辽宁省沈阳市东北育才学校 2014-2015学年高一上学期第一 次阶段考试英语试题
1. What does the man want to drink? A. Coffee. B. Tea. C. Juice. 2. When can they leave that afternoon according to the woman? A. Before 5:00. B
. After 5:00. C. At 5:00. 3. Where are the two speakers most probably talking? A. In a cotton field. B. On a farm. C. On a train. 4. How many children does the woman have? A. Four. B. Three. C. Five. 5. How did the woman read the book? A. She chose some chapters to read. B. She read it slowly. C. She went over the book chapter by chapter. 第二节（共15小题；每小题l分，满分15分） 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题，从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项。 听每段对话或独白前， 你将有5秒钟的时间阅读每个小题;听完后,每小题 将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白听两遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6至7题。 6. What would the woman do during her vacation if she had plenty of money? A. Enjoy the fresh air at the seaside. B. Go to visit the Great Wall. C. Travel around the world. 7. Where would the man like to go for his vacation? A. Stonehenge. B. The Great Wall. C. The Statue of Liberty. 听第7段材料，回答第8至10题。 8. Where does the conversation take place? A. In a shop. B. In a post office. C. In a bank. 9. What does the man plan to do? A. Post something. B. Send an e-mail. C. Buy a suit. 10. How much does the man pay at last? A. $ 3.08. B. $ 18.25. C. $ 11.12. 听第8段材料，回答第11至13题。 11. What’s the woman doing? A. Going to school. B. Attending a class. C. Asking for information. 12. Which bus will the woman take? A. The first one. B. The second one. C. The last one. 13. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Strangers. B. A Couple. C. Friends. 听第9段材料，回答14至16题。 14. On what day does this conversation take place? A. Tuesday. B. Thursday. C. Saturday.
15. What does the man want to do? A. Update his file. B. Pay with a check. 16. What does the woman change in the man's file? A. The name. B. The address. 听第10段材料，回答17至20题。 17. What is the average temperature of Haikou annually? A. It is 17.2°C. B. It is 29°C. 18. When is the rainy season in Haikou? A. From April to October. B. From May to October. 19. How is the climate in Haikou? A. It is poor in rain. B. It is very windy. 20. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Haikou is the second largest island in China. B. There is a clear change in different seasons. C. The city’s name means “Mouth of the River”.
C. Have a check-up. C. The phone number.
C. It is 23.8°C. C. From May to August. C. It is rich in sunlight.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A American high school students are terrible writers, and one education reform group thinks it has an answer: robots. Or, more accurately, robot-readers-computers programmed to scan student essays and spit out a grade. Mark Shermis ,professor of the College of Education at the University of Akron ,is helping to hold a contest, set up by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation ( WFHF) ,that promises $ 100,000 in prize money to programmers who write the best automated grading software. "If you're a high school teacher and you give a writing task , you're walking home with 150 essays, " Shermis said. "You're going to need some help. " Automated essay grading was first proposed in the 1960s,but computers back then were not up to the task. In the late 1990s, as technology improved, several textbook and testing companies jumped into the field. Today,computers are used to grade essays on South Dakota's student writing assessments and a handful of other exams ,including the TOEFL test of English fluency, taken by foreign students. The Hewlett contest aims to show that computers can grade as well as English teachersonly much more quickly and without all that depressing red ink. Automated essay scoring is "objective," Shermis said. " And it can be done immediately. If students finish an essay at l0 pm, they get a result at 10 :0l pm . " Take , for instance, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, a web-based tool marketed by Pearson Education ,Inc. Within seconds it can analyze an essay for spelling, grammar, organization, and help students to make revisions. The program scans for key words and analyzes semantic (语义的) patterns , and Pearson claims that it can understand the meaning of text much the same as a human reader. 21. The text is written to introduce________.
A. robot-readers B. education reform in America C. Hewlett contest D. William and Flora Hewlett Foundation 22. What does the underlined phrase "spit out "in Paragraph I probably mean? A. Give. B. Organize. C. Analyze. D. Check. 23. From Paragraph 3, we know that in the 1960s _______. A. computers were not easy to get B. automated grading software was popular C. people refused automated essay grading D. computers couldn't grade essays automatically 24. What does Paragraph 4 focus on? A. The prize of Hewlett contest. B. The advantages of automated essay scoring. C. The application of automated essay scoring. D. Teachers' opinions about Hewlett contest. B
One volunteer would walk beside this youngster on the right and help hold him on the horse, one would control the horse and another would walk on his left to steady him and be his instructor for the day. One week, he was in very good spirits. He smiled. He seemed alert and willing. Together with other volunteers, I was waiting for another rider to be helped when my young student reached out and touched my hair. My hand was on his leg, so I knew he was steady, even though my eyes weren’t on him. I looked around and knew he was trying to tell me something. “What?” I asked. It was unusual for him to reach out and touch. He reached out again and touched my hair, as he sometimes did to the horse’s mane(鬃毛) on good days. I realized that my waist-length hair was back in a ponytail(马尾辫), and that he wanted it to hang down. So I did. He looked at me, managed to touch his hands together a couple of times in what he used as clapping, and he smiled at me. I didn’t know as his attendant carried him back to the car that it would be the last time I saw him. But instead of feeling sad, I thought of him in heaven, running out to his favorite horse, not having to wait until Thursday or for his attendants to help him. He and his horse would run across clouds, with him laughing and the horse’s tail streaming freely behind as the wind sang through their hair. 25. We can learn from the passage that the writer must be _______.
A. a doctor C. an attendant 26. Why did the boy touch the writer ’s hair? A. He felt uncomfortable then. B. He intended to attract her attention. C. He thought it was the horse’s mane. D. He wanted her hair to stream freely. 27. What can be the best title for the passage? A. A Boy’s Life C. Helpful Volunteers
B. a caretaker D. a volunteer
B. A Special Rider D. Riding Treatment Programs
C Boys’ English grades are up to a tenth worse when high numbers of girls are in the class with them, though girls’ grades are unaffected. Steven Proud, a research student at Bristol University, presented his new finding on the Royal Economic Society’s conference. There are slightly more boys than girls in schools, but most classes in mixed schools are almost equally divided between the genders(性别). Proud looked at these and schools that were exceptional in their high or low quantity of girls. Proud tracked boys’ and girls’ test results at the ages of 7, 11, 14 and 16 in 16,000 schools in England between 2002 and 2004 for his PhD. He analyzed the test scores to see whether the quantity of girls in a year group made a difference to the results of both genders in maths, science and English. He found, different from the widely held belief that girls are always a good influence on boys in school, boys do best with “as few girls as possible” in English lessons at primary and secondary school. But when it comes to maths and science, both boys and girls at primary school achieve up to a tenth of a grade more when there is a high quantity of girls in the class. He said: “The results imply that boys would benefit at all ages from being taught English with as small a quantity of girls as possible. In maths and science, the results tend to imply that both boys and girls benefit from having more girls in the classroom. A mix of the genders in both science and maths is best.” Proud said boys may do worse in English when there is a high quantity of girls in their class because they realize that the girls are better than them. It could also be that teachers use teaching styles more suitable for girls when there are more girls than boys in the class. Both genders perform better in maths and science at primary school when there are more girls in the class because boys tend to interrupt the class more, he said. Speaking of the interesting findings, Professor Alan Smithers said girls started school with slightly better verbal(语言的) skills, while boys started with a slightly greater ability for maths. 28. What is the purpose of the research Proud carried out in the passage? A. To learn the situation in primary school. B. To accomplish his PhD paper. C. To prove his view on pupils’ learning skills. D. To figure out why girls performed better in primary school. 29. Which of the following is true according to paragraph 4? A. Girls constantly perform worse when they study English. B. It is believed that boys should perform better than girls.
C. Boys are unaffected by the number of girls in their English classes. D. People usually think girls have a good effect on boys in school. 30. What can we learn from the passage? A. The more girls there are in an English class, the worse boys perform. B. Boys at the primary school are going to be taught English in single-sex classes. C. The number of girls in a year group affects the academic results of both genders. D. Girls are rarely thought to be a good influence on boys in school. 31. If you are headmaster of a primary school, which suggestion would you take? A. Boys should be taught maths and science in single-sex classes. B. Boys and girls should be taught separately in the primary school. C. Boys should be taught English in a class with a small quantity of girls. D. Girls should be taught maths and science in a class with a large quantity of boys. D Proverbs (谚语) are quite common in spoken English. We don’t normally put them in a composition or a letter. Sometimes it is helpful if you know what common proverbs mean. Here are a few examples. 1) “Once bitten, twice shy.” If a dog bites me, I shall be twice as careful in future when I see it. This proverb is also used to apply to many things and not only to dogs. If you have been cheated at a shop, you will not go the same shop again. 2) “A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.” If I am a hunter, trying to catch birds, it is better to catch one than to see two birds in a bush but not able to catch them. Thus this means that what you have already got is better than the chance of being able to get something bigger in future. 3) “Too many cooks spoil the broth (soup)”. When too many people do something, they get in each other’s way and do a bad job. 4) “To pour oil on troubled waters” is to try to calm things down. Oil is lighter than water. If a ship is in trouble at sea, another ship may come to help it. The second ship can send small boats to rescue people. However, it may first pour oil on the sea to make the sea less rough. 5) “Don’t be a dog in a manger( 槽 )”means“ Don’t be selfish.” In a stable ( 马房 ), the manger is the place where the horse’s food is put. Sometimes a dog will sleep in the manger and bark when a horse comes to get its food. The dog does want to eat the hay in the manger but it will not let the horse eat it. 6) “He is sitting on the fence” means that somebody will not say whether he is in favor of a plan or against it. He is sitting on a fence between two opposing sides, perhaps waiting to see which side will win. 7) “He who pays the piper calls the tune.” A piper is a musician. The man who employs or pays a musician can say what tunes the man will play. Thus this means that if a man provides the money for a plan, he can say how it will be carried out. 8) “You can’t get blood out of a stone” means that you cannot get something from a person who has not got any of the things you want. e. g. you cannot get a million dollars from a poor man. 32. Peter has a bicycle which is much too small for him but he does not want to let his younger brother ride on it. His mother is angry and says to him: ______.
A. You can’t get blood out of a stone C. The early bird gets the worm
B. Don’t be a dog in a manger D. To pour oil on troubled waters
33. Mr. and Mrs. Smith had a quarrel. Their friend, Mr. Brown, want to talk to them. When he came back, he told his wife that he had been trying to help the Smiths by ______. A. pouring oil on troubled waters C. being a dog in a manger didn’t argue with Mr. Wang because ______. A. he was sitting on the fence C. he who pays the piper calls the tune B. once bitten, twice shy D. a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush B. getting blood out of a stone D. sitting on the fence
34. Mr. Wang paid for a new school. Some people didn’t like the design of the school but they
35. Mrs. Lin wanted to buy a new dress. Her husband suggested that she buy it from a shop near their home. Mrs. Lin disagreed because she had been cheated by that shop. So she said :“I won’t go there again because ______.” A. a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush B. I am sitting on the fence C. once bitten, twice shy D. too many cooks spoil the broth 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 （E 涂 AB, F 涂 AC, G 涂 AD） As many as one in five US teenagers have some degree of hearing loss, according to researchers. 36 The study compared surveys from the early 1990s and the mid-2000s. 37 In the first survey, about 15 percent of teenagers had some degree of hearing loss. Some 15 years later, that number had risen by a third, to nearly 20 percent. “This certainly is big news,” said Ms. Grimes, an ear doctor. “Hearing loss is very common in old people. 38 .” In babies and young children, hearing problems are known to slow language development. The science is less clear for teenagers, but it is easy to imagine how being hard of hearing could influence learning, said Grimes. 39 In order to figure it out, researchers asked teenagers about noise exposure—on the job, at school or from activities. The teenagers didn’t report any change. But Grimes said it might not be true. “We knew from before that it is difficult to ask this age group about noise exposure —they underestimate (低估) it.” Few people would call it noise when they listen to music on their MP3 player, for example. 40 . Although it’s not clear that the MP3 players cause teenagers’ hearing loss, it is still a good idea to turn down the sound and take short breaks from listening. A. Each included a few thousand teenagers. B. The reasons for the rise are still unclear. C. And unfortunately the problem is growing. D. Only a few young people have hearing problems. E. But it was worrying to see it happen in the younger age group.
F. Teenagers who suffer from hearing loss can feel it hard at school. G. Because there is a difference between what they think is loud and what is harmful to the ear. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分；满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Please excuse me if I’m a little quiet today. Mark is leaving, and I’m kind of 41 .
You probably don’t know Mark, but you 42 know someone like him. He has been the heart and soul of the office for years. He has never been interested in getting 43 for the great work he does. He 44 does his job—extremely well. We’re pleased that he is 45 to new, better things. But this doesn’t make it any 46 to say goodbye.
Life has a way of throwing curve (弧线) balls at us. Just 47 we start to get comfortable with a person, a place or a situation, 48 comes along to change things: A good neighbor
moves away; someone in the family graduates… To a great degree, our ability to deal with change 49 our peace and happiness 50 Chris, a surfer(冲浪者), once told me that the 51 .
to life’s problems can be summed up in . “You can’t organize the ocean.
four words: “Go with the flow.” “It’s like surfing,” Chris 52 Waves just happen. You 53
them where they take you. You’re always hoping for the perfect
wave, but 54 you just accept them the way they come.” I think Chris was saying that life is a series of 55 — both good and bad. There will always be things 56 control. The truly successful person 57 the unexpected and is prepared to make adjustments. We’re going to miss Mark. But 58 thinking about the sadness of our parting all the time, and for us. We’ll go out and do again. D. nervous D. might D. success D. already D. getting through
we’ll focus on our hopes for a brighter future—for 59
everything that we can to make that future happen—until our life 60 41. A. angry 42. A. need 43. A. reward 44. A. yet 45. A. setting out B. sad B. shall B. respect B. just B. going over C. curious C. will C. confidence C. even C. moving on
46. A. easier 47. A. before 48. A. anything 49. A. determines 50. A. on holiday 51. A. puzzle 52. A. introduced 53. A. drive 54. A. mostly 55. A. accidents 56. A. under 57. A. accepts 58. A. other than better than 59. A. you 60. A. starts
B. harder B. when B. nothing B. increases B. at work B. cause B. mentioned B. ride B. rarely B. games B. about B. refuses B. rather than
C. faster C. because C. everything C. directs C. at home C. answer C. explained C. walk C. nearly C. matters C. over C. ignored C. more than
D. worse D. if D. something D. depends D. in life D. result D. reminded D. kick D. hardly D. events D. beyond D. promised D.
B. me B. returns
C. them C. changes
D. him D. recovers
第Ⅱ卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Agent: What is the 61 with you, madam? You look pale and anxious. Susan: Jesus, I lost my luggage just now. Agent: Take it easy. Would you please tell me more details? I will try my best to help you. Susan: Thank you. I have just been to the cafe, where I put my luggage under the table. Then I 62 (order) a coffee when I was waiting for the train. When I finished drinking, I found my suitcase 63 (go).
Agent: What kind of suitcase did you lose? Susan: A small blue leather case, 64 my name tag on the top and my personal stuff inside.
Agent: I feel sorry to hear that. Or maybe someone just picked up the wrong case. Susan: It is 65 (possible)! I can’t believe it.
Agent: Will you please leave your name and your address here? We will try suitcase for you. Susan: How long does 67 take? Agent: Sorry, I have 68 idea. Will you please wait here for
69 while? We are going to
extend your ticket to the next train, in 70 luggage. Susan: It seems that I have no other choice.
case you may have enough time to find your
61. __________ 62. __________ 63. _________ 64. _____________ 65. _____________ 66. ___________67. ___________ 68. __________69. ___________ 70. _____________
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I take the school bus to school every day when I was young. Alvin, our bus driver, picked out twenty kids in our area and dropped me off after school. Because my family was poor, so my parents seldom bought snacks for me. About once the month, he would make a stop at a local stores and buy each of us an ice cream. The kindness that he showed was amazed. Remembering the kindness he showed, I called him up ten years late and thanked him. I told him that he probable didn’t remember me, but I still remembered him. I could sense the excitement in his voice when he thanked me calling.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假定你是李华，今年国庆节(the National Day)期间你和家人乘坐高铁（high-speed tr ain）从沈阳到大连旅游，请根据以下要点写一篇日记。 要点：1. 高速火车舒适，快速，从沈阳到大连还不到两个小时； 2. 沿途处处有美景； 3. 你心情愉快且交了很多新朋友；
4. 乘坐高铁的体会。如：有助于促进经济发展… 要求：词数 100 左右，内容可适当发挥。 作文格式已给出。 October 1st, Wednesday Sunny
________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 听力 1--5 ABCBA 6--10 CBBAB 11--15 CBAAC 16--20 BCBCA 阅读 A 21—24 AADB B 25—27 DDB
C 28—31 BDAC D 32—35 BACC
作文参考答案： September 19, Thursday Sunny During the National Day, my parents and I took a high-speed train to Dalian. The moment we got on the high-speed train, we all became very excited. While traveling, what impressed me most was that the train was so fast and comfortable that we were able to reach the destination within two hours. On the way, we could enjoy many fine scenes. What ’s more, we made some new friends on the train, with whom we shared our happiness of the trip. Having experienced the unforgettable trip, I do feel from the bottom of my heart that the high-speed train will definitely benefit us. Firstly, it will make it more convenient for people to travel around. Secondly, it will help to promote the development of tourism and economy in Liao Ning province. There’s no doubt that our province will have a promising future.
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