江西省南昌市第二中学 2015-2016 学年高二英语下学期期末考试试题
第 I 卷 ( 选择题 ) 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷 的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关
小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一 遍。 1．Where did the woman go? A．To downtown Berkeley． B．To the man’s house． C．To Amherst． 2．When will the man leave for home? A．On Thursday． B．On Friday． C．On Sunday． 3．What does the man mean? A．The diamond is not beautiful．B．The design is not fashionable． C．The price is too high for them now． 4．What will the woman do? A．Go to the movies． B．Do some shopping． C．Attend a party． 5．Who is the man most probably? A．The woman’s colleague． B．The woman’s brother． C．The woman’s husband． 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6．When did the man have his first class of Civil Engineering? A．Last Monday． B．Last Tuesday． C．Last Friday． 7．What is the woman’s advice? A．Sharing the cost of the textbook and using it together． B．Thinking about Prof. Qian’s course more seriously． C．Sitting together in class from now on． 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8．Where does the man ask the woman to hand in her research report at first? A．At his meeting room． B．At his office． C．At his house． 9．What will the man be doing at 5：00 this afternoon? A．Having a meeting． B．Having a class． C．Talking to his secretary． 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10．Who wants to go to Egypt? A．The man and his wife． B．The man’s wife and son．C．The man and his son. 11．Why does the woman advise the man to go to Egypt by ship? A．He can have a safe and happy journey． B．He can have a better rest during the voyage． C．He can save a lot and enjoy the ocean scenery． 12．What does the woman think of the man? A．Hesitant． B．Mean． C．Careless． 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13．When will the woman leave her home? A．At 6：30． B．At 7：30． C．At 8：30． 14．What does the woman plan to take with her? A．One large bag and two small bags． B．Two large bags and one small bag． C．One large bag and a handbag． 15．Where will the man say goodbye to the woman? A．In the waiting room． B．Outside the train． C．At the entrance． 16．What does the man ask the woman to do? A．Wait for him at the airport． B．Come back a week later． C．Give him a call． 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．When was Greenpeace founded? A．Twenty years ago． B．Fifty years ago． C．Seventy years ago．
18．What role does the man play in the organization? A．He is the action organizer． B．He is a leading nuclear scientist． C．He is one of the plan makers． 19．What has the man been involved in recently? A．Protesting the use of nuclear weapons． B．Protecting animals and plants． C．Environmental campaign． 20．How did people react to the man’s appeal last week? A．They showed little interest in it． B．They were against the demonstration． C．They expressed their support in different ways． 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 A Recently I went to the Tsavo National Park in northern Kenya for a film. We set off early for a distant waterhole. A huge elephant, covered with dry mud, drank calmly and deeply. He might have traveled 50 km to reach the water. He wasn’t going to hurry now. He’d drink a while and then rest in the shade, and then drink again－or so we thought. What actually happened was that he drank deeply and stepped away. Then he suddenly fell down. Within minutes he was dead. We called animal doctor Jeremiah Poghon immediately. He removed the head of a poisoned arrow from the elephant’s body, and let out over 100 liters of pus(脓)－the result of the elephant’s meeting with a poacher(偷猎者) months before. Today’s poacher shoots from a blind. He fires an arrow, covered with poison, into the body of an elephant. If the poacher is lucky, the elephant might die in an hour or two; if not, he might have to follow the elephant for days before it dies. Often the arrow head fails to kill the elephant at once－it doesn’t mean that the poison won’t finally kill the elephant, but it will be a slow death. Living in Tsavo through these times, I could see the results of poaching from time to time. When I think about the death of that elephant, what stays with me is the extraordinary silence after the shocking sound of his body hitting the ground. I took some comfort from the knowledge that as the dead body returned to the soil, some animals would benefit－but I couldn’t escape the feeling that with the death of such a large animal, the world seemed a poorer and emptier place. 21. While filming near the waterhole, the author and his team __________. A. knew the elephant was injured B. found the elephant acted violently C. tired their best to save the elephant D. thought the elephant was in good condition 22. Further examination showed that the dead elephant ______. A. had suffered a lot B. had wounds all over it C. had drunk some deadly water D. had had a good fight with a poacher 23. How does the author feel when thinking about the elephant’s death? A. Embarrassed. B. Funny. C. Upset. D. Relieved 24. Why did the author write the text? A. To introduce African elephants. B. To show the cruelty of poaching. C. To describe his filming experience. D. To ask readers to protect wild animals. B More than four in 10 cancers－600,000 in the UK alone－could be prevented if people led healthier lives, say experts. The population of the UK is about 63,000,000.
Latest figures from Cancer Research UK show smoking is the biggest avoidable risk factor, followed by unhealthy diet. The charity advises people to live healthily, limit alcohol intake and do regular exercise. According to the figures from 2011 to 2015, more than 300,000 cases of cancer recorded were linked to smoking. A further 145,000 were linked to unhealthy diets containing too much processed food. Obesity contributed to 88,000 cases and alcohol to 62,000. Sun damage to the skin and physical inactivity were also contributing factors. Professor Max Parkin, a Cancer Research UK statistician, says: “ There’s now little doubt that certain lifestyle choices can have a big influence on cancer risk, with research around the world all pointing to the same key risk factors. “Of course everyone wants to enjoy some extra treats during the Christmas holidays so we don’t want to ban beef pies and wine but it’s a good time to think about taking up some healthy habits for 2016. “Leading a healthy lifestyle can’t guarantee someone won’t get cancer but we can stack the odds in our favor by taking positive steps.” Public Health England says a healthy lifestyle can play an important role in reducing cancer risk. It says campaigns such Smokefree, Dry January and Change4Life Sugar Swaps all aim to raise public awareness. It’s important that we continue to make progress in noticing cancer earlier and improving treatments, but helping people understand how they can reduce their risk of developing cancer in the first place remains important in dealing with cancer. 25. Which of the following is the third biggest avoidable cancer factor? A. Obesity. B. Alcohol intake. C. Unhealthy diets. D. Physical inactivity. 26. According to Professor Max Parkin, ___________. A. it’s OK to drink wine during festivals B. the causes of cancer are still unclear now C. unhealthy food should be completely banned D. a healthy lifestyle will protect us from cancer 27. By saying the underlined words in Paragraph 6, Professor Max Parkin means we can __________. A. help others B. improve our lives C. discover cancer early D. decrease our cancer risk 28. What’s the main idea of the text? A. Most cancers are caused by smoking. B. Cancer is greatly linked to our lifestyle. C. There are different factors that lead to cancer. D. Public awareness should be raised to prevent cancer. C Plan on traveling around the USA this summer. If you need help in arranging the trip，or want ideas about where to go and what to do, there are a number of outstanding websites that can make your American dream come true． http：／／byways．Org The National Scenic Byways Program covers l50 memorable roads．Some are natural routes， such as Route l along the California coast．Others focus on history(such as Route 6) or man-made attractions (the Las Vegas Strip)．For each, you are provided with a map，told the route’s length and how long is allowed，and given detailed suggestions on sights and stop-offs． www．oyster．com This is the best website for reviews of hotels in US cities and resorts．The reviews are impressively thorough--covering locations，rooms，cleanliness，food and so on．Importantly， these are not promotional photos by the hotels，but more honest and revealing ones taken by inspectors．Search facilities are excellent．From the 243 hotels reviewed in the New York ， you can narrow down what you are looking for by locations，facilities and styles，or just pick out a selection of the best．
www．101usaholidays．co．uk This is the latest offering that features 101 holiday ideas to the USA．It’s an impressively diverse selection，ranging from touring in the footsteps of Martin Luther King to a golfing break in Arizona and a cycling and wine-tasting trip in California’s Napa Valley．Narrow down what you are looking for--whether by price，region，theme or who will be traveling--and then just the photos of the relevant holidays remain on view．It’s a really clever design． www．mousesavers．com Walt Disney World in California can make dreams come true，but the price is not affordable for the majority of people．So turn to long-established www. Mousesavers. com，dedicated to giving big discounts on tickets，hotels and dining at Walt Disney World．The website also offers general money-saving tips，suggestions for cheap and free stuff and brief coverage of other Florida and California theme parks． 29. If you are going to the USA for the man-made attractions，you can drive along________ A．Route l B．Route 6 C．the Las Vegas Trip D． the California coast 30. Why are the photos of the hotels in US cities and resorts real in www．oyster．com? A．Because they were taken by customers who once lived there． B．Because there are comments of customers on each photo. C．Because there are qualifications of the authority． D．Because they are taken by inspectors of the website． 31. Travel ideas for a big family’ with kids and the old are available at ________． A．http：／／byways．org B．www．oyster．com C．www．101 usaholidays．co．uk D．www．mouse savers．com D Some parents of elementary school students in America are receiving letters about their children’s weight. If a child is found to have a weight problem, his parents will get a letter from the school informing them that their child could be overweight. And what do students call these notes? “Fat letters.” Kids already have to put up with being frightened or hurt by other kids at school. Now they also have to protect themselves from insults from the adults who work in those schools? Don’t they think that parents know whether their children are overweight? Do we really want to encourage a trend we already see: children going on diets? According to a study by Duke University, more than 40% of 9- and 10-year-old girls have gone on a diet. In Massachusetts, state lawmakers are considering a bill that bans school from collecting student’s weight information. Many public school educators actually consider themselves to be more enlightened(开明的) than the rest of us. That’s why they have spent so much time insisting that we must not label children over their academic performances. They had a point. Schools have been putting labels on students since before the invention of blackboards. Students who might have once been labeled “lazy” simply because “uninterested.” Immigrant students who were once considered “limited English proficient(熟练的)” became “English learners.” My wife is a former teacher. She works with students who have difficulty in reading and spelling. The kinds of students she helps were once said to have a “learning disability.” We don’t say that anymore. Today, acknowledging that human beings process information in a variety of ways, we say that these kids have a “learning difference.” There you go. Academically, the enlightened view nowadays is that all students are different, that their brains are all wired in unique ways, and that it’s wrong to try to assess them with a one-size-fits-all standard to determine who is intelligent and who isn’t. It is agreed that children’s brains come in all shapes and sizes. So why not be really enlightened and learn to think the same way about children’s bodies? 32. The underlined word ‘insults’ in Paragraph 3 probably mean ________.
A. rude remarks B. unhealthy food C. dangerous actions D. unfair judgments 33. According to the text, what may happen if fat letters become popular? A. Stopping children’s secrets from being revealed will become law. B. Parents will realize their children’s weight problem early. C. People will pay more and more attention to their weight. D. More and more children will eat less to get thinner. 34. The author mentions his wife’s work to ________. A. prove learning disabilities don’t exist B. show the importance of teachers’ work C. explain the meaning of learning differences D. suggest people differ widely in varied ways 35. What is the author’s attitude towards fat letters? A. Uncaring. B. Disapproving. C. Doubtful. D. Respectful. 第二节（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Sunstroke is a condition that develops when the body cannot control the temperature of the body. It occurs when the body is exposed to too much heat. 36 To avoid sunstroke, you can adopt simple yet important ways mentioned below: Before you decide to step out of your house, think and judge whether you really need to go during the time when the atmosphere is hot. 37 If it is not almost a necessity, try to wear clothes which will cover the whole part of the body. However, they should not be warm clothes as they may increase your body temperature. It is quite good to wear cotton clothes as well as light-colored, loose-fitting, and lightweight clothes in summer for a comfortable stay when you go out of home. 38 Apply sunscreen on your skin to keep away the harmful rays of sun. Lack of water normally triggers sunstroke. 39 You should drink at least 8 glasses of water each day to stay hydrated. In addition to that, eat more water-containing fruits like watermelon, grapes, mango and orange to keep your body hydrated during the summer days. Avoid those beverages that contain caffeine(such as tea, coffee and soda) or alcohol. In particular, alcohol tends to dry up the body. So you must avoid drinking it if you are suffering from sunstroke. 40 Prolonged exposure to the sun causes sunstroke. When some basic symptoms of sunstroke become apparent like headache, dark yellow or orange urine, vomiting, weakness, heavy sweating then limit exposure to the sun. Calm yourself down and stay cool. Try to do outdoor activities in the cooler times of the day(before 10:00 a.m. And after 6:p.m.) A. The main symptom of sunstroke according to medical science is a very high fever. B. It is often considered a life-threatening condition. C. So drink plenty of water every day to make up for the loss of water from the body. D. Try to take a rest during the hot hours of the day. E. If possible, postpone your plan to sometime during the later part of the day. F. Be bathed with cool water or covered in cool towels to lower the temperature. G. Also it is a good idea to carry an umbrella and wear a cap and sunglasses as well. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 41. After _______ the luggage at the railway station, we left for the exhibition in a taxi. A. claiming B. demanding C. deserving D. obtaining 42. As the quality of the city’s air continues to give rise to _______, the residents are encouraged to set off fewer fireworks. A. hesitation B. concerns C. compromise D. emergency 43. －What did he come here for? －He came here especially to ______ your acquaintance. A. take B. get C. make D.produce 44. I feel sure that _______ qualification, ability and experience, our headmaster is abundantly equal to the position we have in mind. A. in case of B. in terms of C. in the opinion of D. in the course of
45. US President Obama _______ unity and hoped to do things as one nation and one people at the ceremony for his second term. A. called in B. called off C. called up D. called for 46. The next bus will come 20 minutes later. ________, let’s go there for a coffee. A. Somehow B. Anyway C. Meanwhile D. Therefore 47. The most exciting thing for him was _____ he finally succeeded in _____ seemed to be the most difficult exam for him. A. that; what B. that; which C. what; that D. what; which 48. _________, I believe, and you will find Tom is very outgoing. A. Having a talk with the student B. One talk with the student C. Given a talk with the student D. If you have a talk with the student 49. Every year, a good many tourists are attracted to visit Teng Wang Pavilion ________ back to the seventh century. A. dated B. dating C. to date D. being dated 50. Global Health officials have been closely monitoring a new virus related to Ebola that is believed ________ at least one person in Saudi Arabia. A．to kill B.to be killing C．to have killed D.kill 第二节 单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 When Hannah, a ten-year-old fifth grader, came home from school, she was in a panic. She told her parents that all students were required to 51 a sport－no exceptions. Hannah thought of herself as totally uncoordinated(不协调的)－she 52 couldn’t master a two-wheeler. “Now everyone will see what a 53 I am,” she cried. At last, Hannah chose soccer. 54 the first soccer meeting was held one week later, she was 55 . She got a complete surprise when the coach spoke. He told the schoolgirls, “All I 56 is that you try your best; 57 you can achieve a victory is unimportant. I want you to keep 58 , as a member of this team, to develop your skills.” At the 59 practice on Monday, Hannah was standing on the field, not 60 what she was supposed to be doing, when the coach yelled, “Hannah－I can see that you’re 61 what you should do. Good attitude!” Hannah was 62 . Two days later, she ran for a ball, tried to kick it, and 63 it entirely. The coach said, “Good girl, I like your initiative. Keep it up.” That Friday, Hannah decided to go for a ball, ran hard, gave it a kick, 64 , and eventually fell heavily to the ground. She was extremely 65 .The coach shouted, “See that , girls? That’s the kind of effort we’re looking for!” Hannah was laughing as two of her teammates helped her 66 . By the end of the season, Hannah was not a 67 soccer player; her team didn’t win either. However, Hannah gained a sense of pride. She learned that she could 68 new things without fear of making a fool of herself, and be valued for her 69 . And that’s what a(n) 70 teacher can do. 51. A. talk about B. take up C. bring in D. look into 52. A. soon B. also C. just D. even 53. A. student B. danger C. loser D. liar 54. A. After B. If C. When D. Though 55. A. anxious B. excited C. shocked D. angry 56. A. agree B. decide C. suggest D. demand 57. A. whether B. where C. how D. why 58. A. studying B. working C. waiting D. discussing 59. A. first B. next C. last D. only 60. A. showing B. knowing C. hearing D. repeating 61. A. doing B. accepting C. considering D. explaining 62. A. scared B. satisfied C. amused D. astonished 63. A. missed B. ignored C. wasted D. dropped 64. A. slipped B. waved C. tried D. played 65. A. confused B. concerned C. embarrassed D. annoyed 66. A. down B. up C. in D. out 67. A. professional B. successful C. gifted D. respected 68. A. make B. witness C. attempt D. expect 69. A. method B. confidence C. ambition D. effort
70. A. inspirational
B. experienced C. primary school D. PE 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题） 第三节 语法填空（共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） A man looking at his smart-phone while walking across a railway crossing in Nanjing 71 (have) a close knock on Oct.22. He was so 72 (absorb) in his smart-phone that he didn’t see a train approaching until it brushed past him, 73 (throw) him to the ground. This should serve 74 a warning that people should be aware of their surroundings, especially 75 crossing roads. 76 (lucky), the man survived a brush with death, but the incident forced the driver 77 (stop) the train. An 18-minute delay followed the incident, 78 led to a break in the running of other trains on the route. Smart-phone 79 (addicted) has spread like an infectious disease. It’s evident that it will do great harm to society. What’s even 80 (bad), some addicts become impatient with relatives and friends. Some people blame the smart-phone for the tragedy, yet in fact people’s weakening self-control and self-discipline are to blame. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误， 每句中最多有两处，每处仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Last summer I took a trip to France, an European country, with my parents. Honest speaking, I had never heard a word of French speaking before going there. One evening, we went to a restaurant but sat down at a table. When the waiter came, I opened my mouth, putting my finger into it and took it out again. I wanted to say, “Bring us to something to eat.” However, he brought us some tea. I shake my head. After a while, he came with three cups of coffees. I had to refuse his offer again. With no one turn to, I drew some food on a piece of paper. Soon there were a large plate of meat on the table. 第二节 书面表达（满分 20 分） 假如你是中学生李华，你的外教 John 想推荐你去参加一次以环保为主题的英语演讲比赛，但是最近 你母亲生病了，需要你照顾，所以你不得不谢绝。但是你向他推荐了你的好朋友张明参加。请根据以下要 点给 John 写一封信，说明情况： 1. 谢绝 John 的推荐；2. 说明你的理由；3. 推荐张明参加并说明原因。 注意：1.词数 100 左右（信的开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总数）； 2.可以恰当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear John， Thank you very much for your recommendation. Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua
南昌二中 2015－2016 学年度下学期期末考试 高二英语试卷参考答案 1-5 ABCBA 6-10 CABAB 11-15 CABAC 16-20 CBACC 21-24 DACB 25-28 AADB 29-31 CDC 32-35 ADDB 36-40 BEGCD 41-45 ABCCD 46-50 CABBC 51-55 BDCCA 56-60 DABAB 61-65 CDAAC 66-70 BBCDA 71. had 72. absorbed 73. throwing 74. as 75. when/while 76. Luckily 77. To stop 78. which 79. addiction 80. worse 短文改错 Last summer I took a trip to France, an European country, with my parents. Honest a Honestly speaking, I had never heard a word of French speaking before going there. One evening, we spoken went to a restaurant but sat down at a table. When the waiter came, I opened my mouth, and putting my finger into it and took it out again. I wanted to say, “Bring us to something to e a t . ” put However, he brought us some tea. I shake my head. After a while, he came with three cups of shook coffees. I had to refuse his offer again. With no one^ turn to, I drew some food on a piece of coffee to paper. Soon there were a large plate of meat on the table. was 书面表达 Dear John， Thank you very much for your recommendation. It’s a great opportunity to take part in the English speech contest. However, I’m afraid that I can’t attend it. My mother has been ill for several days and I have to take care of her in my spare time, so I don’t have enough time to prepare for the speech contest. I strongly recommend my friend Zhang Ming, who I think is the most suitable person to participate in this contest. He is good at English and speaks fluent English. Besides, he is a member of the environmentally-friendly club and devotes much time to the protection of the environment. I ‘m sure his good knowledge of environmental protection and perfect spoken English will enable him to achieve success. Sorry again for my absence. Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua
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