本试卷共 12 页，三大题，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟
考生号、考场号、座位号 填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔讲试卷类型（A）填涂在答题卡相应的位置上。将条形码横贴 在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑；如 需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答， 答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内 相应位置上； 如需改动， 先划掉原来的答案， 然后再写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。 不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁，考试结束后，将试题与答题卡一并交回。
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 As the world?s population grows, so does our consumption of all kinds of materials. Scientists and environmental groups are increasingly 1.__________ about conserving two important natural resources: our fresh water and our rainforests. Water supports every form of life. Neither plants nor animals can 2.__________ without it. It is also the most 3.__________ used resource in industry. Our quality of life, as well as life itself, depends on a continual 4.__________ of clean, fresh water. However, clean water supplies are now decreasing rapidly. The main 5.__________ of this are overpopulation, water pollution, and deforestation. It is predicted that future water shortages could reduce global farm production by as much as twenty-five percent, leading to widespread 6.__________. Possible solutions to this problem include 7.__________ water recycling methods and limiting population growth. Another 8.__________ but endangered resource is the world?s rainforests. The Amazon rainforest has often been called the “Lungs of the Planet”, because it 9.__________ takes in carbon dioxide and puts out oxygen, which helps keep our atmosphere 10.__________. The Amazon rainforest is home to millions of plant, animal and insect species and the only source of the raw materials used in many important medicines. Rainforests once covered fourteen percent of the earth?s land. Now they cover only six percent, and experts believe that we may 11.__________ these rainforests completely in less than forty years. One clear solution is using 12.__________ products instead of cutting trees for wood. Another is reducing people?s consumption 英语试题 A 第 1 页（共 10 页）
of meat, since many rainforests are destroyed to 13.__________ farmland to raise animals. We must work together to find solutions to these resource 14.__________ and develop sustainable ways of living that will 15.__________ natural resources for future generations. 1. A. curious B. optimistic C. concerned D. embarrassed 2. A. survive B. struggle C. expand D. benefit 3. A. reliably B. overly C. expensively D. widely 4. A. base B. supply C. growth D. location 5. A. cases B. results C. functions D. causes 6. A. anger B. hunger C. failure D. pollution 7. A. returning B. removing C. improving D. collecting 8. A. valuable B. forgotten C. expected D. renewable 9. A. usually B. naturally C. obviously D. unfortunately 10. A. light B. friendly C. clean D. warm 11. A. destroy B. cut C. remove D. reproduce 12. A. replaced B. reserved C. adapted D. recycled 13. A. save B. provide C. change D. reduce 14. A. problems B. demands C. discoveries D. preferences 15. A. promote B. produce C. preserve D. prevent 第二节 语法填空（共 10 题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入 一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 Kenneth Williams is considered one of the greatest British comedy actors of the twentieth century. His voice as his outstanding gift; it virtually defined him as a 16.__________(perform). Williams would often spend weeks 17.__________ (decide) how a character should sound and this “voice” determined his approach to each role. 18.__________ even after he had chosen his “voice”, he didn?t always stick to it. 19.__________ the middle of a single performance, he would sometimes change 20.__________ tone or speed of his speech, for greater comic effect. While still a beginner, he felt he should be given the freedom to do as he wished on stage and often 21.__________ (ignore) his directors? instructions. This greatly annoyed some directors, who refused 22.__________ (work) with him. Sometimes, he would completely ignore the script（台词）and make up his own lines during performance. Although he was proud of his ability to go “off script”, he became extremely angry 23.__________ other actors tried to do the same, arguing that they were simply not good at it. Williams loved to make his audience laugh. When performing a scene 24.__________ there were few laughs, he would often make up 25.__________ own jokes, which always entertained the audience, but sometimes also ruined the scene.
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Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A From children?s birthdays to that long-awaited family holiday, we all want to remember those important moments with a photograph. But if you?re one of those people who can?t stop snapping photos at an important event, beware-you could end up forgetting it all in a flash. Experts have warned that the addiction to recording every moment of our lives could be having an adverse effect on our memories. Maryanne Garry, a New Zealand psychology professor, has been studying how the frequent taking of photos might change childhood memories. “I think the problem is that people are forgetting to experience the moment,” she says. Parents at the park taking one photo after another of their children, for example, are actually paying less attention to what is happening around them. The picture only captures a small party of the total experience. And because parents remember less about these important events, they become less effective in their role as the key people who help children learn how to talk about their experiences. As a result, children?s own childhood memories are reduced. The idea that we are experiencing less as we record more got psychologist Linda Henkel thinking. She wanted to explore how photographs shape our memories. Henkel, who researches human memory at Fairfield University in Connecticut, did an experiment by sending groups of students to the university?s art museum. The students observed some objects and photographed others. Then, back at the laboratory, they were given a memory test. Henkel found what she called a “photo-taking effect”. The students remembered fewer of the objects that they had taken photos of, and they remembered fewer details about those objects. She says her students? memories were worse because they were relying on the camera to remember the details for them. “As soon as you hit ?click? on that camera, it?s as if you?ve outsourced your memory,” she says. 26. The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 1 refers to __________. A. an important event B. a child?s birthday C. A valuable photograph D. A family holiday 27. According to Garry, what will be the result of parents frequently taking photos of their children? A. Parents will be very skillful at taking photos. B. Children will enjoy many more beautiful pictures. C. Parents will appreciate these important moments less. D. Children will become more important in their parents? eyes. 28. According to Paragraph 3, why are children?s memories reduced? A. Flash lights are causing children to forget more things. B. Parents are not interested in listening to children?s experiences. C. Children are more interested in taking photos than experiencing. 英语试题 A 第 3 页（共 10 页）
D. Parents are less effective in helping children discuss their experiences. 29. How did Henkel develop her theory about the “photo-taking effect”? A. By carrying out an experiment B. By giving a questionnaire C. By interviewing a group of students D. By researching the findings of the others 30. What?s the purpose of this passage? A. To introduce a new discovery in taking photos. B. To discuss the effect of photo-taking on memory. C. To explain how to use cameras in an effective way. D. To describe the ways of remembering valuable experiences. B The human body is an amazing machine. It?s tough, and we usually recover from illness or injury on our own, without the help of a doctor. But what happens when we need medical treatment? In the past, some people went to a hospital to see a medical doctor. Others preferred traditional treatments, such as herbal medicine or acupuncture (针灸). These two types of medicine-one modern and Western and the other ancient and Eastern-used to have nothing to do with each other. In recent years, however, people have begun combining both modern medical science and more traditional treatments. This new kind of medicine is often called integrative medicine because it integrates, or combines, different types of medical approaches. Some of the principles of integrative medicine include preventing illness by helping people stay healthy, integrating different types of treatments according to patient needs, and considering the health of the whole person rather than concentrating on a particular illness or injury. One health organization in America has opened its Integrative Medicine and Wellness Center. At the center, members are offered different services. Those suffering backache can try massage to relax their muscles and encourage the flow of healing energy in their body. Those with allergies are helped to develop their body?s natural resistance. And those who aren?t ill, but want to improve their strength and focus their mind, take tai chi or yogo classes. Integrative medicine patients appreciate having an alternative to surgery or to drugs and their harmful side effects. They also enjoy activities and treatments that make them feel better even if they are not sick. And economically, preventing illness is much less expensive than a hospital stay. According to Dr. Andrew Weil, founder of the Program in Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona, integrative medicine combines the best parts of Western medicine with traditional therapies. And because both doctors and patients are working to prevent illness, they become partners with the same goal instead of strangers who see each other only when the patient is sick. 31. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. Western medicine B. Acupuncture and herbal medicine C. Changes in medical education 英语试题 A 第 4 页（共 10 页）
D. Combining modern and traditional medicine 32. By using the underlined statement “preventing illness by helping people stay healthy” in Paragraph 2, the writer wants to __________. A. provide advice on how to stay healthy B. describe a principle of integrative medicine C. recommend modern medicine over traditional medicine D. explain why some people doubt the effectiveness of new treatments 33. Which of the following is an example of integrative medicine? A. Having a heart operation. B. Taking a pain killer for a headache. C. Using herbal treatments after an operation. D. Having herbal medicine and acupuncture. 34. Which is NOT mentioned as an advantage of integrative medicine? A. Patients take actions to avoid getting ill. B. It costs less than medical care in hospitals. C. Patients have more choices in terms of treatment. D. Doctors are able to carry out more medical research. 35. According to Dr. Weil, with integrative medicine, __________. A. the doctor gives the orders and the patient follows passively B. doctor and patient see each other occasionally if there is a problem C. doctor and patient work together so that the patient does not become ill D. doctor and patient perform the same role in providing medical treatment C The old man fished alone in a small rowboat and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. But after forty days without a fish the boy?s patents had told him that the old man was now bad luck, and ordered the boy to join another boat, which caught three good fish the first week. It made the boy sad to see the old man come in each day with his boat empty and he always went down to help him carry in the fishing lines or take down the old, patched sail. “Santiago,” the boy said to him as they dragged up the boat to the sand. “I could go with you again. I?ve made some money.” the old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him. “No,” the old man said. “You?re with a lucky boat. Stay with them. You must obey your father.” “We can be lucky again too. Remember when we didn?t catch a fish for 10 days, then caught a big one each day for a month? ” said the boy. “Can I offer you a beer on the balcony and then we?ll take the stuff home,” said the boy. “Why not?” the old man said. “Santiago,” the boy said as they sat on the balcony, “If I cannot fish with you, I would like to serve in some way.” “You bought me a beer,” the old man said, lifting the bottle to his mouth. “Do you remember the first time I took you out to fish? ” the old man asked. “I was five. I remember the tail of a huge fish slapping against the boat, the noise of you clubbing him and the sweet blood smell. I remember everything from when we first went together,” the boy said. The old man looked at him with his sun-burned, loving eyes. 英语试题 A 第 5 页（共 10 页）
“May I get some sardines for tomorrow? Let me get four fresh ones,” said the boy. “One,” the old man said. His hope and his confidence had never gone. But now they were freshening like a sea breeze. “Two,” the boy said. “Thank you,” the old man said. He was too simple to wonder when he had attained modesty. But he knew he had attained it and he knew it was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride. “Tomorrow is going to be a good day with this wind,” he said. “I will row far out before it is light. There will going to be a good day with this wind,” he said. “I will row far out before it is light. There will be a big fish? ” asked the boy. “I think so. And I know many tricks.” 36. When did the boy stop working with the old man? A. 40 days ago. B. 44 days ago. C. 80 days ago. D. 84 days ago 37. Why was the boy forced to stop working for the old man? A. It was too dangerous to continue fishing. B. It was time for the boy to return to school. C. The old man was thought to be a poor teacher. D. The boy couldn?t earn enough money with the old man. 38. In paragraph 2, the boy probably mentioned their past fishing experiences in order to __________. A. convince the old man that he should not retire B. explain why he had to stop working for the old man C. persuade the old man to let him return as his assistant D. warn the old man about the danger of fishing in the deep sea 39. Which of the following did the boy NOT do for the old man? A. Buy him a beer. B. Repair the sail. C. Drag up the boat. D. Take in the fishing equipment. 40. What can we lean about the old man from the last paragraph? A. He remained optimistic about catching fish. B. He was the most skillful fisherman in the village. C. He would stay out longer than any other fisherman. D. He would usually go out further than any other boat. D At the start of the 20th century, a new city was beginning to grow on some flat land near the sea in southern California; its name was Los Angeles. At the same time, a new industry was just being born: the cinema. America?s movie industry began life in New York; but by 1910, movie-makers were moving to Los Angeles. In New York, everything was too expensive: workers, land, taxes. Moreover, it was difficult to make movies in winter, because it was too cold. The Los Angeles region, on the other hand, was full of advantages. In California, they could make films all through the year; and everything was cheaper. In particular, there was lots of land for sale, especially in the Los Angeles suburb called Hollywood. Movies quickly became very popular, and this popularity exploded after “talkies” first appeared in 1925. Nevertheless, movies were expensive to produce, and film companies needed money-lots of it. For this reason, Hollywood rapidly became 英语试题 A 第 6 页（共 10 页）
controlled by a small number of big companies such as MGM, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. and Paramount. Since then, the big companies? fortunes have ebbed and flowed, but most of them are still there. Some old names have disappeared, but some new ones have appeared, companies like Walt Disney and Steven Spielberg?s company Amblin. Today the biggest studios belong to huge international firms. For instance, News Corporation, which now owns Fox, also owns newspapers on three continents, and TV networks in America, Europe and Asia. It is only huge companies like Fox that can afford to make today?s very expensive films; and for Titanic-at the time the most expensive film ever mad-Fox had to get help from another big company, Paramount! Once Hollywood mad films just for America; today it makes them for the world. It?s the center of a global dream-machine. Perhaps we dreamed differently in the past. Today, thanks in part to Hollywood, people everywhere have similar dreams. We now live in the age of global culture. Hollywood did not invent this culture-but for better or for worse, it has become one of the most powerful elements in it. Like it or not, we all now live on planet Hollywood. 41. What attracted the film industry to Los Angeles? A. Cheaper costs and pleasant weather. B. More talented actors and mild climate. C. More skilled workers and plentiful land. D. Large movie companies and lower wages. 42. Why did a few companies come to control the American film industry? A. They were already experienced in film production. B. They were able to employ the most creative people. C. These companies were the first to make talkie films. D. Small companies could not afford the film production costs. 43. The underlined “ebbed and flowed” in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to __________. A. improved rapidly B. gone up and down C. remained very stable D. worsened gradually 44. Which of the following is true about the Hollywood movie companies? A. They sometimes work together to produce movies. B. They produce expensive movies far less often than in the past. C. The same companies have controlled the industry for almost 100 years. D. There are many large companies competing against each other for success. 45. What does the writer think about the international influence of Hollywood? A. It has encouraged people to dream like Americans. B. It has made foreigners love American people more. C. It has become a driving force in shaping global culture. D. It has damaged the local film industry in other countries. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息，请在答题卡上将对应题 号的相应选项字母涂黑。 英语试题 A 第 7 页（共 10 页）
首先请阅读下列动物栖息地的信息： A Adams Cave This damp cave system has a constant, year-round temperature of around 8℃ . A large lake at the cave?s base, some 250 metres underground, supports a huge number of insects. C Sun Valley The valley is one of the driest and hottest places on earth. With such an extreme climate, few can survive in its sandy soil, besides cactus plants and insects. E Hood Forest National Park The park?s huge forest area supports a large variety of wildlife. There are also many kinds of fish in the fast-flowing, fresh-water Hood River, which passes through the middle of the park.
B Relto Mountain Reserve Overlooking the Atlas desert, this rocky mountain range has spectacular views and wildlife, such as mountain goats and eagles. It is only open to visitors in the wet winter season. D Ocean Mouth River It is the country?s longest salt-water river and home to an incredible range of fish, birds and animals. One of the most popular destinations for tourists all year round. F Mirror Lake Park It contains the largest fish-water lake in the country, and is home to many plants, fish and birds. The lake got its name because its waters are so still that it?s almost like looking into mirror..
请阅读下面关于不同动物的信息，请匹配动物和适宜它们的栖息地。 46. Brown Bear-this huge animal requires a large feeding area to satisfy its diet, which consists of fresh-water fish, fruits and berries. As it is very active in summer it needs lots of tree cover to keep cool. 47. Shadow Lizard-unlike most reptiles, the shadow lizard prefers a dark, wet environment. It has very large eyes, enabling it to see in the dark and catch the mosquitoes and other insects that make up its diet. 48. Camel spider-growing up to 15cm, camel spiders live on flies, ants and other insects. The female lays its eggs in the hot sand up to 8 tines a ear si tget?re usually found in very hot, dry climates. 49. Cougar-secretive and solitary, the cougar is geneally a night-time hunter. This large cat mostly hunts mountain goats and deer that enter into its rocky mountain habitat. 50. Crane-this large, long-legged water bird has a wide ranging diet that includes rats, insects, and berries, but its preference is fish. Cranes build their nests in calm, shallow, fresh water.
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III 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 你将向你校英语校刊投稿介绍一项研究。 ［写作内容］ 请根据以下信息，写一篇关于这项研究的介绍。 研究内容 上音乐课对儿童大脑发育的影响 研究者 加拿大 Margaret Trainor 教授 研究时间 一年 研究对象 两组 4 至 6 岁的儿童：一组上音乐课，另一组没有上音乐课。 研究方法 （1）对儿童进行音乐测试； （2）要求儿童听一组数字，将数字记住，然后复述。 研究结果 学习音乐的儿童在音乐听力和记忆力方面进步更大。 其他 最近该项研究刊登在“The Brain”杂志上。 ［写作要求］ 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 ［评分标准］ 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。
第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A walk in your shoes If you could switch lives with someone for a short time, would you do it? To some people, a new life would be a dream come true. A US TV show gives people the chance to try. Each episode of A walk in Your Shoes lets two real people experience each other ?s lives. In last week?s show, eighth-grade student Schylar dreamed of running the school, so he became the principal for a day-and the principal became an eighth grader again! Schylar quickly realized that his dream job had pressures and responsibilities, and he had to make some tough decisions. And the principal had a hard time with all the homework! For those taking part, the programme not only offers the chance to live out a fantasy, but provides some valuable life lessons. Participants come to more fully value what they already have: their families, their friends and the opportunities and benefits their own lives provide. They also learn to better appreciate the situation of others; to not only think about things from their own points of view, and to understand that other people have problems too. And one thing most participants eventually realize is that the grass is not always greener on the other side. 英语试题 A 第 9 页（共 10 页）
[写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 用约 120 个词就“互换身份”谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1） 如有机会与别人互换身份一周，你想换成什么身份？为什么？ （2） 在这一周的时间里，你会做些什么事情？ （3） 你认为可以从这样的经历中学到什么？ [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容， 但不得直接引用原文的句子。 2. 作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
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2015 年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试（一） 英语 参考答案
1-5: CADBD 6-10: BCABC 11-15: ADBAC 26~30: ACDAB 31~35: DBCDC 36-40: BDCBA 41~45:ADBAC 46~50:EACBF 16. performer 17.deciding 18. But 19. In 21. ignored 22. to work 23. when /if 24.where 26-30: ACDAB 46-50: EACBF 基础写作： 31-35: DBCDC 36-40: BDCBA
20. the 25. his 41-45: ADBAC
A Canadian professor, Margaret Trainor, recently complete a research project on the effects of music lessons on children's brain development. The year-long study examined two groups of children aged 4 to 6; the members of one group took music lessons and the other did not. During the study, the two groups of children were asked to take different music memory test and to listen to a series of numbers, remember them and repeat them back. Professor Trainor found that the children taking music lessons showed more advantages not only in musical listening but also in memory level. Trainor's research was recently published in the journal "The Brain". 读写任务: The passage introduces a TV show that lets people change places and experience a different way of life. It then describes the benefits contestants get from this experience. If I could change places with anyone I would chose a farmer. I enjoy the countryside, fresh air and animals so I think it would be fun. I would be able to help the farmer plant the crops, take care of the animals and travel to the market to sell the things we grow. I would also play in the forests and swim in the lake when I had free time. By working on the farm I would be able to develop many important life skills such as growing food, raising animals etc., and also become much fitter and healthier. Farm life would also help me to better appreciate the great contribution farmers make to our lives, as well as recognize the many benefits I have in my normal city life. 语法填空评分说明：按照所给答案给分。单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。 基础写作评分说明： 基础写作主要考查学生语言结构的应用能力：能够用正确、规范的语 言表达特定的内容。在内容方面：本题要求学生使用 5 个句子表达【写作内容】中所提供的 全部内容。所给的写作内容共包括关于一项研究的约 7 个信息点：①研究内容：②研究者； ③研究时间：④研究对象；⑤研究方法：⑥研究结果；⑦其他。为了实现 5 个句子的表达， 在信息方面，可以做以下的整合：①+②; ③+ ④ ; ⑤；⑥；⑦。
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在语言方面：本题旨在考查学生能否： ①适当使用非谓语形式来整合信息，例如： A Canadian professor, Margaret Trainor, recently complet a research project on the effects of music lessons on children's brain development. ②适当使用并列等有效手段整合信息，例如：The year-long study examined two gxoups of children aged 4 to 6; the members of one group took music lessons and the other did not： ③正确使用被动语态来表达信息的客观性，例如：During the study, the two groups of children were asked to take different music memory tests and to listen to a series of numbers, remember them and repeat them back ④运用宾语从句等复合句式结构，例如：Professor Trainor found that the children taking music lessons showed more advantages not only in musical listening but also in memory level. ⑤巧妙运用不同词汇或短语表达合适的意义，例如：not only. but also 等等。 在连贯方面： 本题考查学生是否掌握关于研究报告各信息间的内在逻辑， 使用适当的介词短 语，表示时间的定语以及从句等来梳理和整合信息，实现篇章内部的逻辑连贯。 在评分时，应注意以下几个方面： 1．按照评分标准，实行分析法评分： 按语言、内容和连贯三项标准分别给分： 2.在语言方面，重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范；考生是否使用了合适的 句子结构。 3.在内容方面， 重点评判考生是否表达了所提供的全部信息： 如果考生在表达完整的内容时， 适当添加一些内容，不扣分： 4.在连贯方面，重点评判 5 个句子是否构成一篇连贯的短文。 读写任务评分说明： 读写任务要求学生应用阅读和写作技能完成语言的交际任务， 考查学生 综合应用语言的能力，包括用英语获取信息、处理信息、传达信息的能力，分析问题，解决 问题的能力以及用英语进行思维和表达的能力。 本测试读写任务要求学生读一篇短文后， 先 进行概括，再就文中谈及的“互换身份”话题进一步开展写作： 1)陈述自己对“互换身份”的理解 2)假设自己若有机会互换身份，会尝试换成什么身份，为什么？ 3)阐述这种经历可能给自己带来的影响。 ①概要：要求能概括短文两方面的主要内容，并在概要中有条理地整合以下要点：1) 文章 介绍了这是一个怎样的电视节目：2)介绍了这个节目参与者的收获。 ②正文：在写正文时，应该包括三个方面的内容：①如何有机会与别人互换身份一周，你想 换成什么身份？为什么？； ②在这一周的时间里， 你会做些什么事情？③你认为可以从这样 的经历中学到什么？。 所以文章的内容主要包括： ①阐述自己拟选择的身份； ②原因分析 （因 果关系）；③描述经历及其感受。 在评分时，应注意以下几个方面： 1.按照评分标准，实行分析综合法评分。
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