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定语从句练习①+解析


定语从句练习题 1. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town __________ he grew up as a chil d. (NMET 1996) A. which B. that C. where D. when

2. Carol said the wo

rk would be done by October, __________ personally I doubt very much. (NMET 1999) A. it B. that C. when D. which

3. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, __________, of course, made the other s unhappy. (NMET 2000) A. who B. which C. this D. what

4. __________ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. (NMET 20 01) A. It B. As C. That D. What

5. The film brought the hours back to me __________ I was taken good care of in that far-away villa ge. (NMET2001) A. until 海卷) A. Which me. (1995 上海卷) A. whose time 卷) A. once they grew B. they grew once C. they once grew D. once grew B. that C. on which D. by which B. As C. That D. It B. that C. when D. where 6. __________ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior school is increasing. (1994 上

7. In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30 p.m., __________ many people have got ho

8. All of the flowers now raised here have developed from those __________ in the forest. (1997 上海

9. He made another wonderful discovery, __________ of great importance to science. (1998 上海卷) A. which I think is 海卷) A. who B. whom C. what D. which B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think is

10. He was very rude to the Customs officer, __________ of course made things even worse. (1999 上

11. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, __________ was very reasonable. (2000 上海卷) A. which price (2001 上海卷) A. where B. which C. while D. why B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose

12. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation __________ he is likely to lose control over the plane.

13. I can think of many cases __________ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expres sions but couldn’t write a good essay. (2003 上海卷) A. why B. which C. as D. where

14. The gentleman __________ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. (2000 上海春) A. who B. about whom C. whom D. with whom

15. It was an exciting moment for these football fans this year, __________ for the first time in years their team won the World Cup. (2000 北京春) A. that B. while C. which D. when 16. The result of the experiment was very good, __________ we hadn’t expect. (2000 北京春) A. when B. that B. it’s C. which D. what

17. Have you seen the film Titanic, __________ leading actor is world famous? (2001 上海春) A. its C. whose D. which 18. John said he’d been working in the office for an hour, __________ was true. (2001 北京春) A. he B. this C. which D. who

19. Is this the reason __________ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? (2002 上海春) A. he explained 北京春) A. where B. when C. which D. who B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained

20. The famous basketballer, __________ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. (2002

21. We are living in an age __________ many things are done on computer. (2003 北京春) A. which B. that C. whose D. when

22. We will be shown around the city: schools, museums, and some other places, __________ other vi sitors seldom go. (2002 北京) A. what B. which C. where D. when

23. York, __________ last year, is a nice old city. (2003 北京) A. that I visited B. which I visited C. where I visited D. in which I visited

24. Luckily, we'd brought a road map without __________ we would have lost our way. (2004 北京春) A. it B. that C. this D. which

25. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, __________ the sailing time was 2 26 days. (2004 广西卷) A. of which 004 辽宁卷) A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that B. during which C. from which D. for which

26. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% __________are sold abroad. (2

27. There are two buildings, __________stands nearly a hundred feet high. (2004 湖北卷) A. the larger B. the larger of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which

1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which B. where C. what D. in which

2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke 3.This is the hotel _______last month. A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed C. I spoke to D. that I spoke

4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which

5.That is the day ______I'll never forget.

A. which

B. on which

C. in which

D. when

6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which

7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. A. where B. that C. which D. there

8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year C. that has been shown this year B. that have shown D. that you talked

9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked C. about that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which B. which you talked D. that you talked

11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that

12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom

13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose

14.I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which

15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as

16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as

17.He is good at English, ______we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what

18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him

19.I don't like ______ as you read. A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels

20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what

21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. A. which B. that C. whom D. who

22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. A. them B. which C. whom D. who

23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who

24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that

25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what

26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it

27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./

29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which

30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked C. that I have looked after B. which I have looked after D. I have looked after

31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B .that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what

32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. A.that B.which C.for which D.who

33.That is not the way ______I do it. A./ B.which C.for which D.with which

34.I have two grammars, ______are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which

35.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which

36.My neigh bours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. A. who B. which C. that D. it

37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which

38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as

39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose

40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. A. that B. which C. it D. though

41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened? --- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. A. what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that

42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which

43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing. A. owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are

44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. A. followed B. following C. to follow D. that followed

45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it

46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that

47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week? A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where

48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who

49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well. A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which

50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. A. are being B. has been C. had been D. have been

1.what 不能引导定语从句. 2.关系词的分析须考虑它在定语从句中的成分。 3 指人时有时只用 who 不宜用 that。 先行词为 one、ones 或 anyone 先行词为 these 时 在 there be 开头的句子中 一个句子中带有两个定语从句,其中一个定语从句的关系代词是 that,另一个宜用 who,以免重复。 在非限制性定语从句中

1. C。先行词是地点名词,且定语从句中缺地点状语,用关系副词 where。 2. D。关系代词 which 代替 Carol 所说的话。句意为:Carol 说这工作将在十月完成,我本人对此表 示怀疑。 3. B。关系代词 which 代表前面整个主句,在定语从句中作主语。of course 为插入语,做题时可略去 不看。 4. B。关系代词 as 代表整个主句,在定语从句中作主语。 5. C。先行词是表示时间的词 the hours,并在定语从句中作状语,因此选关系副词 when。定语从句与 先行词被 back to me 分开。 6. B。as 在定语从句中代表主句。意为“正如?”,它引导的定语从句既可放在主句前,也可放在主句 后。which 也可以代表主句,意为“这 / 那件事?”,但它引导的定语从句只能放在主句的后面。 7. D。on 不表钟点; by 指时间“到那时为止”。句意为“在办公室里,我似乎直到下午 5:30 才有空, 那时,许多人都已回到家。” 8. C。先行词是 those(指 those flowers)。they once grew 前省略了关系代词 which。副词 once 要放 在行为动词前。句意为:这儿所养的花是由他们曾在森林里种植的花培养出来的。 9. A。答案中的“I think”是插入语,如果将其去掉,便可清楚地看出答案。另外,which 在题中引导 一个非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作主语。 10. D。考点与是在第 20 小题相同,题干的句子结构也几乎一样。 11. B。表示先行词所表示的“那个人或物的?”用 whose?或 the?of which=of which?。因此,表示 “花瓶的价格” 可说 the price of which 或 of which the price 或 whose price。另外,若在 its price 前加 and 也对。 12. A。先行词是 situation,指地点位置,用 where(=in which)引导定语从句。 13. D。先行词是 many cases,定语从句中缺状语(in many cases 在许多情况下),用 where (=in whic h)引导定语从句。 14. B。tell sb about?把有关?的情况告诉某人。 15. D。这是非限制性定语从句,先行词是 moment,关系词在从句中作状语,用 when。 16. C。which 代表整个主句,在定语从句中作 hadn’t expected 的宾语。 17. C。用 whose 作定语。

18.C。关系代词 which,代表 John 所说之事,在定语从句中作主语。which = and that / this / it。 19. A。the reason 后接定语从句。因为代表先行词 the reason 的关系代词 that / which 作 explaine d 的宾语,所以被省略了。注意与 the reason why?不同:Is there any reason why you can’t come? (w hy 在定语从句中作状语) 20. D。先行词是人 The famous basketballer(著名的篮球明星),用 who 引导定语从句。 21. D。先行词是表时间的 age(时代),并在定语从句中作状语,用 when。 22. C。先行词是地点名词 places,并在定语从句中作状语,用 where(www.yygrammar.com)。 23. B。先行词虽然是表地点的 York,但代表它的关系词在定语从句中作及物动词 visited 的宾语,排 除 C 和 D; 又因 that 不可引导非限制性定语从句,排除 A。 24. D。此题不仅考查定语从句,同时考查虚拟语气。其中的 without which 为介词加关系代词结构,介 词短语表达与过去事实相反的条件。 25. A。这是考查非限制性定语从句。因为 the sailing time 与 nine months 是部分与整体的关系,所以 选 A:of which the sailing time =the sailing time of which =and the sailing time of the nine months。 句意是:这次环球旅行花了这个老水手 9 个月的时间,其中海上航行时间有 226 天。 26. A。因为前后是句子,而又没有连词连接,所以选 A,将后句变成一个起补充作用的非限制性定语从 句,80% of which=and 80% of them (其中 80%)。 27. D。因前后是两个句子,必须要有连词将其连接,排除 A 和 B; 若选 C,那么 that 引导的定语从句 修饰 the large one,因缺少谓语动词而不成句子; 所以只有 D 正确:the larger of which =and the larger of them (其中较大的那一座建筑物)。 28. C。因为表示“在剧中演出”是 act in a play,所以选 C:my students acted in the play。 1. A. which 用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。 2.C. "和谁讲话”要说 speak to sb. 本题全句应为 Do you know the man whom I spoke to.。who m 是关系代词,作介词 to 的宾语,可以省略。 3. D. where 是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。 4. C. when 是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。 5.A. which 是关系代词,在从句中作 forget 的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。 6.C. 解析同第 5 题。 7. A. 解析见第 3 题。 8. A. 本句话的先行词应该是 films,因此,关系代词 that 是负数概念,其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态 h ave been shown。如果句中的 one 前面使用了定冠词 the,则 the one 应该视为先行词。 9. A. “谈到某事物”应说 talk about sth.。about 是介词,其后要用 which 作宾语,不能用 that。 10. A. with which 是"介词+关系代词"结构,常用来引导定语从句.with 有"用"的意思,介词之后只能用 w hich,不能用 that. with which 在定语从句中作状语,即 he is writing with a pen. 11. C. in front of which 即 in front of a farmhouse. In front of which 在从句中作状语. 12. D. with whom 引导定语从句.with whom 放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer. 13. D. whose 引导定语从句,在从句中作主语 family 的定语. 14. A. that 引导定语从句,因为先行词是 all,所以只能选用 that 引导. 15. D. the same??..as 是固定用法, as 引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本句话中,as 作从句 的主语. 16. D. such??? as 是固定用法,as 引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本题中,as 作表语.

17. B. as 作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时 as 所指代的不是主句中某个名词,而 往往指代整个主句的含义。as 在从句中可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句后,也可置于主句前。在本句中, as 作宾语. 18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much 是主句,with whom I went to the concert 是定语从句.with wh om 放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming. 19. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such?as 或 the same?as 固定搭配,其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的 名词,as 为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。 as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。Such 修饰单 数名词时,要用 such a??..,本题中 such books, such 直接修饰复数名词. 20. B. things 和 persons 是先行词.当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,又表示物的名词时,其关系代 词要用 that. 21. D. who 引导非限制性定语从句,who 作从句的主语. 22. C. two thirds of whom 即:two thirds of the 2,000 workers. 23. D. 先行词 person 后有两个定语从句,第一个从句省略了关系代词 whom.因为, whom 作从句中 met 的宾语,可以省略.第二个从句 who could do it.who 在从句中作主语,不可省略. 24. A. whose title 引导非限制性定语从句,whose title 也可以说成 the title of which 25. A. for which 引导定语从句,使用介词 for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for "以??..而 闻名". 26. C. 当先行词被 such 修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用 as. As 在本从句中作主语. 27. A. 两个先行词 the day 都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要 用关系副词 when. 第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词 spent 的宾语,因此要用关系代词 which 或 that 来引导定语从句. 28. D. 在 way、distance、direction 等词后的定语从句中,常用 that 来代替“in (或其他介词)+which”、 when 或 where,而 that 常可省略。 29. D. for which 在定语从句中作原因状语,可用 why 来替代. 30. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句. 31. A. The reason why? was that?.已成为一种固定句型, 这一句中的 why 和 that 不能随意换位, 也 不能将 that 改成 because,尽管 that 这个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义。 32. B. 非限制性定语从句常用 which 引导,which 表示前句话的整个含义. 33. A. 解释见 28 题. 34. D. 主句中的 two 表明不能选 A.从句中的 are 表明不能选 B. both of which 用来引导非限制性定语 从句. 35. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such?as 或 the same?as 固定搭配,其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的 名词,as 为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中 as 作 从句的主语. 36. B. 非限制性定语从句常用 which 引导,which 表示前句话的整个含义. 37. D. 38. D. 解析见 35 题. 39. A. he makes 是定语从句, 从句前省略了关系代词 that. 40. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句. 41. A. what happened 是宾语从句. all 之后 that he knew 是定语从句.先行词是 all,所以关系代词只能 用 that.

42. D. years 是表示时间的名词,用 when 引导定语从句,是因为 when 在从句中作时间状语.第二个空选用 which,引导一个非限制性定语从句. 43. C. 本句话的定语从句是 who own cars. 其先行词是 people,因此,定语从句的谓语动词要用复数的 o wn。本句话主句的主语是 The number of 指“?..的数目”,是单数概念。因此,主句的谓语动词要用 is。 44. D. that followed 是定语从句,关系代词 that 在从句中作主语。 45. A. 先行词 gas 被 only 修饰,关系代词要用 that,而不用 which。 46. B. through which 引导定语从句,through which 即 through the hole,在定语从句中作状语。What 引导的是 see 的宾语从句,并作从句的主语。 47. B. 为便于理解,改写本句话:This is the school that some Germanfriends visited last week. 不 难看出,作表语的 the school 是先行词。that 引导了定语从句,因为 that 同时又作 visited 的宾语,所以被省 略了。其它选项结构不对。 48. A. 解释见 35 题。 49. C. 因为是 two ballpens, 并且定语从句的谓语 writes 是单数概念。因此,C 是正确选项。 50. B. 本句话中,主句的主语是 all,为抽象概念。因此,其谓语应用单数的 has been。关系代词 that 引 导定语从句,并在从句中作主语。


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