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2014高中英语语法复习必备--历年高考真题详细分类归纳讲解析与练习--动词短语部分


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动词短语和常用习惯表达
动词短语是许多省高考的必考内容。有时一个动词可以跟多个小品词构成多个短语动词,有时一个短语动 词又有多个意思。在平时的学习中,我们要有意识地去积累这方面的知识,这样才能使学习更高效。掌握好常 用的动词短语和习惯表达对于我们做完形和阅读的帮助也很大。

第1讲 常用动词短语(一)
考点1. b

reak 相关短语
(机器、车辆)停止运转; (健康、精 神)崩溃; (系统、讨论等)出问题; 分解 打破陈规,放弃习惯;奋力挣脱 (战争、疫情、火灾等)爆发 破门而入 打碎、分裂;分手

break down

while he was searching for information on the Internet. A. broke down B. broke out C. broke up D. broke in 5. 【 2006 广 东 】 I was still sleeping when the fire ______, and then it spread quickly. A. broke out B. put out C. came out D. got out 考点2. call 相关短语
拜访某地 拜访或看望某人 需要,要求;接(某人) 、来取(某物) ; 喊着要人取来 叫走,转移开;取消,不举行 号召某人做某事 (给……)打电话;想起,回忆起 收回,召回 大声喊

break away break out break in/into break up

call at a place call on/upon sb. call for sth. (sb.) call off call on/upon sb. to do sth. call up call in call out

① Let’s break up the whole into parts. 让我们化整为零。 ② You must break away from these old customs. 你们必须破除这些旧风俗。 ③ The dog broke away from its owner and ran away. 狗挣脱了主人,跑了。 ④ After a long time of hard work,he almost broke down. 长时间艰苦劳动之后,他的身体几乎垮了。 ⑤ Why did the peace talks break down? 为什么和谈失败了? ⑥ This matter will break down in water. 这种物质在水中会分解。 1. 【2012 陕西】He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the air-conditioning system ______. A. broke in B. broke up C. broke out D. broke down 2. 【2013 福建】Old-fashioned phones matter when wireless networks ______ in disasters. A. turn down B. turn out C. break down D. break out 3. 【2009 江苏】— I’ m surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have ______. —So am I. They seemed very happy together when I last saw them. A. broken up B. finished up C. divided up D. closed up 4. 【2006 辽宁】 computer system ______ suddenly The

① Call your dog off. 把你的狗叫走。 ② The match was called off because of bad weather. 由于天气不好,比赛取消了。 ③ This problem calls for careful thought. 这个问题需要好好想一想。 ④ I’ll call for you at seven this evening. 今晚七点我来接你。 ⑤ We call for the package at the post office. 我们到邮局去取包裹。 ⑥ The toy company has decided to call in the defective products all over the world. 该玩具公司已决定在全世界范围内召回那些有缺 陷的产品。 ⑦ They boy called out for help. 那个男孩大声呼救。 6. 【2009 福建】 Somali robbed frequent attacks on The the sea urged the United Nations to______ all

nations to take immediate action. A. fight for B. apply for C. call on D. wait on 7. 【2007 山东】 the sort of work that ______ a high It’s level of concentration. A. calls for B. makes up C. lies in D. stands for 8. 【2006 湖北】As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village ______scenes of my childhood. A. called up B. called for C. called on D. called in 考点3. come 相关短语
发生(不及物)(bring about,使发生, ; 及物) 偶然遇到( meet with 和 run into 也有 这个意思) 进展;一起来 想出(主意或计划等) (书、唱片、电影等)出版发行; (花)开放 苏醒过来(oneself 可以省略) 开始意识到 (在谈话或会议中)被提及,被讨论

______ many good changes in their lives. A. got through B. resulted from C. turned into D. brought about 考点4. cut 相关短语
减少 插话; (车从前面突然)插入 切断、终止(供应、电话等) ; 使与外界隔断 切成碎片

cut down/back cut in cut off cut up

① The government has announced plans to cut back on defence spending by 10% next year. 政府已宣布计划明年减少防务开支 10%。 ② I’m trying to cut down on caffeine. 我在尽力减少咖啡因的服用量。 ③ I was just talking to Jane, when Dave cut in (on us / our conversation). 我正和 Jane 谈话,这时 Dave 突然插话进来。 ④ Did you see that white car cut in (on us/ in front of us)? 你看到那辆白色的车突然插入(到我们前面)了 吗? ⑤ If this bill is not paid within five days, your gas supply will be cut off. 如果这个账单五天内不付,你的液化气供应将会 被切断。 ⑥ Many villages have been cut off by the heavy snow. 许多村庄因为网搜语法通霸大雪与外面隔断。 ⑦ He cut the wood up to build a fire. 他把木头破碎来生火。 15. 【2013 陕西】My uncle hasn’t been able to quit smoking, but at least he has ______. A. cut out B. cut down C. cut up D. cut off 16. 【2005 湖南】I was just talking to Margot when Jackson ______. A. cut in B. cut down C. cut out D. cut up 考点5. get 相关短语
(人)相处融洽; (工作)进展…… 开始认真做某事(to 是介词) 结束、 完成; 成功地联络; (考试) 通过 ; 渡 过 难 关 ( 也 常 用 go through, be through) 逃脱;离开 做成某坏事而未被发觉或处罚 换衣 使理解,使相信 战胜、克服(困难……) 聚会 使某人受到影响(cause sb. to suffer or be upset)

come about come across come along come up with come out come to oneself come to realize come up

① Things are coming along fine. 事情进展顺利。 ② When does their new album come out? 他们的新唱片什么时候发行? ③ The subject came up at the meeting yesterday. 这个话题昨天在会议上被提及。 9. 【2011 安徽】If you ______ faults but you still want the bicycle, ask the shop assistant to reduce the price. A. come across B. care about C. look for D. focus upon 10. 【2011 天津】She ______ an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping at the department store. A. turned down B. dealt with C. took after D. came across 11. 【2013 新课标Ⅱ】 Would you like to ______ with us to the film tonight? A. come along B. come off C. come across D. come through 12. 【2007 江苏】—Have you ______ some new ideas? —Yeah. I’ll tell you later. A. come about B. come into C. come up with D. come out with 13. 【2006 湖北】 already 10 o’clock I wonder how it It’s _______ that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up 14. 【2005 重庆】His idea of having weekly family meals together, which seemed difficult at first, has

get along/on get down to get through get away get away with get changed get across get over get together get to sb.

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① How are you getting along/on with your job? 你的工作进展得怎么样? ② She got through her exams without too much trouble. 她没有遇到太大麻烦就通过了考试。 ③ I don’t know how I got through the first couple of months after Andy’s death. 我不知道在安迪死后我是怎样度过前几个月的。 ④ The thief got away in the dark. 那个贼趁着黑暗逃脱了。 ⑤ If someone commits a murder, he won’t get away with it. 如果一个人犯了谋杀罪,他是不会逃脱惩罚的。 ⑥ I wanted to come along, but couldn’t get away. 我想要一起走,但是走不开。 ⑦ We tried to get our point across, but he just wouldn’t listen. 我们尽力想使他理解我们的意思,但他就是不听。 ⑧ The heat was beginning to get to me, so I went indoors. 炎热开始使我感到难受,因此我走进屋里。 ⑨ I know he’s annoying, but you shouldn’t let him get to you. 我知道他很烦人,但你不应当让他影响你。 17. 【2010 福建】We’ve just moved into a bigger house and there’s a lot to do. Let’s______ it. A. keep up with B. do away with C. get down to D. look forward to 18. 【2013 天津】I had hoped to take a holiday this year but I wasn’t able to ______. A. get away B. drop in C. check out D. hold on 19. 【2013 江苏】Team leaders must ensure that all members ______ their natural desire to avoid the embarrassment associated with making mistakes. A. get over B. look over C. take over D. come over 20. 【 2007 湖 北 】 If we can ______ our present difficulties, then everything should be all right. A. come across B. get over C. come over D. get off 21. 【2010 浙江】After that, he knew he could ______ any emergency by doing what be could to the best of his ability. A. get away with B. get on with C. get through D. get across 22. 【2007 天津】 Hardly could he ______ this amount of work in such a short time. A. get through B. get off C. get into D. get down 23. 【2009 全国 I】I tried phoning her office, but I couldn’t______. A. get along B. get on C. get to D. get through 24. 【2008 陕西】It’s going to rain. Xiao Feng, will you please help me ______ the clothes on the line? A. get off B. get back C. get in D. get on 25. 【2008 四川】 used to quarrel a lot with my parents, I but now we______ fine. A. look out B. stay up C. carry on D. get along 26. 【2006 重庆】—How are you managing to do your work without an assistant? —Well,I ______somehow. A. get along B. come on C. watch out D. set off 27. 【2004 全国 I】 Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you can’t have time to ______ before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change 考点6. give 相关短语
捐赠;泄露(秘密) 屈服,投降 (机器或身体某部分 stop working)停 止工作(指人可译作“筋疲力尽”;用 ) 完、用尽;分发(作业、文件、物品) ; 散布、公布(消息、文件等) 发出(气味、热、光等) 放弃(后跟动名词)

give away give in

give out

give off/out give up

① The party was meant to be a surprise, but Sharon gave it away. 本打算这个派对秘密准备,但 Sharon 却泄了密。 ② She thinks no one knows how much she likes him, but her face gave her away! 她认为没有人知道她多么爱他,但她的表情却告 诉了我们一切。 ③ All machines gave out eventually. 所有的机器最终都停止了运转。 ④ Our food supplies gave out. 我们的食物供应已经用完。 ⑤ Both the man and the horse gave out after the long ride. 赶了很长一段路后,人马俱乏。 ⑥ The government gave out food to people out of work. 政府向失业者分发食品。 ⑦ They stood there, giving out the leaflets to the passers-by. 他们站在那里, 向过路人散发传单。 ⑧ This milk must be bad, for it is giving off a nasty smell. 牛奶一定变质了,因为它散发出一种令人 恶心的气味。

⑨ The sun gives out light and heat to the earth. 太阳向 地球发出光和热。 ⑩ He gave up teaching only two years ago. 两年前他才离开教学工作的。 28. 【2008 江西】If a person has not had enough sleep, his actions will give him ______during the day. A. away B. up C. in D. back 29. 【2007 福建】The news of the mayor’s coming to our school for a visit was ______ on the radio yesterday. A. turned out B. found out C. given out D. carried out 30. 【2005 山东】What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has ______? A. given out B. put out C. held up D. used up 考点7. go 相关短语
着手做某事 (begin to do/deal with sth.) , 后跟动名词;到处走动 复习;仔细察看 爆炸; (枪、闹铃)响 go 是系动词, “变得” 开始(继续)做某事 (法律、计划等)通过,批准;经受(困 难) ;全面检查

④ I always go over my revision notes just before I go into an exam. 在考试之前,我总是认真复习我的复习笔记。 ⑤ You must go over the instructions of how it works before you use the micro-wave oven. 在使用微波炉前要先看看它的使用说明。 ⑥ I’m going through my wardrobe and throwing out all the clothes I don’t wear any more. 我全面检查了我的衣柜,网搜语法通霸把我不穿 的衣服都拿了出来。 ⑦ Remember to go through the pockets before you put those trousers in the washing machine. 在把裤子放进洗衣机之前,记着看一下口袋。 31. 【2007 安徽】—Didn’t you have a good time at the party? —Of course I did. As a matter of fact, I had such fun that time seemed to ______ so quickly. A. go by B. go away C. go out D. go over 32. 【2007 江苏】 —Do you think that housing price will keep ______ in the years to come? —Sorry, I have no idea. A. lifting up B. going up C. bringing up D. growing up 33. 【2007 浙江】 Would you please ______this form for me to see if I’ve filled it in right? A. take off B. look after C. give up D. go over 34. 【2011 四川】To get a better grade, you should __________the notes again before the test. A. go over B. get over C. turn over D. take over

go about go over go off go red/ mad/ blind/ hungry go ahead (with) go through

① How can we go about solving this problem? 我们怎样着手解决这个问题? ② Didn’t you hear your alarm clock going off this morning? 你没听到你的闹钟今天早上响了吗? ③ We’ve received permission to go ahead with the music festival in spite of opposition from local residents. 尽管当地居民反对,我们得到允许继续举办音 乐节。

写作专练1. 熟练使用常用动词短语(一) (参看 P. 错误!未定义书签。)

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第2讲 常用动词短语(二)
考点1. look 相关短语
环视四周 on 回顾(某事),回想(某事) 看不起,瞧不起 期待,盼望(后跟动名词) 抬头看;(在书、字典中)查找;好转 审阅,检查(to quickly examine) 上下打量(某人) 翻阅,浏览(to read sth. quickly ) 调查,研究,了解; look into one’s eyes 直视 注意,小心(也可用 watch out!) 留意 (try to notice, 也可用 watch out for, keep an eye out for) 钦佩、敬仰某人(look down upon 瞧不 起) 照料,照看 pay off 把某人当作……看待 pay sb. some money for sth. pay down

look around/about look sth. back

1. 【2011 四川】 often ______ the words I don’t know I in the dictionary or on the Internet. A. look up B. look at C. look for D. look into 2. 【2009 湖北】 Would you please ______ the paper for me and see if there are any obvious mistakes? A. look around B. look into C. look up D. look through 3. 【2009 江西】It is reported that the police will soon ______ the case of two missing children. A. look upon B. look after C. look into D. look out 4. 【2007 全国 I】“Goodbye, then,” she said, without even ______ from her book. A. looking down B. looking up C. looking away D. looking on 5. 【2010 安徽】No matter how low you consider yourself , there is always someone ______ you wishing they were that high. A. getting rid of B. getting along with C. looking up to D. looking down upon 考点2. pay 相关短语
偿还;报复 还清(债务、欠款) ; (付出得到)回报 因为某物/事付给某人多少钱 当场支付,现金支付

look down on look forward to look up look over look sb. over look through look into sth. look out look out for

look up to sb. look after look on/upon sb. as

pay back

① I still shudder when I look back on the past. 想起过去,我仍然不寒而栗。 ② Things are looking up. 情况在好转。 ③ You shouldn’t look down upon the poor. 你不应该瞧不起穷人。 ④ The police are looking into the cause of the accident. 警方正调查事故原因。 ⑤ Look out. There’s a car coming! 当心!汽车来了! ⑥ I had a few minutes before the meeting to look over what he’d written. 在会前我有几分钟时间来快速查看他写的内容。 ⑦ He looked her over and nodded lightly. 他上下打量她,然后微微点了点头。 ⑧ We looked on her as a daughter. 我们把她当作女儿看待。 ⑨ While shopping here, you must look out for pickpockets. 在这里购物时,你一定要留意扒手。 ⑩ Many fans look up to Yao Ming. 许多粉丝都很钦佩姚明。

① Can you lend me some money? I’ll pay you/it back tomorrow. 你能借给我一些钱吗?我明天还你。 ② He swore he’d pay her back for all she’d done to him. 他发誓他要为她所做的一切报复她。 ③ We should be able to pay off the debt within two years. 我们应该两年内能还清债务。 ④ All her hard work paid off in the end, and she finally passed the exam. 她所有的努力最后都得到了回报,她终于通过了 网搜语法通霸考试。 6. 【2012 安徽】The athlete’s years of hard training ______ when she finally won the Olympic gold medal. A. went on B. got through C. paid off D. ended up 7. 【2013 新课标Ⅱ】 The watch was very good, and he ______ 20 percent down for it. A. paid B. cost C. bought D. spent

考点3.

pick 相关短语
捡起,拿起 去拿某物,去接某人 中途搭载乘客 (在实践中)学得(语言习惯等) 买(便宜货) ,用较少的钱买到 见到、听到、闻到(微弱光、声音、气 味) (无线电)接收到(信号) (中断后)重新开始,继续 跌倒后站(爬)起来 increase or improve 增加、改善: (风)变大, (车)提速, (生意? 生产? 天气? 健康等)好转? 有起色等 (从众多人、物中)辨认出;挑选

经济终于又开始有所好转? ? He picked up nicely after a long careful treat. 经过较长时间精心治疗后,他的健康恢复得很好。
16 ○ It seems as if the weather may pick up soon. 看上去天气好像很快要放晴了? 17 ○ Let me pick out some good ones for you. 让我来替你挑几个好的。

pick up

8. 【2012 四川】 surprising that your brother ______ It’s Russian so quickly—he hasn’t lived there very long. A. picked up B. looked up C. put up D. made up 9. 【2010 山东】Sam ______some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it. A. brought up B. looked up C. picked up D. set up 10. 【2007 四川】It was so dark in the cinema that I could hardly ______ my friend. A. turn out B. bring out C. call out D. pick out 考点4. put 相关短语
留出(钱或时间等) ;暂置一边 把某物收拾起来 放回原处 镇压;写下;放下 提出(建议等) 推迟(后跟动名词作宾语) 穿衣;上演 扑灭(火) 张贴;搭建;举起; 提供临时住处 忍受

pick out

① I went to pick up the phone/receiver, but it had stopped ringing. 我去想拿起电话听筒,但它已停止响了。 ② When you’re in town, could you pick up the books I ordered? 当你在镇上的时候,请把我订购的书拿回来好 吗? ③ Whose turn is it to pick the children up after school? 该谁去接孩子了? ④ The train stopped several times to pick up passengers. 火车沿途停了好几次,让乘客上车? ⑤ My friends knew where to pick up a good second-hand bike. 我的朋友知道在哪里可以便宜 地买到好的二手自行车? ⑥ We picked up the harbor lights as we sailed along.我 们向前航行时看见了港口灯塔。 ⑦ Police dogs picked up the scent(气味) of the two men from clothes they had left behind. 警犬从那两个人丢在后面的衣服上闻到了他们的 气味。 ⑧ Can you pick up Moscow on your radio? 你的收音机能收到莫斯科电台吗? ⑨ After lunch shall we pick up where we left off yesterday? 午饭后我们从我们昨天停的那个地方开始吗? ⑩ She fell off her bike, but quickly picked herself up. 她从自行车上摔了下来, 但马上爬了起来? ? The truck picked up speed slowly. 卡车慢慢提速。 ? The wind always picks up in the evening. 夜晚时风总是变大。 ? His spirits picked up when he got the good news. 当得知好消息后,他精神焕发。 ? The economy is finally beginning to pick up again.

put aside put sth. away put sth. back put down put forward put off put on put out put up put up with

① He put aside some money every month for future uses. 他每月都留出一部分钱以备后用。 ② Let’s put our differences aside. 让我们把我们的异议先搁置一边。 ③ The proposals that you have put forward deserve serious consideration. 你提出的建议值得认真考虑。 ④ Sally is putting me up for the weekend. 这个周末我住 Sally 家。 ⑤ I can’t put off going to the dentist any longer. 我再也不能推迟去看牙医了。 ⑥ Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today. 不要把今天能做的事推到明天做。 11. 【2011 全国新课标】I can ______ the house being untidy, but I hate it if it’s not clean. A. come up with B. put up with C. turn to D. stick to

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12. 【2011 辽宁】The exam results will be ______ on Friday afternoon. A. put down B. put off C. put up D. put away 13. 【2013 新课标 I】At the last moment, Tom decided to ______ a new character to make the story seem more likely. A. put up B. put in C. put on D. put off 14. 【2011 浙江】He decided that he would drive all the way home instead of ______ at a hotel for the night. A. putting down B. putting off C. putting on D. putting up 15. 【2012 新课标全国】Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can ______ almost every word her teacher says. A. put out B. put down C. put away D. put together 16. 【 2008 安徽】Don’t be so discouraged. If you ______ such feelings, you will do better next time. A. carry on B. get back C. break down D. put away 17. 【 2004 全 国 II 】 The forest guards often find campfires that have not been ______ completely. A. turned down B. put out C. put away D. turned over 考点5. set 相关短语
开始,着手(to start to do or deal with something, 后 跟 动 名 词 , 意 同 go about) 出发(start a journey) 开始做,着手做(to start an activity with a particular aim) 点燃,引爆 留出(时间、钱等) ;暂置一边 (也可用 put aside) 使区别开来 写入、印入(正式文件中) 建立(公司、组织、体系等) ; 组织(会议、活动等) 受陷害,中圈套 推迟;使受挫 整理餐桌(to put a cloth, knives and forks, etc. on the table in preparation for a meal) 创纪录

② I tried to apologize, but I think I set about it the wrong way. 我尽力想道歉,但是我想我一开始方式就错了。 ③ He had some money in an account that he’d set aside for his kids. 他账户上有一些钱,是留出给他孩子用的。 ④ I set aside half an hour every evening to hear Erik read. 我每天晚上留出半小时时间来听 Erik 读书。 ⑤ In times of war people tend to set aside political differences. 在战争时期,人们倾向于把政治问题暂置一边。 ⑥ What set her apart was that she had a lot of original ideas. 使她与众不同的是,她有许多原创的主意。 ⑦ What time will we have to set off/out for the station tomorrow? 我们明天必须什么时候开始出发去车站? ⑧ They set out to discover a cure for cancer. 他们着手来寻找癌症的治愈办法。 ⑨ Be careful that you don’t set the fireworks off by mistake. 当心点, 别弄错了引起那些爆竹爆炸。 ⑩ The rules of the club are set down in the members’ handbook. 这个俱乐部的规章制度被印在成员的手册中。 ? A committee has been set up to organize social events in the college. 一个委员会被成立以组织大学的社交活动。 ? We need to set up a meeting to discuss the proposals. 我们需要组织一个会议来讨论这些提议。 ? They claimed that they weren’t selling drugs, but that they’d been set up by the police. 他们声称他们没有卖毒品,他们是中了警方的圈 套。 ? The accident has set them back several weeks. 那次事故已使他们耽搁了几个星期。 ? All their efforts at reform have been set back. 他们所有的改革努力都遭受到挫折。 18. 【2012 全国Ⅱ】 ______ to paint the whole house We but finished only the front part that day. A. set about B. set up C. set out D. set down 19. 【2012 浙江】Armed with the information you have gathered , you can ______ preparing your business plan. A. set out B. set about C. set off D. set up 20. 【2013 安徽】Traditionally, college students hold a graduation ceremony to encourage themselves before they ______ on their life journey. A. give up B. settle down C. get through D. set off

set about doing

set out/off set out to do set off set aside set sb. apart set down set up sb. be set up set back

set/lay the table

set a record

① I’ve no idea how to set about changing a tyre on a car. 我不知道怎样着手换车上的轮胎。

21. 【2012 福建】You had better ______ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic. A. set aside B. take up C. put away D. give out 22. 【2008 山东】Einstein liked Bose’s paper so much that he ______ his own work and translated it into German. A. gave off B. turned down C. took over D. set aside 23. 【2006 江西】 all these years I have been working For for others. I’m hoping I’ll ______ my own business someday. A. turn up B. fix up C. set up D. make up 考点6. take 相关短语
拆卸,拆开 (在外貌、性格上)像某人 写下,记下(别人所说的) for 生效,起作用 想当然,认为……是真实的; 低估了……的价值 欺骗某人 休假; (事业)腾飞; 脱衣; (飞机)起飞; 展 现 出 , 呈 现 出 (begin to have a particular quality) 接手,接管 拿某人出气 占去时间、空间、位置等; 开始从事某项工作或活动 碰运气,冒险

她两周前接手经理这一职位。 ⑩ I know you’ve had a bad day, but there’s no need to take it out on me! 我知道你今天不顺心,但也没有必要拿我出气。 ? This desk takes up too much room. 这个桌子占去太多空间。 ? Have you ever thought of taking up acting ? 你考虑过从事演艺吗? ? Dennis wasn’t a man to take chances. 丹尼斯不是一个靠碰运气做事的人。 24. 【2011 陕西】Some insects ______ the colour of their surroundings to protect themselves. A. take in B. take off C. take on D. take out 25. 【2012 辽宁】Rod loves______clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. A. taking apart B. giving away C. making up D. turning off 26. 【2013 辽宁】 Briggs will ______ as general manager when Mitchell retires. A. get away B. take over C. set off D. run out 27. 【2009 安徽】We tried to find a table for seven,but they were all ______ . A. given away B. kept away C. taken up D. used up 28. 【2008 全国 I】After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane ______ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A. set out B. took over C. took up D. set up 29. 【 2007 辽 宁 】 Don’t be ______ by products promising to make you lose weight quickly. A. taken off B. taken out C. taken away D. taken in 30. 【2006 浙江】We’re trying to ring you back, Bryan, but we think we ______ your number incorrectly. A. looked up B. took down C. worked out D. brought about 考点7. turn 相关短语
背叛,反对 拒绝,谢绝(某人建议、忠告) ; 关小(声音) 上交(也用 hand in) 翻过来 转向某人求助 聚集(参加公众活动或娱乐) 证明是,结果是 (人或机会出乎意料或事先无计划地) 出现

take apart take after sb. take down take effect take … granted take sb. in take off take on take over take sth. out on sb. take up take chances

① He takes after his mother. 他长得像他的母亲。 ② International sanctions were beginning to take effect. 国际制裁的效果开始显现出来。 ③ The traffic laws don’t take effect until the end of the year. 交通法到年底才生效。 ④ We have to re-educate the public about something they have always taken for granted. 关于一些公众一直认为是想当然的事情,我们不 得不再对他们进行教育。 ⑤ I can’t believe she was taken in by him. 我真不敢相信她被他骗了。 ⑥ He took off two weeks in September. 他 9 月休了两周假。 ⑦ Her singing career had just begun to take off. 网搜语法通霸她的歌唱事业才刚刚腾飞。 ⑧ Her voice took on a troubled tone. 她的声音中显示出她被什么事困扰着。 ⑨ She took over as manager two weeks ago.

turn against turn down turn in turn over turn to sb. for help turn out turn out (to be) turn up

① Please turn/hand in your homework on time. 请按时交作业。

9
② After six years of fighting, public opinion has turned against the war. 经过六年战争之后,公众也开始反对这场战争。 ③ He turned down the job because it involved too much travelling. 他拒绝了这个工作,因为它涉及太多旅行。 ④ Thousands of people turned out to welcome the England team home. 数千人聚集在那里,来欢迎英国队归来。 ⑤ She turned up at my house late one night. 一天夜里她突然来到我家。 ⑥ This job turned up just when I needed it. 当我需要这个工作时,它突然出现了。 31. 【2010 辽宁】Thousands of people ______ to watch yesterday’s match against Ireland. A. turned on B. turned in C. turned around D. turned out 32. 【2008 全国 II】—What are you reading, Tom? —I’m not really reading, just ______ the pages. A. turning off B. turning around C. turning over D. turning up 33. 【2006 全国 2】With no one to ______ in such a frightening situation, she felt very helpless. A. turn to B. turn on C. turn off C. turn over 34. 【2011 江苏】—You look upset. What’s the matter? —I had my proposal ______ again. A. turned over B. turned on C. turned off D. turned down

写作专练2. 熟练使用常用动词短语(二) (参看 P.错误!未定义书签。)

第3讲 其他常考动词短语和惯用表达
C. Move to 考点1. 其他动词短语 1. 【2007 陕西】We had wanted to finish our task by noon, but it didn’t quite ______. A. find out B. give out C. hand out D. work out 2. 【2008 天津】The meal over, the managers went back to the meeting room to ______ their discussion. A. put away B. take down C. look over D. carry on 3. 【2008 浙江】American Indian ____ about five percent of the U.S. population. A. fill up B. bring up C. make up D. set up 4. 【2008 湖北】The teacher stressed again that the students should not ____ any important details while retelling the story. A. bring out B. let out C. leave out D. make out 5. 【2008 湖北】In modern times, people have to learn to ___ all kinds of pressure although they are leading a comfortable life. A. keep with B. stay with C. meet with D. live with 6. 【2008 湖北】The present situation is very complex, so I think it will take me some time to ______ its reality. A. make up B. figure out C. look through D. put off 7. 【2008 福建】_____ a moment and I will go to your rescue. A. Go on B. Hold on D. Carry on

8. 【2007 浙江】We firmly believe that war never settles anything. It only ______violence. A. runs into B. comes from C. leads to D. begins with 9. 【2006 湖北】Although the wind has ______, the rain remains steady, so you still need a raincoat. A. turned up B. gone back C. died down D. blown out 10. 【2005 广东】John is leaving for London tomorrow and I will ______ him ______ at the airport. A. send; away B. leave; off C. see; off D. show; around 11. 【2005 浙江】The president spoke at the business meeting for nearly an hour without ______ his notes. A. bringing up B. referring to C. looking for D. trying on 12. 【2005 辽宁】Could you please tell me where you bought the shoes you ______ yesterday? A. tried on B. put on C. had on D. pulled on 13. 【2011 福建】 Born into a family with three brothers, David was ______ to value the sense of sharing. A. brought up B. turned down C. looked after D. held back 14. 【2012 湖北】Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ______ his courage. A. hold up B. keep up C. set up D. take up 15. 【 2012 湖 北 】 I’m so glad you’ve come here to______ this matter in person. A. lead to B. see to C. turn to D. refer to

16. 【2012 重庆】Food supplies in the flood-stricken area ______. We must act immediately before there’s none left. A. have run out B. are running out C. have been run out D. are being run out 17. 【 2010 江 苏 】 The experiment has ______ the possibility of the existence of any life on that planet, but it does not mean there is no life on other planets. A. found out B. pointed out C. ruled out D. carried out 18. 【 2010 四 川 】 In many people’s opinion , that company, though relatively small, pleasant______. is A. to deal with B. dealing with C. to be dealt with D. dealt with 19. 【2010 湖北】 he ______ her promise, she would Had have made it to Yale University. A. looked up to B. lived up to C. kept up with D. come up with 20. 【2009 山东】 Amy joined a painting group but didn’t seem to _______, so she left. A. show B. go up C. fit in D. come over 21. 【2013 浙江】 Bears ______ fat stores throughout the summer and fall to have energy enough to last them through their winter sleep. A. pack up B. build up C. bring up D. take up 22. 【2010 陕西】You look well. The air and the sea foods in Sanya must _______ you, I suppose. A. agree with B. agree to C. agree on D. agree about 考点2. 惯用表达

A. in particular C. in charge

B. in turn D. in time

29. 【2013 辽宁】______ everyone here, I wish you a pleasant journey back to your country. A. By means of B. On behalf of C. In search of D. For fear of 30. 【2010 湖北】It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money ______favors to them. A. in preference to B. in place of C. in agreement with D. in exchange for 31. 【2010 江西】We give dogs time, space and love we can spare, and _____, dogs give us their all. A. in all B. in fact C. in short D. in return 32. 【 2007 湖 北 】 People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars, and this ______ creates further problems. A. in short B. in case C. in doubt D. in turn 33. 【 2011 江 苏 】 We’d better discuss everything ______before we work out the plan. A. in detail B. in general C. on purpose D. on time 34. 【2011 全国 I】 form cannot be signed by anyone The ______ yourself. A. rather than B. other than C. more than D. better than 35. 【2011 浙江】The school isn’t the one I really wanted to go to, but I suppose I’ll just have to ______it. A. make the best of B. get away from C. keep an eye on D. catch up with 36. 【2011 福建】____ good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dished. A. Far from B. Apart from C. Instead of D. Regardless of 37. 【2007 陕西】 I think he is taking an active part in — social work. —I agree with you ______. A. in a way B. on the way C. by the way D. in the way

23. 【2013 新课标 I】Tony can hardly boil an egg, still ______ cook dinner. A. less B. little C. much D. more 24. 【2013 新课标 I】“You can’t judge a book by its cover,” ______. A. as the saying goes old B. goes as the old saying C. as the old saying goes D. goes as old the saying 25. 【2013 江苏】I am always delighted when I receive an email from you. ______the party on July 1st I shall be pleased to attend. A. On account of B. In response to C. In view of D. With regard to 26. 【2013 江苏】With inspiration from other food cultures, American food culture can take a ______ for the better. A. share B. chance C. turn D. lead 27. 【2013 福建】 Mrs. Smith finds it hard to clear up the mess, as her children are always ______ whenever she tries to. A. in the way B. on watch C. in sight D. on the line 28. 【2013 陕西】The manager wants to see changes in the company, and I am sure he will ______.

写作专练3. 熟练使用动词短语和惯用表达 (参看 P.错误!未定义书签。)


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