河北定州中学 2016-2017 学年第一学期高四第一次月考英语 试题
第Ⅰ卷 (共 90 分) 第一部分听力（共两节，满分15分） 第一节 听力理解（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题，各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关 小题，在5秒钟内从题中所给的A、B、C项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 听
第一段对话，回答1-2题： 1. What did the speakers eat when they were young? A. Very healthy bread. B. Bread with a lot of artificial things in it. C. Bread made with only few ingredients. 2. What does the man want to make? A. Aloaf of bread.B. A pizza.C. A sandwich. 听第二段对话，回答3-4题： 3. Where did the man grow up? A. In the countryside. B. In a small town. C. In a city. 4. Whichof the following is True according to the conversation? A.The glass making industry has affected the quality of life in thecity. B. Thespeakers see a lot of trash in the streets and feel sad and disappointed. C. Nowadays people come from miles to work in the shops and eat in the restaurants听第三段对话，回答5-7题： 5. What is the man asking the woman to do? A. Visit Florida.B. Move to New York.C. Move to Florida. 6. What is the woman mainly worried about? A. The heat.B. Too many insects.C. Falling into the ground. 7. Where did the woman hear about the holes? A. From a newspaper. B. From her daughters. C. From her other grandchildren. 听第四段对话，回答8-10题： 8. What does the woman want? A. A less complicated life. B. More crazy things in life. C. A more comfortable car. 9. What does the man say about fisherwomen? A. They dress up sometimes. B. They wear ugly shoes. C. They don’t wear fancy shoes. 10. According to the man, what does the woman like to do? A. Eat simple food.B. Go to concerts.C. Stay on the beach. 第二节听取信息(共5小题；每小题1分，满分5分)
The NewYork SubwayI. Introduction
? One of the largest and oldest public 11 in the world; has been underneath the city for 12 now II. What I did and my feelings ? Standing at the window of the front car, dreaming through the great 13 , watching the red and green lights go by ? Not any fear — only 14 ; like a secret, a child’s game III. What people like most about subway ? They like the magic feeling of 15 fast in a train underground.
第二部分：阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 The splendid aurora light displays that appear in Earth’s atmosphere around the north and south magnetic(磁的) poles were once mysterious phenomena. Now, scientists have data from satellites and ground-based observations from which we know that the aurora brilliance is a massive electrical discharge similar to that occurring in a neon sign. To understand the cause of auroras, first picture the Earth enclosed by its magnetosphere(磁 层), a huge region created by the Earth’s magnetic field. Outside the magnetosphere, rushing toward the earth is the solar wind, a speedily moving body of ionized(离子化的) gases with its own magnetic field. Charged particles(粒子) in this solar wind speed earthward along the solar wind’s magnetic lines of force. The Earth’s magnetosphere is a barrier to the solar winds, and forces the charged particles of the solar wind to flow around the magnetosphere itself. But in the polar regions, the magnetic lines of force of the Earth and of the solar wind gather together. Here many of the solar wind’s charged particles break through the magnetosphere and enter Earth’ s magnetic field. They then rush back and forth between the Earth’s magnetic poles very rapidly and ionize and excite the atoms of the upper atmosphere of the Earth, causing them to produce aurora radiations of visible light. The colors of an aurora depend on the atoms producing them. The leading greenish-white light comes from low energy excitation of oxygen atoms. During huge magnetic storms oxygen atoms also undergo high energy excitation and produce pink light. Excited nitrogen(氮) atoms contribute bands of
color varying from blue to violet. Viewed from outer space, auroras can be seen as dimly shining belts wrapped around each of the Earth’s magnetic poles. Each aurora hangs like a curtain of light stretching over the polar regions and into the higher latitudes. When the solar flares(闪 光) that result in magnetic storms and aurora activity are very strong, aurora displays may extend as far as the southern regions of the United States. 21．What is it that directly gives off aurora light? A. the Earth’s magnetic field. B. the solar wind’s magnetic field. C. the Earth’s ionized particles. D. the solar wind’s charged particles. 22．What does the third paragraph mainly discuss? A. The appearance of auroras around the Earth’s poles. B. The periodic change in the display of auroras. C. The factors that cause the variety of colors in auroras. D. The covering area of auroras based on their colors. 23．What can we infer from the passage? A. The magnetosphere increases the speed of particles from the solar wind. B. The color of greenish-white appears least frequently in an aurora display. C. Earth’s magnetic field contributes to the variety and difference of aurora’s colors. D. The strength of the solar flares has a positive effect on the extending distance of aurora. With these increased pressures and difficulty in ensuring a graduate job, more people are turning to recruitment(招聘) agencies for help. Luke Harper wrote for the Independent warning students to be cautious when using graduate recruitment agencies in their job hunt. The article’s main argument against graduate recruitment agencies is that they are looking to sign people up to the agency and harvest data, without having any real intention to personally find them a job. The fundamental problem with this approach is a basic misunderstanding of how the recruitment sector works. One of the more common ways is that recruitment agencies aim to find you a job to secure a fee from their clients. Recruitment agencies operate as a business, not a careers service and are not expected to find you a job while you wait around. There is no denying that amongst the recruitment agencies, there are some CV(简历) hungry, cut and shut agencies that are uninterested in the candidates they have on their books. However, nowadays these are in the minority and don’t tend to last very long. Paul Farrer, Chief Executive of a leading recruitment agency is worried that a few bad apples are ruining the reputation of what is an excellent sector. Farrer said “The trouble with such an imbalanced and misleading article is that some graduates may now be put off approaching recruitment agencies who may well be able to help them.” Professionals in the industry are cautious of how some of the less respectable agencies operate. Earnest recruiters believe that graduates should be aware that some of these agencies will take on graduates for all their details rather than helping them find a job, like Harper mentioned. To fight this, Farrar advises that “Graduates should have a simple checklist before approaching any agency. Has the agency taken the time to talk to me? Have they invited me to a face-to-face meeting? Have they guaranteed not to forward my CV to any employer without my permission? These three steps will safeguard every application.” Farrer also pointed out that that is not the only safety net that graduates can rely on. He said “Graduates can also check to see if the agencies are members of either APSCo or the REC, the
two trade bodies they can make an official complaint to. The vast majority of recruitment agencies are professional organizations that help place thousands of graduates every year and poorly researched articles help no one.” 24．The main purpose of this passage is ______ graduate recruitment agencies. A. to advise readers to be cautious of B. to argue against some misjudgment against C. to explain why there is a prejudice against D. to seek the solutions to the problems caused by 25．Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage? A. Luke Harper holds the same idea about jobs with Paul Farrer. B. Recruitment agencies actually do the same work as a careers service. C. Job hunters’ detailed information is of value to recruitment agencies. D. A member of APSCo or the REC will not cheat its clients. 26．What advice does Paul Farrer give graduates to avoid less respectable agencies? A. Consulting professionals before giving their personal details to an agency. B. Making a face-to-face investigation into an agency before approaching it. C. Guaranteeing that the agency will not forward their CV to any employer. D. Selecting some agencies that are monitored by official trade bodies. 27．What is the author’s attitude towards graduate recruitment agencies? A. Neutral. B. Positive. C. Negative. D. Not Clear. Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning, people may send the wrong signal. Or they may pay no attention to signals from another person who is trying to develop a relationship. Different cultures emphasize (强调) the importance of relationship building to a greater or less degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a lot of time in "small talk", usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job. In many European countries -- like the UK or France -- people find it easier to build up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafes rather than at the office. Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion; instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words, but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary. Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems. Certainly, English and German cultures share similar values; however, Germans prefer to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly. People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better, a multicultural environment will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each other. 28．In some countries, eating together at restaurants may make it easier for people to _______. A. get to know each other B. share the same culture C. keep each other company
D. develop closer relations 29． The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that _________. A. the English prefer to make long speeches B. even talk and silence can be culturally different C. too many words are of no use D. people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature 30．According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each other better? A. By recognizing different values. B. By sharing different ways of life. C. By accepting different habits. D. By speaking each other’s languages. 31．What would be the best title for the text? A. How to Understand Each Other. B. Multicultural Environment. C. How to Build Up a Relationship D. Cross-Cultural Differences Music is magic! Music speaks louder than words and it is a “language” that the whole world can understand. A piece of music can produce a response in the heart and mind. Like feeling an electrical current or receiving a personal radio signal, music has a spiritual effect on a person. Different kinds of music influence people in different ways. I have listened to music all my life. When I was twelve years old, the Beatles came to America and my whole world opened up. Maybe young people today cannot understand the influence of the Beatles when they exploded across America. Their influence changed the way we dressed, looked, acted and spoke... even our culture. The Beatles arrived in America from the UK just under three months after the assassination(暗杀) of President John Kennedy, which had put America into a great depression. And the freshness and lively spirit of the Beatles was exactly what the country needed to refresh itself. Music links the heart of the hearer with that of the composer. This means that it mixes the spirit of the composer with your spirit when you listen to it. And the music can take your spirit out of your body and transport you into another world. Music has a great way of touching people. Music can make you laugh, cry or shout. It's also a great source of inspiration. Try this one day and notice what happens: make yourself a cup of tea, sit on your sofa and play one of your favorite songs. Close your eyes, and soon you'll find yourself creating vivid mental images—matching the music that you are listening to. 32．Music has magical power because it ________. A. is a kind of language B. can be played much louder than words C. receives a personal radio signal D. can influence a person's spirit 33．One can learn from the second paragraph that the Beatles ________． A. were the biggest band in American history B. are not accepted by modern American people C. appeared at a special time in American politics D. represented the roots of American culture 34．One will do all of the following while listening to music EXCEPT ________．
A. feeling very refreshed B. having emotional changes C. painting some vivid pictures D. feeling inspired by the composer 35．It can be inferred from the passage that the author ________． A. has been influenced by the Beatles B. enjoys drinking tea in his spare time C. admires President John Kennedy very much D. likes to match his own feeling with that of the composer 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 My mother was a responsible teacher and she retired. So I decided to give her one of my old computers to help her pass the time. She had a little bit of computer _________ , so I just set it up for her and let her _________ with it on her own. As time went on, I _________ the computer was hardly touched. She said she didn ’t know _________ to use it. I decided to teach her. I sat and _________ everything and she seemed OK with what I said. Unfortunately, my sister called me at that moment _________ we talked on the phone for an hour. Then when I saw her again, she was sitting in front of the computer, looking quite _________ . The screen saver (屏幕保护) had appeared and she didn’t know how to _________ it off. She had tried _________ every key and it didn’t work. I told her, “Just _________ the mouse a little.” What I meant was that she just needed to move the mouse around to _________ the computer up. What she did was to _________ the mouse and start shaking it around in mid-air until the _________ went completely black. I couldn’t help laughing because of her funny _________ . The more I laughed the _________ she got. She thought that I was a (n) _________ teacher and she decided to figure the thing out herself. Well, at least I helped her overcome her _________ of breaking something and encouraged her to _________ a little. About a week later, I found a home-made _________ card with a mouse on the front making a funny face _________ to my door. It said, “Thanks for the computer lessons. Love, Mom.” 36．A. knowledge B. theory C. technology D. history 37．A. watch B. train C. play D. see 38．A. thought B. heard C. found D. ignored 39．A. why B. when C. how D. where 40．A. learned B. described C. explained D. discussed 41．A. and B. but C. because D. since 42．A. amusing B. relaxed C. interesting D. discouraged 43．A. get B. break C. cut D. turn 44．A. hitting B. feeling C. changing D. removing 45．A. hang B. shake C. rub D. push 46．A. clean B. wake C. bring D. take 47．A. put up B. cut off C. pick up D. put away 48．A. screen B. curtain C. cover D. window 49．A. gesture B. movement C. action D. expression 50．A. happier B. ruder C. better D. angrier
51．A. impatient B. humorous C. careful D. helpful 52．A. pressure B. sadness C. depression D. fear 53．A. observe B. reply C. experiment D. answer 54．A. shopping B. birthday C. inviting D. greeting 55．A. stuck B. appeared C. printed D. combined 第Ⅱ卷 (共 50 分) 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节阅读填空 Section B (10 marks) Directions： Read the following passage. Complete the diagram by using the information for the passage. Write NO MORE THAN 3 WORDS for each answer. When Should a Leader Apologize and When Not？ Why Difficult？ When we wrong someone we know，even not intentionally，we are generally expected to apologize so as to improve the situation. But when we’re acting as leaders，the circumstances are different. The act of apology is carried out not only at the level of the individual but also at the level of the institution. It is a performance in which every expression matters and every word becomes part of the public record. Refusing to apologize can be smart，or it can be stupid. So，readiness to apologize can be seen as a sign of strong character or as a sign of weakness. A successful apology can turn hate into personal and organizational harmony—while an apology that is too little，too late，or too obviously strategic can bring on individual and institutional ruin. What， then，is to be done？How can leaders decide if and when to apologize publicly？ Why Now？ The question of whether leaders should apologize publicly has never been more urgent. During the last decade or so，the United States in particular has developed an apology culture—apologies of all kinds and for all sorts of wrongdoings are made far more frequently than before. More newspaper writers have written about the growing importance of public apologies. More articles， cartoons，advice columns，and radio and television programs have similarly dealt with the subject of private apologies. Why Bother？ Why do we apologize ？ Why do we ever put ourselves in situations likely to be difficult ， embarrassing，and even risky？Leaders who apologize publicly could be an easy target. They are expected to appear strong and capable. And whenever they make public statements of any kind， their individual and institutional reputations are in danger. Clearly，then，leaders should not apologize often or lightly. For a leader to express apology，there needs to be a good，strong reason. Leaders will publicly apologize if and when they think the costs of doing so are lower than the costs of not doing so. Why Refuse？ Why is it that leaders so often refuse to apologize，even when a public apology seems to be in order？Their reasons can be individual or institutional. Because leaders are public figures， their apologies are likely to be personally uncomfortable and even professionally risky. Leaders may also be afraid that the admission of a mistake will damage or destroy the organization for which they are responsible. There can be good reasons for hanging tough in tough situations， as we shall see，but it is a high-risk strategy. Title： When Should a Leader Apologize and When Not？
Why is it so difficult to apologize publicly？ ―→· Public apology is much more than a(an) 56．act. ·It’s no 57． job to strike a balance between apologizing or not. ·Apologies not 58．offered can bring on individual and institutional ruin. Why has the issue of public apology been so 59． now in USA?― → ·In an 60． ， admission of all sorts of wrongdoings is more required than before. ·The 61． of public apologies has been widely reported in the mass media. Why do leaders bother so much about public apologies？ ― → ·Being public figures， leaders are supposed to appear 62．. · There needs to be a
public. Why do leaders often refuse to apologize publicly？ ― → ·Making apologies is likely to be personally uncomfortable and 64．. ·Admission of a mistake or wrongdoing will probably do 65．to their organization. 第二节 七选五。 It is good to make mistakes, and here's why. 66． It's always good to try new things because when you are trying new things you are growing. If you never try anything new, how can you improve, bow can you expand, and how can you innovate? The simple answer is “You can't”. 67． With very few exceptions, everything you see in your physical world is The result of someone trying something new. Every single detail of every single thing is the result of someone trying something new. The chair you're sitting on; the fabric on the chair; the pattern on the fabric on the chair; the dye in the pattern on the fabric on the chair are all the direct result of someone trying something new. 68．_Consider this: Edison failed l0 000 times before he perfected the light bulb. When asked how it felt to fail that many times, he remarked that he hadn't failed t0 00~ times, but rather had learned I0 000 things that didn't work. Finally, when you make a mistake you are that much closer to success. Why? Because when all is said and done, you will have tried some finite number of things before you succeed. 69． _ _70．_ Quite the contrary, when you try something new you have to be willing to set some reasonable limits so that, in the event that it doesn't work out the way you want it to, you will be in a position to try again. There is an old axiom that goes, “if you're not making mistakes, you're not trying hard enough.” So go forth and make mistakes, and learn, and grow, and prosper. A. Look around you. B. First of all, mistakes are a clear sign that you are trying new things. C. Every time you made a mistake you eliminated one of those things and are one step closer. D. Another good thing about mistakes is this: when you are making mistakes, you are learning. E. But this all doesn't mean that you should forge ahead with disregard for the consequences of a mistake. F. Only by embracing and using your mistakes in this way can you make significant advances in your business and your career.
G. Can you imagine how many mistakes were made before all of these individual materials and components were perfected and then assembled into the automobiles we know today? 第四部分：写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 71． 短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误， 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Three years ago I fail an important exam in my life and became a student in a ordinary school. Disappointing as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patiently. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmate. Whenever I had difficulties, you were always available. Soon I became one of the most best students in my class. My experience tells me that it’s not what you are given and how you make use of it which determines who you are.
72．假定你是学生会主席李华，学校将举行每年一次的十八岁成人仪式，请你给外教Steven写一封邮件邀请 他参加活动。内容包括： 1、时间：9月12日上午9点至11点； 2、地点：学校大礼堂； 3、对象：全体高三师生和家长； 4、活动意义：…… 参考词汇：成人仪式coming-of-age ceremony; 礼堂auditorium
注意： 1. 词数100左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已为你写好。
Dear Steven, Iwould like to invite you to the annual Coming-of-age Ceremony of our school.
参考答案 1-2 BC3-4 CB5-7 CCA8-10 ACB 11. transportation systems 12. 110 years 13. network of tunnels 14. adventure 15. rushing around 21-23 CAD 24-27 BCDB 28-31 DBAD 32-35 DCCA 36-55 ACCCC ADDAB BCACD ADCDA 56．personal/individual 57．easy 58．properly/appropriately/successfully/rightly 59．urgent 60．apology culture 61．growing importance 62．strong and capable 63．express apology/apologize 64．(even) professionally risky 65．damage/ harm 66．B 67．A 68．D 69．C 70．E 71． fail—failed a – an disappointing—disappointed patiently—patient make 前加 to classmate—classmates you—they 去掉 most and—but which—that 72． A possible version: Dear Steven, Iwould like to invite you to the annual Coming-of-age Ceremony of our school. This big event will be held in the school auditorium from 9 am to 11am on March 12. All the Senior Three students are expected to attend it with the company of their parents and teachers. The Coming-of-age Ceremony is really a good chance for us students to express our utmost gratitude to our beloved parents as well as our patient teachers. Meanwhile, it will turn a new page in our life, which means we have grown up and it is time we should shoulder more responsibilities for the family and society. I’d appreciate it if you could come and share the unforgettable moment with us. I’m looking forward to your arrival!
页 10 第
Yours, Li Hua 3
copyright ©right 2010-2020。