定义:在复合句中充当主语的句子叫做主语从句. 第一部分：常规主语从句，即句子在复合句中充当一个主语 主语从句的时态：不受主句的时态影响和限制。 （1）That he finished writing the composition in such a short time surprised us all. （2）Wh
ether we will go for an outing tomorrow remains unknown. （3）Who will be our monitor hasn't been decided yet. （4） Whom we must study for is a question of great importance. （5）What caused the accident remains unknown. （6）Whatever you did is right. （7）Whose watch was lost is unknown. （8）What we need is time. （9）What we need are good doctors. 小结: （1)引导主语从句连词有 that, whether, who, what, whatever 等 （2)连词位于句首不能省略 （3)主语从句大多数情况下视为三单,但也有例外,如，例 9。 第二部分：为了防止句子头重脚轻，通常把形式主语 it 放在主语位置，真正主 语搁置于句末 （1）It is certain that he will win the match. （2）It is true that he has made a very important discovery in chemistry. （3）It is very likely that they will hold a meeting. （4）It is strange that he should do that. （5）It is important that we all should attend the meeting. （6）It is strange that the man should have stuck to his silly ideas. （7）It is a pity that we won't be able to go to the south to spend our summer vacation. （8）It is still a mystery what caused the accident. （9）It is said that he has gone to shanghai.(=He is said to have gone to shanghai) （10）It is known to all that the gun powder was first invented by the Chinese. （11）It is suggested that the work should be done with great care. （12）It seems that he has seen the film.(=He seems to have seen the film) （13）It happened that the two cheats were there. (=The two cheats happened to be there) 小结: （1)以 that 引出的主语从句,常以形式主语 it 引导. It is +形容词/名词 + that 从句.
（2) 在有些 that 从句中要用虚拟语气 (should+do / should+have done)例句 4,5,6,11. 主语从句与宾语从句两者的用法和在句中的作用是不同的，下面从它们的 各自用法，介绍：）~ 一．主语从句 主语从句 定义:在句子中担当主语的是一个从句,这个从句就叫做主语从句。 主语从句是在复合句中充当主语的从句， 通常放在主句谓语动词之前或由形式 主语 it 代替，而本身放在句子末尾。 1. It 作形式主语和 it 引导强调句的比较 It 作形式主语代替主语从句， 主要是为了平衡句子结构， 主语从句的连接词没 有变化。 而 it 引导的强调句则是对句子某一部分进行强调，无论强调的是什么成 分，都可用连词 that。被强调部分指人是也可用 who/whom。例如： It is a pity that you didn’t go to see the film. 2. 用 it 作形式主语的结构 (1) It is ＋名词＋从句 It is a fact that … 事实是… It is an honor that …非常荣幸 It is common knowledge that …是常识 (2) it is ＋形容词＋从句 It is natural that… 很自然… It is strange that… 奇怪的是… (3) it ＋不及物动词＋从句 It seems that… 似乎… It happened that… 碰巧… (4) it is＋过去分词＋从句 It is reported that… 据报道… It has been proved that… 已证实… 3. 主语从句不可位于句首的五种情况 (1) if 引导的主语从句不可居于复合句句首。 (2) It is said , (reported) …结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如： It is said that President Jingo will visit our school next week. (3) It happens…, It occurs… 结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如： It occurred to him that he failed in the examination. (4) It doesn’t matter how/whether …结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如： It doesn’t matter whether he is wrong or not. (5) 含主语从句的复合句是疑问句时，主语从句不可提前。例如： Is it likely that it will rain in the evening? 4. What 与 that 在引导主语从句时的区别 What 引导主语从句时在从句中充当句子成分，如主语．宾语．表语，而 that 则不然。例如： What you said yesterday is right. What he had done was proved to be wrong.
1.________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That C. Whoever D. Whatever 2. It worried her a bit ____ her hair was turning grey. A. while B. that C. if D. for 3.When and why he came here ________ yet. A. is not known B. are not known C. has not known D. have not known 4. ________ is no reason for dismissing her. A. Because she was a few minutes late B. Owing to a few minutes late C. The fact that she was a few minutes late D. Being a few minutes late 5. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________. A. That…that you had expected B. What …that you had expected C. That…what you had expected D. What…what you had expected 6.________ we go swimming every day ________ us a lot of good. A. If...do B. That...do C. If...does D. That...does 7.It ________ Bob drives badly. A. thinks that B. is thought what C. thought that D. is thought that 8.It's uncertain ________ the experiment is worth doing. A. if B. that C. whether D. how 9.________ the boy didn't take medicine made his mother angry. A. That B. What C. How D. Which 10.____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. A. What, what B. What, that C. That, that D. That, what 11.____ you don't like him is none of my business. A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether 12..____ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 13._________is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee. A. That B. Why C. How D. Who 14._______we'll finish translating the book depends on the time. A. When B. Why C. What D. That 15.______he won't go there is clear to all of us. A. How B. What C. Why D. This 16.______the house will be built will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting. A. If B. Where C. That D. What 17. ._______you come or not is up to you. A. What B. If C. Why D. Whether 18.._______makes mistakes must correct them. A. Who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. Anybody
19.._______team will win the match is a matter of public concern. A. Which B. That C. If D. How 20..________leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who [参考答案] 1-10 CBACD DDCAA 11-20 CBDAC BDCAC
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