Position Paper Delegate: LINGYAN GAO School: Beijing No.2 Middle School Country: Malaysia Committee: Disarmament and International Security Committee Topic B: Military Use of Children The mil
itary use of children has become a world focus, while military use of children in some certain areas have been receiving due attention for a very long time, we should notice that military use of children is a dynamic phenomenon. Nowadays, because of the local protection system for children in conflicting areas are usually weak and some countries' extreme poverty and government corruption cause this problem has not been a good solution. Malaysia as an important country in Southeast Asia, urged all countries to work out a good law to solve this problem In order to allow early resolution of the military use of children, the United Nations has taken a number of effective action①.The Additional Protocols ⅠandⅡto the Geneva Conventions, adopted in 1977,children who have not attained the age of 15 years shall neither be recruited in the armed force or groups, nor allowed to take part in hostilities.②The＂Optional Protocol to the Conventions on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of children in Armed Conflict＂ adopted in 2000.Moreover, The Worst Forma of Child Labour Convention of the International Labour Organization, adopted in 1999, includes forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict as one of the worst forms of child labor. Malaysia believes that this phenomenon is inconsistent with military use of children of humanitarian. It’s no military use of children In Malaysia, the children all have received a good education, Malaysia also hopes to help African countries to overcome this problem. Malaysia
believes that to solve the problem from the following aspects. Firstly, the United Nations should send peacekeepers to stop the war, the country away from war, so that children leave the battlefield. Secondly, to establish a foundation to help those affected by war-affected children back to the classroom, so that they understand the importance of peace. Last but not
least Improve the laws in some countries in Africa, prohibited acts related to military use of children. To sum up, Malaysia is convinced we can work out a good law to solve this problem and take the opportunity of this seminar, to make more people away from the war.
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