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山西省长治市武乡县第一中学高中英语 Unit5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero同步练习(八)新人教版必修1


Unit 5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero 同步练习(八)
I.完形填空(每题 2 分.共 40 分) There was a woman in Detroit, who has two sons. She was worried 1 them, especially the younger one, Ben, class 3 2_____

he was not doing well in school. Boys in his 4 7 fun of him because he seemed so

The mother _____5_____ that she would, herself, have to get her sons to do better in school. She 6 them to go to the Detroit Public Library to read a 8 a week and do a report about it for her. One day, in Ben's anyone knew it. Ben 9 possibly want to say? Well, Ben not only 12 the rock, he said a lot about it. He named 13 14 the teacher had found it. Ben had learned all this from other rocks in its group and even knew The teacher and the students were doing one of his book 15 , the teacher held up a rock and asked if 10 "Why 11 said anything, What could he up his hand and the teacher let him

did Ben raise his hand?" they wondered. He

Ben later went on to the 16 of his class. When he finished high school, he went to Yale University 17 at last became one of the best doctors in the United States. After Ben had grown up, he he did not know as a 1. A. about over 2. A. because though 3. A. played made 4. A. clever quick 5. A. asked heard 6. A. made considered 7. A. notice question 8. A. class B. room C. office
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18 20

something about his mother that

19 B. on B. so B. got B. hard B. decided B. let B. message C. with C. but C. took C. slow C. forgot C. told C. book D. D. D. D. D. D. D.

She, herself, had never learned how to

D. lab 9. A. looked put 10. A. think speak 11. A. always D. never 12. A. found threw 13. A. whether why 14. A. afraid D. unhappy 15. A. pictures D. reports 16. A. top side 17. A. so however 18. A. learnt guessed 19. A doctor D. teacher 20. A. read D. show Ⅱ.阅读理解(3 篇,12 题,每题 5 分,共 60 分) A Norman Cousins was a businessman from the United States who often traveled around the world on business. He enjoyed his work and travelling. Then, after returning to the United States from a busy and tiring trip to Russia, Mr Cousins got sick. Because he had pushed his body to the limit of its strength on the trip, a chemical change began to take place inside him. The material between his bones became weak. In less than one week after his return, he could not stand. Every move that he made was painful. He was not able to sleep at night. The doctors told him that they did not know how to cure Mr Cousins' problem and he might never get over the illness. Mr Cousins, however, refused to give up hope. Mr Cousins thought that unhappy thoughts were causing bad chemical changes in his
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B. gave B. leave B. even B. played B. when B. surprised B. exercises B. end B. and B. remembered B. child B. work

C. took C. stand C. C. knew C. where C. C. C. back C. or C. understood C. C. D.

D.

quickly D. D. worried shops D. D. D. student teach

body. He did not want to take medicine to cure himself. Instead, he felt that happy thoughts or laughter might cure his illness. He began to experiment on himself while still in the hospital by watching funny shows on television. Mr Cousins quickly found that ten minutes of read laughter during the day gave him two hours of pain-free sleep at night. Deciding that the doctors could not help him, Mr Cousins left the hospital and checked into a hotel room where he could continue his experiments with laughter. For eight days, Mr Cousins rested in the hotel room watching funny shows on television, reading funny books, and sleeping whenever he felt tired. Within three weeks, he felt well enough to take a vacation to Puerto Rico where he began running on the beach for exercise. After a few months, Mr Cousins returned to work. He had laughed himself back to health. 21. Norman cousins got sick because______. A. he had too much rest at home B. he watched TV too often C. he didn't travel too much D. he didn't have enough rest during his travelling 22. Which part of his body was affected (影响) by the illness? A. The bones in his feet. B. The material between his bones. C. His head. D. His stomach. 23. Where did Mr Cousins go in order to cure himself after he left the hospital? A. To a hotel room. C. To the beach. A. a few days C. a few months B The world's oldest man, 112-year-old Antonio Todde died on the Italian island of Sardinia. Todde made it into the Guinness book of Records when he turned 112 last year and wore his crown of "The Oldes Living Man on Earth" with pride and a sense of humor. Born in a tiny mountain village in 1889, the same year work on the Eiffel Tower was completed and baby Adolf Hitler took his first breath, Todde seldom left the village. He lived in the same house with his wife of 78 years, Maria Mntonia,all his life. He witnessed ( 见证) the two World Wars, a technological revolution and saw the
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B. To his home. D. To Russia. B. a few weeks D. a few years

24. It took him_________ to get over the illness before Mr Cousins went back to work.

world's population quadruple (4 倍) but was untroubled by the passing of the years. "His life was very simple but those 100 years, he lived them to the full,"said Mariolina, recalling how he liked to play cards with his friends and go for long walks. Todde's life and that of his fellow islanders is the focus of a scientific study. A remarkable number of Sardinia's 1. 6 million people live through a century. Some 135 people per million live to see their 100th birthday. Todde's own family seems a case in point — his two daughters are 78 and 81 separately and his sister is 98. The answer to the often-posed question of just how he managed it was simple for Antonio. "Just love your brother and drink a good glass of red wine every day,"he was quoted (引证) 25. as saying when he celebrated his 112th birthday last year. "You take one day after the other, you just go on " Antonio Todde made it into the Guinness Book of Records. because__________. A. he witnessed the two World Wars. B. he was the oldest man in the world C. he had a sense of humor D. he was the focus of a scientific study 26. The underlined word "he" in the passage refers to__________. A. Maria Antonia C. Adolf Hitler B. Mariolina D. Antonio Todde

27. From the passage we know that________. A. Todde acted as a soldier in the two World Wars B. Todde's life was greatly affected by the two World Wars C. the Eiffel Tower was completed in the year 1889 D. living in the mountain is necessary for a man to live long 28. Todde's secret of becoming the world's oldest man is that__________. A. he did nothing but drink a glass of red wine every day B. he lived a life in his own way C. he was rich enough to care nothing but play D. the land and water were good to him C According to the recent survey, only a quarter of American children walk or bike to school. Even pupils who live within a mile of school get there in a car. At a school in Atlanta, so many parents drive their children to school. The school has to give each car rider an ID number so they can find their own cars out of hundreds waiting in line. Health officials are worried because the lack of exercise may worsen the country's
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growing problem of childhood obesity. The number of overweight teens has tripled (3 倍) since 1980. At the same time, diabetes (糖尿病), once unheard of in children, is increasing greatly among them. When asked their reasons for not sending their children to school on foot, parents agree that distance, traffic, weather and crime (犯罪) are their top concerns. The mother of a 10-year-old girl said that even though the trip was less than a mile, she was afraid to let her child walk to school. "You hear too many things about kids getting picked up, "she said. Getting more children to walk or bike to school should be a national health goal, some health officials say. A goal has been set to get at least 50 percent of children who live less than a mile from school walking or cycling to school by 2010. 29. Most of American children go to school______________ A. on foot C. by car because______. A. her daughter was too young to cover such a long walk B. there were too many cars in the USA C. she cared more about the safety of her daughter D. her daughter was once picked up in the street 31. Which of the following is NOT the parents' top concerns? A. Crime. C. Traffic. B. Bad weather. D. Fees. B. by bike D. on a bus

30. The mother of a 10-year-old girl didn't let her daughter walk to school

32. The author took a school in Atlanta for example to show A. there are too many cars waiting for school children B. the school is very kind to school children C. school children have a bad memory D. ID number is very useful in telling the difference between cars I.完形填空(每题 1 分,共 20 分) A person may have an idea about himself that will prevent him from doing good work. He may have the 33 that he is not capable (能够) of it. A child may 35 , think he is 34 because he does not understand how to make the deepest of his mental faculties (才能). Older people may be mistaken that they are incapable of anything new because of their 36 A person who believes that he is incapable will not make a real _____37

because he feels that it should be useless. He won't go at a job with the confidence
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(信心) necessary for 39

38

, and he won't try his best, even though he may

he is doing so. He is 40 likely to fail, and the failure will increase his Alfred Adier,a famous doctor, had a (an) 41_____ like this. When he was in maths. His teacher told his 43 he

belief in his incompetence (无能). a small boy, he had a poor way, they too ____47 44 42

had no ability in maths in order that, they wouldn't expect too much of him. In this the idea. He accepted _____45_____ mistaken thinking of his ability, felt that it was useless to _____46_____, and was very poor at maths, as they expected. 48 of the other students had been One day he worked on a problem which now 49

able to solve. Adler succeeded in solving the problem. This gave him confidence. He with interest, determination and purpose, and he soon became 50 He not only proved that he could learn maths in his life from his own experience that 52 fact useless C. C. brain C. C. C. C. C. though C. C. accepting D. effort improvement guess however D. start neighbours
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especially good at

well, but luckily he learned _____51 himself as well as others by his ability. 33. A. belief D. condition 34. A. clever D. stupid 35. A. teaching D. using 36. A. ability knowledge 37. A. decision D. trouble 38. A. work D. success 39. A. forget D. understand 40. A. truly D. therefore 41. A. experience story 42. A. state D. ending 43. A. classmates B. friends B. mind B. example B. rally B. think B. study B. success B. age B. learning B. shy B. way

if a person goes at a job with determination and purpose, he may C. C.

D. parents 44. A. developed D. found 45. A. his their 46. A. manage act 47. A. only D. then 48. A. none most 49. A. lived graduated 50. A. lessons D. maths 51. A. early D. simply 52. A. encourage D. disappoint Ⅱ.阅读理解(每题 3 分,共 30 分) A If there is something that appears most infrequently on Chinese dining tables, it is doufu-beancurd. Beancurd looks like soft cakes and it's made from dried soybeans. Beancurd used to be considered a favourite of the poor because of its low cost. Beans have high yields (产量) every year with their short growing period and suitability for various soil both dry and wet. Historical records show beancurd was invented by Liu An. Prince of Huannan and uncle of Emperor (皇帝) Wu of Han Dynasty (206 BC—AD 220). He had a dream of finding the pill for longevity (长寿). He traveled all over the country and found soybeans, which looked much the same as gold in terms of colour. He collected soybeans, put them in the water and crushed them into pulp (浆). It got solidified and became known as doufu. Although it's not able to keep longevity, it's really good for one's health with high protein and low fat. With a long history, beancurd is rooted deep in Chinese culture. People eat more meal and fish than beancurd. But they are encouraged to have beancurd every once I a while for it's really good for health. Most Chinese people still keep beancurd as one of their favourite dishes.
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B. organized B. her B. succeed B. almost B. all B. worked B. medicine B. badly B. love C.

C. C. its C. try C. C. many C. played C. C.

discovered D. D. just D. D. subjects late astonish

53. Why was beancurd considered to be liked by the poor? A. It's easy to make. B. It's easy to cook. C. It's cheap. D. It's good for health. 54. Where can beans grow well? A. Only in we soil. B. In dry soil. C. In soft soil. D. In any soil. 55. What appears more often on the dining table in poor areas? A. Meat C. Egg. A. He had a dream. B. He wanted to find something that could make people live longer. C. He wanted to invent beancurd. D. He wanted to find gold. 57. How long has beancurd been invented? A. It's about 1 700 years. B. It's less than 2 000 years. C. It's 1 500 years. D. It's more than 2 000 years. B We were late as usual. My husband had insisted on watering the flowers in the garden by himself, and when he discovered that he couldn't manage, he had to ask me for help at the last moment. So now we had an hour to get to the airport. Luckily, there were not many cars or buses on the road and we were able to get there just in time. We checked in and went straight to a big hall to wait for our flight to be called. We waited and waited but no announcement was made. We asked for information and the girl there told us that the plane hadn't even arrived yet. In the end there was another announcement telling us that passengers waiting for Flight LJ 108 could get a free meal voucher (card) and that the plane hadn't left Spain for technical problems. We thought that meant that it wasn't safe for the plane to fly. We waited again for a long time until late evening when we were asked to report again. This time we were given free vouchers to spend the night in a nearby hotel. The next morning after a bad night because of all the planes taking off and landing
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B. Fish. D. Beancurd.

56. Why did Liu An travel all over the country?

we reported back to the airport. Guess what had happened while we were asleep! Our plane had arrived and taken off again. All the other passengers had been forgotten. You can imagine how we felt. 58. The plane the writer and her husband would take__________. A. came from Spain B. passed by Spain C. was not to leave till the next morning D. was waiting for the passengers 59. The plane was delayed (耽搁) __________. A. by the bad weather B. by the passengers C. because of many cars on the road D. because something was wrong with the machine 60. They were in a big hall, waiting for______. A. the girl to give them information B. their flight to be announced C. the free meal vouchers D. other passengers to arrive 61. The passengers were given a free meal because __________. A. they arrived at the airport early B. They hadn't had a meal yet C. They had no money with them D. The plane was delayed 62. It cost them__________ to spend the night in a hotel. A. plenty of money B. a little money C. little money D. nothing

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