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disadvantage,weakness,shortcoming 与fault 辨析


【辨析】disadvantage,weakness,shortcoming 与 fault 易混词 disadvantage 辨析 “不利条件” “劣势” ,指不 及别人的方面 例句 He asked us to list the disadvantages of living in a large city. 他让我们列出居住在大城市 里的不利条件。 It’s important to know your own strengths and weaknesses. 了解你自己的长处与弱点是 重要的。 Everyone has his own shortcomings. 每个人都有自 己的缺点。 It was his fault that we were late. 我们迟到的责任在于 他。

weakness

指性格等方面的“弱点” “缺 点”与“不足”

shortcoming

指性格、 计划、 系统等的 “缺 点” “短处” ,常用复数形式 指因未尽责任或因某事的发 生而须承担的 “责任” 或 “过 失”

fault

【拓展】 at a disadvantage 处于不利地位 to sb. disadvantage/ advantage 对某人不利/ 有利 put sb. at a disadvantage 使某人处于不利地位 take advantage of 利用 Their decision may be to your disadvantage. 他们的决定可能对你不利。 The great losses of the company put the manager at a disadvantage. 公司的巨大损失使经理处于不利地位。 We took advantage of the fine weather today to play tennis. 我们利用今天的好天气去打网球。 练一练: a. 完成句子 ①His years of experience at the job (使我处于不利的地位). ②The news they brought (对我们不 利). ③The teacher advised us (利用) our free time. ④ (是不利因素) not to have a knowledge of computers. ⑤It’s clear that the agreement is (对我们有利). ⑥The book deals with (??的不利之处) group work. ⑦It’s clear that experience and age (给了他优势) .

b. 选词并用适当形式填空 disadvantage, weakness, shortcoming, fault

①I think we’ve got to realize our own . ②It was not my that he was late. ③He had to do the work under great . ④To succeed, you must know your strengths and ⑤In fact, all of us have our scars (伤疤) and

. .


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