Be different from Be similar in 在 --- 方 面 ---to my clothes is similar in style to yours. Write down / take down 写下 记下 note down /put down（练习题里） (Follow)Give instructions to (instruct) the stu
dents, and then let them do the task in group. At the start/beginning of--- this term In the end (at last), he made a conclusion. In the beginning (), 1. be far away from 离---远 我家离学校不远。 My home is not far away from school. 如果有具体的距离，那么 far 这个词
My home is 300m away from school.
be enthusiastic about 对---热衷 着迷 (to do) enthusiasm n.
I am enthusiastic about pop music. 3. Appear v. 出现 appearance 外貌 面孔 @appear to do=seem to do 看起来， 似乎 she appeared to have known the matter. She appeared to know nothing. 3. like v. 喜欢 doing(习惯性的爱 好)/to do 临时想法 I like playing basketball. But, I like to play football today. Be like (prep.) 和---像 Your bag is like mine. Your bag is nothing little/something) like mine. (a Be
nothing like 2) The weather here is nothing like that in Guangzhou. The books here are nothing like those (复数)in library. Be bored with 对 --- 无 聊 bored with this subject. Introduce---to--- 把---介绍---给 Let me introduce my parents to you. Let me introduce my friend to you. 4. be embarrassed at/by 对---感到 尴尬 I was embarrassed at/by my mistake. 5. attitude to(towards) 介词 n/v-ing answer key solution to (solve v.) (/maintain/hold/keep the attitude) This is my attitude to (towards) I am
playing games. In other words 换句话，换言之 (to put it another way) In a word 总之 in conclusion Have a word with sb. 和某人谈话 Have words with sb. 吵架 eat/Break one’s words 食言 倍数表达 这个湖是这个池塘的 5 倍深。Once twice 1. 主语+系动词（动词）+倍数 as— 原型-as--The lake is 5 times as deep as the pool. 2. 主语+系动词（动词）+倍数+比较 级 than---
The lake is 5 times deeper than the pool. 3. 主语+系动词（动词）+倍数 +the 度量的名词（depth width length height size）of--The lake is 5 times the depth of the pool. 5. look forward to 介词 期待
I look forward to meeting you. 6. be impressed with /by/at 对---印象 深刻 I am very impressed with the man. I am very impressed with the concert. 7. cover v。覆盖 Cover---with be cover with/by The earth is covered with/by snow.
Cover the table with a cloth. I covered 100 pages of the book. They covered 100 miles a day. Who will cover this big event? 采访 报道 My plan covers 3 parts. Who will cover the expense/bill at last? Be divided (划分)into We are divided into 3 groups. -ed 和-ing 的形容词的区分 -ing 的形容词表示的是令人、使人产 生---情绪 -ed 自身感受 This failure is
really__discouraging__. (discourage)so, we feel disappointed. He is an______ man. Interesting From his _---ed____ face, we know the result is ____---ing_____. disappoint
Module2 1. be energetic (in--He is quite energetic in sports. 2. be intelligent in--Tom is intelligent in Physics. *3. be nervous (to do) nerve n. Be nervous about--- 对---紧张 I am nervous about the exam. Be nervous of--- 对--- 害怕 Girls are nervous of snakes. *4.patient Be patient with 对--- 有耐心(have
patience with/to do) We should be patient with study. (have patience with) Be patient of 对--- 宽容 容忍 Teacher should be patient of mistakes. 5. be serious about/of 对--- 认真 严肃 We’d better be serious about everything. 6. be strict with sb in sth. My teacher is strict with us in homework. 6. make sure 确认 核实 保证 1） 从句 make sure that you can come. 2） ---of 名词 代词 I think we should make sure of the time again.
respect +sb/--- 宾语
We respect you. n. Show/have respect for sb we show respect for the professor. With respect to--- 关于--- 涉及到--8. appreciate 欣赏 感激 I appreciate your/you drawing very much. I appreciate him/his lending me money. 9. Avoid +n doing avoidance n. I avoided meeting him. Admit + doing
I admitted making a mistake. Be admitted to ? I admit you to my office. You will be admitted to a good university one day. 10 get around 1) 四处走动 My leg was hurt, so I can’t get around. 2) I want get around the city with him. 3) 消息等的传播，散播 Everyone knows the news, because it has got around. I hope you can give me some help. My expectation is that you can give me some help.
Get in/ out of 空间小
His business took off last year. At the seaside On the coast
desert v. +宾语
He abandoned his friends. The factory is abandoned/deserted. Abandon oneself into 介词 沉迷于，沉浸于--使自己
We shouldn’t abandon ourselves into (playing) computer games. 2.frighten v. fright n. frighten sb (to do sth/into doing) The news frightened me. The news frightened me to call (into calling)my friend immediately/at once Be frightened by /at 3. go downtown 去市中心 去购物 4. be short for ---是---的 简称 PRC is short for People’s Republic of China. For short People’s Republic of China is PRC for short. 5. permit/allow sb to do permit/allow doing 允许
We don’t allow smoking. They don’t allow me to smoke here.
scene 场景 现场 视 野 范 围 =sight sight 名胜景
View 视 角
come into view/sight 点
6. out of （ 超 出 范 围 ） date 过 时 out of fashion 过 时 stay 正在流行 on the way out 即将过时 I did it just out of anger. 出于---原因 7. at a speed of --- 以--- 速度 My car travelled at a speed of 200 in the
km per hour. Speed up 加速
M4. 1. fortunate (feel)be fortunate to do(doing) I feel very fortunate to attend/ attending the meeting. 2. mean to do 打算做--I didn’t mean to hurt you. Mean doing 意味着--Your failure means doing it again. 3. survey do/make a survey 做个调查 4. *bother sb with、about sth don’t bother me with such easy questions. Bother to do/ doing
Bother to do 费心--You don’t bother to meet me at the airport. 5. don’t make yourself a nuisance 6. approach+sb. /sth v. we are approaching the park. n. 方法 途径+to (介词) Make approaches to 设法接近 I don’t like your approach to (dealing with) the problem. 7. be professional in--He is quite professional in music. 8.afford +n/ to do 支付得起， 承受 得起 I can’t afford (to buy) a car. 9. survive an accident 直接加上宾 语 10. contact v. +sb.
When you come here, contact me. n. get into touch (contact) with 与某 人取得联系 主谓（宾 — 动作的承受者） he runs fast. 状语（主干结构多出那部分） I met him yesterday. 主系（ be, 变化类 turn get grow become feel go 感 官 类 taste smell
The idea sounds good. The cake tastes delicious. The food smells bad. Your hand feels cold. I am a student. The flowers are beautiful. The man is kind. His face turned red immediately. The tree grows taller.
The food went bad. I became a teacher last year. M5
1. contract v 收缩 n. 合同 合约 契约 sign/make/draw a contract 2. react with--- 同 --- 产生化学反 应 in fact, iron can react with oxygen. React to --- 对--- 做出回应，回 复 *He never reacted to my questions. 3.in order 有顺序 out of order
混乱无序 4.add --- to--- 把---加上--Add my name to the list. *Add to= increase Your coming to my party adds to （ increase ） the great atmosphere.(气氛) Add up to 总数 总共 The people here add up to 2000. 5. aim v. at doing/to do aim at winning the game Aim for +n a great success 7. conclusion (the meeting) come to a conclusion (arrive at reach) Draw a conclusion from= conclude from--8. result v in 导致---后果
Your carelessness will result in great mistakes. Result from 由--- 造成 导致 The mistakes carelessness. result from your
M6 *consist of The football team consists of 11 players. 不使用被动 The football team is made up of 11 players. Allow doing/sb to do （permit） Work as a manager Work for a company Work out a problem From then on = from that moment on From now on Go down go up
Come up with 想出
Come out 1） 出版 发行 his new album will come out next month. 2） 消 息 的 泄 露 when the news came out, everyone was in a state of shock. Come across 偶然碰到 come to 苏醒 植物发芽 Log on/in log out/off Contain include 区分 Contain 盛了什么东西 容纳 --- 把 里面的内容都说出来 The room can only contain 4 people. Include 突出里面内容的一部分 I have many friends, including you. * access v. 得到获得 get gain
No one can access the secret. n. 接近的道路 通道 get/ gain/have access to 介词 no one can have access to the secret. Adj. accessible * break down 分解 坏掉了 We know some plastic 塑 料 is difficult to break down. My car broke down on my way home. Break down the building. Under such great pressure, he finally broke down. 补充 break through 取得进展 突破 We didn’t break through in the matter. Break out 战争火山 等 爆发 Do you know when the World War I
broke out? *Design--- for/to do I designed the clothes for the model. He designed to work as a lawyer after graduation. It is a good design. * permit=allow sb to do allow doing n. permission give permission to ? concentrate – on/upon = focus on ? you’d better concentrate on your own business. *On average 平均地 v. the expense averaged 1000 dollars a month when we were in Britain. *Advantage Take advantage of =make use of 利 用 your time / this good chance
Have an advantage over--- 比--- 有 优势 I have an advantage over a lot of people in English. M1 1. diet n/v 节食 you don’t have to diet. Be/go on a diet you don’t have to go on a diet.
Get/catch a cold(fever)（headache） 感冒(发烧)（头痛） get flu (不)
Keep healthy/fit 保持健康 2. fit v.adj 适合 Sth fit sb. 的
The clothes fits you well, because it is
in your size. Sb be fit for/to do sth
You are fit for/to do the job. 3. be connected to 具体连接 The line is connected to the TV set. Be connected with 和---有联系 关 联 抽象 I am not connected with the matter. 4. head for/towards 朝---前进 走去 I am heading towards the library. Scream (尖叫)off one’s head 吵得头 昏脑胀 head off 砍头 in one’s
eyes You will eye/ Keep an eye on the progress when I am away. Keep an eye on--6. be anxious about 对---担忧 担心
Don’t be anxious about my health. Be anxious to do/for 很渴望 很着急
想做--I am anxious to know the result. 7.have a sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食 8.injure 意外受伤 one’s pride
Wound 战斗搏斗中受伤 Hurt 侧重情感方面的伤害 9. be crazy about 爱 he is very crazy about computer games. Be crazy for--- 特别想要，喜欢--I am crazy for this style of clothes. Ordinary 普通的 not special 对--- 疯狂 热
I just want an ordinary TV set. Common 普遍的常见的， 共同的 This is a common style of car.
Everyone has a normal temperature. Usual 通常的，习惯性的 惯常的。
Drinking a coffee in the morning is my usual habit. M2 use/Take drugs 吸毒 1. die of 内因 死于---
die from 外因 the beggar died of hunger. His uncle died from a car accident. He died of/from cancer.(如果具体知 道死于那种疾病，可以使用 from) Die out 灭绝 Be dying for---/to do 非常渴望---I’m dying for the piano. 2. be related to =be connected with 和—有联系 3. be addicted to 介词 迷 A lot of people are addicted to drugs. Addictive 令人---上瘾的 Coffee is addictive. 对---上瘾 着
Have an addiction to playing computer games 4.increase /reduce to 到 哪 个 点 by 一个幅度 The population here increases to 40 million. In other words, the population has increased by 50%. 5.听从某人建议 Follow/take one’s advice/ suggestions Commit a crime 人、物+ be likely to do He is very likely to come late. Probable 很可能 Possible 可能 It is Probable/ Possible for sb Ban n/v to do.
Ban sb. From doing Our school rules ban us from smoking. Put a ban on--Break into 介词 the house Break in 副词
M3 Of all time Encourage doing/ sb. To do Be famous/known as/ for/ to the Great Wall is known as a symbol of China for its long history to the whole world.
Change for---想要得到的东西 Change into--Gift 天赋 天生的
Her beauty is a gift. Talent 才能 才华 Have/show talent for--Genius 人 天才 Mozart is a genius in music. Compose a music Compose a novel
变化类系动词 Go 坏方向 go pale the tree grows
Grow 慢 的 变 化
taller. Turn 快速的变化 有时候一次性变 化=become His face turned red suddenly. Become After graduation, I became a teacher.
Record v+o Record an album Record n 录音 记录 Set/keep(hold)/break a record Mix A with B 混合 结合
His painting mixed the eastern with the western culture. Mix ---up 把---弄的混乱
Your explanation mixed me up. M4 Dislike +n/v-ing I dislike walking in big wind. Scene 场景 现场 A scene in a movie The car accident scene Scenery 风景 （总称） The natural scenery of Huangshan attracts me a lot. Landscape 大片大好河山 Travelling alone, one can find peace and enjoy the landscape. View 视角 Sight 名胜景点 （如果表示视野范围， 等 同 于 view come into one’s
Live adj. 现场直播 ---programs Living 有 生 命 的 +n 做 定 语 living things are equal. Alive 后置定语 宾语补足 表语 all
I’m still alive. He is the only one alive from the car accident. Water can keep plants alive. Observe 遵守 the rules、obey Adopt one’s advice/ follow/take Adopt a child 收养 Stand+n/v-ing 容忍 忍受 I can’t stand listening to your bullshit.
Tell A from B I can’t Mary from her sister. I can’t tell Mary and her sister apart. I can tell dresses by the style, but my friend can only tell by the price.
But 作为连词 + 动词的使用问题
I can’t but wait. I can’t help but wait. 如果 but 前面出现了实意动词 do 的 使用（这是涉及这个词本身） but+ 原型。 I did nothing but wait.
其余的关于 but 加动词 to do M5 Fashion fashionable 1.过时了 out of style date of fashion In the stay 正流行 2. success 可数 但是如果具体化了，就可以可数 Failure is the mother of success. The meeting is really a great success. Succeed in sth/in doing 3.congratulations to sb. On sth Congratulate sb. on sth Celebration 庆贺 庆祝 活动一类 failure 概念词 一般不
4.in total 总共 总数是 n has a total of we have a total of 3 tasks to do. adj. the total number of the students v. The people here total 3000. 5. take part in 参加 Play an important part/role in 起 到—作用 Study plays an important part in life. 6. replace --- with--You can replace the love from parents with nothing. Take the place of --M6 1. come out 出来
come out and let me show my friends to you. .. when will his album come out? 出版发行 When the news came out, everyone was quite surprised. 2. fall in love with 动作 be in love with 状态 I fell in love with her at the first sight. The two has been in love for 4 years. 2. fight with 1） let’s fight with each other against global warming. 战 友 2） He is brave enough to fight with any enemy. 敌对
Fight for 为 --- 而 战 struggle for--3. character 1) 人 物 角色
I love the
character Porter in this movie. 汉 字 most foreign people think Chinese characters are difficult to learn. 性格 品性
My uncle has a very good character, and he is never angry. Many people believe that one’s characters 字 are in character 性 质 with his character.性格 4. every now and then 时常 偶
尔 my parents come to see me every now and then. 5. develop an interest in be interested in %利益 好处 we’d not touch his
interests, or he will be mad with you. 6. care about 在不在乎 在意 I don’t care about your life or death. Care for 喜欢 照顾，照料 No one will care for such a boring thing. No one cared for him when he was ill in hospital. 7. argue with sb about/on sth don’t argue with me about the results.
Quarrel 吵架 Be set in 被设置在--The movie is set in old London. Entertain sb. With--- 使—高兴 Entertain the baby with a doll. Entertain my friends to a big meal. 招待 M1 1. 方位介词 Across 表 面 横 穿 street / the world Through 内部穿过 the forest the valley across the go through
A man will go through many hardships in his life.
It’s difficult to get the theory through all people’s mind. In 内部 in the east of china To 不接壤 Shandong province is to the north of Fujian. On 接壤 Zibo is on the south of jinan. Over 在---正上方 不接触
There is a bridge over the river. Above 在—上方 绝对高度 不 是正上方 A light is above my head. Under 正下方 under the tree Below 不是正下方 接触 Below 0 On the desk
off the coast 做鬼脸
2. face n. make faces face to face v
face sth/sb we should face the difficulty. Be faced with We are faced with the difficulty. Faced with/Facing many difficulties, we will never give in. 3. be located/situated in /on --- 位 于 the Eiffel tower is located/situated in Paris. Locate--- 确定---定位--It’s easy to locate a cellphone.
4. work on 从事于 致力于--some people work on world peace all their life. Teaching work for work as 作为 I work for the school as a teacher on English teaching. I will work on him to finish the job on time. 做---的工作 5. last (for)+一段时间 The meeting lasted for an hour. Last out 能够度过 够用 做出什 么困境 %The money can last us out 3 months. 5. have control over 对--- 有控制 力 I have no control of this plan.
M2 1.Measure v. measure the desk the desk measures 1.5 m.
n take measures to do 采取措施
做--- we should take measures to
protect our environment. 2. make progress 取得进步
3. be crowded with The classroom is crowded with students. 3. have some similarities in 4. figure n. 数字 the figure is 2000.
v. figure out
I figure out the money we will need. Figure on---对---做出计划打算 We’re figuring on travelling to Paris. M3 1. current 洋流 adj. 现在的， 现如今 I know nothing about the current events 2. occur 发生 Occur to =happen to ---发生到某人
1) An accident occurred to him last night. 2) A good idea occurred to me
suddenly. 想出（不与 happen to
换用） 以上两个句子都是物做 主语
3) 人 做主语 happen to--yesterday. 2. pick up 1) 捡起 2) 3)
恰好 I happened to meet Tom
pick up the book for
me. I will pick up at your school gate. 开车去接
Where did you pick up this radio?
When did you pick up French? 顺
3. on average 平均 on average, I may spend 1000 dollars a month. 4. end up (with) 结束 our party ended up with a dance. 5. warning n. 警告 warn sb against/ to do my mother warned me against the traffic. my mother warned me to be careful with the traffic.
His business took off last year. Strike struck struck 1. 强有力的一次性的打击袭击 =hit A flood struck the area. 2. The clock struck 12. Hit
3. 打动吸引 4.
the scenery struck
all the tourists.
No one can beat Mary in math.
The rain beat the window. Bury --- into--- 专心致志与--He is burying himself in a novel. M4. 5. bury 埋葬 埋掉 bury oneself into 使自己埋头，专
he is always burying himself into study. Doing homework
6. frighten 使人受到惊吓 frighten sb.to do/ into doing the bad news frightened him to search clear information about it. 7. mass adj. 大量的 大批的 mass information a mass of =masses of +可数和不
a lot of dig out
4. dig up
We tried to dig up the tree, but failed. 4. Wake up to 意识到 Don’t wake up to your mistakes until it is too late. 8. survive +O he was fortunate to survive the
accident. Survival n. 5.concern be concerned about/over/for 对 ---关心 关注 I am quite concerned about your health. The event is not concerned with me. 与---有涉及 牵扯 关联
I can(情态动词)but +动词原形 I can’t 动词+but +原形 I do （就是指的 do 这个动词本事，
或者是相应的形式） but +原形
I can’t but wait. I can’t choose but wait. I did nothing but wait.
6. in a nutshell= in a word = in short. 简言之 From what I understand= in my opinion 6. complain vt. N. to sb about sth the passenger complained to driver about the bad seat. M5 1. equal adj. n. equality be equal to 相等 等同 equal with
Women should be equal with men. The students in this class are not equal to those in that class. Be equal to---
能够胜任--- be fit
for/to do (qualified) You are equal to job.
2.Be of 抽象名词=be +名词对应的
This matter is important= this matter is of great importance. Be useful be of use 2. stress v. n 1) 强调 My teacher stressed that everyone should not be late. v My teacher didn’t give/put a stress on this matter. N 2) stress n 压力 pressure under the stress of (pressure)在---压
he felt very tired under the stress of work. 4. contribute--- to v make a contribution to to 是 介 词 加
n/ving 对---作出贡献 1)he contributed his life to the research. He made a contribution to (doing) the research. 2) his carelessness contributed to his failure at last. 导致 (消极) =lead to devote to--- 在这样语境中不
Influential 有影响力的 n. 有影响力的人 tell A from B tell----by--M6 1. date 日期 tell A and B apart adj
have a date with---
人之间） have an appointment
with--- 有个约会（一般） date back to/date from 追溯到--(用一般现在时态较多) the old temple dates back to Ming Dynasty. 2 accommodate accommodation n 1. 容纳的下 盛得下 The hall can accommodate (up to)300 people. =contain Include 突出其中部分 I have many friends, _____ Tom. / Tom _________. Including included Accommodate--- with 给 --- 提
供，配备--His company accommodates a car with him. 3.generate 产生 产出— When you heat water, it will generate steam. Generation
From generation to generation
3. harness sth = make use of we’d better harness the natural resources here. 4. submerge 1) 淹没 the flood submerged the village.
2) Submerge oneself into 很专心与 --bury oneself to---
He is always submerging himself into study. 5. remove 侧重于将东西从原来位
the ink spot( 墨 点 ) is difficult to remove. Please remove the dishes from the table after supper.
Move ---位置移动 to--6. crash (into) the car crashed into a tree. 7. suggest advise 建议 1）+doing
I suggest/ advise going shopping together. 2) advise sb to do I advise him to have a rest. Suggest+ 从 句 （ should do should 可以省略） I suggestion that he (should) have a rest. 表示建议的时候这样用 Her face suggests that she is angry.
7. hold back 1) 阻挡 Nothing can hold the flood back. 2) 抑制得住 He tried to hold back his tears, but failed. Lies can’t hold back the truth for a
long time. 8. historic 具有历史重要性 意义
的、 historical 和历史相关的 有关联的
I love visiting many historical sites. This is a historic meeting for Chinese people. Dream vi. Of ---梦---I dreamed of running last night. Dream a sweet dream
Have no alternative (choice)but to do---
Risk =n/v-ing I come on time, risking losing a good chance. Rely on sb. To do rely on n/ v-ing
Depend on 视情况而定 取决于 Whether we will go for a travel depends on the weather. Get rid of= rid of---
Limit ---to--- be limited to--Charge sb some money
收 --- 钱
Charge sb with ---控告 控诉
Attach -----She is quite attached to her family. 对 ---迷恋 依赖 Be optimistic about/ to do M2 Get on get off 大 Get in get out of
Seat v。 使---就坐 坐下 The teacher seated all the students. All the students were seated. All the students seated, the teacher began his lesson.
Be stuck in
或 者 it + be
+convenient for sb. To do Buses are quite convenient. It will be convenient for me to come at any time.
Under---+n 作宾语 1. 在---之下 Under the pressure of Under the protection of 2. 在---之中 尚未结束 Under construction/consideration/discussi on
It is difficult for me to turn people down when they need help. Refuse Be crowded with (congested)
Be in the mood for/to do=have the mood for/to do
M3 Respect v.+ o It is necessary to respect people. n. have/show respect for give away 泄露 暴露 your eyes gave you away.
Vary from --- to-----with in Species varies with altitude from one to another.
Involve n/v-ing Be involved with(关系)/in（牵扯---
I don’t want to be involved in the case.
Hold up We were held up by the traffic jam, so we’re late. 耽误 Request sb. To do I can’t request you to do all things.
Request+that 从句 (should )do Be in favor of ?
M4 Staple food 主要食物 Leading actor .scientist
Figure out A slim figure 身材 Yield to sb. Break through 取得突破 Break out 爆发（火山 战争剧烈
Break down a building His body broke down. Break down the plastic. Be diagnosed with He is diagnosed with cancer.
1. Lack v.+o when you do things, you can’t lack confidence.
需求 lack for--N. a lack of happiness For lack of Be lacking(adj) in--We are lacking in money.
Look away from--Don’t look away from the blackboard when you are in class. Apply Apply for/to do 申请去做--Apply oneself to---介词 He is applying himself to reading the novel. Apply sth to---介词 We should apply good methods to our
study. Contradict Your ideas contradict the main rules.
Cautious We are cautious about all things.
Cheer up Cheer on? 欢呼加油 We should cheer on the athletes to give them more passion. Recognize(辨识的出来) know
Interrupt 打断 正在进行的事
Leave out Leave out the 3 names from the list.
Discourage ---from--No difficult can discourage us from seeking our dream.
1. 到期了 When is your baby due? 2. due to 由于--- 不用再句首 3. be due to do 表语 应当应该 按照
who is due to take care of the pet on Sunday?
Hesitate to do/about--Don’t --- to ask me for help when necessary.
Long for/to do 想念 怀念 Maybe everyone will long for the sweet past.
Fix(one’s eyes / attention) on=pay attention to=focus on=concentrate on Be laden with The restaurant is laden with the scent of delicious food.
Appeal to--The beautiful scenery appeals to many tourists. 吸引 The government appeals to people to help the people in the earthquake area. Be associated with=be related to=be connected with=be involved with
Cast(投掷 扔) about=look around Cast the light to the actor. Possess v+o I possess a possession of
Take possession of 占有 In possession of 拥有 In the possession of
I am In possession of a big farm. a big farm is in the possession of me.
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