人教版选修 7 Unit3 Under the sea Reading
三维目标 知识目标 Let students learn about several different types of whales， especially the killer whales. 能力目标 1．Enable the students to learn to talk about
their favorite sea animals. 2．Develop students' reading ability by learning to read about the killer whales and let them learn different learning skills. 3．Develop their creative thinking ability. 情感目标 1．Arouse students' great interest in sea animals. 2．Make them aware of the relationship between man and animals and the importance of banning whaling. 3．Develop students' sense of cooperative learning. 教学重点 1．Reading comprehension to the text. 2．Learning more about the killer whales and understanding the relationship between the killer whales and the whalers. 教学难点 1．The relationship between the killer whales and the whalers. 2．Develop students' reading ability. 教学方法 1．Individual，pair and group work. 2．Task－based teaching and learning. 3．discussion，blank－filling. 教学过程 Step 1 Warming up
1．Ask some students to show some pictures of their favorite sea animals and introduce them to the class.The introduction should cover these aspects： · The English and Chinese name of your favorite sea animal. · Where did you find it? · Some features of it，its distribution，or living condition.Anything about it is welcome. · Why do you like it? Step 2 Pre－reading 1．Read the words in Pre－reading on Page 19 quickly and fill in the form. Writer Occupation Style Time Place What happened whale. Step 3 Skimming 1．Glance through the two anecdotes and use one sentence to get the main idea of each anecdote. Main ideas： Anecdote one：The killer whales helped the whalers to catch a baleen whale. Anecdote two：Old Tom saved a whaler James. 2．Fill in the blanks with the names of the roles in the text. (1)______was 16 years of age when he went to work at the whaling station. (2)______orderd Clancy to go to the boat as there was a whale out there in the bay. (3)______was swimming by the boat showing the whalers the way. (4)______told Clancy that they would return the next day to bring in the body of the whale. An old man called Clancy · A whaler · Anecdotes · At the beginning of the 20th century · Australia · The killer whales helped the whalers catch a baleen
(5)______was carried by the waves further and further away from the whalers. (6)______knew that Old Tom would protect James. Suggested answers ： (1)Clancy (6)Red ?Step 4 Scanning (2)George (3)Old Tom (4)Jack (5)James
1．Read these two anecdotes carefully and find out some verbs or verb phrases to do the blank－filling worksheet. Anecdote one： There was perfect cooperation between the whalers and the killer whales. Before the hunt The killers' action：Threw_itself out_of the water and then crashed_down again. Swam_by the boat，showing the whalers the way. Circled back to the boat, leading the whalers to the hunt. The whalers' reaction：A whaler yelled out. George ran ahead_of_ clancy.Clancy raced_after him. They jumped_into_the boat with the other whalers and headed_out into the bay. During and after the hunt The killers' action：A pack of killers are throwing_themselves on top of the whale's blow－hole to_stop it breathing；some others are stopping it fleeing_out to sea. The killers started racing_between the whalers' boat and the whale，just like a pack of excited dogs. Within a moment or two，the whale's body was dragged_down_into the depths of the sea. The whalers' reaction：The man in the bow of the boat aimed a harpoon at the whale and let it go to hit the spot. Started turning the boat around to go home. Anecdote two： The dangers facing James： (1)He was washed_off_the boat and was carried_away_by rough waves.
(2)There was a shark out there. The help offered by Old Tom： (1)Old Tom wouldn't_let_the shark near. (2)Old Tom firmly held James up in the water. 2．Reading aloud and underlining expressions. Students read the text aloud to the tape and underline all the expressions in the text.Put them down into their notebooks after class as homework. Suggested answers： Collections：at the time，witness sth.with one's own eyes many times，sort out my accommodation，in time to do sth.，crash down，yell out，ahead of，flee out to sea，aim at，let sth.go，be dragged swiftly down into the depths of the sea，in the meantime，have a good feed on sth.，be carried further and further away，be firmly held up in the water ?Step 5 Discussion
After the students read the passage，ask them to discuss the following questions in groups and then report to the class. 1．Why has the killer whale got the name Old Tom? 2．Do you like killer whales？Why or why not? Suggested answers： 1．Old Tom is a person's name.In my opinion，the reasons why the killer in the text is called so may be two.For one thing，the killer that showed the whalers the way to the hunt and saved James must be a male killer whale because Tom is a man's name.For another，the whalers called it Old Tom，just as they were calling a man.That is to say，the whalers treated it as their dear friend.In the meantime，the killer itself must be very friendly to the whalers and helped them a lot in hunting in the sea.In return，the killer can get part of the baleen whale as its food.So to some extent，the whalers and killers are depending on each other.They cooperated well and lived in harmony with one another. 2．I like killer whales because when James fell off the boat，the killer whale not only protected him from being drowned but also wouldn't let the shark near.They
are so clever and friendly to human beings.What's more，they worked as a team， which should be learned by us when we are working. I don't like them.Though they are clever and friendly to us ， they are too fierce.To my great surprise， they should eat the flesh of another whale.I could hardly believe it.I have never heard of one animal killing his families and even eating their meat.How pitiful it is! Step 6 Further－thinking 1．What else do you think is amazing in the story？Show your evidence. 2．What is an anecdote? Suggested answers： 1．I think it is so amazing that we human beings should use one animal to attack or hunt another animal even his own family members，just like dogs that help hunters hunt animals. I think that the killer will return the body of the baleen whale instead of keeping it or eating it up is very amazing.But I guess the killer whales are just fond of the taste of the baleen whale's lips and tongue.Or they just want to share it with the whalers in return for their cooperation. 2． According to the text， as far as I am concerned， an anecdote must be an exciting or amazing story. Step 7 Homework 1．Write down the useful new words and expressions，then learn them by heart. 2．Write down an anecdote in the name of Old Tom，the baleen whale or James.
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