襄阳软件学院 第一学期 职业英语期末考试试卷（A 卷）
一、 写出下列缩列词的完整含义及汉语意思（每个 2 分，共 20 分） 1、 CPU： 2、 SQL： 3、 GUI： 4、 USB： 5、 ISP： 6、 FTP： 7、 HTML： 8、 DBMS： 9、 EDI： 10、LAN：
内。每题 1 分，共 10 分） （ ）1、Which of the following can be called the key element of a computer ? A. keyboard （ B. CPU C. mouse D. printer
）2、Linux is welcomed for all the following reasons EXCEPT ? A. User friendliness B. free distribution C. adaptability D. robustness
）3、Which one is not a computer languages? ______ A. Word 2000 B. PASCAL C. C D. C++
）4、A virus is a ______ A. program B. computer C. bad man D. beast
）5、The most widely used tool on the web is ____ A. Netscape B. FTP C. Usenet D. e-mail
） 6、Multimedia involves any combination of two or more of the following elements EXCEPT ____ A. text B. images C. sounds D. television programs
） 7、Where is the firmware usually stored ? A.In the RAM B. In the ROM C. In a disk drive D. in a mouse
） 8、the word “inventory” is close to _____ A. stock B. invention C. sock D. zero
） 9、All the following companies are e-companies EXCEPT _______ A. Kantara B. software.net
） 10、Which medium do optical signals normally travel along ? A. copper wires B. air C. glass fibers D.water
三、 他们会怎么说？（每小题 1 分，共 13 分，答案写在题下的横线处，否则无分） 供选择答案： E. May I speak to J. Thank you A. Good morning F. How are you K. you don’t have B. all the same G. convenient L.OK/Great C. call back H. And you D. Goodbye I. How about
M. Can I help you
1、设想怀特先生打电话给 Rose，邀请她共进晚餐，她礼貌的接受这个邀请。现在完成下面的对话（答 案从题后选项中选） 。 Mr. White : Hi, this is Rodney White speaking ! ___________（1）__________ today ? Rose : Good morning, Mr. White. I’m just fine today. ________（2）__________?
Mr. White : Fine , thanks . Hey , if __________（3）__________ any other plans tonight , would you like to have dinner with me at the restaurant downstairs ? Rose : _____（4）_____ , I’d love to . what time is good for you ? I just wanted to know you better. It shouldn’t take
Mr. White : ______（5）_____ 6 p.m.？ Don’t worry, too long. Rose :
Thank you for your concern , I am looking forward to having a chance to talk with you myself. And , yes , 6 p.m. is _____（6）____ for me .
Mr. White : ______（7）_____ let’s meet then .
对话 1 答案： （1）_____（2）_____（3）_____（4）____（5）_____（6）_____（7）____
2、Jason 接到客户 Jones 先生的电话，她希望同 Jason 的经理， Catherine Wang 对话。然而，他现在 不在公司，在这种情形下他们会说什么？ Jason ： _____（8）______ . General Computers Corporation. How ______（9）_______
Mr. Jones ： Oh, Good morning .This is Corrin Jones of Advanced Micro Devices. ___（10）___ Ms. Wang, Please? Jason ： I’m sorry but she’s not in right now . if you give me your name and number , I’ll ask her to _____（11）_____ Mr. Jones ：OK, My name is Corrin Jones. My number is 1-408-749-3080 Jason ： I see . I’ll tell Ms. Wang you called as soon as she’s in. goodbye!
Mr. Jones ：Thank you, Jason ：
_____（12）_____ . Thank you _____（13）______ .
对话 2 答案： （8）_____（9）_____（10）_____（11）____（12）_____（13）_____
四、 判断正误（正确的在后面括号内打√，错误的打×，每小题 1 分，共 9 分） （ （ （ （ （ （ （ （ （ ）1、 The input/output devices are also called peripheral devices ）2、 Windows XP is available in a 64-bit version. ）3、 Linus aimed to beat DOS when he developed Linux. ）4、 Source code for Linux is available for free. ）5、 The WWW is a text-based system for finding and accessing Internet resources ）6、 The term multimedia refers to a single technology for the purpose of communication . ）7、 With multimedia tools , our daily life will become much easier . ）8、 A microwave oven is a kind of embedded system . ）9、 A database presents information directly to a user .
五、翻译（每小题 2 分，共 8 分） 1、A computer is a fast and accurate system that is organized to accept, store and process data , and produce results under the direction of a stored program .
2、 Linux is an operating system that was initially created as a hobby by a young student, Linus Torvalds, at the University of Helsinki in Finland.
3、 The ability to jump from one document to the next is made possible through the use of hyperlinks .
4、 An embeded system is a special-purpose system in which the computer is completely encapsulated by the device it controls
六、阅读理解。阅读下列短文，回答短文后的问题，从 A、B、C、D 四个答案中选择一个最佳选项。 （每 题 2 分，共 20 分） Passage One The World Wide Web is a hypertext-based system for finding and accessing Internet resources; it is a set of programs, standards, and protocols governing the way in which multimedia files are created and displayed on the Internet. It can provide access to a variety of Internet resources from the same interface, including FTP,
Gopher and Usenet newsgroups in addition to WWW sites.
The World Wide Web is a distributed, multimedia
and hypertext system, and thus a unique medium for communication and for publishing. The term is used to describe an interlinked system of documents in which a user may jump from one document to another in a nonlinear, associative way. The ability to jump from one document to the next is made possible through the use of hyperlinks. By click the hyperlink, the user is immediately connected to the document specified by the link. Multimedia files on the Internet are called hypermedia documents. The explosion in use and popularity of Internet in the 1990s is most likely due to the graphics-intensive nature of the World Wide Web. Individuals, companies, and institutions use the Web in many ways. The most widely used tool on the Web is electronic mail, or E-mail, which is used to send written messages between individuals or groups of individuals, often geographically separated by large distances. As a very convenient and inexpensive way to transmit messages, E-mail has dramatically affected scientific, personal, and business communications. World Wide Web has found application everywhere. E-commerce (business via the Internet) has grown out of businesses that started to advertise their presence via a Web site. This has broadened into selling products and services, not only to customers but between businesses themselves. The costs of commercial transactions are negligible, compared with using the traditional distribution and retail network. What is more revolutionary is that the Web can lead to greater political involvement in decision making for ordinary people, via devoting systems. Web technology has also been extended to handle conferencing and real time communications, to enable it to act like groupware, which facilitates people collaborating over a net-work, especially over an Intranet. The future of the World Wide Web is certain; it will survive and grow. What is uncertain is how it will affect other areas of everyday life.
）1. According to the passage, what kind of resources CAN’T you find through Internet? A、 FTP B、 Gopher C、 Web sites D、 free lunch
）2. The WWW has all of the following functions EXCEPT A、 communication. B、 publishing. C、 packaging. D、 multimedia.
）3. The ability to jump from one document to the next is made possible through the use of A、 rich text. B、 database. C、 hypertext. D、 multimedia.
）4. The most widely used tool on the Web is A、 B、 C、 D、 FTP Netscape Usenet e-mail
）5. About the WWW, which of the following statement is NOT TRUE? A、 The WWW has been used for selling products and services. B、 Through e-voting systems, ordinary people can vote online. C、 The influence of the WWW will possibly not be as big as it is. D、 E-conferencing is enabled by Web technology.
Passage Two Linux is an operating system that was initially created as a hobby by a young student, Linus Torvalds, at the University of Helsinki in Finland. Linus had an interest in Minix, a small UNIX system, and decided to
develop a system that exceeded the Minix standards. He began his work in 1991 when he released version 0.02 and worked steadily until 1994 when version 1.0 of the Linux Kernel was released. The kernel, at the heart of all Linux systems, is developed and released under the GNU General Public License and its source code is freely available to everyone. system is developed. It is this kernel that forms the base around which a Linux operating
There are now literally hundreds of companies and organizations and an equal number
of individuals that have released their own versions of operating systems based on the Linux kernel. Apart from the fact that it’s freely distributed, Linux’s functionality, adaptability and robustness, has made it the main alternative for proprietary Unix and Microsoft operating systems. IBM, Hewlett-Packard
and other giants of the computing world have embraced Linux and support its ongoing development. More than a decade after its initial release, Linux is being adopted worldwide primarily as a server platform. as a home and office desktop operating system is also on the rise. Its use
The operating system can also be
incorporated directly into microchips in a process called “embedding” and is increasingly being used this way
in appliances and devices. Throughout most of the 1990’s, tech pundits, largely unaware of Linux’s potential, dismissed it as a computer hobbyist project, unsuitable for the general public’s computing needs. Through the efforts of
developers of desktop management systems such as KDE and GNOME, office suite project OpenOffice.org and the Mozilla web browser project, to name only a few, there are now a wide range of applications that run on Linux and it can be used by anyone regardless of his/her knowledge of computers.
）6. About the starting of Linux, which of the following is true? A. B. C. D. It was developed by a group of software engineers. It was initiated by a US student. Microsoft experts initiated this language. A Finland student started Linux.
）7. The meaning of word “Kernel” is closest to which of the following: A. B. C. D. peripheral. shell. core. bottle.
）8. A. B. C. D.
Linux is welcomed for all the following reasons EXCEPT free distribution. adaptability. user friendliness. robustness.
）9. What can be inferred about Linux in 1990’s? A. B. C. D. It was very popular It was not very popular It was expensive It was not developed yet
）10、 About the future of Linux,which of the following is right ? A. B. It remains acitve only as a server operating system It will be totally replace Windows system
It will be used more by home users Hard to tell
六、作文：马上要放寒假了，给自己的父母或亲戚朋友写一封英文信，介绍你这半年在学校里的情况， 字数不少于 150 字，你的 e-mail 地址是 email@example.com ，对方的 e-mail 地址是 firstname.lastname@example.org
要求：写明发信人（From） 、收信人（To） 、抄送（CC） 、按抄送（BCC） 、主题（subject） 、日期（date） 等；按照齐头式方式写作 (20 points)
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