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A 词的变化 (用词重复也是因为受母语思维习惯的影响,从民族习惯心理来分析,“东方人求同,求稳,重和谐”, 西方人“求异,求变,重竞争”,他们喜欢追求变化) B.英语词语变化习惯----英语中存在极为丰富的同义词和近义词。 英语同义词的丰富主要是由于拉丁语, 法语和本 族语的混合所致 1 合成,组成 combine …with a combination of 2 一生的/终生的

….a lifelong career/ education / wish / friendship 3 容易得到….be accessible to something (it is easy to get ) ; find one’s way into …. Gain access to 4 占据 account for / take up 5 (着手)解决问题 address the problem (solve problem) There are several ways to address this problem. 6 认为…是正确的 agree with something … 7 相同的,同样的 (same; both …and )alike ; likewise; 8 减缓问题的重要性 alleviate the problem 9 随着 along with …(with the development of ) 10 令人惊讶的景象 amazing sight 11 应用,适用 apply to ….e.g. This saying applies to everyday life. Apply for 12 供某人自由支配 at one’s disposal 13 渠道,办法 avenue e.g. I set out to pursue an educational avenue that leads to a better job. 14 普通人 average person 15 依赖,依靠 be tied to (depend on, rely on, be related to ) e.g. world economy is closely tied to oil prices . 16 分解,分成小部分 break …down (divide …into ; separate …into ) 17 刊登文章 carry articles 18 满足…需求 cater to (satisfy ; fit) 19 无须抵押 without collateral 20 惯例 common practice 21 和谐的,一致的 compatible 22 继续教育 continuing education 23 专业课 course work 24 累死了 feel dead tired 25 又根据的,有见解的 educated 26 包含,包括 encompass (前者并不自然或固定地包含后者,而是涉及到许多方面) include (指后者完全属于前者) 27 经历,经验 exposure e..g Part-time job gives me some exposure outside of the campus environment . 28 快节奏的生活 a fast paced life 29 面对 head on (adv. ) One should face failure head on . 30 非停车区 a no-parking zone 住宅区 a residential zone 31 多才多艺的,全面的 well-rounded ; versatile 32 扩大知识面 widen / enrich one’s knowledge 33 即将到来的 upcoming e.g. Are you coming to visit me for the upcoming holiday ? 34 放松 unwind (v. ) 35 薪水不高 underpaid 36 贷款 take out a loan 37 真正的原因 the reason behind

38 相反 the reverse e.g. The reverse is actually the case . 39 交通阻塞 traffic congestion 40 逃避,避免 shrink from 41 …样的情况出现 …situation may arise 42 上网 surf the Internet 43 主题 subject matter 44 加大难度,增加困难 strain e.g. The increased costs will certainly strain our finances. 45 景点 scenic spots -landscape 46 骑自行车 pedal (v.) 47 有关 pertaining to … 48 纠缠 pester 49 没必要的,琐碎的 petty (unnecessary, undesirable ) 50 造成压力 place / put a strain on … 51 流行 prevalence 52 经常 more often than not 53 内外,上下 on and off campus (校内外) 54 找到工作 land a job 55 危害 jeopardize (put …at risk 56 in general ; in the end 57 as to the scope of reading… 58 Different people take different positions on this problem. 59 They base their argument on two reasons. 60 if possible 做插入语 61 比较 A,B 时,可以说 A/B is more desirable/ favorable . 62 consequently 63 好学生 gifted students ; high-achieving students ; (lower-scoring classmates ; top students ) 64 电影是一种…..方式,手段 a visual medium ; a clumsy vehicle ; dramatic substitute for ; various devices 65 酗酒 addiction to alcohol ; drinking; alcoholism 66 造成 cause; be responsible for ; trigger 67 越来越:be increasingly adj., be on the rise, the growing number of 68 人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that 69 许多问题:a host of/a number of problems 70 引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth. 71 意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb. to the fact/danger 72 适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change 73 接触各种思想/经历:be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems 74 接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society 75 获得成功:achieve/accomplish success 76 提出观点/建议:advance / put forward / come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions 77 作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained effort to do sth., take great pains to do(with work/study) 78 影响学习/工作:interfere with studies/work 79 产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on life/personality, have a dramatic/undesirable effect on 80 较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of one's life 81 剥夺机会/权力:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity 82 取代就的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way 83 采取措施:take effective steps/measures to 84 控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment

85 躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the dangers/challenge 86 满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 87 补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage 88 解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon 89 对……很好的了解: have a better understanding/appreciation of, have a new perspective on. provide/gain an insight into 90 把某因素考虑进去:take sth. Into account(consideration), give much thought to this article was 91 品位人生/自由/青春:savor the life/freedom/youth 92 培养对……的信心:develop/foster one's interest/confidence in 93 经历变化/困难/艰险:undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience 94 表现出自信心等:project one's confidence/feeling/image 95 生活充满不公正的地方:life is full of minor irritation/injustice 96 追求学习/职业:pursue one's academic interest/professional career 97 学习知识/技术:pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill 98 被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as a good example 99 交流经验/知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge 100 发挥/起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great) role/part 101 逃学/缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture 102 知识/经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience 103 确立/追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard 104 到达目标:achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/objective 105 克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty 106 面临危险/困难:be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty 107 阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success, be an obstacle/barrier to success/growth 108 阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of 109 持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom 110 发表看法:voice/express one's opinion 111 持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view 112 揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of 113 求得帮助:enlist one's support/help 114 缩小差别:bridge/narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and country) 115 把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/own the success/failure to 116 对……重要:be indispensable/important/vital to 117 施加压力:put/exert a academic pressure on 118 重视:assign/attach much importance/significance to 119 强调:place/put much emphasis/stress/value on 120 把注意力集中在:focus/concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts upon 121 提供机会/信息:provide/offer/furnish an opportunity/information for sb. 122 抓住机会:grab/seize/take the opportunity 123 得到机会:enjoy/gain access to a opportunity/information The article was gathered from 124 有可能:there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that, chances/the odds are that 125 展开竞争:compete against/with sb. for the prize/position/control/the mastery of 126 开展运动:conduct(carryon/undertake/initiate/launch/wage) a (vigorous/nation-wide/publicity/advertising) campaign (for/against) 127 对我很有/没有什么意义:make much/little sense to me 128 带来无穷的幸福/满足:be a source of happiness satisfaction/contentment/pride/complaint 129 献身于:devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career

130 大不(没什么)两样:make much(little/no) difference 131 真正重要的是:what really matters/accounts is … 132 改变生活旅程:change/alter the course of life 133 建立在大量的学习/实践上:built on tremendous amount of study/practice 134 进行调查/执行任务:conduct/carry out an study/task/experiment 135 辞去工作/学习:leave/quit one's job/work/school 136 参加考试/竞赛等:enter (for) the examination/contest, race 137 参加活动/讨论:take part/participate/be engaged in sports/activities/discussion 138 影响思想/态度/事件的形成:shape one's thinking/attitude 139 进入大学/社会/家庭/劳力市场/职业:enter a school/college/society/the work force/professionals 140 实现自己的理想/愿望:realize/fulfill/achieve one's dream(hops/wish/desire) 141 减轻压力/紧张:reduce/alleviate/relieve the stress/pressure/tension 142 提高社会地位:enhance/improve/upgrade social status/position/standing rise to the position of leadership 143 提高技术/能力:sharpen (increase/improve/enhance/boost) one's skill/ability 144 加快/促进发展:accelerate/facilitate/advance/enhance/boost the development of 145 随着生活节奏的加快:with the quickening pace/rhythm/tempo of modern life/society 146 开阔眼界/兴趣:broaden one's interest/outlook, expand(broaden/enlarge) one's mental horizons 147 有助于了解/发展/宣传/解决:contribute much/little/greatly/to a better understanding of/the popularity of/the growth of/the solution of 148 有助于解决问题:go a long way to(towards) solving the problem 149 迷恋名利/分数:be obsessed/preoccupied with grades/fame/fortune 150 把时间花/浪费在:spend/waste time doing sth., put in hours doing sth. 151 利用机会 /技术:make (full/better) use of/take advantage of opportunity/time, tap/harness technology potential/skills/talent 152 把知识/经验运用到…:apply/put the theory/knowledge/experience… to practice/daily life/good use 153 取得进步:make much progress/strides/gains in 154 充分发挥潜力/能力:develop one's ability/potential to the full, give full play to one's ability 155 充满激情/渴望:have a burning desire/a great passion for 常见副词 : 程度:mainly; chiefly, generally Completely/fully/ extremely/ entirely Partly (because) merely Eventually/ lastly / finally/ ultimately Gradually/ constantly/ frequently Especially/ particularly/ typically Radically/ profoundly/ fiercely Highly / widely Normally/ regularly Relatively/ fairly Reluctantly/ unwillingly Increasingly 确定/ 强调: definitely/ obviously/ undoubtedly/ absolutely/ surely 实际上,事实:virtually/ actually/ as a matter of fact 必然: irreversibly / inevitably 性格,心情 friendly/ frankly/ cheerfully/




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