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高中英语-Unit4《Pygmalion》课件-Reading-&Vocabulary-新人教版选修8


Language Points

Unit4 Pygmalion

重点词组
? 1.

pass off...as.....冒充

The girl could pass herself off in three months as a duchess at an ambassador’

s party. 那个女孩能够在三个月后由一位大 使举办的舞会上冒充一位女公爵。 ? She pass herself off as an American. 她冒充是美国人。
?

1. pass off...as.....冒充
He passed his secretary off as his wife. 他把秘书冒充他的妻子。 ? Has your toothache passed off yet? 你的牙疼还没消吗? ? He passed off the difficult question. 他回避了那个难问题。 ? The party passed off well. 舞会进展顺利。
?

归纳拓展
pass off :有“逐渐消失,过去;不加理会, 回避, 掩饰; 进行(情况如何);把……冒充 为”之意。作“冒充……”之意时, 后跟 as ? 由 pass 构成的短语有: pass through 通过 pass by 从旁边经过 pass out 昏倒,失去知觉 pass... on to ... 把……传递给
?

同义表达
1. The concert was successful. The passed off well. concert _________ ? 2. The headache passed off. The gradually headache disappeared ___________________.
?

单项填空

1. On entering another country, a
tourist will have to pass ____ the Customs. through over B. by D. for C. A.

2. There was a thick mist, at first, but
it soon began to pass_____.

A. out B. down C. by

D. off

3. I was sorry to learn that his

mother had passed ______.
A. out B. away C. over D. on

2. in amazement惊讶地
? Looking

at the collected money in amazement. 吃惊地看着要来的钱。 ? The news struck me dumb with amazement. 这个消息使我目瞪口呆。

归纳拓展
? in/with

amazement “惊讶地”, ? 同义词为 in amazement, in surprise。 in在此结构中表示“处于……状态”。 ? amaze vt. sb./sth. amaze sb.; amazing adj.; amazement n. ? to one’s amazement“使某人惊讶的 是”。

特别提示
amazement指“造成心理上的混乱 或恐慌”; ? in astonishment 指“因为不可解释的 事而吃惊”; ? in surprise指“由于突然或出于意外而 吃惊”。
? in

同义表达
1. The sad news amazed him very amazed at the much. He was much ______________ news. ? 2. Amazingly, she killed her husband. ___________ It is amazing that she killed her husband. To our/their amazement she ? _____________________, killed her husband.
?

单项填空

1. Most of the foreign businessmen
are amazed ________ the great results we have achieved during the period of transition from planned economy to market economy. A. with B. to C. at D. for

2. I heard that a burglar broke into my room last night ____. I couldn’t

believe my ears.
A. in silence B. in peace

C. in amazement D. in excitement

3. in terms of 就……来说, 从……角度

Correct all these sentences in terms of grammar, spelling, etc. , so that she can use them properly. 从语法、拼读方面改正这些句子, 好 让她使用恰当。

?In

terms of natural resources it is one of the poorest countries in Western Europe.
从自然资源来看, 它是西欧最穷的国家之一。
?In

terms of money we’re quite rich, but not in terms of happiness. 金钱, 我富有; 幸福, 我缺乏。

? Teachers

think in terms of problems. 老师从问题的角度考虑 。 ? What have you done in terms of fixing the house? 就安置房子你做了什么?

归纳拓展
? in

terms of ? 其同义词为: with regard to, according to, in the light of, 在一般情 况下可以通用。 ? come to terms 和解; come to terms with 甘心忍受; be on good/bad terms with 与……关 系很好(坏)

同义表达
? ? ?

In the light of what you said, I shall act in different way. According to what you said, ____________ I shall act in a different way. With regard to what you _____________ said, I shall take action differently.

?

?

?

In terms of what you had told me, __________ I shall act in a different way. 2. Please analyse it with terms of the principles discussed. according to the Please analyse it ___________ principles discussed.

单项填空

1. You should deliver the goods as
the____ and conditions stipulated in the contract. A. terms C. things B. items D. words

2. The work is not very profitable____
terms of cash, but I am getting

valuable experience from it.
A. to B. for C. with D. in

4. in need of 需要
? It’ll

be how to teach her grammar, not just pronunciation. She’s in need of both. 是怎样教她语法, 而不仅仅是发音。 她两者都需要。

?He

was hurt, and in need of help. 他受伤了, 需要帮助。 ?He was not in need of money. 他不需要钱。 ?He said he was in great need of my assistance. 他说他极需要我的帮助。

归纳拓展
in need of 需要……, 为介词短语, 后跟名词 或代词。其同义词为in want of, in need穷 困。如: Most of the people are in great need. 英语中类似结构有:in charge of 负 责; in search of 搜寻; in hope of 希望; in honor of 纪念、尊重; in favor of 有利于; in spite of 尽管; in case of 以防万一; in place of 代替。

同义表达
? 1.

The machine needed repairing. in need of repair. The machine is _________ ? 2. What you need is exercise and in need of exercise faith. You are _________ in want of and faith. You are _________ exercise and faith.

单项填空

1. You should deliver the goods as
the____ and conditions stipulated in the contract. A. terms C. things B. items D. words

2. The work is not very profitable____
terms of cash, but I am getting

valuable experience from it.
A. to B. for C. with D. in

5. take away 带走, 取走
She is no use at all. Take her away. 她没什么用处。把她带走。 ? The child was taken away from school. 那孩子辍学了。 ? The bad news took away all her pleasure. 这条坏消息将她的快乐一扫而光。 ? If you take away three from seven, how much will you get? 7减3等于几?
?

归纳拓展
take away除了具有“带走、取走”的意义外, 还有“使停学、使消失、减去”等意义。 由take构成的短语有: take after长得像;take apart拆开; take as 看作; take back收回(诺言); take for错认为; take in吸收,欺骗; take off起飞,脱(衣服), 成功; take over接管(权利); take up拿起,从事

同义表达 1. He dropped out of school because of his poor family. taken away from ? He was ______________ school because his family was very poor.

2. When he heard he had failed in the

exam, the smile disappeared on
his face.

When he heard he was a failure in
the exam, the smile was _________ taken away from his face.

单项填空 1. To keep healthy, Professor Johnson____ cycling as a regular form

of exercise after he retired.
A. took up B. caught on

C. carried out

D. made for

2. Helen always helps her mother even

though going to school _____ most
of the day.

A. takes up
C. saves up

B. makes up
D. puts up

3. The gentleman, _____by the
beauty of the girl, ____ her ____. A. hit; took; off B. struck; took; away C. beat; took; up D. defeated; took; over

6. show in 带或领……进来 Show her in, Mrs Pearce. 皮斯太太, 领她进来。 He showed me into a bedroom. 他把我领进一间卧室。 He showed me out. 他把我领了出去。

show sb. in 领某人进来, 其反义词

为:show sb. out领某人出去。
show构成的短语有: show sb. around 领某人参观某地; show off 炫耀; show up出现,来到某处; 揭露;显得好看

即时练习 1. He led me around the school and visited it for three hours. He showed ______ me ______ around the school for three hours.

2. She praised proudly her necklace in
public.

She __________ showed off her necklace before ___ the public.

单项填空 1. Can you make a sentence to ____

the meaning of the phrase?
A. show off B. turn out

C. bring out

D. take in

2. It is unwise to _____your greater

knowledge in front of the manager.
A. show in B. show out

C. show up night.
A. up B. off

D. show off

3. He didn’t show ___in the party last C. over D. in

7. the other day 前几天
She is the one we saw the other day. 她是我前几天看到的那个。 I had rather an odd experience the other day. 几天我有一次奇怪的经历。 前

I saw your friend the other day. 前几天我见到了你的朋友。 The other day, as I was walking up to town, I saw a strange sight. 前几天我步行去城里时见到了一个奇 怪的景象。

归纳拓展 the other day“前几天”, 表示过去的 时间, 故句中时态用一般过去时。对比 其他时间的表达法: one day “一天”。 用于过去时或将来时; some day“某一 天”, 只用于将来时; just now “刚才; 就在现在”, 用于过去时(刚才), 用于现 在进行时(就在现在); in time按时;迟 早”, 用于过去时(按时), 用于将来时(迟 早)

同义表达 1. The other day, a terrible accident happened on the street. __________ago, a terrible accident A few days happened on the street. ___________ Several days ago, a terrible accident happened on the street.

2. What happened to you a few days ago?
What became of you the ___________? other day

单项填空 1. -Alice, why didn’t you come the other day? -I ___, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had C. was going to B. would D. did

2. The other day, as she waited for the
medical report from the doctor, her

nervousness _____.
A. has grown B. is growing

C. grew

D. had grown

8. fade out(声音、画面)逐渐模糊、渐淡 ...fades out as they go off stage together. 他们一块下舞台时……消失。 When you turn on a transistor radio the sound comes on immediately; when you turn off, it fades out gradually. 打开半导体收音机时, 声音立刻响起; 关闭时, 声音慢慢消失。

The sound of the cheering faded away in the distance. 加油声在远方慢慢消失。 As evening came the coastline faded into darkness. 夜幕降临时, 海岸线消失在黑暗之中。

归纳拓展

fade out指声音的减弱; fade away
主要指自然界、记忆力的渐渐消失;

表声音的渐渐消失时, fade out, fade
away, die away可通用

同义表达
1. His voice became weaker and

weaker, and finally died away.
His voice __________. faded away His voice ________. faded out 2. The sound of the footsteps faded away.

The sound of the footsteps _________ died away . The
sound of the footsteps _________. faded out

reading---Language points
1. Professor Higgins (H): an expert in phonetics, convinced that the quality of a person’s English decides his/her position in society. 希金斯教授是一位语音学专家, 他认 为一个人的英语水平决定了他(她)的 社会地位。

▲ convince vt. to cause to believe or feel certain; to persuade 说服; 使相信; 说 (某人) ① We convinced him to go by train rather than plane. 我们说服了他坐火车去,不要搭飞机。

② I tried to convince my wife that we
can’t afford a new car.

我试图说服我妻子我们买不起新车。
convinced adj. 坚信的;意志坚定的 convincing adj. 令人心服的

2. Colonel Pickering (P): an officer in the army and later a friend of Higgins’ who sets him a task. 皮克林上校(简称P):陆军军官, 后来 成为希金斯的朋友。希金斯给他安 排了一项任务。

▲ officer与official
officer 主要用于指军官,也可指公司 或政府机构中的高级职员; official 指政府内的文职官员,用作形 容词时指“ 官方的,正式的”。

① The officers live at headquarters ad

the soldiers live in the camps.
军官住在总部,士兵住在军营。

② The president and his ministers are
government officials. 总统和部长为政府高级官员。

▲ set (1) vt.安排;布置(岗哨); 定(时间、标准); 创造(记录);专心于 ① Set guards around the gate. 在大门四周布下卫兵。 ② The time and date of the meeting have not yet been set. 开会时间与日期尚未确定。

③ He set a new record.
他创下了一项新记录。 ④ Nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it. 世上无难事, 只怕有心人。

(2) vt. 使……做某事;使……处于某种状 态 ⑤ I opened the cage and set the bird free. 我把鸟笼打开,让鸟自由飞翔。

⑥ A spark set the woods on fine.
星星之火使整个森林燃烧起来。

(3) vi. (日、月等) 下落;下沉 ⑦ It will be cooler when the sun has set. 日落后天就会凉爽起来。 (4) n.一套,一组;电器设备 ⑧ I bought a set of Lu Xun’s short stories. 我买了一套鲁迅短篇小说集。 ⑨ I need a radio set. 我需要一台收音机。

set off 出发, 动身
set out 出发, 着手

set about 开始,着手
set up 建立, 成立

set sb. good example 为某人树立好榜样

It’s ten years since the scientist ___ on his life work of discovering the valuable chemical. (2004 ·江苏) A. made for C. took off B. set out D. turned up

3. While watching, he makes notes. 他一边观察, 一边做笔记。 ▲ while watching 为while he was watching 省略句。在以when, while, if, unless等引导的状语从句中,如果从句 中的主语与主句主语一致且从句谓语 动词含有be动词的形式,往往将从句中 的主语及be动词省略,而以动词的-ing 形式或过去分词形式来代替。

① After finishing the work, he went home. 完成工作后他就回家了。 ② After being discussed, the plan should be carried out at once. 计划讨论后, 应立即实施。 ③ While crossing the street, look out for cars passing by. 过马路时, 小心过路车辆。

1) When_____ help, one often says
“Thank you.” or “It’s kind of you.”

A. offering
C. to be offered80

B. to offer
D. offered

2) While______ the river, he saw a big crocodile. A. to cross B. crossing C. cross D. crossed

3) Before______ , the play must be examined by the director. A. putting on B. to be put on C. put on D. being put on

4) -What’s the matter with you? -_____ the window, my finger was cut unexpectedly. A. Cleaning B. To clean C. While cleaning D. While I was cleaning

5) Never_____ faith in himself, the scientist went on with his research. A. losing B. to lose C. lost D. to be lost

4. I ain’t done nothing wrong by speaking to that gentleman. 我跟那位先生说话,又没做什么坏事呀。 ▲ ain’t 是不规范的语言,相当于am not, is not, has not, have not. ① We ain’t coming. 我们不来了。 ② They ain’t got it. 他们没有那玩意儿。

▲ nothing wrong 中的wrong是形容词
作后置定语, 修饰nothing。形容词修

饰不定代词时, 必须置于不定代词之
后。 ① There’s something wrong with my watch. 我的表出毛病了。

② Please come earlier. Something

important will be announced.
请早点来,有重要的事情要宣布。

③ Is there anything interesting?
有什么有趣的事吗?

5. Here you are (hands over the paper covered with writing). 给你(他把写满字的纸递过来) ▲ hand over 移交; 让与;交给某人照料 ① The captain was unwilling to hand over the command of his ship. 船长不愿移交军舰的指挥权。

② The thief was handed over to the
policeman.

小偷被交给警察处理。
hand down 传给 hand on 传递 hands up 举手 hand out 分给,分发

It is certain that he will ____ his business to his son when he gets old. A. take over B. think over

C. hand over

D. go over

▲ covered with writing 为过去分词短语 作后置定语, 相当于定语从句 which/that is covered with writing. ① The concert given by him was a great success. 由他举行的音乐会很成功。

② The first textbooks written for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 18th century. 最早为外语教师而写的英语课本出现

在18世纪。

③ Some of them, born and brought up in villages, had never seen a train. 他们当中的一些人生长在农村, 从未 见过火车。 ④ The meeting held yesterday proved to be a success. 昨天开的那次会议证明很成功。

1)Some of the suspects______ refused to answer and kept their mouths shut. A.questioning B. being questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned

2)You will find the word “psychology” ______ under “P” in any dictionary. A.have listed B. to be listed C. listing itself D. listed

3)The amount of money______ for the seriously sick child was soon collected. A.to need B. needed C. needing D. which needed

4)All cars ______ nowadays are equipped with safety belts, _____ are helpful to drivers. A. being produced; they B. to be produced; which C. produced; which D. produced; they

6. What if I was? 如果我是又怎样呢? 此句为省略句。原句为: What if I was born in…? What if…意思为“要是……又会怎 样?”。

7. People begin their working life in a poor neighbor of London with 80 pounds a year and end in a rich one with 100 thousand. 人们在伦敦的一个贫穷地区开始工作, 年薪80英镑,而最终成为拥有10万英镑 的富人。 此句为并列句, 主句为 people begin…and end in…; in a poor…with, in a rich.. with 在句中作状语。

8. But they betray themselves every time they open their mouths. 但是他们一张嘴就露了馅。 Don’t stop every time you come to a word or phrase you don’t know. 你遇到一个你不会的单词或词组不要每 次都停下来。

You’re welcome to come back any time you want to. 你想什么时候来我们都欢迎。 He called to see me the first time he came to Nanjing. 第一次他来南京就打电话来看我。

Next time you come, you’ll see him. 下次你来的时候就看见他了。
有些表示时间的短语可引导时间状语从 句,如:the instant, the moment, the day , the year, each (every) time, next time, the first (second…) time等。

1)The minute _____ he saw her, he fell in love. A. when B. / C. that D. which

2)_____ I come he is reading. A.While B. Every time C. The last D. After

3) By the time you arrive in London, we _____ in Europe for two weeks. A. shall stay B. have stayed C. will have stayed D. have been staying

4) The moment I _____ her, I knew something _____ wrong. A. have seen; gone B. had seen; had C. saw; was D. see; had gone

9.Now once taught by me… 一旦由我来教, … … When finished, the homework was handed in. 作业一完成就交上了去。

Although tired, he continued climbing. 尽管很累, 但他仍继续爬着。 比较:While being operated, the machine sent off a lot of smoke. 机器被操作时, 冒出许多烟。

以once, if, as, unless, when, though, although引导的状语从句, 若从句主语 与主句主语一致, 且从句中谓语动词为 be+v.-ed 形式, 或从句中主谓结构为 it is (was)+ adj.时, 则从句结构可以直接由以 上连词加v-ed或adj.代替。

1)When first______ to the market, these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced

2)_____, the vitamin C in them will be destroyed. A. If vegetables are cooked too long B. If cooked too long C. If cooking too long D. If being cooked too long

3)This is an illness that may result in total blindness if left______. A. being untreated B. untreated C. not treating D. not having treated

4) Ask him go take you home _____ possible. A. at B. while C. if D. if they

10. But, sir, (proudly) once educated to speak properly, the girl could pass herself off in three months as a duchess at an ambassador’s garden party. 可是,先生(自豪地), 一旦那个女孩被教 会说正确的英语, 她就能够在三个月后 由一位大使举办的舞会上冒充一位女 公爵。

这是一个复合句,从句为once she is
educated to speak properly 的省略形 式。 ▲ pass off… as… 冒充 ① She passed herself off as an American. 她冒充是美国人。

② He passed his secretary off as wife.

他把秘书冒充他的妻子。
pass off 停止;顺利地举行;躲开

pass by 走过;不理会
pass on 传递 pass through 通过,穿过

课文短语考察

1.雄心勃勃的 be ambitious to convince sb of sth/that/to do sth 2.使确信 3.决定/影响 decide 4.安排某人任务 set sb a task hide from the rain 5.躲雨 shelter from the rain make notes /take notes 6.作笔记 hold up 7.举起 8.比没有好 better than nothing

in disguise 1.假装,装扮 hand over 2.移交 push sth back 3.推迟延迟 4.如果我没有搞错的话If I’m not mistaken what if 5.要是…又会怎样 place 6.辨认识别 end in 7.以…为结尾 betray sb/sth/oneself 8.背叛, 泄露

1.每次 2.轻蔑地 3.迫使接受困境 4.社会底层贫民窟 5.余生 6.找工作 7.结识 8.一把 9.惊谔地

every time dismissively condemn sb to sth the gutter to the end of her days find employment make one’s acquaintance a handful of in amazement

1.专心谈话 2.自负自命不凡 3.相当普通的一种 4.穿着很差 5.请求帮忙 6.视…如粪土蔑视 7.恬不知耻做… 8.几天前 9.带走,外卖 10.冒充 11.退下舞台 12.逐渐模糊

deep in conversation fancy oneself quite a common kind of badly dressed ask sb a favour treat sb like dirt have the face to do the other day take away pass sb. off as go off stage fade out

Thank you!


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