扬州市 2015-2016 学年度高三第四次模拟测试 英 语 试 卷
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第Ⅰ卷（共 85 分）
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题 卡上。
第一节（共 5 小题；
每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有 关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the man imply? A. He can’t go now. B. He can’t wait any longer. C. He wants to call someone. 2. What does the woman mean? A. Furnished apartments will cost more. B. She can provide the man with the apartment he needs. C. The apartment is just what the man is looking for. 3. What is the man going to do? A. Look for a hotel. B. Have his watch repaired. C. Meet someone at the hotel. 4. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A book. B. A teacher. C. An exam. 5. What do the speakers think of the music? A. Pleasant. B. Acceptable. C. Disturbing.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间 阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话 或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What do people do at the ski club meeting? A. Buy skiing equipment. B. Plan skiing trips. C. Present skiing lectures. 7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Close friends. B. Teacher and student. C. Interviewer and interviewee. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. According to the man, what is the best way to manage anxiety? A. To take medicine. B. To sleep more. C. To work less. 9. What does the man think of the anti-anxiety drugs? A. They are not harmful to the brain.
B. They have more benefits than harm. C. They are valuable but costly. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.Why does the woman call? A. To report a robbery. B. To make a complaint. C. To buy some T-shirts. 11. How did the woman describe the young man? A. He was short in a black shirt and jeans. B. He was tall in a white shirt and jeans. C. He was tall in a black shirt and jeans. 12. What might the man do after the conversation? A. Meet the woman. B. Apologize to the woman. C. Look for that handbag. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Which is the largest ethnic group in San Francisco? A. The Chinese. B. The whites. C. The blacks. 14. Where do most of the Chinese people live in San Francisco? A. In the northern part of the city. B. In Chinatown. C. All over the city. 15. What is the Japanese population in San Francisco? A. 12, 000. B. 700, 000. C. 50, 000. 16. Why does the man know SO much about San Francisco? A. He travels a lot in the city. B. He teaches ethnic history at a university. C. He thinks the city is pretty. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why did the speaker give up the idea of being a chocolate tester? A. It is a dangerous job. B. It is hard to be professional（专业的）. C. He had to take more responsibility. 18. What made the speaker want to become a football referee（裁判）? A. The salary. B. The hobby. C. The advisor. 19. What can Philipo be? A. A dog. B. A stylist. C. A doctor. 20. Why did the speaker decide to become a journalist? A. He wanted to earn much money. B. He was good at finding out information. C. He was expected to follow in his father’s footsteps.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. --- I feel individuals can also cause environmental problems. --- Yes, do not be _______ about this. Turn lights off if not using them. A. particular B. careful C. concerned D. casual 22. Every year for over 100 years, the Nobel Prize _______ to people from around the world for their
achievements. A. is awarded B. has been awarded C. was awarded D. had been awarded 23. People who cannot _______ between colors are said to be color-blinded. A. appreciate B. compare C. distinguish D. recognize 24. One reason for her preference for this school is _______, as she put it, it can provide for her future development. A. what B. which C. that D. it 25. Too high house prices can be brought under control, _______ the authorities introduce a series of regulatory policies. A. even if B. as if C. so that D. on condition that 26. The popularity of House of Cards with audiences has come to the point _______ people tacitly(心照不 宣地) compete to see how quickly they can finish the entire TV series. A. that B. which C. when D. where 27. When _______ to danger, men tend to increase blood pressure, _______ nervous or anxious. A. exposed; feeling B. exposed; felt C. exposing; felt D. exposing; feeling 28. In case you are still _______ about visiting Shanghai Disneyland, the park has just released some images of its standout attraction to help you decide. A. over the moon B. not all there C. on the fence D. feeling blue 29. The man arrested for a theft was just the one who _______ the murder 20 years ago, which cleared the long injustice done to another innocent victim. A. got away from B. got away with C. got out of D. got along with 30. No Chinese writer _______ ever _______ the Hans Christian Anderson Prize, until April 4, when Cao Wenxuan received the honor at the Bologna Children’s Book Fair in Italy. A. has…won B. /…won C. had…won D. would…win 31. If we hadn’t been stuck in the traffic on the highway, we _______ dinner at the table now. A. are having B. would have had C. should have D. would be having 32. Just be patient. You _______ expect your English improves significantly in just two weeks. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. won’t 33. Lily asked me to make a _______ if I was serious about our relationship. A. cooperation B. commitment C. comprehension D. compromise 34. Although the final amount is not exactly in agreement with the estimate, it is _______ our expectation. The difference is insignificant. A. in contrast with B. in contact with C. in line with D. in conflict with 35. --- Ninety-seven dollars in all. Here is the change. --- Thank you. _______. A. I don’t care B. Take it easy C. Keep it to yourself D. That’s too much
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
To live is to trust. That’s especially 36 for someone like me, blind from birth. As a child, when I was feeling frustrated by my 37 or if I ran into some other problem I couldn’t 38 well on my own, I’d go to my father. ― 39 inside,‖ he ’d say ―Search deep within yourself, and find that 40 where you can trust yourself. All you need to do is 41 listening, and trust what you hear.‖ When I found myself in 42 situations over the years, I’d try what my father 43 . I’d 44 that voice. On the morning of September 11, 2001, a moment came when I needed it as I 45 had before. I was at my computer 46 somewhere above me the loudest explosion I’d never heard 47 . Shouts and 48 came from outside my door. The floor listed like the deck of a ship, and the only thing to do was go to that place 49 myself, and pray for the guidance. I took a deep 50 . I tried to listen. I headed for the stairs. I’d never walked the 78 51 down before, but I made it. I survived the 52 of the skyscrapers. There are still so many 53 questions about what happened that day—not the 54 of which is how I managed to get down all the flights when everything went wrong. The one thing I know for certain is that my dad was 55 . Even when things are at their darkest, trust yourself and stay calm. 36. A. unbelievable B. worthwhile C. true D. rigid 37. A. disability B. capability C. vision D. drawback 38. A. view B. induce C. undergo D. handle 39. A. Listen B. Look C. Try D. Curse 40. A. place B. foundation C. grace D. insight 41. A. interact B. imitate C. practice D. exceed 42. A. earnest B. tough C. crucial D. desperate 43. A. deduced B. innovated C. interfered D. suggested 44. A. make for B. head for C. reach for D. listen for 45. A. never B. ever C. still D. always 46. A. when B. where C. which D. while 47. A. set off B. went off C. fell off D. called off 48. A. scratches B. impacts C. screams D. flames 49. A. beyond B. against C. inside D. beneath 50. A. scream B. sigh C. bounce D. breath 51. A. flights B. stairs C. steps D. barriers 52. A. eruption B. collapse C. explosion D. submission 53. A. unidentified B. unknown C. unconscious D. unanswered 54. A. best B. least C. most D. biggest 55. A. unique B. fantastic C. right D. ridiculous
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Welcome to CERN!
The CERN Hotel is made available to persons visiting or working at CERN for their convenience and quiet enjoyment. We hope your stay is pleasant and productive. For your safety and comfort, as well as that of your fellow guests, please read the following Rules and stick to them throughout your stay. Hotel Rules - Code of conduct 1. Guests shall acquaint themselves with the fire safety procedures and follow immediately with fire or other safety drills, alarms and instructions. 2. Guests shall behave appropriately at all times, respectful of the Hotel environment as well as of other guests. 3. During the quiet hours from 11pm to 7am, guests shall be particularly considerate and avoid any conduct that could disturb others in the area. 4. Only registered guests are permitted in the Hotel, other than for brief visits in common areas. No overnight visitors are permitted. 5. Parties or gatherings of more than 10 people are not permitted in the Hotel. Group meetings under the authority of a leader or teacher are tolerated provided that they do not disrupt the environment for other guests. 6. Food must be consumed only in common areas and food waste must be properly disposed of. 7. Smoking, alcohol and recreational drugs are strictly prohibited. 8. The facilities of the Hotel are for the enjoyment of all guests. To this end, care shall be taken to respect the infrastructure. In particular, furniture shall not be moved and nothing may be fixed to furniture or walls. 9. Guests are expected to keep their rooms and the common areas clean and tidy at all times. 10. Proper care should be taken of personal valuables. The CERN Hotel is not responsible in the event of their theft, loss or damage. 56. According to the Code, guests should behave _______. A. delightfully and creatively B. quietly and respectfully C. cautiously and safely D. carefully and responsibly 57. What are you allowed to do when staying at CERN? A. Put up a friend for the night. B. Have a get-together with parents. C. Have supper in their rooms. D. Place furniture to the wall. B I expect the travel of the future to become less physical, more mental. Through the use of technology,
you’ll be able to let your brain experience the sensations of a new place without actual going there. Robots and co mputer simulation（模仿）will enable you to visit remote exotic places without ever leaving home---the wreckage of the Titanic, the Galapagos Island, even the moon. As an oceanographer, I’ve spent decades developing robots to explore the depths, and now we’re putting that technology to use in our JASON Project, a cooperative effort between industry, science, and educators that’s designed to be a world classroom for children. In auditoriums throughout the country, we bring kids together and transmit back to them on large screens our live explorations of far-flung areas of the globe. Not only are the kids observers, but they truly participate. They have the sensation of really being at the site with us---through the ―eyes‖, ―ears‖, and motions of the robot. This year we’re taking the project to the Galapagos Islands. The Galapagos are an exceedingly fragile environment, so fragile that only 60,000 people are allowed to visit them each year. But with JASON we will be able to let some 300,000 children experience those unique islands. I believe advances in robot technology will one day be the key to an entirely new kind of travel. In the next 10 or 15 years I foresee people having rooms in their houses that will be able to simulate other environments. I like to call these rooms ―home domes‖---miniature theatres with wrap-around screens and sophisticated equipme nt that can reproduce the sights, sounds, smells, and feel of a desert, or a forest, or a meadow in high mountains. Today, much of the world’s population never travels more than 50 or 60 miles from home. And even a person with abundant wealth and time can see only a fraction of the earth’s sights. But this new era of travel will cost so much less in both time and money that many more people will be exposed to a lot more of the globe. And simulated travel will help protect our planet. You can’t take large groups of tourists trooping up to look at Dian Fossey’s gorillas. But a small robot can get very close to a silverback and send the sights, sounds, and smells back to a million people. I like to use this analogy（类比）to compare traditional travel with future travel: riding a horse is wonderful, but I don’t need to ride one to work anymore. That’s how I feel about traditional travel. Sometimes I still might want to hop on a plane and see a place firsthand, but sometimes I may simply want to walk into my home dome and take the trip from there. 58. Which statement best expresses the main idea of this article? A. Protecting fragile environments like the Galapagos Islands. B. Building home domes to meet people’s desire of travelling C. Traveling globally without even leaving home in the future. D. Owning rooms called ―home domes‖ to be put into reality. 59. According to the article, simulated travel _______. A. is a piece of equipment made for traveling B. provides virtual access to actual traveling C. has a negative effect on future environment D. will be available in around fifty years’ time 60. Which question is NOT answered in the article? A. Why is the ―home dome‖ designed and produced? B. When might a ―home dome‖ be available to us? C. What will be like in a ―home dome‖ in future? D. How much does a ―home dome‖ probably cost? C Boston school officials plan to notify parents at four schools that their children may have drunk water
tainted with lead from drinking fountains that were mistakenly turned on before water testing was complete. The fountains were active for as little as several hours to as long as three weeks. Boston Public Schools recently launched a $300,000 project to repair and upgrade plumbing(管道系 统) so that fountain water could be restored at six buildings that had been using bottled water. The facilities were selected for the pilot program because prior tests indicated lead levels that were below state and federal standards, school officials said. However, testing conducted in recent months found elevated lead levels in at least one fountain at four of the six schools, namely Mather Elementary School in Dorchester, Lee K-8 School in Dorchester, Curley K-8 School in Jamaica Plain, Another Course to College in Brighton. Lead contamination was also found at a fifth school, but officials don’t believe anyone drank from the fountains. School officials had previously told The Globe that none of the new fountains had been turned on since being installed. But they had learned in recent days that the fountains had been mistakenly activated, they said Wednesday. Officials blamed a lack of communication between employees of the school district’s facilities department and a third-party contractor. The fountains are now shut off in all six schools. Bottled water is being provided there instead, officials said. The four schools where children may have drunk water with high lead levels are: Mather Elementary School, Lee K-8 School, Curley K-8 School, and Another Course to College. ―BPS is communicating with families at the schools about these circumstances and their options if they are concerned about potential exposure to lead in drinking water,‖ said a statement from Boston Public Schools. School officials said automated phone calls were to be made to families at the affected schools Thursday afternoon and that letters would also be mailed home. In the meantime, school officials continue to investigate why water from the new fountains has high lead levels, a process that may cause the project to run over budget. Officials had hoped the new fountains would produce long-term savings by allowing the schools to drop their costly reliance on bottled water. Most Boston schools use bottled water because of past lead concerns. The city expects to spend $415,000 this school year alone to provide bottled water. Four other schools that were still using tap water were recently found to have high lead levels in fountains. The affected fountains were shut off and replaced with bottled water. Children are particularly vulnerable when it comes to lead. Exposure has been linked to IQ deficits, shortened attention spans, behavioral problems, hearing damage, stunted growth, and lowered birth weight. Officials said they were also contacting parents at Trotter Innovation School in Dorchester and Boston Green Academy in Brighton, the two other schools in the fountain restoration project. At Trotter, high lead levels were found, but officials believe no one drank from the fountains. At Boston Green Academy all six fountains tested had lead levels below the state’s standards. 61. Which of the following is TRUE acc ording to the passage? A. The fountains involved in the incident are now no longer in use. B. None of those newly-installed fountains have yet been turned on so far. C. Long term exposure to high lead levels can damage one’s immune system. D. Fountains tested in all six schools had lead levels above state standards. 62. According to the passage, what will make the project overspend budget money?
A. To find out actual causes of high lead levels B. To launch and upgrade plumbing in schools C. To have fountains replaced with bottled water D. To pay health services staff to answer questions 63. The officials had fountain restoration project carried out for the purpose of _______. A. boycotting bottled water B. lowering lead levels C. using new fountains D. cutting expenses 64. The passage is written mainly to _______. A. disclose the problem of high lead-level fountain water B. warn kids of potential danger of drinking fountain water C. report lead-affected water found at Boston schools D. urge official to accelerate the fountain restoration project D November 20, 1924 Dear Scott: I think you have every kind of right to be proud of this book ---The Great Gatsby （了不起的盖茨比） . It is an extraordinary book, suggestive of all sorts of thoughts and moods. You adopted exactly the right method of telling it, that of employing a narrator who is more of a spectator（旁观者）than an actor: this puts the reader upon a point of observation on a higher level than that on which the characters stand and at a distance that gives perspective. I could go on praising the book, but points of criticism are more important now. I think you are right in feeling some looseness in chapters six and seven, and I don’t know how to suggest a remedy. I hardly doubt that you will find one and I am only writing to say that I think it does need something to hold up here to the pace set, and following. I have only two actual criticisms: One is that among a set of characters marvelously vivid and vital—I would know Tom Buchanan if I met him on the street and would avoid him—Gatsby is somewhat vague. The reader’s eyes can never quite focus upon him, his outlines are dim. This may be somewhat of an artistic intention, but I think it is mistaken. Couldn’t he be physically described as distinctly as the others, and couldn’t you add one or two characteristics like t he use of that phrase ―old sport‖—not verbal, but physical ones, perhaps. I think that for some reason or other a reader gets an idea that Gatsby is a much older man than he is. But this would be avoided if on his first appearance he was seen as vividly as Daisy and Tom are, for instance—and I do not think your scheme would be weakened if you made him so. The other point is also about Gatsby: his career must remain mysterious, of course. But in the end you make it pretty clear that his wealth came through his connection with Wolfsheim. Now almost all readers are going to be puzzled by his having all this wealth and demand an explanation. To give a distinct and definite one would be, of course, completely absurd. It did occur to me, though, that you might here and there insert some phrases, and possibly incidents that would suggest that he was in some active way mysteriously engaged. You do have him called on the telephone, but couldn’t he be seen once or twice consulting at his parties with people of some sort of mysterious significance, from the political, the gambling, the sporting world, or whatever it may be. If some sort of business activity of his were simply suggested, it would lend further probability to that part of the story. There is one other point: in giving deliberately Gatsby’s biography, when he gives it to the narrator, you do withdraw from the method of the narrative in some degree, for otherwise almost everything is told, and beautifully told, in the regular flow of it. But you can’t avoid the biography altogether. I thought you
might find ways to let the truth of some of his claims like his army career come out, bit by bit, in the course of actual narrative. The general brilliant quality of the book makes me ashamed to make even these criticisms. The amount of meaning you get into a sentence, the dimensions and intensity of the impression you make a paragraph carry, are most extraordinary. It seems, in reading, a much shorter book than it is, but it carries the mind through a series of experiences that one would think would require a book of three times its length. You once told me you were not a natural writer—my God! You have plainly mastered the craft, of course; but you needed far more than craftsmanship for this. As ever,——Maxwell E. Perkins 65. The author wrote this letter in order to _______. A. praise Scott had written a magnificent book B. criticize Scott’s description of Gatsby C. help Scott improve his book D. discuss the writing skills applied by Scott 66. How many suggestions did Perkins offer in his letter? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five. 67. By ―I would know Tom Buchanan if I met him on the street and would avoid him,‖ Perkins intends to say _______. A. he does not like Tom Buchanan B. he has never met Tom Buchanan before C. some characters in the book are described very well D. Gatsby is mysterious compared to Tom Buchanan 68. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. the method of telling the story disconnects readers from the book B. Scott might deliberately describes Gatsby in an unclear way C. a clear explanation will help readers understand Gatsby’s business D. the book is too short for the amount of content delivered in it 69. What does ―You have plainly mastered the craft, of course; but you needed far more than craftsmanship for this.‖ mean? A. Scott is too modest about his talents. B. Scott is a born talented writer. C. Scott needs to improve his writing skills. D. Scott has to better himself in other aspects. 70. In writing this letter, Perkins appears to be _______. A. polite and straightforward B. proud but insightful C. modest and uncertain D. sharp and definite
第Ⅱ卷（共 35 分） 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文， 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的 单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。
Overcome the Complexity Within You
Although it doesn’t show up clearly in any personality test, some people seem to be likely to create complexity. Instead of cutting to the heart of an issue and narrowing down projects, they allow the scope to keep expanding; and instead of making decisions, they always wait for more data and better analysis. People of ―complexifiers‖ are characterized with these behaviors, always leaving complexity in their wake and making it more difficult for colleagues, customers, and even family members to get things done. Here’s a brief example: Due to changing market conditions, a billion-dollar consumer products company was starting to see decline in market share and profitability. To turn things around, an industry expert named Phillip was brought in as a new general manager. Phillip turned out to be a classic complexifier. At every meeting he asked for extra data and scolded his people for not knowing the answers to every detailed question he could think of. And although he was dissatisfied with some members, he kept telling HR that he wanted more time to evaluate them, so no changes were made. Eventually he reorganized the unit into a team that most of his people didn’t fully understand him. The result was that market share and profitability continued to decline. Obviously Phillip represents an extreme example of a complexifier. But all of us fall into this category from time to time. If you want to learn how to think more like a ―simplifier,‖ here are four questions that you can ask yourself and/or discuss with your team: How much data is enough? Complexifiers always want more information, with the hope that the next bit or byte will answer all questions and hold the key to success. Simplifiers understand that there will never be complete data and that it’s necessary to create hypotheses (假设) and action plans based on an intuitive sense of how much is enough. Have we agreed on the key issues? Rather than get locked in to a few things, complexifiers ask their people to keep multiple balls in the air. Simplifiers on the other hand narrow the focus to a few key things and give their people permission to stop doing things that don’t make the cut. Do we have an efficient process for rapid review and course correction? Complexifiers like to spend their time in long meetings, sorting through reports and analyses. Simplifiers have focused reviews of the key priorities and hold people accountable for their commitments and results. They also learn as they go, continually testing their hypotheses about what should be done against the reality of what’s working and what is not. This allows them to shift course whenever necessary. Can we explain our plan to others? Complexifiers have a hard time communicating their plans to colleagues and customers, relying on intricate ( 复 杂 的 ) charts and diagrams rather than simple, straightforward messages. Simplifiers tell stories that can get across the situation, the goals, and the plans — in a way that helps people understand what they need to do and how their work fits with everything else. Some people are naturals at simplification. But for the rest of us, asking these questions can help keep us honest about whether we are avoiding complexity, or creating it. Title: Overcome the Complexity Within You (71) ▲ complexifiers of ● They have a (72) ▲ to make things complex. ● What they focus on is usually off the point. ● They are (73) ▲ about data collection and analysis. ● He demanded extra data and blamed colleagues for their (74) ▲ to answer his detailed questions. ● He claimed more time to evaluate them, but never took (75) ▲ .
An example of a co mplexifier—Phillip
● What he did proved to be an (76) ▲
Contrasts between complexifiers and simplifiers
● Complexifiers want more information while simplifiers consider obtaining complete data (77) ▲ . ● Complexifiers keep their people busy with multiple things whereas simplifiers focus on key things. ● Complexifiers like to (78) ▲ different reports and analysis while simplifiers focus reviews of the key priorities and results. ● Complexifiers employ complicated charts to inform people while simplifiers (79) ▲ messages through simple stories Asking questions can help identify if we are complexity avoiders or (80) ▲ of it.
A possible solution to the problem
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分）
[写作内容] 1．用约 30 个单词概述上述图表内容； 2．用约 120 词发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）举例分析目前高中生睡眠缺失的原因。 （2）就如何保证充足睡眠提出具体建议。 [写作要求] 1．写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3．不必写标题。 [评分标准]
扬州市 2015-2016 学年度高三第四次模拟测试 英语参考答案
第一部分： 听力 1-5 ABCCC 6-10 BAACA 11-15 BABCA 16-20 BCBAB 第二部分：英语知识运用 第一节：单项填空 21-25 DBCAD 26-30 DACBC 31-35 DABCC 第二节 完型填空 36-40 CADBA 41-45 CBDDA 46-50 ABCCD 51-55 ABDBC 第三部分：阅读理解 56-57 DB 58-60 CBD 61-64 AADB 66-70 CBCBDA 第四部分：任务型阅读 71. Characteristics/Features 72. tendency 73. crazy/mad 74. inability/failing/failure 75. action /measures /steps 76. inefficient/ineffective 77. unnecessary 78. sort/classify 79. convey 80. creators 第五部分：书面表达
Possible version: Various factors to blame, people of different occupations in contemporary society are more or less suffering sleep disorders, as a consequence of which their average work-day sleeping hours get shortened. (30 words) Shockingly, due to constant stress and tremendous amounts of homework, high school kids are among the sufferers. Take me as an example: Not only do I have to rise early, but I also need to face frequent tests and exercises once out of bed. Therefore, burning midnight oil can never be too common for me. How can I ensure myself enough sleep? To solve the problem, effective measures are to be worked out. Personally, having a better management of time is far more necessary. Make first things always first. That way, your work and play can be well balanced. Furthermore, a proper diet will surely count. Only with high efficiency and right food can you guarantee a satisfactory daily sleep. (120 words)
A篇 这是一篇关于宾馆注意事项的应用文。 56．D。推理判断题。根据―stick to them（the rules） ，behave appropriately，proper care‖等关键词可推 知旅馆客人的行为应该体现尊重和责任，故选 D 项。 57．B。细节理解题。根据第 5 点规定可知宾馆允许举行 10 人以下的聚会，所以 B 项正确。 B篇 这是一篇说明文，介绍了利用高科技提供虚拟旅游经历的研究。 58．C。文章主旨题。全文介绍了利用机器人和仿真技术使人们在家中就能够体验到如同身临其境的 旅游经历。
59．B。细节理解题。根据文章第二段和倒数第二段描述， “模仿”旅游就是给实际旅游提供虚拟的 途径。 60. D 细节理解题。文中没有提及―home dome‖的价格。 C篇 本文讲述的是波士顿部分中学装设的自来水管道发现铅污染的相关事件报告。 61．A。细节理解题。根据第 8 段“The fountains are now shut off in all six schools.”可以得知 A 选项 为正确答案。 另外， 根据第 6 段 “But they had learned in recent days that the fountains had been mistakenly activated, they said Wednesday.”判断 B 选项错误。另外，倒数第 3 段所谈及的铅超标的危害没有提 到免疫系统损坏， 所以 C 选项错误。 还有， 根据最后一段的 “At Boston Green Academy all six fountains tested had lead levels below the state’s standards.”判断 D 选项错误。 62．A。细节理解题。根据第 12 段“In the meantime, school officials continue to probe why water from the new fountains has high lead levels, a process that may cause the project to run over budget.” 可以得知。 63． D。 细节理解题。 根据第 13 段第 1-2 行 “Officials had hoped the new fountains would produce long-term savings by allowing the schools to drop their costly reliance on bottled water.”可以得知。 64．C。综合全文内容理解可判定该篇文章报道的是“更多的波士顿学校发现饮用水铅污染”。 D篇 这是一封柏金斯写给美国作家斯科特?菲兹杰拉德信函，内容是关于修改小说《了不起的盖茨比》的 建议。 65．C。文章主旨题。纵观全文柏金斯在赞扬《了不起的盖茨比》一书的同时，重点提出了自己的修 改意见，所以 C 项正确。 66．B。细节理解题。柏金斯提出了关于盖茨比的形象描写、财富来源和生平经历三方面的意见。 67．C。推理判断题。画线句说柏金斯在路上遇到小说中的人物 Tom Buchanan 会主动避开，作用是 为了说明前一句小说中的一组人物形象既生动又重要。 68．B。推理判断题。根据第三段―This may be somewhat of an artistic intention‖，可以推知菲兹杰拉 德可能是出于艺术创作的需要，把盖茨比的形象描写得比较模糊，故选 B 项。 69．D。推理判断题。最后一句柏金斯表扬了菲兹杰拉德的写作技巧高超，同时有指出菲兹杰拉德 还需要在技巧之外多加磨练，所以 D 项正确。 70．A 。观点态度题。纵观全文柏金斯多出赞扬了菲兹杰拉德的高超技艺，又客气委婉地提出了自 己的建议，故选 A 项。
一、总体原则： 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 （参见附录） 。评分时，首先根据文章的内容和语言（内容 要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性）初步确定其所属档 次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定最后给分。 （一）语言方面： 1．词数少于 130 或多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 2．语言形式错误分为大错和小错。大错包括“时态、语态、主谓一致”等，小错包括“单词拼写错 误、小品词用法错误”等。如出现 1 个大错，从总分中减去 1 分。如出现 1 个小错，从总分中减去 半分。如层次不清楚，写作没分段，从总分中减去 2 分。如果没有使用较复杂的句子结构，评分时 将分数降低 1 个档次。 （二）内容要点方面： ★本次内容赋分从下面几个方面： 1、描述图表内容（6 分） ：
图表内容分为：一是图表中文字内容：导致睡眠失调的原因（3 分） ，注意：不得照抄原文，凡 照抄的一律扣 3 分；二是图表下方内容：各行各业睡眠时间以及由此反映出的问题（3 分） 。 2、举例分析目前高中生睡眠缺失的原因（8 分） ： 作为中学生，原因分析至少要有两点：压力和课业负担（3 分） ；举例并分析（5 分） 。 3、就如何保证充足睡眠提出具体建议（8 分） 建议要具体、合理，具有可操作性。 4、卷面（3 分） 三处乱涂扣 1 分，五处乱涂扣 2 分，五处以上扣 3 分。 （乱涂的鉴定：如在写错的单词上划上 1-2 道线的不算乱涂，三道线以上以及不规则的乱划算乱涂） ； 不按要求将内容写在规定范围以外的，扣 1 分。书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低 1 个档 次。 附录： 【英语作文评分标准--各档次的给分范围和要求】 第五档(很好)；(21-25 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 覆盖所有内容要点。 3. 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 4. 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较强的语 言运用能力。 5. 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(好)：(16-20 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(适当)：(11-15 分) 1. 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 6. 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档(较差)：(6-10 分) 1. 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 2. 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 5. 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 6. 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档(差)：(1-5 分) 1. 未完成试题规定的任务。
2. 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 5. 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 6. 信息未能传达给读者。 不得分：(0 分) 未能传达给读者仟何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法 看清。 听力朗读稿： 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小 题。每段对话仅读一遍。 Text 1 W: We are going to the coffee shop. Aren’t you coming? M: Sorry, I’m waiting for an important call. Maybe next time. W: Ok. Have a good day. Text 2 M: I’m looking for an unfurnished two-bedroom apartment, but all your apartments are furnished. W: We can take care of that. We can simply remove the furniture. Text 3 M: That’s my watch alarm. I have an appointment back at the hotel at eleven o’clock. W: Is it eleven already? M: No, no. Actually, it’s 10:30. I set my wa tch half an hour fast. Text 4 M: I don’t think I answered the 4th question correctly on the test. The teacher may get angry at me. W: Why worry about it? It’s too late. M: But if I reviewed the book more carefully … W: Oh, John. It’s over. Text 5 M: Uh, I wish someone would change this music. W: I’m so happy you said that. I thought I was the only one who didn’t like it. M: Don’t worry. You’re not. I think it’s a little strange and a little loud, too. W: Very strange and very loud. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小 题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 题。 Text 6 M: Hi, Wanda. Where are you rushing? W: I’m heading for a meeting of the ski club. It starts in a few minutes. M: The ski club? W: Yes. Do you want to come along?
M: What does the ski club do? W: Well, you get to know other people who enjoy skiing, listening to lectures and programs on skiing techniques and equipment, and—best of all— plan skiing trips. M: It sounds great, but I don’t know exactly how to ski very well. W: It doesn’t matter. You just want to learn how to ski. M: That sounds like my kind of club. I guess I’ll come along with you and try it. W: We’ve got to hurry. It’s almost three o’clock. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至第 9 题。 Text 7 W: My sister is too easy to get anxious. It troubled him a lot! M: Many people suffer from some form of extreme anxiety. W: How do they control anxiety? M: The best way is to take drugs which help patients manage their anxiety. W: Are they harmful to the brain? M: Scientists have started a series of studies to identify the effects of the drugs on the brain, but the effects on the nervous system have not been known for a long time. W: How is the study going? M: The scientists have gained some insight into the costs and benefits of the anti-anxiety drugs. And they have learned that two effects of the drugs are obviously harmful. The harmful effects may make the price of anti-anxiety drugs too high. 听下面一段对话，回答第 10 至第 12 题。 Text 8 W: Hello. Is this the police office? M: Yes. How can I help you? W: I’ve been robbed! I was just walking through Central MTR station when a young man walking in the opposite direction knocked into me. He apologized at once and asked if I was all right. I told him I was fine and smiled at him. M: Can you describe the man, please? W: He was a tall young man. He was dressed in a white shirt and jeans. And he was wearing a pair of dark glasses, I remember. M: OK. What happened next? W: He smiled at me and then hurried away. It was only a few seconds later that I realized my handbag was gone. He must have taken it when he knocked into me. All my keys, money and credit cards in that bag. Please help me! M: Please stay calm. We’ll be with you as soon as possible. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 题。 Text 9 M: So you’re visiting San Francisco? W: Yes, I just got here the day before yeste rday, and you? M: I’m a native． W: Oh, really? All the people I meet here are tourists like me. I was beginning to think that maybe there
were no natives. M: Well. San Francisco has a lot of different ethnic groups, so you might think you’re seeing a lot of foreigners. But in fact, the city has a population of about 700, 000 people. W: What are the ethnic groups? M: Well, after whites, the largest one is blacks. W: I thought it was Chinese. M: It’s true that San Francisco has the largest Chinese community outside Asia. But the black people there are more than Chinese. W: That’s interesting. Don’t most of the Chinese people live in Chinatown? M: Well, no, they live throughout the city, but Chinatown is definitely the center of Chinese culture here. That’s where you’11 find the best Chinese restaurants, bookstores, art theaters and things like that. W: How about the Japanese? Doesn’t San Francisco have a large Japanese population too? M: No, actually there are only about l2, 000 Japanese people here, but we do have all area called ―Japan town‖ that has Japanese restaurants and bookstores. W: You seem to know a lot about this city. M: Well, most San Franciscans think their city is pretty special. We like to talk about it. Besides, I teach ethnic history at the university here. W: No wonder you know so much! 听下面一段独白，回答第 17 至第 20 题。 Text 10 During my last year of school, I was given the opportunity to visit an advisor and I drove her crazy with my choices. My first choice was a chocolate tester. I discovered that chocolate testers earn a lot of money, so I was sure I had found my dream job. However, when I found out that chocolate testers don’t just sit around eating chocolate all day, they are also i nvolved in the marketing and promotion of the product. I finally gave it up. Next, I thought of becoming a football referee. I had loved football from a young age, but I couldn’t play well. Anyway, it seems that referees must be able to run 2.5 miles in less than twelve minutes and they are required to take exams throughout their training. On top of that, only after many years of experience–and if they are lucky–do they get the chance to referee big professional matches. So, my dream of showing David Beckham a red card disappeared. Finally, I had this perfect idea of becoming a dog stylist after I realized how much money our dog stylist was being paid. However, once, while she was styling our Philipo, I noticed he tried to bite her. As you can imagine, that really put me off. All this research made me realize I had a gift for collecting information, so I had decided to become a journalist.
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