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任务型阅读专项训练


Task-based Reading
任务型阅读

Part 1

Brief introduction to task-based reading

(1) “任务型阅读”在08高考中的体现 单 选 15 15 10 完 形 20 20 20 任务 写 阅读 阅读 作 15 30 30 10 10 15

1 25 25

听力
题数 分值 完成时 间(分钟) 20 20 20

(2)《2009年江苏高考说明》

第四部分的任务型阅读提供了两种示 例——树状(Tree-shaped)或网格状 (Net-shaped)。题例中要求考生根据 所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一 个最恰当的单词。注意每空一词。

Diagram completing

Tree-shaped

Net-shaped

Tree- shaped
The Internet offers information to us

The Internet

语篇结构

Wecan(2)__ __Informati on throughout the World, because the Internet can Connect millions of computers.

The Internet is often called the “information superhighway”, because vast of information travel over it.

先 总 后 分

The Internet enables us to (1)_____ in a new way.

Thanks to(3)_____, we can keep in touch with others wherever we are.

It has changed the (4)______Of talking. Through it, we can talk with our students in London About the weather experiment.

It has also enabled us to exchange information at (5)_____speed than traditional communicative methods. Within a short time, it lets us(6)______anoth er person who has interest in(7)____.Besides, it helps us to send information

(8)____the advantages, we should be (9)_____when using it, because it May not be(10)_______if someone has access to our receivers’ computer.

Net-shaped Title: Change in Today’s Children
Main comparison Contexts

行文结构

Different(1)_______

Children in the past just did what they wre(2)____to.
Children today(3)______as if they were adults. Children in the past never experienced(5)_______. Sometimes sadness(6)______to children nowadays. Children in the past: in a (8)_______and guided process Children nowadays:by(9)______TV without control A phenomenon worth noting

Different(2)_______ Different(7)_______to get knowledge

对 比 推 进

The author’s (10)______to children’s change

He prefers communication through print for children, which can control what children are to learn.

(3)“任务型阅读”主要考查何种能力?

? 捕捉信息能力:属基础题。 ? 组织信息能力:属活用题。 ? 总结归纳能力:属概括题。

Part 2

How to do Task-based Reading

information
Dealing with information

Searching

Organizing

Concluding

For example

Fill in the blank with a word in the material.

Few will argue that educating women has great social benefits. But it has enormous economic advantages as well. Most obviously, there is the direct effect of education on the wages of female workers. Educating women also has a significant impact on health practices, including family planning. Educating girls leads to social benefits, _______ advantages and does good to economic health practices, including family planning.

Let’s practice! ? London taxi drivers know the capital like the back of their hands. Just jump into one of the city’s 22,000 distinctive shaped cars and tell the driver your destination. No matter how small the street is, the driver will be able to get you there without any trouble.
In London, no taxi drivers would have difficulty taking you to your ________. destination

? People who are nearsighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Many people who do a lot of close work, such as writing and reading, become nearsighted. Then they have to wear glasses in order to see distant things clearly.
Nearsighted people are unable to see _______ objects without glasses. distant

Dealing with information

Searching

Organizing Concluding

Organizing
Part of speech Synonym Paraphrase

the transformation of words (词的转化) Examples:
possibly
possible possibility impossible lucky

luck

luckily
unluckily

Change the following into adjective forms.

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

create peace beauty frustrate friend change consider

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

creative peaceful beautiful frustrated friendly changeable considerate/ considerable

For example
Teenagers today live in a world full of competition. It is more important than ever to succeed at school if you hope to have a chance in the job market afterwards.
Teenagers today live in a very __________world. competitive

Fill in the blanks with proper words. Let’s

practice!

1. They are cooking a special meal for Christmas. They are cooking a meal __________for Christmas. specially 2. She has good skills at dealing with difficult customers. She is highly _______ at dealing with difficult customers. skilled

3. You’ll have been sound sleeping by the time we get home. asleep You will be sound _______ by the time we get home. 4. Making sure that you get enough sleep is a good way of staying healthy and full of energy.
Enough sleep is an important way of avoiding stress and staying healthy and ___________. energetic

Organizing
Part of speech

Synonym

Paraphrase

Use a synonym synonym : a word with the same meaning as another word Children act more like adults than they used to. →Children today ___________as if behave they were adults.

Match the following synonyms :

advice produce reason opinion way choice

create
view selection

method
suggestion cause

For example Fill in the blanks with proper words.
One of those parents, Laura Malagon, praises the program for convincing her to play a more active role in her children’s school life.

part Parents take a more active ______ in their children’s school life.

Rewrite the sentences: 1. She showed us the way into the garden. She _______________ us into the garden. led/brought 2. He was not for the plan. He was __________ the plan. against 3. It’s not allowed to drive through a red light. forbidden It’s _____________________ to drive through a red light. 4. She eats little in order to keep slim. She doesn’t eat much to avoid putting on weight. ______

Let’s practice!

0rganizing
Part of speech
Synonym

Paraphrase

Paraphrase (释义)
paraphrase: to express something in another way E.g. Footprints are one of the few pieces of hard evidence supporting the idea that there is Yeti. Footprints are one of the few pieces of hard evidence that support the _________ existence of Yeti.

For example Replace the underlined part.
Celebrating birthdays is a very old custom. Ancient people did not know the exact days of their births, yet measured time by using the moon and the seasons.
Although not knowing exactly when they were ______, ancient people born found their own way to measure time.

Replace the underlined part :

Let’s practice!

1.If they play games all day, they will have no time to do physical exercise, which may lead to a bad effect on their health. result in 2. No doubt that computers could play an educational role in our daily life, but it is easier for children who couldn’t control themselves to be too interested in playing be addicted to computer games. are be blame 4. “Foolish” parents should to criticized for neglecting education and sending their children to beg in the street.

For example Rewrite the sentences.
As he was only 165 cm tall, other children often make fun of his height. He was often laughed at for his height. _____ With some bad information available, it is quite possible that children will break the laws, because they want to copy what they see. Children are likely to break the laws,… ____

Let’s practice! Fill in the blanks according to what’s given.
1. These animals are native to Africa. home Africa is ___________ to these animals. 2. In such foggy weather we are not sure whether the trains will arrive on time. punctual The ______________ arrival of trains cannot be guaranteed on foggy days. 3. In minutes you can contact another person who shares your love of kites or stamps. Within a short time, it allows us to contact a person who has interest in ______________.

common

Dealing with information

Searching

Organizing

Concluding

常 用 概 括 词

评价 comment / assessment 起因 reasons/causes 异同 differences / similarities 优劣 advantages / disadvantages 目的 purpose / aim / goal 用途特征 feature/characteristic/function 观点态度 opinion view / attitude 建议 advice/suggestions 结果 effects /consequences/result 结论 列举

conclusion
namely

(1) Snoring(打鼾) is a common problem not only to adults but to children. It may prevent persons from getting enough sleep. It may also prevent air from reaching the heart and lungs during the sleep. But for most persons, snoring affects relations with another person who must sleep in the same room.
Preventing enough sleep Effects Stopping air reaching the hearts and ________ lungs Affecting personal relationship

(2)Today millions of Americans observe Mother’s Day in different ways. They buy more than 150,000,000 Mother’s Day greeting cards. Most of the cards show pictures of flowers, hearts or other things that people feel are linked to being a mother. Many people give flowers for Mother’s Day. It is one of the busiest days of the year for the flower industry. Mother’s Day is a time for young children to do special things for their mothers. Some would make a special gift or draw a special picture. Some families will get together for a meal at a local eating place. This means that mothers do not have to cook on their special day.

Buying greeting cards with Ways _______ pictures of flowers or hearts to celebrate Giving flowers for Mother’s Mother’s Day Day Doing something special for mothers

Getting together for a meal outside

Information

Let’s review!
Searching 0rganizing

Part of speech Synonym Paraphrase

Concluding

Part 3

Practice

Key to Passage 1
main 1 types / kinds 2 namely 3 4 more lack 5 periods 6 birthrate 7 8 fewer 9 appeared / occurred 10 temporary / changeable / unsteady

Go over the instructions and exercises after class.


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