必修四 Unit1 A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE It is 5:45 am and the sun is just _____over Gombe National Park in East Africa. _______- Jane's way of studying chimps, our group are all going to
visit them in the forest. Jane has studied these families of chimps for many years and helped people understand how much they _______- like humans. _____- a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. This means going back to the place where we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits in the _____ of the trees _______the family begins to wake up and_____ _________. Then we follow as they _______ into the forest. Most of the time, chimps _____ feed _____- clean each other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane _______ us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. However, the evening makes it all _________. We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree. Then we see them go to sleep together in their ___ for the night. We realize that the ________ between members of a chimp family is ___ strong __ in a human family. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp ______-. She spent years ______and recording their daily activities. Since her childhood she had wanted to work with animals in their own environment. However, this was not easy. When she first arrived in Gombe in 1960, it was unusual for a woman to live in the forest. ______ after her mother came to help her for the first few months _____ she allowed to begin her project. Her work changed the way people think about chimps. For example, one important thing she discovered was that chimps hunt and eat meat. Until then everyone had thought chimps ate only fruit and nuts. She actually observed chimps as a group hunting a monkey and then eating it. She also discovered how chimps ____ ____ each other, and her study of their body language helped her ___- ___their social system. For forty years Jane Goodall has ____ _____ ______ making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. She has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. She has helped to _____ _____special places where they can live safely. She is____ _ __________ but she says: "Once I stop, it all comes ____ _____ in and I remember the chimps in laboratories. It's terrible. It affects me when I watch the wild chimps. I say to myself, 'Aren't they lucky?" And then I think about small chimps in cages though they have done nothing wrong. Once you have seen that you can never forget ..." She has achieved everything she wanted to do: working with animals in their own environment, ____ a doctor's _____ and showing that women can live in the forest as men can. She ___ those who want to _________- the achievements of women.
Unit3 A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR As Victor Hugo once said, "Laughter is the sun that________ winter from the human face", and __ __ ___ nobody has been able to do this better than Charlie Chaplin. He_____ the lives of Americans and British through two world wars and the hard years in between. He made people laugh _____ _____ ____when they felt _____, so they could_____ more _____ their lives. _____ _____Charlie's own life was easy! He was born in a poor family in 1889. His parents were both poor music hall _____. You may _____ _____ ____ that Charlie was taught to sing _____ _____ _____ he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk. _____ training was common in acting families at this time, _____ when the family income was often _____ . Unfortunately his father died, _____ the family even_____ _____ so Charlie spent his childhood looking after his sick mother and his brother. By his teens, Charlie had, through his humour, become one of the most popular child actors in England. He could_____and_____the fool doing ordinary everyday_____. No one was ever _____ watching him -his _____ acting made everything__________ As time ________ by, he began ________ films. He grew more and more popular as his ________ ________, the little tramp, became known ________the world. The tramp, a poor, homeless man ________ a moustache, ________ large trousers, ________ shoes and a small round black hat. He walked around________ carrying a walking stick. This character was a social ________but was loved for his ________and ________ to ________all difficulties. He was the underdog who was kind even when others were unkind to him.
How did the little tramp make a sad situation entertaining? Here is an example from one of his most famous films, The Gold Rush. It is the mid-nineteenth century and gold has just been discovered in California. Like so many others, the little tramp and his friend have rushed there ________ ________ ________ g old, but without success. Instead they are hiding in a small hut ____ ____ _____ ____ a mountain during a snowstorm with nothing to eat. They are so hungry that they try ___ a pair of leather shoes for their dinner. Charlie first ________ ________ the laces and eats them____ ____they ________ spaghetti. Then he____ ___ the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak. Finally he tries cutting and ________ the bottom of the shoe. He eats each ________ with great enjoyment. The acting is so ________ that it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! Charlie Chaplin wrote, ________ and produced the films he_______. In 1972 he was given a special Oscar for his ________ work in films. He lived in England and the USA but spent his last years in Switzerland, where he was buried in 1977. He is loved and remembered ___a great actor________could ________ people with great confidence.
Unit4 COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM? Yesterday, another student and I, ________our university's student ________ went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year's international students. They were coming to study at Beijing University. We would take them first to their dormitories and then to the student canteen. After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously. I stood for a minute ________ them and then went to ________ them.
The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely________ by Julia Smith from Britain. After I met them and then introduced them to each other, I was very surprised. Tony ________ Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back ________ surprised and put up her hands, as if _____ ___. I guessed that there was probably a ________misunderstanding. Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together with George Cook from Canada. As they were introduced, George ________ his hand out to the Japanese student. Just at that moment, however, Akira ________ so his nose touched George's moving hand. They both ________- another cultural mistake!
Ahmed Aziz, another international student, was from Jordan. When we met yesterday, he moved very close to me as I introduced myself. I moved back a bit, but he came closer to ask a question and then________ my hand. When Darlene Coulon from France came ______ ______the door, she ________ Tony Garcia's smiling face. They shook hands and then kissed each other twice ________ each cheek, since that is the French custom when adults meet people they know. Ahmed Aziz., ____ ___ c________, simply ______ _ the girls. Men from Middle Eastern and other Muslim countries will often stand quite close to other men to talk but will usually not touch women.
As I get to know more international friends, I learn more about this cultural "body language". Not all cultures greet each other the same way, ________are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people. In the same way that people communicate with ________ language, they also express their feelings using unspoken "language" through physical distance, ________ or ________. English people, for example, do not usually stand very close to others or touch strangers as soon as they meet. However, people from places like Spain, Italy or South American countries approach others closely and ________ more________ ___touch them. Most people around the world now greet each other by shaking hands, but some cultures use other greetings as well, _______ _______ the Japanese, who prefer to bow.
These actions are not good or bad, but are simply ways____ ____ cultures have developed. I have seen, however, that cultural ________ for body language are very general - not all members of a culture ________ in the same way. ___ ____ , though, studying international customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today's world of cultural _______!
Unit5 THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN Which theme park would you like to visit? There are ____ _____ ____theme parks, with a different park for almost everything: food, culture, science, cartoons, movies or history. Some parks ____ _____ ____ having the biggest or longest roller coasters, others for showing the famous _____and sounds of a culture. Whichever and __________ you like, there is a theme park for you!
The theme park you____probably most______ _____is Disneyland. It can be found in several parts of the world. It will bring you into a_____ world and make your dreams ____ _____ , whether traveling through space, visiting a pirate ship or meeting your favourite fairy tale or Disney cartoon _______. As you _______ _______ the_____amusement park, you may see Snow White or Mickey Mouse in a ________ or on the street. Of course Disneyland also has many exciting rides, from _____swinging ships to _____ free-fall drops. With all these _______,__ _____ tourism is increasing _____ there is a Disneyland. If you want to____ ____ and more than fun, come to Disneyland!
Dollywood, in the beautiful Smoky Mountains in the southeastern USA, is one of the most ____- theme parks in the world. Dollywood shows and celebrates America's traditional southeastern culture. Although Dollywood has rides, the park's main attraction is its culture. Famous country music groups _____ there all year in indoor and outdoor theatres. People come from all over America to see carpenters and other _____ make wood, glass and iron _______ in the old-fashioned way. Visit the candy shop to try the same kind of candy that American southerners made 150 years ago, or take a ride on the only steam- engine train still _______ in the southeast USA. You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world's largest bald eagle ________. And for those who like rides, Dollywood has one of the best old wooden roller coasters, Thunderhead. It is world-famous for having the most_____--in the smallest space. Come to Dollywood to have fun learning all about America's ___________southeastern culture!
If you want to _____---the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, then England's Camelot Park is the place for you. Every area of the park _______ _____ ________ life in the days of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In one place, you can watch magic shows with Merlin the Wizard. If you want to see fighting with swords or on horseback, then the jousting area is a good place to visit. If you do well there, King Arthur may choose you to fight in the big jousting _________. Do you like animals? Then visit the farm area, and learn how people in ancient England _____their farms and took care of their animals. To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, ____ ___ Camelot Park!
Unit2 A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE Although he is one of China's most famous scientists, Yuan Longping considers himself a farmer, for he works the land to do his research. Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for whom he has struggled for the past five decades. Dr Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice. In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. Now more than 60% of the rice produced in China each year is from this hybrid strain. Born into a poor farmer's family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated from Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. Since then, finding ways to grow more rice has been his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice output. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without expanding the area of the fields. In 1950, Chinese farmers could produce only fifty million tons of rice. In a recent harvest, however, nearly two hundred million tons of rice was produced. These increased harvests mean that 22% of the world's people are fed from just 7% of the farmland in China. Dr Yuan is now circulating his knowledge in India, Vietnam and many other less developed countries to increase their rice harvests. Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger. Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before. Dr Yuan is quite satisfied with his life. However, he doesn't care about being famous. He feels it gives him less freedom to do his research. He would much rather keep time for his hobbles. He enjoys listening to violin music, playing mah-jong, swimming and reading. Spending money on himself or leading a comfortable life also means very little to him. Indeed, he believes that a person with too much money has more rather than fewer troubles. He therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture. Just dreaming for things, however, costs nothing. Long ago Dr yuan had a dream about rice plants as tall as sorghum. Each ear of rice was as big as an ear of corn and each grain of rice was as huge as a peanut. Dr Yuan awoke from his dream with the hope of producing a kind of rice that could feed more people. Now, many years later, Dr Yuan has another dream: to export his rice so that it can be grown around the globe. One dream is not always enough, especially for a person who loves and cares for his people.
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