Unit 2 Growing pains 一．.汉译英 1．调高；出现，露面 2．强迫某人做某事 3．处理 4．负责 5．建议做某事 6．迫不及待做某事 7.以??的形式 8．以??自豪 9．熬夜 10．毕竟，终究 11．把??和??混淆 12．采纳某人的意见 13．坚持做?? 14．禁止某人做某事 15．应该..做，应当?? 16．熄灭 17．不再，再也不 18．对??苛刻，
19．目前，当前 20．发疯似地，拼命地 21.一团糟 Ⅲ.完成句子 1．Also, ____________( 每次) I watch a DVD he sends me to bed or tells me to _____more time ____________ (花时间学习)。 2.Mom and Dad arrived back from vacation a day earlier _______________(比预计) 3.Eric runs in after it, ______________a big dog, (后面跟着) ,__________ very slowly. (走着) 4．The room is a mess, ________pizza boxes on the floor and dishes piled in the sink. (堆放着许多比萨 5 ． Dad and I realize there is probably an explanation for why the house is so dirty, but you ____________________(不应该跑出房间)out of the room and slammed the door like that. 6.Maybe, but _________(既然)he has been so rude to us, I_________(觉得)we have to punish him or he won’t respect us. （suppose） (1)假设你的老师现在看到了你，你该怎么说？ ______________your teacher sees you now, what will you say? (2)他们应该在一个小时以前到达这里。 They _________________be here an hour ago. (3)她所有的朋友都以为他是她的丈夫。 All of her friends _________him _________her husband. (4)广泛认为部长将被迫辞职。 It ________________that the minister will be forced to resign. (charge) (1)人们常常把交通事故中生命的丧失归罪于司机的粗心。 People often _________the loss of lives in the traffic accident_________the driver’s carelessness. (2)格林先生负责这项工程而那家公司由他的妻子掌管。 Mr. Green is_________ this project and that company is __________________his wife. (4)你可得到免费的服务。 You can get the service ________________. . (5)他们一杯咖啡向我要价 5 美元。 They __________me five dollars _________a cup of coffee. (6)她被控告私自挪用公司的钱。 She _____________ the company’s money for her own purpose. sight, scene, scenery, view。 1)scene 指展现在眼前的情景，也可以指 scenery 的一部分，大多包括景物中的人及活动在内。 2)scenery 指某地总的自然风景或景色，尤指美丽的乡间景色。 3)view 常指从远处或高处看到的 scenery 的一部分，也指从某一位置所看到的景色。 4)sight 既可以指场景、眼前看到的景观，又可以指名胜、风景，只是在表示后者的含义时，必须要
用复数形式。 用 scenery, view, sight 与 scene 的适当形式填空 (1)The _________after the earthquake was horrible. (2)The _________as one travels by boat along the Changjiang Three Gorges is marvelous. (3)The mountain hotel offered magnificent _________ . (4)He saw some amazing _________at the zoo. 4 insist vi.&vt.坚持； 坚决主张；坚持说 insist on 坚持；坚决主张；一定要 insist on being present 坚持要求出席 【用法点拨】(1)当 insist 作“坚持要求，坚决主张”讲时，insist 后可接宾语从句，宾语从句应用 虚拟语 (1)The man insisted ________ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. A．find B．to find C．on finding D．in finding (2)She insisted that the bike ________ hers and that I ________ it back to her. A．should be; should give B．was; give C．was; gave D．be; gave 5 suggest vt. 建议，提出(意见、计划等)；暗示 suggestion n. 提议，意见； 暗示 suggest doing sth 建议做某事 ask for one’s suggestions/advice 征求某人的建议 give/offer suggestions/advice(on?) 提出(关于??的)建议 take/follow one’s suggestions/advice 采纳(接受)某人的建议 It is suggested that?(should)do? 有人提议?? I suggest that?(should)do? 我觉得/认为?? suggest 与 advise (1)He suggested ________ the children to the zoo. A．to take B．take C．having taken D．taking (2)—How do you ________ we go to Beijing for our holidays? —I think we’d better fly there. It’s much more comfortable. A．insist B．want C．suppose D．suggest 【活学活用】 (1)Go and join in the party. ________ it to me to do the washingup. A．Get B．Remain C．Leave D．Send (2)If anybody calls, tell them I’m out, and ask them to ________ their name and address. A．pass B．write C．take D．leave (3)—Are you going to have a holiday this year? —I’d love to. I can’t wait to leave this place ________. A．off B．out C．behind D．over (4)________ that ________； you might break it. A．Leave; off B．Leave; out C．Leave; alone D．Leave; over 8 forbid (forbade, forbidden) vt. 不许，禁止 forbid (sb) sth 禁止(某人)某事 forbid (one’s) doing sth 禁止(某人)做某事 forbid sb to do sth 禁止某人做某事 forbid sb from doing sth 禁止某人做某事 【注意事项】 (1)同义词：prohibit vt. 禁止， 阻止；反义词：allow, permit v. 准许，允许。 (2)forbid, prohibit, allow 和 permit 的搭配相同，即均接动名词(也可以是动名词的复合形式)作宾语， 接不定式作宾语补足语。
【活学活用】 (1)他父亲不许他们结婚。His father their marriage. (2)我们这里严禁吸烟。We here. (3)我不许你进网吧。 I enter the Internet Café. ＝I the Internet Café. ＝I the Internet Café. 五．短语存储 1 now that 既然；由于 in that 基于??的理由，因为(引导原因状语从句) on condition that 条件是(引导条件状语从句) providing/provided that 在??情况或条件下；假若；倘若；除非(引导条件状语从句) 【活学活用】 (1)________ he has decided to come to see you, ________ he will come? A．Now that; do you think B．As; where you thinkC．When; whoever D．Since; when do you think (2)You may be allowed to watch TV ________ you ________ your homework. A．even if; finish B．on condition that; have finishedC．in case; finish D．in order that; finish (3)________ you’ve got such a good chance, you should make full use of it. A．Although B．As soon as C．Now that D．Before (4)Human beings are different from animals ________ they can use language as a tool to communicate. A．in that B．for that C．in which D．for which (5)—What do you think of finding a parttime job at college? —Good idea, in my opinion, ________ it doesn’t affect your studies. A．now that B．in case C．providing that D．unless 2 turn up 开大(音量)，调高(音量、热量等)；露面，来到， 出现；turn round/around 转过身 turn to 向??寻求帮助、指教等 turn away 不理，撵走 turn out to be 证明是?? turn down 翻身；翻转 (1)She’s having a lot of trouble with the new computer, but she doesn’t know whom to ________. A．turn to B．look for C．deal with D．talk about (2)I’m sure that your lost pet will ________ one day. A．turn up B．turn over C．turn out D．turn back 4 do with 处理，处置 do without 没有??也行，将就 have something(nothing) to do with 与??有关(无关) 【词语辨析】 do with 与 deal with (1)我们将怎样来处理这个问题呢？What are we going to the problem? (2)爸爸，这个打破的花瓶跟我不相干，不过可能和苏西有关系。 Dad, this broken vase me, but it just might have Susie. (3)我看没有燃料恐怕不行。I’m afraid you can’t fuel. 6 after all 毕竟，终究(置于句首，表示结果与预想有所不同；置于句末，用以导出原因，表示强 调的语气) above all 最重要的是，首要的是 in all 总共，合计 first of all 首先 at all 根本(用于否定句)；竟 然，全然，究竟(用于肯定句)
【活学活用】 (1)I’d like to buy a house—modern, comfortable, and ________ in a quiet neighborhood. A．in all B．above all C．after all D．at all (2)The passenger was tired and walked more slowly but he got home ________. A．after all B．at all C．above all D．in all with＋名词/代词＋形容词/副词/介词短语/分词/不定式 【句型解读】 这种 with 结构多用作状语，也可以用作定语。with 引导的独立主格结构不是句子而是短语。如： Don’t stand with your hands in your pockets. The naughty boy stood before his teacher with his head down. Mary was sitting near the fire, with her back towards the door. With you helping me whenever I’m in trouble, I feel very obliged to you. 【活学活用】 同义句转换 (1)约翰走了，我们的地方大了一些。 John we’ve got more room. (2)玩具破了，那男孩在哭。The boy was crying . (3)借助词典，他试着把这本故事书读完。 ,_he managed to finish reading the storybook. (4)由于门开着，机器的噪音几乎震耳欲聋。 ,_the noise of the machine is almost deafening. (5)无事可做，我出去散了一会儿步。 ，I went out for a walk. 3．Mom and Dad arrive back from vacation a day earlier than expected.爸爸和妈妈外出度假，比(孩子 们)预计的时间提前一天返回家中。 【句型解读】 than expected 为状语从句中的省略形式，完整句式为：than(they are)expected，意为“比预期的，比 预料的” 。 状语从句中的省略情况为： (1)当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致时，可以省略状语从句中的主语和系动词 be。如： While (I was) walking along the street, I heard my name called. He opened his lips as if (he were) to speak. (2)当从句中的主语是 it，谓语动词中又含有系动词 be 时，可将 it 和 be 一起省略，此时构成“连词 (if, unless, when, whenever)＋形容词”的结构。如： Unless (it is) necessary, you’d better not refer to the dictionary. (1)We all know that, ________， the situation will get worse. A．not if dealt carefully with B．if not carefully dealt with C．if dealt not carefully with D．not if carefully dealt with (2)When ________ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A．Compared B．being comparedC．Comparing D．having compared (3)Though ________ many times, he didn’t know how to work out the difficult maths problem. A．Told B．being told C．to be told D．having been told 4．Dad and I realize there is probably an explanation for why the house is so dirty, but you shouldn’t have run out of the room and slammed the door like that.
should have done sth 本来应该做某事而实际上未做 (1)你不应该对你父母说这样的话。 _____________________________________________________. (2)我本可以准时到的，但我的车在途中坏了。_______________________________________. 七．跟踪训练 1．The message is very important, so it is supposed ________ as soon as possible. A．to be sent B．to send C．being sent D．sending 2．[2009·全国卷Ⅰ] Could I speak to ________ is in charge of International Sales, please? A．who B．what C．whoever D．whatever 3．Bill suggested ________ a meeting on what to do for the old people during the vacation. A．having held B．to hold C．holding D．hold 4．You’d better not leave the medicine ________ kids can get it. A．even if B．which C．where D．so that 5．—Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don’t mind where we go ________ there’s sun, sea and beach. A．as though B．as long as C．now that D．in order 6．[2009·湖北卷] During the war there was a serious lack of food. It was not unusual that even the wealthy families had to ________ bread for days. A．eat up B．give away C．do without D．deal with 7．[2010·福建卷] Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, ________ supplies to Yushu, Qinghai Province after the earthquake. A．sending B．to send C．having sent D．to have sent 8． In America, one of the top reasons ________ for not taking a vacation is that it’ s too much extra work. A．giving B．given C．being given D．to be given 9．[2010·全国卷Ⅱ] Though ________ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. A．surprising B．was surprised C．surprised D．being surprised 10．[2010·山东卷] I ________ have watched that movie—it’ll give me horrible dreams. A．shouldn’t B．needn’t C．couldn’t D．mustn’t 11．John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ________， he gladly accepted it. A．finished B．finishing C．having finished D．was finished 12．Peter failed to pass this exam. He regretted ________ too much time ________ computer games. A．to waste; to play B．wasting; playing C．to waste; playing D．wasting; to play 13．In order not to be disturbed, I spent three hours ________ in my study. A．locking B．to be locked C．to lock D．locked 14．The old lady insisted that the young man ________ her purse and insisted on ________ him to the police station. A．had stolen; send B．should steal; to send C．had stolen; sending D．steal; sending 15．Mary, we left you in ________charge of the room, but now it’s in ________ mess. A．the; a B．/; a C．the; / D．/; the 定语从句专练： A. that B. where C. which D. the one 1. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day? 2. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday? 3. Is this the factory __________ he worked ten years ago? 4.Is it in that factory __________ “Red Flag” cars are produced?
4. The wolves hid themselves in the places __________ couldn’t be found. A. that B. where C. in which D. in that 5. I’ll tell you __________ he told me last week. A. all which B. that C. all that D. which 8. That tree, __________ branches are almost bare, is very old. A. whose B. of which C. in which D. on which 9. I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D. what 10. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist _________ were in the concert we attended last night. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 11. Anyone __________ this opinion may speak out. A. that againsts B. that against C. who is against D. who are against 12. Didn’t you see the man __________? A.I nodded just now B. whom I nodded just nowC. I nodded to him just now D. I nodded to just now 13. Is there anything __________ to you? A. that is belonged B. that belongs C. that belong D. which belongs 14. ---- “How do you like the book?” ---- “It’s quite different from __________ I read last month.” A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what 15. Mr. Zhang gave the textbook to all the pupils except __________ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 16. The train __________ she was travelling was late. A. which B. where C. on which D. in that 17. It’s the third time __________ late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you’ve arrived D. when you’ve arrived 18. May the fourth is the day __________ we Chinese people will never forget. A. which B. when C. on which D. about which 20. He must be from Africa, __________ can be seen from his skin. A. that B. as C. who D. what 21. He has two sons, __________ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom 22. I, __________ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is 24. The two things ______they felt very proud are Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair. A. about which B. of which C. in which D. for which 25. Do you know which hotel __________? A. she is staying B. she is staying in C. is she staying D. is she staying in 26. Who can think of a situation __________ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that 28. The great day we looked forward to __________ at last A. come B. came C. coming D. comes 29. I like the second football match __________ was held last week. A. which B. who C. that D. / 30. He is the only one of the three______ got the new idea. A. who have B. whom have C. who has
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