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2013年高三二轮专题复习学案名词性从句复习


高三英语二轮复习专题二学案 -------定语从句 审定:英语备课组 时间:1 月 18 日
【考纲解读】
名词性从句包括主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句,和同位语从句.名词性从句的考查通 常是将从句的基本结构置于多层次的结构中,从而考查考生下述几项能力:对语句层次的确认.、 对 从句句法的确认、 对语句内部功能的确认命题预测 。 名词性从句主要从以下角度来命题: 测试主语从句中 what , that , how, when , where, whether, what ( 测试表语从句中 what , that, how, where, whether 等的用法 测试宾语从句的语序和时态呼应 测试同位语从句的连接词的选择等 when , how, where )ever 等的用法.

【高考再现】 【2012 山东卷】 It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this 25.
store. A. how B. whether C. what D. why 【答案】 B 【解析】 此处 it 是形式主语, 后面 whether...or…引导的主语从句是真正的主语, whether...or… 意为:是…还是…都行。句意:在这个商店中用现金或信用卡支付都可以。 【考点定位】考查主语从句的连接词 【2012 山东卷】26 I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ______ he never finishes anything. A. that B. when C. where D. why 【答案】D【考点】考查表语从句。【解析】句义:我恐怕他比起来一个实践家更是一个空谈家,那 就是他一事无成的原因。本文“which is..”引导的一个非限定性定语从句中有一个表语从句根据句意用 “why”引导。 【2011 山东卷 33】We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it. A. where B. what . whether D. which 【答案】C【考点】此题考查宾语从句的引导词。【解析】句意“我们提供给她了这份工作,但我不知 道她是否会接受”。whether “是否”, where “哪里“what “什么”,which “哪个“。 A. how B. which C. that C. how D. what D. which (10 山东)26. Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my kids will need for the coming season. A. why B. what

【试题分析】
1.引导词的考查是高考的重点 2. 引导词的考查中以 wh-引导词为重点。 近几年高考题考查名词性从句的题中, wh-引导词占了多数, 而这些中答案是 what 的又占了多数,分别考查了 what 在从句中作主语、宾语等。 3.试题中与名词性从句有关的句型或介词也有所考查,体现了全面考查名词性从句的思想 4.it 作形式主语,而把作真正主语的主语从句放在后面的名词性从句,介词及其后面 what 引导的宾 语从句,这些也是高考常考点。

【复习目标】1、掌握名词性从句中 that 与 what 的区别及 it 作形式主语或形式宾语
2、 whether, if 以及 that 的区别及名词性从句中的疑问词+ever 引导的名词性从句及其与 no matter+疑问词引导的从句的区别 3、名词性从句中 that 与 what 的区别及同位语从句与定语从句的区别

【知识主线】名词性从句考点主要有以下六个方面:

考点之一:考查名词性从句中 that 与 what 的区别 考例: _______ we can't get seems better than _______ we have. A. What; what B. What; that C. That; that D. That; what 考点之二:考查名词性从句中的 it 作形式主语或形式宾语 考例 1: _______ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It 例 2: I hate _______ when people talk with their mouths full. A. it B. that C. this D. them 考点之三:考查名词性从句的语序 考例:The photographs will show you _______ . A. what does our village look like C. how does our village look like B. what our village looks like D. how our village looks like

考点之四:考查名词性从句中的 whether, if 以及 that 的区别 考例 1: _______ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 考例 2: What the doctors really doubt is _______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why 考例 3: It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. A. while B. that C. if D. for 考点之五:考查名词性从句中的疑问词+ever 引导的名词性从句及其与 no matter+疑问词引导的从句的 区别 考例 1:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 考例 2: Sarah hopes to become a friend of ______ shares her interests. A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 考点之六:考查名词性从句的虚拟语气问题 考例:It is necessary that a college student ______ at least a foreign language. A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master

【易混易错】1、在名词性从句中 that 与 what 的区别是:that 在名词性从句中不作句子成分,只起连
接作用;而 what 在名词性从句中不仅起连接作用,而且作句子成分.句子的意思是:我们不能得到的似乎 比我们已经拥有的要好.此题考查了两个名词性从句:主语从句和宾语从句,what 在这两个名词性从句 中都作宾语. 2、同位语从句与定语从句的区别? :1)定语从句中的 that 既代替先行词,同时在从句中作某个成分 (主语或宾语) 而同位语从句中的 that 是连词, , 只起连接主句与从句的作用, 不充当句中任何成分。 ?2) 语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述它的性质或特征;同位 定 语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行补充说明。如:? The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year.? 他告诉我的消息是汤姆明年将出国。(第一个 that 引导的从句是定语从句,that 在从句中作宾语) The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him.? 汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。(同位语从句,that 在句中不作任何成分)?

【重锤猛敲】各种连接词的用法:
1.连接词 that、whether、if 不在它们引导的主语从句中充当句子成分。 2. 连接代词 who、whose、what、 which 等都在句子中担当一个句子成分。比如:主语、宾语、定语 等等。 3. 关系副词 when、where、how、how long 等分别在句子中作时间状语、地点状语、方式状语等等。

【方法规律】1.分清引导词在从句中的作用是解决名词性从句引导词选择的关键。
近几年高考题几乎所有的名词性从句的考查都是对引导词的考查,因此如何选择名词性从句的引导词 是我们备考的重中之重。引导词的选择要遵循两个原则: (1)引导词在从句中所作的成分. 引导词在 从句中作主语、宾语,我们就要选择连接代词,在从句中作状语我们就要选择连接副词。 (2)依据句 子的逻辑意义选择 2.明白从句的语序是陈述的语序,名词性从句可以由 it 代替,选择答案时剔除插入语等技巧。

【针对训练】
( ( face. A.what ( ( ( ( ( ( ( fast. A.what ( ( A.what ( ( army. B.who A.since C.whatever C.how B.which D.which D. whether C. why ; that D. that ; because C.that D.why D.because )10.[2010〃辽宁卷] When the news came ________ the war broke out, he decided to serve in the ) 11.It is considered unwise for parents to give their children ________ they ask for. B.when )12. One of them held the view __ the book said was right. A. what that A, why ; why B. that what C. that B. why; because )13.The reason ___ he has to go is ___ his mother is ill in bed. finishes anything. A.where A.this A.that trying to express. want to succeed. B.how A.that B.what B.that B.how A.that A.why B.how C.that B.when C.whether C.what C.when B.how D.why C.where D.which D.which D.why C.who C.what D.what D.which D.why )3.[2011〃山东卷] I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ________ he never )4.[2011〃山东卷] We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know________ she’ll accept it. )5.[2011〃江西卷] The villagers have already known ________ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. )6.[2011〃北京卷] It was never clear ________ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. )7.[2010〃安徽卷] His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out ________it is he is )8.[2010〃四川卷] Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we )9.[2010〃辽宁卷] Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ________ to read )1. [2011〃北京卷] ________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A.Which B.What C.That D.Whom )2. [2011〃北京卷] The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would

( ( (

)14They received orders ___ the work be done right away. A. which A. that 春季上海 ) A. which B. that A. which B.that C.as C. what D. whether B. that D.which C. what D. whether B. that B. this is C. / D. when C. it D. what’s ( 2004 )15.I think ___ certain that she will do well in her exam. )16.Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas.

( ( (

)17.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ______ a cure for AIDS will be found. (05 广东 卷) 卷) A.who )18.Danby left word with my secretary _________ he would call again in the afternoon. (05 浙江 )19.A story goes _____ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that C. There…whether C. whenever D. It…whether D. wherever



)20._____ is no possibility _____ Bob can win the first prize in the match. (2001 上海春) A. There…that B. It…that B. whichever

【2012 陕西卷】 As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you 20. best. A whatever 【2012 北京卷】 Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed 24. it differently. A. why A.whether B. how B.where C. that C.which D. whether he had left his keys in the office. D.that 【2012 江西卷】25.It suddenly occurred to him

[2012 湖南高考真题]26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn't matter ____ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether A. why D. when B. how C. whether D. 【2012 重庆卷】 Evdence has been found through years of study______ children’s early sleeping 34. problem likely to continue when they grow up. that 【反思提高】

参考答案 知识主线: (一)B(二)DA(三)B(四)BCB(五)BC(六)B 针对训练:1—10 BADCC,DDCCC 11—20 CBCBC, BBBDA 2012 高考:BCDCD


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