一：如何轻松精准的做此类题呢只需把握住两点： 一先看非谓语动词与其逻辑主语（即定语的先行词）之间的关系，主动与被动 二看非谓语动词与谓动的时间关系 1 与谓动同时发生 2 在谓动之前 3 在将来发生 二：做题步骤：先搞清非谓语动词与先行词之间的逻辑关系 1 如果是主动关系，再看时间，与谓动同时发生用 doing 将来发生用 to do 2 如果是被动再
看时间，与谓语动词同时发生用 being done 在谓动之前用 done 表将来用 to be done
逻辑关系 时间 与谓语同时发生 在谓动之前 将来
主动 doing（正在做） to do（将要做）
被动 being done（正在被做） Done（被） to be done（将要被做）
一． 用不定式做定语的几种情况： （1）不定式表将来。如： The car to be bought is for his sister. （2）用来修饰被序数词、最高级或 no, all, any 等限定的中心词。如： He is the best man to do the job. She was the first woman to win the gold medal in the Olympic Games. （3）用来修饰的词是抽象名词时用不定式，常见的有： ability, chance, idea, fact, excuse, promise, answer, reply, attempt, belief, way, reason, moment, time 等 Do you have the ability to read and write in English? I have no chance to go sightseeing. 二．分词作定语 doing 主动 进行 being done 被动 进行 done 被动 完成 The houses being built are for the teachers. Things lost never come again. I have never seen a more moving movie. 三、to be done , done, being done 做定语的区别 三者的语态同为被动语态，区别主要集中在时态上 Have you read the novel witten by Dickens? Listen! The song being sung is very popular with the students. The question to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting is a very important one. （一） 、-ing 形式作定语 -ing 形式在句中做定语时有两种情况。 1. -ing 形式和所修饰的名词在逻辑上有主谓关系,表示这个名词(人或物)的动作或状态,相当于一个 定语从句。如: These dancing girls are from my class. At 11 o’clock， please find the waiting bus at the entrance. We should show respect for the working people
注意: ①表示现在(或当时)的状态,变为定语从句时常用一般时态。 The temple standing on the top of the hill was built in the Ming Dynasty. ②表示正在进行的动作,变为定语从句时要用进行时态。 Do you see the woman talking to the secretary？ The song being broadcast is very popular with the young students. ③-ing 形式的完成式一般不能用作定语,除非为非限制性的后置定语。 The manager wasn’t angry with the man who had been so rude. (不用 having been so rude) The problem， having been discussed for many years， has now been solved. （1） I don`t know the man ________ over there. A. to stand B. standing C. stood D. being stood （2） It seems that I once met with the man _____ us. A. served B. being served C. to have served （3）The old man _______ has been ill for months. A. to operate on B. operate on C. operated D. serving D. being operated on
（4） The Three Gorge project ____ on the middle reaches of Yangtse River is the biggest dam of its kind. A. to build B. building C. being built D. built （5）I’ve lived here for twenty years, but I don’t know the family ______ next to my door. A. to live B. living C. lived D. having lived （6）Last year we had a drought ______ 80 days. A. lasted B. lasting C. to last D. being lasted （二） 、过去分词作定语 1.过去分词所表示的动作在谓语动词所表示的动作之前发生,并且表被动。 A letter posted this morning will probably reach her tomorrow. 2. 没有一定的时间性,仅表示被动。 I don’t like to see the letter written in pencil.我 3.如过去分词作定语时所表示的动作正在发生,其结构为 being done。 The question being discussed is important.现在正在讨论的问题很重要。 （1）From the dates ____ on the gold coin, we decided that it was made five hundred years ago. A. marking B. marked C. to be marked D. having been marked （2） Any applicant form ______ properly will not be accepted by the company. A. not filled B. not to be filled C. not being filled D. not having been filled （3） The amount of money _____ for the seriously sick child was soon collected. A. to need B. needed C. needing D. which needed 非谓语动词作定语练习 1. Here are some new computer programs _________ for home buildings. A. designing B. design C. designed D. to design
2. The wallet
several days ago was found B. stealing, hiding
in the dustbin outside the building. C. stealing, hidden D. stolen, hiding
A. stolen, hidden 3. Many things
impossible in the past are very common today.
A. consider B. considering C. considered D. be considered 4 What’s the language in Germany? A. speaking B. spoken C. be spoken D. to speak 5. They found a old woman on the ground when the door was broken down. A. dying, lying B. dead, lied C. death, laying D. died, lain 6．The meeting this evening is of great importance． A．holding B．held C．to hold D．to be held 7．—How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? —The key the problem is to meet the demand by the customers． A．to solving；making B．to solving；made C．to solve；making D．to solve；made 8．The computer centre， last year，is very popular among the students in this schoo1． A．open B．opening C．having opened D．opened 9．The man on now is my brother． A．to be operated B．being operated C．operated D．been operated 10．The first textbooks for teaching English as a foreign 1anguage came out in the 16th century． A．have written B．to be written C．being written D．written 11．The 0lympic Games， in 776 B．C，did not include women players until 1912． A．first played B．to be first played C．first playing D．to be first playing 12. The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the ． A．20 dollars remained B．20 dollars to remain C．remained 20 dollars D．remaining 20 dollars 13. Mr. Smith, of the speech, started to read a novel. A．tired; boring B．tiring; bored C．tired; bored D．tiring; boring 14. The old man, ____________abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. A. to work B. working C. to have worked D. having worked 15. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, ____ as 3M. A. knowing B. known C. being known D. to be known 16. The flowers ____ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 17. At present, English is the main subject ___________ here.（teach） 18. Snow was falling when they went along a mountain path __________ to the front.（lead） 19. ---“Who are those people with the banner?” ---“A group __________ itself the League for peace.”（call） 20. “The picture writing” __________ long long ago is hard for us to understand today.（draw） 21. He loves parties. He is always the first __________ and the last __________（. come, leave） 22. This is the best play __________ last year.（perform） 23. How I regret the days __________ in doing the useless work!（waste） 24.. The students, _____ at the way the questions were put, didn’t know the answers to them.（surprise） 25. ____ in ancient times, the book still appeals to readers today. A. Though it written B. Though written C. It was writer D. Written it was 26.After a whole day’s heavy work, the old worker returned home, ______. A. hungry and felt exhausting B. hunger and exhausted C. hungry and exhausted D. hungry and having been exhausted
27. Some people are sitting on the grass; others are strolling along the lake side, _____. A. chatting and to laugh B. to chat and to laugh C. chatting and laughing D. chatting and laughed Replace the underlined part with ing/ ed / to do 1. The computer center which was opened last year, is very popular among the students. in the 2. Most of the artists who were invited to the party were from South Africa. 3. There was a terrible noise which followed he sudden burst of light. 4. Do you know the boy who is lying under the big tree? 5. Are you going to attend the meeting which will be held tomorrow? 6. I like most of the books which are published in this publishing house. 7. This is one of the questions which are being discussed at the meeting now. 8. Would you please give me a piece of paper which I can write with ? 9. The next train which will arrive is from Washington.
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