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非谓语经典第四讲 非谓语动词做宾语补足语的用法


非谓语动词作宾语补足语的用法

一、考点透视
考纲定位和能力要求:
掌握不定式、现在分词和过去分词作宾语补足语的区别。

(一)感官动词后非谓语做宾语补足语的情况
1. see, watch ,observe, look at, notice, hear, listen to, feel +sb./sth. sing an English song just now. 例如:1) I heard her ______ to sing = She was heard _______an English song just now. 2)I heard her singing _______an an English song when I passed by her room. 3) To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English spoken much as possible. _______as

(二)使役动词后非谓语动词作宾语补足语的情况。

1. have/get sth. done 让某事被…… 例:I’ll have/get my computer repaired.
2. have / make / let sb. do get sb. to do 让某人做某事 例:She made me cry.

3. have sb. /sth.doing sth. 让……持续地做……

(三)动词leave, find, keep, catch后接非谓语动词作宾语补足语的情况

1. leave sth. /sb. doing 让……一直做某事
undone (unfinished, unsettled, 等)留下某事未做 2.find /keep/ catch sb. /sth. doing 发现/使/ 撞到…… done 发现/使/ 撞到……被……

温馨提示:
有些作宾语补足语的过去分词,几乎失去了和宾语之间的“被动”

含义,而只是说明宾语的某种“状态”。
例如: We found him lost in his work. 我们发现他专心地工作。

We were surprised to see the man dressed in a woman’s skirt.
我们吃惊地发现那个男士穿着女式的裙子。

二、典题直击
1. When we saw the road D with snow, we decided to spend the

holiday at home. (2013北京)
A. block B. to block C. blocking D. blocked

2. Let those in need B that we will go all out to help them. (2013陕西)
A. to understand C. understanding B. understand D. understood

C 4. I looked up and noticed a snake ______ its way up the tree to catch its breakfast. (2012四川卷) A. to wind B. wind C. winding D. wound

(四) 下列动词后用不定式作宾语补足语。

advise, allow, ask, beg, permit, , encourage, expect, forbid,
force,invite, order, persuade, require, remind, warn 等等+sb. +to do 例如:1. Mary invited me to go shopping with her. 2. He was reminded not to forget the appointment .

smoking in the hall, so you are not allowed 例如: We won’t allow _______ _______ to smoke here. (smoke)

(五)下列结构中用不定式作主语补足语:

典题直击
1. Passengers are permitted ______only one piece of hand luggage onto the A

plane. (2011天津)
A. to carry B. carrying C. to be carried D. being carried

3. —Can I smoke here? —Sorry. We don’t allow ______ D here. (2007 江苏)

(六)with 复合结构中非谓语动词作宾语补足语的情况。 doing (主动;进行) with + n./pron. + done (被动;完成/状态 ) to do (将来)

典题直击
1. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with B their pet dog____them. (2012辽宁卷) A. to follow B. following C. followed D. Follows

三、能力突破
解答非谓语动词作宾语补足语的方法: 1. 在题干中寻找能接非谓语动词作宾语补足语的词,包括感官动词see,

1.Claire had her luggage_______an hour before her plane left. D
(2011陕西卷) A. check B. checking C. to check D. checked

3. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English
____as much as we can. (2008江苏)? C

A. speak

B. speaking

C. spoken

D. to speak

四、备考指津
通过对近十年高考试题的分析,非谓语动词做宾语补足语的用

法中hear, have, keep, with, make等词的考查频率较高。由于非谓语

谢谢您的观看!


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