. The company has acted _______________ caused dissatisfaction of the public. exemplifies its business ethics and integrities 10. The corporation __________ with honest actions.
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Section 3

Things to Write

Things to Write

Activity One:
Task-based Writing Case Study

Activity Two:
Applied Writing Write an essay

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Section 3

Things to Write

Activity One: Task-based Writing
Task 1 Study the following tips for writing.

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Case Study

Task 2 Study the following language for writing. Task 3 Study the following model for witing. Task 4 Write an essay to comment on the case.

Section 3

Things to Write
Task 1 Study the following tips for writing.

A comment on a case, based on analyses from the standpoints of the commonly accepted standards or regulations and law, points out clearly what is right or wrong, who is to blame and what should be done in a concise and logical way.

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Section 3

Things to Write

Task 2 Study the following language for writing.
Words and phrases: based on 基于 on the hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 furthermore 更有甚者 in addition 再者 consequently adv. 因此 assume responsibility 承担责任 dereliction of duty 玩忽职守 misprision n. 渎职

Section 3

Things to Write

Sentence patterns: … should be responsible for … … should also assume responsibility for … should be charged with … is to blame for the failure/ … take measures to ensure such incidents will never occur again.

Section 3

Things to Write

Task 3 Study the following model for witing.
The Question of Corporate Responsibility Last year, an oil tanker (油轮) of the Big Dirty Oil Company ran around in the area, spilling (泄露) millions of gallons of crude (原油) into the waters and onto the beaches of British Columbia. The damage to the beaches and wildlife and consequently to the tourist industry, the ecology (生态) and the quality of life of the local residents is incalculable (无法计算), but in any case will require many millions of dollars for the clean-up. The ship struck a small atoll (珊瑚道), well-marked on the navigational (航海的) maps, but it was a dark night and the boat was well off course (航线). On further investigation, it was

Section 3

Things to Write

discovered that the Captain (船长) had been drinking heavily. Leaving the navigation of the ship to his first mate (大副), he left his cabin (船舱) to sleep. His first mate had never taken charge of the ship before, and it is now clear that he misread the maps, misjudged the waters, maintained a speed that was inappropriate and the accident occurred. Subsequent (后来的) inquiries (调查) showed that the Captain had been arrested on two drunk driving convictions (罪行) within months of the accident. The tanker itself with a double-hull (船壳) was long due for repair and, it was suggested, would not have cracked (破裂) up if the hull had been trebly (三重地) reinforced, as some current tankers were. The Chief Executive Officer of Big Dirty Oil declared the accident a "tragedy" and offered two million dollars to aid in

Section 3

Things to Write

the clean up. Environmental groups began a consumer campaign against Big Dirty Oil, urging customers to cut up and send in their Big Dirty Oil credit cards in protest (抗议). In a meeting to the shareholders, the CEO proudly announced the largest quarterly (季度的) profit in the history of the Big Dirty Oil Company. He dismissed the protests and assured the shareholders that his responsibility was, and would always be, to assure the highest profits possible in the depression (萧条) of today's market. Comments on the case: Firstly, the Big Dirty Oil Company should be responsible for the crude spilling. Of course, the company assumed responsibility by offering two million dollars to aid in the clean

Section 3

Things to Write

up, but that’s far from enough. They should be responsible for the damage to the beaches and wildlife and consequently to the tourist industry, the ecology and the quality of life of the local residents. On the other hand, the CEO just assured the shareholders that his obligation was, and would always be, to assure the highest profits. Actually, a corporation's purpose is not only to maximize returns to its shareholders but also the community and society at large. The Captain should also be charged with dereliction of duty (玩忽职守) and suspended or discharged for his misprision (渎职) in the end.

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Section 3

Things to Write

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Section 3

Things to Write

Translate the following passage into English. Seven Principles of Admirable Business Ethics namely There are 7 principles of admirable business ethics, 1) _______ keep an open mind 保持思想开明); meet (即): be trustful; 2) __________________( obligations; have clear documents; become community involved; maintain accounting control; be respectful. Recognizing the significance of business ethics (意识到商业 3) _______________________________________ 道德的意义) as a tool for achieving your desired

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Section 3

Things to Write

outcome is only the beginning. A small business that instills a deep-seated theme of business ethics 4) ___________________________________ (在策略和政策中) within its strategies and policies will be evident among customers. Its overall influence will lead to a profitable, successful company. By recognizing the value of practicing admirable business ethics, and 5) following each of the 7 principles ________________________________, your success will not be far off.

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Section 4

More Things to Do

More Things to Do

Activity One:
Reading More

Activity Two:
Focus on Grammar

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Section 4

More Things to Do

Task 1 Read the passage and fill in the blanks with appropriate words from the box below.
undertake realistic recognition errors obligation whenever consistent code commit regardless of

IEEE Code of Ethics We, the members of the IEEE (电气电子工程师协会), in 1) recognotion of the importance of our technologies in affecting __________ the quality of life throughout the world, and in accepting a obligation to our profession, its members and the personal 2) __________ communities we serve, do hereby (因此,据此) 3) _______ commit ourselves to the highest ethical and professional conduct and agree:

Section 4

More Things to Do

1. to accept responsibility in making decisions 4) _________ consistent with the safety, health and welfare of the public, and to disclose (揭露) promptly (迅速地) factors that might endanger the public or the environment; 2. to avoid real or perceived(察觉到的)conflicts of interest 5) whenever _____________ possible, and to disclose them to affected parties when they do exist; realistic in stating claims(要求)or 3. to be honest and 6) __________ estimates based on available data; 4. to reject bribery(贿赂)in all its forms;

Section 4

More Things to Do

5. to improve the understanding of technology, its appropriate application, and potential consequences (结果); 6. to maintain and improve our technical competence and to 7) undertake technological tasks for others only if qualified by __________ training or experience, or after full disclosure of relevant limitations; 7. to seek, accept, and offer honest criticism of technical work, to errors , and to credit(把… acknowledge and correct 8) __________ 归给)properly the contributions of others; 8. to treat fairly all persons 9) ___________ regardless of such factors as race, religion, gender, disability, age, or national origin;

Section 4

More Things to Do

9. to avoid injuring others, their property, reputation, or employment by false or malicious(恶意的)action; 10. to assist colleagues and co-workers in their professional development and to support them in following this 10) ______ code of ethics. Approved by the IEEE Board of Directors February 2006

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Section 4

More Things to Do

Task 2 Choose the answer that best completes each sentence. 1. The corporation should avoid real or perceived conflicts of interest whenever possible, and to disclose them to affected parties when _________. A) they are present B) they don’t exist C) they disappear D) they never come

Section 4

More Things to Do

2. In IEEE code of ethics, No. 6 generally means _________. A) the corporation should seek, accept, and offer honest criticism of technical work, and to credit properly the contributions of others B) the corporation should acknowledge and correct errors, and to credit properly the contributions of others C) the corporation seek, accept, and offer honest criticism of technical work, to acknowledge and correct errors D) the corporation should accept honest criticism of technical work, acknowledge mistakes, and to properly attribute the contributions to others

Section 4

More Things to Do

3. In Code No.10, the organization should assist colleagues and co-workers in their professional development and to support them in__________. A) understanding this code of ethics B) advancing this code of ethics C) accepting this code of ethics D) practicing this code of ethics

Section 4

More Things to Do

4. The phrase “in recognition of” in Paragraph 1 most probably means _________. A) realizing B) in favor of C) in response to D) undertaking

Section 4

More Things to Do

5. We may conclude that the code of ethics in business is __________. A) less important than its profit B) the core of corporate culture C) the least influential D) just a set of moral rules

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Read and Think
Principles of Business Ethics Business ethics examines ethical principles and moral problems that can arise in a business environment. In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces, the demand for more ethical business processes and actions is increasing. Recognizing the positive role of business principles, the Administration encourages all businesses to adopt and implement voluntary codes of conduct for doing business around the world that cover at least the following areas:

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Read and Think
Principles of Business Ethics Business ethics examines ethical principles and moral problems that can arise in a business environment. In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces, the demand for more ethical business processes and actions is increasing. Recognizing the positive role of business principles, the Administration encourages all businesses to adopt and implement voluntary codes of conduct for doing business around the world that cover at least the following areas:

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Read and Think
1. Provision of both safe and healthy workplaces; 2. Fair employment practices, including avoidance of child and forced labor and avoidance of discrimination based on race, gender, national origin, or religious beliefs; 3. Responsible environmental protection and environmental practices; 4. Compliance with local laws promoting good business practices, including laws prohibiting illegal payments and ensuring fair competition; 5. Maintenance of a corporate culture that respects free expression consistent with legitimate business concerns, that encourages good corporate citizenship and
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Read and Think
that encourages good corporate citizenship and makes a positive contribution to the communities in which the company operates; and where ethical conduct is recognized, valued, and exemplified by all employees. Adoption of codes of conduct reflecting these principles is voluntary. Corporations are encouraged to develop their own codes of conduct appropriate to their particular circumstances. Many companies already apply statements or codes that include these principles. Companies should find appropriate means to inform their shareholders and the public of actions undertaken in connection with these principles. A company may not act in violation of host country law according to the principles.
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Read and Think
makes a positive contribution to the communities in which the company operates; and where ethical conduct is recognized, valued, and exemplified by all employees. Adoption of codes of conduct reflecting these principles is voluntary. Corporations are encouraged to develop their own codes of conduct appropriate to their particular circumstances. Many companies already apply statements or codes that include these principles. Companies should find appropriate means to inform their shareholders and the public of actions undertaken in connection with these principles. A company may not act in violation of host country law according to the principles.

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Read and Think
The business principles and codes of ethics require that any reports and complaints under these codes should be dealt with according to the principles of fairness, honesty and integrity. Non-compliance with the procedures set out above may be reported to the Administration. The corporations will not revenge or undertake action against any employee for filing a report or complaint under these codes or for assisting. Any corporation who violates the principles or codes of ethics should be subjected to immediate disciplinary action.

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Language Study
In the increasingly conscience-focused marketplaces, the demand for more ethical business processes and actions is increasing. the demand for: the requirement or need for 对……的需求/要 求 For example: The heavy demand for coffee sent the price up. 大量的需求使咖 啡价格上升。 The strike originated in the demand for higher wages. 罢工起因 于要求提高工资。 conscience-focused: n. + v-ed: 关注良知的 For example: student-centered 以学生为中心的 human-based 以人为本的
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Language Study
Recognizing the positive role of business principles, the Administration encourages all businesses to adopt and implement voluntary codes of conduct for doing business around the world. recognizing…: comprehending completely or correctly意识到… The present participial phrase here is used as an adverbial of cause. For example: Knowing that he couldn’t complete the sale tasks on time, he declined to go travelling with his friends. 知道不能按时完成销 售任务,他拒绝跟朋友去旅行。 Realizing the violation of the business principles, he asked for penalty from the Administration.意识到自己违背了商业法则, 她向国际贸易管理局请求处罚。

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Language Study
adopt: to choose and follow (a plan, technique, etc) 采用,采纳 For example: They decide to adopt the new laws for doing business so that they can get good reputation and earn a lot of money. 为了获得好名声并且赚更多的钱他们决定采用新的法规 来做生意,。 New codes of conduct are encouraged for all the businesses to adopt in doing business around the world. 所有的企业被鼓励采用新的行为守则在世界各地做生意。

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Language Study
implement: to carry out; put into action; perform 执行;实 施 For example: We must implement the new plan to meet the needs of economic development. 我们必须执行这个新计划来满足经济发展的需要。 When doing business, they implemented standard operating procedures and codes of ethics. 当他们在世界各地做生意时,他们执行标准操作程序和道 德规范。

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Language Study
voluntary: performed, undertaken, or brought about by free choice, willingly, or without being asked自愿的;自发的;志愿 的 For example: Many businesses are voluntary to adopt codes of conduct reflecting these principles. 许多企业志愿采用反映反映这些法则的行动守则。 A lot of employees in this large international company go into communities and do some voluntary community works. 这家大型的跨国公司许多员工都走进社区去做义务社区工作。

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Language Study
This includes provision of both safe and healthy workplace. both…and…: 既…又…;…和… For example: The core of business ethics includes both responsibility and integrity. 商业道德的核心包括责任和正直。 Corporations take further steps to improve the quality of life for both employees and their families. 企业采取进一步措施提高员工和他们家人的生活质量。
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Language Study
compliance with: act in accordance with another's
command, request, rule, or wish: 顺从;遵守 For example: Compliance with the business principles is expected in business industry around the world. 在世界各地的商务行业要求人人遵守商业法则。 This corporate project was done in compliance with your wish and we can’t change it any more. 这个企业计划已经按照你的愿望做了我们不可能再改变 了。

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prohibit: to forbid by law or other authority; to hinder or prevent 禁止;阻止 For example: In many large corporations, unauthorized departmental coffers fail to be prohibited repeatedly. 在许多大型企业里,各种“小金库”屡禁不止。 We prohibited him from coming to the meeting because he was dismissed for breaking the corporate regulations. 我们阻止他来开会因为他由于违反了企业的规章制度而被开 除了。
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Language Study

ensure: to make certain or sure; guarantee 保证; 担保 For example: A letter of introduction will ensure you an interview and a good post as well. 一封介绍信准保会让你有一个面试以及好的职位。 Great efforts ensure the success of our careers. 巨大的努力确保了我们事业的成功。

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Language Study

consistent with: in agreement or harmony with 和…一致的 Your conduct is not consistent with what you say. 你的行为和你所说的不一致。 Corporate codes of ethics must be consistent with the country’s laws. 企业的道德规范必须与国家的法律一致。

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Language Study
That encourages good corporate citizenship and makes a positive contribution to the communities in which the company operates. in which…: in/by/among/for …which is used as an attributive clause. For example: Great changes have taken place in the city in which he lives. 在我居住的城市发生了巨大的变化。 Many graduates prefer to get a job in the international corporations in which they can get a promotion and better development in their careers. 许多毕业生更愿意在跨国企业就业,在那里他们可以得到提 升以及事业上更好的发展。
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make contributions to:to give (support, money, etc) for a common purpose or fund 为…作出贡献 For example: In fact, they should be given every encouragement and financial assistance to help them succeed and make their contributions to society. 事实上,我们应该鼓励和给予他们资金协助,帮助他们成功 和为社会作出他们的贡献。 You are so capable and knowledgeable that you are in a position to make important contributions to our country. 你们如此有能力、有知识,是能够为我们国家做出重要贡献 的。
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exemplify: to show by example 举例说明;作…的范例 For example: Nothing can exemplify this better than the problem of pollution. 没有什么比污染问题这个例子更能说明这个问题的。 This exemplifies the difficulties which the motor industry is now facing. 这就是汽车工业正面临困难的例子

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Language Study
Corporations are encouraged to develop their own codes of conduct appropriate to their particular circumstances. be encouraged to…: to be inspired with the courage or confidence (to do something) 被鼓励去做某事 MBA students are encouraged to study abroad to learn more about the experience of business management. MBA的学生被鼓励出国学习更多的企业管理的经验。 Class participation is often encouraged by the teachers in language learning. 在语言学习时教师常鼓励学生积极参与

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Language Study
undertake: to commit oneself to (something) or (to do something) 承担;从事 For example: After a year’s probation in a large business, they could confidently undertake their work. 经过在大企业一年的见习后,他们能满有把握的承担他们的 工作。 By a disposition of the company their team will undertake exploration for oil. 通过公司的部署他们队将从事石油勘探工作。

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Language Study

in violation of: breaking, disregarding, or infringing (a law, agreement, etc) 违犯, 破坏 For example: Building the hotel in the center of the beautiful lake is in violation of the law. 在这美丽的湖中央修建这家旅馆的建造是违法的。 The company has acted in violation of its agreement and caused dissatisfaction of the public. 公司行为违反了协议,引起了公众的不满。

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Language Study

The business principles and codes of ethics require that any reports and complaints under these codes should be dealt with according to the principles of fairness, honesty and integrity. require that…should + v. : The objective clauses after such verbs as order, suggest, propose, require, demand, request, insist, command, insist, etc. take the( should)+inf. predicative form. For example: The undergraduate insisted that he go to work in the south after graduation. 这位大学生坚持毕业以后去南方工作。 People suggest that government take measures to lower the high prices of housing. 人们建议政府要采取措施来降低房价。
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Language Study

be subjected to: 受到..., 经受... For example: On this test track, the standard production cars will be subjected to rough treatment deliberately. 在这个试验车道,标准汽车成品将接受有意的毁坏性测试。 No resident shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful arrest, detention or imprisonment. 居民不受任意或非法逮捕、拘留、监禁。

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Translation
商业道德规则 商业道德规范是检验在商业环境中出现的道德规范法则 和道德问题。在日益注重良知的商业市场,对更多的商业道 德程序和行为的需求在不断增长。 美国商务部国际贸易管理局意识到商业法则的积极作用,鼓 励所有的企业采用并执行自愿的行为准则在全世界做生意, 这些行为准则至少要包含以下几个方面: 1.提供安全健康的工作场所; 2.实行公平就业,包括避免雇佣儿童和强迫劳动,避免基 于种族、性别、国籍或者宗教信仰的歧视; 3.负责环境保护和遵守环保惯例; 4.遵守当地促进良好商业惯例的法规,包括禁止非法支付 和保证公平竞争;

Translation
5.保持企业文化,尊重与合法的商业关系一致的自由表达, 鼓励良好企业公民义务,对公司所在的社区作出积极的贡献, 为道德行为被承认、被重视并且被员工所践行的社区做贡献。 采用这些法则和行动守则是自愿的。鼓励公司形成适合 自己特殊境况的行为守则。很多公司已经应用包括这些法则 的申明和守则。公司应该找到适当的方法把他们采取的与这 些法则有关的行为告之他们的股东和公众。根据这些法则公 司不可以采取违背所在国家法律的行为。 商业原则与道德守则要求任何在这种法规下的报告和投 诉都应该在公平、诚实和正直的原则下得到处理。 不服从上述的程序可以报告给美国商务部国际贸易管理 局。公司将不可以因为员工报告、投诉或者为了寻找帮助而 对其施行报复或采取与员工对立的行为。任何违反法则或道 德准则的公司应立即受到惩戒。
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Focus on Grammar
名词性从句 在英语的句子结构中,本来该由名词充当的主语、宾语、 表语和同位语,由一个句子来充当,这个句子就叫名词性从 句。根据名词性从句在句子中所充当的不同成分,名词性从 句可以分为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 从句中一律用陈述句语序。

Focus on Grammar

例如: When we’ll start tomorrow remains to be decided. (由when引 导的主语从句) We must make it clear that we mean what we say. (由that引导 的宾语从句,it是形式宾语) It seems as if it is going to rain. (由as if引导的表语从句) I had no idea that it was so late. (由that引导的同位语从句)

Focus on Grammar
Task 1Study the following English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences into English.

1) That she was chosen manager of the company made us very happy. 他还活着全靠运气。 That he is still alive is sheer luck. 2) John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday. 我很高兴你满意你的工作。 I am glad that you are satisfied with your job.

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Focus on Grammar
3) The fact is that he has not been seen recently. 我的问题是谁将接任该学生会主席职位。 My question is who will take over president of the Student Union. 4) I have no idea when he will return. 近来谁也没有见过他,这一事实令办公室所有的人不安。 The fact that he has not been seen recently disturbs everyone in his office. 5) It is still unknown which team will win the match. 很清楚,整个计划注定要失败。 It is quite clear that the whole project is doomed to failure.
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Focus on Grammar
Task 2 Underline the following errors and write the correct forms
1. When will he come is not known. When he will come is not known. 2. He will not come to the meeting this evening is true. That he will not come to the meeting this evening is true. 3. The reason why he was late is because that there was a lot of traffic in the street. The reason why he was late is that there was a lot of traffic in the street. 4. I don't care if you like the plan or not. I don't care whether you like the plan or not.

Focus on Grammar

5. I worry about is whether he can pass through the crisis of his illness. What I worry about is whether he can pass through the crisis of his illness. 6. It's a pity you should have to leave. It's a pity that you should have to leave. 7. The point is if we should lend him the money. The point is whether we should lend him the money. 8. It remains unknown that they are going to get married. It remains unknown when/where/whether they are going to get married.
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Career English
Reading and Speaking

Higher Education Press


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