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2015广东惠州市高考英语语法填空 阅读自练(2)


2015 广东惠州市高考英语语法填空、阅读自练(2)
语法填空。 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mr. Travers: Well, recently, I have been getting complaints about your work. Ms. Robertson: Uh, what do you me

an? Mr. Travers: Well, your supervisor told me you’re turning your reports in 2 to 3 days late, and you’re often ab sent 1 meetings. Ms. Robertson: Mr. Travers, I can explain. . . Mr. Travers: I know you have been with us for a while now, but this business 2 (change)fast. We need people who can keep up and work as a team. Ms. Robertson: My mother got cancer. I’ve been spending all my free time at the hospital with her, and I even had to leave work 3 (early)because she went into emergency surgery and I 4 sign some papers. I’ve been so 5 (tire), and then Morrison from accounting made 6 joke the other day about canc er victims 7 (lose) their hair and. . . Mr. Travers: Oh. . . I had no idea, Ms. Robertson. Ms. Robertson: I know my work has suffered these past few weeks, but I promise I will make up for 8 ! Mr. Travers: Listen, why don’t you take a couple of days off? It’s much more important that you be with your mother 9 she is recovering. Ms. Robertson: Really, sir? Thank you so much! Mr. Travers: My pleasure. And I’ll have a 10 with Morrison. That kind of talk has no place in this office! 1. 【解析】from 考查介词搭配。句意: 你经常缺席会议。be absent from 缺席。 2. 【解析】 is changing 考查时态。 从 fast 可知: 这个公司变化很快, 表示随时的变化, 用 现在进行时。 3. 【解析】earlier 考查比较级。句意: 我甚至不得不早点下班??。 4. 【解析】must/had to 考查情态动词。句意: 我必须去签字。must 必须; have to 不得 不。 5. 【解析】tired 考查非谓语动词。表示“人”疲劳, 用动词-ed 形式。 6. 【解析】a 考查冠词。make a joke 开玩笑, 是固定搭配。 7. 【解析】 losing 考查非谓语动词。 victims 和 lose 之间是主动关系, 故用现在分词 形式。 8. 【解析】it 考查代词。代指前面提到的 my work。 9. 【解析】while 考查从句连词。表示“在??期间”, 用 while。 10. 【解析】word 考查固定搭配。从后面“这种话不可以在办公室说”可知用 have a word with sb. “和某人谈话”。

完形填空。阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中,选出 最佳答案。 A very little boy was spending his Saturday morning playing in his sandbox. He had with him a plastic pail(桶) and a shiny, red plastic shovel(铲). In the31of creating

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roads and tunnels in the sand, be32a large rock in the middle of the sandbox. The boy dug around the rock,33to move it off the dirt. At first, he wanted to carry it out of the sandbox with his hands; however, it was too heavy. Later, with much34, he pushed the rock across the sandbox by35his hands. When the boy got the rock to the36of the sandbox, he found that he couldn’t roll it up and37the little wall.38, the little boy pushed, but every time he thought he had made some39, the rock tipped(翻 滚) and then fell back into the sandbox. The little boy pushed and pushed, but his only40was to have the rock roll back. Finally he41tears. All this time the boy’s father watched from his living room window42the drama was unfolded. The moment the tears fell, a large43appeared across the sandbox. It was the boy’s father. Gently but44, he said,“Son, why didn’t you use all the strength that you had?” Defeated, the boy45back,“I did! I did! I used all the strength that I had!” “No, you didn’t. You didn’t ask me for help.” The father46down, picked up the rock and dropped it off the sandbox. Do you have “rocks” in your life that need to be47? Are you discovering that you don’t have48it takes to lift them? There is someone who is willing to give us the49we need. Maybe, it’s sometimes a good i dea to ask others for50when we meet difficulties we can’t overcome. ( ) 1.A.method B. step C. practice D. process ( ) 2.A.created B. set C. discovered D. brought ( ) 3.A.trying B. managing C. deciding D. competing ( ) 4.A.thought B. struggle C. movement D. worry ( ) 5.A.touching B. shaking C. using D. controlling ( ) 6.A.bottom B. center C. edge D. front ( ) 7.A.over B. down C. through D. into ( ) 8.A.Doubted B. Surprised C. Pleased D. Determined ( ) 9.A.attempt B. progress C. effort D. decision ( ) 10 A .hope B. reward C. point D. purpose ( ) 11.A.made out B. broke out C. burst into D. rushed into ( ) 12.A.so B. as C. until D. before ( ) 13.A.rock B. picture C. figure D. shade ( ) 14.A.surprisingly B. doubtfully C kindly D. firmly ( ) 15.A.shouted B. smiled C. called D. asked ( ) 16.A.reached B. looked C. fell D. put ( ) 17.A.pushed B. dropped C. carried D. removed ( ) 18.A.who B. what C. which D. where ( ) 19.A.minds B. spirits C. force D. strength ( ) 20.A.help B. tips C. advice D. ideas 1.D【解析】根据本句,“在小男孩在沙堆里修路和隧道的过程中。”A 项“方法”;B 项“台 阶”;C 项“练习”;D 项“过程”。所以选择 D 项。 2.C【解析】根据本句:小男孩在沙堆里修路和隧道的过程中,在沙坑中间发现了一个大石 头。A 项“创造”;B 项“设下”;C 项“发现”;D 项“带来”。所以选择 C 项。 3.A【解析】根据第二段“the rock tipped(翻滚) and then fell back into the sandbox.”

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可知小男孩用手在大石头的周围挖,尽力将大石头从沙堆推出, 但是, 没有成功。A 项“设法, 但不一定成功”; B 项“成功做某事”,与文章相矛盾,所以选 A 项。 4.B【解析】根据第四段“I used all the strength”可知,经过小男孩的努力。 A 项“思想”; B 项“努力”;C 项“运动”;D 项“担心”。 5.C【解析】结合上文的情境“he wanted to carry it out of the sandbox with his hands.” 可知,用手将石头推出沙坑。 6.C【解析】结合上下文的情境及习惯,将石头推出沙坑,首先将石头推出沙坑的边沿。A 项 “底部”;B 项“中心”;C 项“边沿”;D 项“前部”。 7.A【解析】结合情境,将石头翻过这堵墙。其中 over 是 “翻过,跨过”的意思。 8. D 【解析】 结合情境,他决心将石头推出去。 其中“determined”是形容词作状语。 A 项 “怀 疑”;B 项“惊奇”;C 项“高兴”;D 项“决心”。 9.B【解析】他认为每一次都取得一些 “进步”。A 项 “尝试”;B 项“进步”;C 项“努 力”;D 项“决心”。 10.B【解析】结合情境, 尽管小男孩很努力将石头从沙坑中推出,但是他的“回报”是石头 又回到沙坑中。 11.C【解析】结合上文的情境,不管多么用力,总是不能将石头从沙坑中推出,小男孩已经 无能为力,于是突然大声痛哭。其中“burst out crying = burst into tears” 大声痛哭。 其中“burst into ” 意为“突然(进入某种状态或发生某种情况)”。 12.B【解析】结合上下文的情境,当小男孩大声痛哭时,他的父亲看到了这一幕。其中 as 意 为“当??时候”。 13.C【解析】结合情境,一个人出现在沙坑旁,他就是小男孩的父亲。 14.D【解析】小男孩的父亲温和而又坚定地说,你为什么不用尽所有的力量呢。 15.A【解析】结合上文的情境,孩子在大声痛哭,听到父亲的指责很委屈。因此大声回答。 而不选其他选项。 16.A【解析】结合情境,“reach down”固定搭配。 17.D【解析】在我们的人生道路上,有些绊脚石需要搬开。A 项“推开”;B 项“掉下”;C 项“携带”;D 项“搬开”。选 D 更加合适。 18.B【解析】考查固定句型 “It takes sth to do sth” ,其中“what”作“take”的 宾语。 19.D【解析】有人很乐意给我们需要的力量,这里的“力量”不仅指身体的,而且指精神上 的。 20.A【解析】根据第五段“You didn‘t ask me for help”可知,当有困难时,向别人寻 求帮助是一个好的方法,然而这个小男孩却没有寻求他父亲的帮助。

阅读理解。阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 Just 25 years ago, the top three career hopes for young people in Britain were teacher, banker and doctor. Now, they want to be sports star, pop star and actor, according to survey by the Guardian newspaper. Rachel, a character in the popular TV show Glee, may be said to speak for British teenagers. “Nowadays being nobody is worse than being poor.” He said. Emma Brockes, a reporter with the Guardian, believes it is “the bad influence of

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celebrity(名人) culture” that is to blame. “When children wanted to be doctor, it wasn’t because they were really more interested in the functions of human organs than they are now; you go where the respect is.” She wrote. It could explain why there has been such an increase in levels of anxiety and depression. Dr Carlo Strenger, of Tel Aviv University, studied the sense of self for his new book The Fear of Insignificance: Searching for Meaning in the 21st Century. He told the Daily Mail that young people now are “affected by the close connection to the global entertainment network, which has turned ranking and rating people according to wealth and celebrity into an obsession(痴迷).” “As humans, we naturally measure ourselves to those around us, but now we live in a global village. We are comparing ourselves with the most ‘important’ people in the world and finding ourselves wanting,” he said. Today, even high achievers constantly fear that they are insignificant when they compare themselves to success stories in the media. The way out? Simply stop measuring your achievement through a fantasy of wealth and celebrity. Dr Strenger said that it is a process called “active self-acceptance through a constant search for self-knowledge through life.” “The fear of insignificance can only be overcome through strong individual and cultural identity over and above measurable achievement,” he said. 11. Nowadays, young people in Britain have different career hopes because they want to . A. choose jobs based on interests B. become famous C. be teachers, bankers and doctors D. earn more money 12. According to Emma Brockes, what causes the increasing level of anxiety? A. Choices of future careers. B. Access to the global network. C. Bad influences of celebrities. D. Endless comparison with others. 13. Which of the following is True of Dr Carlo Strenger? A. He is a newspaper reporter. B. He is the spokesman of teenagers. C. He tells success stories on TV. D. He is against ranking people with wealth. 14. Dr Carlo Strenger suggests that young people should . A. seek active self-acceptance B. stick to their own dreams C. make great achievements D. search for the secret of wealth 15. The text is mainly written to . A. talk about job choices B. analyze a social phenomenon C. encourage celebrity culture D. introduce three famous people 【参考答案】11—15、BCDAB

阅读理解。阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 F. Scott Fitzgerald, born on September 24, 1896, an American novelist, was once a student of St. Paul Academy, the Newman School and attended Princeton. University for a short while. In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama, where he

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met his future wife Zelda Sayre. Then he had to make some money to impress her. His life with her was full of great happiness, as he wro te in his diary: “My own happiness in the past often approached such joy that I could share it even with the person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and take down parts of it in my diary.” K^S*5U.C#O% This side of paradise, his first novel, was published in 1920. Encouraged by its success, Fitzgerald began to devote more time to his writing. Then he continued with the novel the Beautiful and Damned (1922), a co llection of short stories Thales of the Jazz Age (1922), and a play The Vegetable (1923). But his greatest success was The Great Gatsby, published in 1925, which quick brought him praise from the literary world. Yet it failed to give him the needed financial security. Then, in 1926, he published another collection of short stories All the Sad Young Men. However, Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing. During the 1920s he tried to reorder his life, but failed. By 1930, his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic. During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The Love of the Last Tycoon in 1940. While his wife was in hospital i n the United States, he got totally addicted to alcohol. Sheila Graham, his dear friend, helped him fight his alcoholism. K^S*5U.C

( ) 1. How many novels written by Fitzgerald are mentioned in the passage? A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8 ( ) 2. Which of the following is the correct order to describe Fitzgerald’s life according to the passage? a. He became addicted to drinking. b. He studied at St. Paul Academy. c. He published his first novel This Side of Paradise. d. The Great Gatsby won high praise. e. He failed to reorder his life. f. He joined the army and met Zelda. A. f-c-e-a-b-d B. b-e-a-f-c-d C. f-d-e-c-b-a D. b-f-c-d-e-a ( ) 3. We can infer from the passage that Fitzgerald . A. had made some money when he met Zelda in Alabama. B. was well educated and well off before he served in the army C. would have completed more works if his wife hadn’t broken down D. helped his friend get rid of drinking while his wife was in hospital ( ) 4. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about A. Zelda’s personal life B. Zelda’s illness and treatment C. Fitz gerald’s friendship with Graham

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D. Fitzgerald’s contributions to the literary world 【 语篇解读】本片文章为记叙文,主要讲述了英国著名文学家弗兰西斯·司各特·菲茨杰拉 德的生平、生活及其重要作品 1.答案 A。 【解析】细节理解题。据题意,由文章中关键词 novel 可知,文章中提及到的弗兰西斯·司 各特·菲茨杰拉德的小说有:This side of paradise,The Beautiful and Damned,The Great Gatsby,Tender Is the Night and The love of the last Tycoon,共计 5 篇。故选 A 项 2.答案 D。K^S*5U.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段中“??was once a student of St. Paul Academy??In 1917 he joined the army??”可知弗兰西斯·司各特·菲茨杰拉德先在圣保罗学院学习, 然后参加的军队。由此可知答案应为 D 项 3.答案 C。 【解析】推理判断题。由第四段第一句“However, Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing”可以判断出 C 项 4.答案 D。 K^S*5U.C 【解析】推理判断题。根据人物传记的特点和本段对菲茨杰拉德生活、作品的描述,说明了 菲茨杰拉德的作品对学界的意义,因此最后总结的一段是关于菲茨杰拉德对文学界的贡献的。 故选 D 项

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