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【金版学案】2014高考英语总复习(语法填空+阅读理解+写作训练)基础知识 每日一练1 北师大版


高三英语每日一练(1)
How can you tell if someone's lying? The answer is,they're probably not. Traditional economics says that people are ___1___ human beings who will lie if it's to t

heir advantage.A recent university study has shown that,actually, we're pretty ___2___?especially when we're at home. Researchers in Germany ___3___ people at home and asked them to toss(投掷) a coin.There was a strong___4___incentive(刺激) to lie about the result: if the coin landed tails?up,the participants would receive money,while if the coin landed heads?up,they would get nothing.Because they were on the phone,they knew there was no___5___of getting caught if they lied. And yet people told the___6___.Over hundreds of tosses,a coin will land tails?up about 50% of the time.In this___7___ over half the people asked (55.6%) said that the coin landed heads?up,which meant they would receive nothing. Previous studies had found that people were more___8___.In those laboratory studies,75% of people reported a___9___coin and asked for a reward.So the research team thinks it's being in our own homes that makes us play fair,although it's not yet clear why. In fact both types of study show people are surprisingly___10___.Even in the laboratory,25% of people___11___ a reward by telling the truth.The researchers say this is because honesty is___12___valued in human society.We care about our ___13___ and our sense of ourselves as decent(体面的) people.So lying has a psychological ___14___ and it seems this cost is more important than the finan cial benefits of___15___. 1.A.poor C.generous 2.A.honest C.calm 3.A.visited C.phoned 4.A.mental C.technical 5.A.idea C.evidence 6.A.differen ce C.story 7.A.case C.speech 8.A.faithful C.disappointed 9.A.missing C.winning 10.A.reliable C.brave 11.A.received C.won 12.A.highly C.formally 13.A.money B.kind D.reasonable B.strict D.afraid B.saw D.caught B.financial D.educational B.need D.risk B.truth D.secret B.interview D.study B.grateful D.dishonest B.losing D.shining B.greedy D.wealthy B.refused D.required B.normally D.poorly B.family
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C.jobs 14.A.reason C.cost 15.A.studying C.phoning

D.reputation B.effect D.function B.lying D.reporting

答案: 1.D 人们是讲道理的人,如果对他们有利,他们将撒谎,选 D。 2.A 最近的研究表明,我们是非常诚实的,尤其在家的时候,选 A。 3.C 根据 Because they were on the phone 可知应是打电话,选 C。 4.B 根据 if the coin landed tails?up, the participants would receive money , 可知有一个财政刺激,选 B。 5.D 因为是在电话里,所以他们知道即使撒谎了也不会有被抓住的风险,选 D。 6.B 然而都说了实情,选 B。 7.D 根据 Previous studies had found that people were more...可知是“在这次 调查研究中”,选 D。 8.D 根据 Over hundreds of tosses, a coin will land tails?up about 50% of the time.In this 7 over half the people asked (55.6%) said that the coin landed heads?up, which meant they would receive nothing 可知以前的研究表明人们更多的是 不诚实的,选 D。 9.C 在那些研究中发现 75%的人说是赢的那面,选 C。 10.A 事实上这两种研究表明人们是可以信赖的,选 A。 11.B 25%的人拒绝了因说实话而获得的奖金,选 B。 12.A 研究表明,在人类社会中诚实是被高度重视的,选 A。 13.D 我们在乎我们的名声,选 D。 14.C 根据 it seems this cost is more important than the financial benefits of 15 可知撒谎有心理的损失或伤害,选 C。 15.B 这种精神上的伤害比撒谎带来的一些利 益要重要的多,选 B。

James Dean was not very tall-he was less than average height.He had thick, ligh t brown hair and blue eyes.He was so near?sighted that he could hardly see anything without his glasses. He came to Hollywood when he was eighteen, hoping to get into the movies.At first, he was not successful at all,and for a time he was so short of money that he had to live entirely on dry oatmeal.Then he went to New York.He got a part in a play and was seen by the great director Elia Kazan.Kazan was planning the movie East of Eden and realized Dean would be perfect for one of the main roles. By this time,Dean already had a reputation for being odd and difficult to work with.He then went back to Hollywood to make East of Eden and then made two more movies, Re bel Without a Cause and Giant.He almost always wore the same overcoat and jeans and he had hardly any friends at all.“If he didn't like you,he wouldn't even give you the pleasure of his anger.You could be in the same telephone booth with him, but you wouldn't exist,” someone who knew him said later. In spite of his poor eyesight,he loved driving fast motorcycles and even faster sports cars.A few days after he finished Giant,on September 25,1955,Dean went for a drive in his new Porsche. It was evening and the light was poor.Dean was not wearing his glasses.Suddenly,he saw a car in front of him.It was slowing down and trying to turn off the highway.Dean tried to slow down too,but it was too late.He hit the
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car at high speed and was killed immediately. Two German girls killed themselves when they heard the news because “life would be unbearable without him.” A few years later,a New York salesclerk wrote a book called Jimmy Dean Returns in which she claimed that she was in contact with Dean from the other side of the grave .Half a million copies of the book were sold.It was only the beginning of a strange legend(传奇) that goes on,even today. 1.According to the passage,James Dean________. A.had poor eyesight but wore no glasses B.went to Hollywood to direct a play C .often got his clothes changed D.was once a poor man in Hol lywood 2.Which is the most important to Dean's success in his career? A.He directed a successful movie. B.He played a role in Elia Kazan's movie. C.He wrote a play for a famous director. D.His odd temper made him very famous. 3.Which of the following is probably TRUE about Dean? A.He acted in two plays in Hollywood. B.He was too shy to express himself. C.He committed suicide on a highway. D.He was a crazy fan in fast driving. 4.What can we know from the last paragraph? A.People are still interested in Dean's story. B.Someone hid Dean in another place. C.Dean's death made the whole world sad. D.People can still contact Dean now. 5.What does the passage intend to tell us? A.The death of James Dean. B.James Dean's movies. C.The beginning of a legend. D.The life of an actor. 答案: 1.D 细节理解题。根据 for a time he was so short of money tha t he had to live entirely on dry oatmeal 可知选 D。 2.B 细节理解题。根据 He got a part in a play and was seen by the great director Elia Kazan.Kazan was planning the movie East of Eden and realized Dean would be perfect for one of the main roles 及 He then went back to Hollywood to make East of Eden 可知他参演了 Elia Kazan 导演的电影,选 B。 3.D 细节理解题。根据 In spite of his poor eyesight, he loved driving fast motorcycles and even faster sports cars 可知他是一个爱开快车的人,选 D。 4.A 推理判断题。根据 Half a million copies of the book were sold.It was only th e beginning of a strange legend(传奇) that goes on, even today 可推知人们至今 都对他的故事感兴趣,选 A。 5.D 写作意图题。根据整篇文章的内容来看,主要是叙述了演员 James Dean 的一生, 选 D。

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