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2014届高考英语(人教版)二轮复习高频考点教学课件:必修一 Unit2 English around the world


由句连篇——背佳句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背 1.According to the rules and regulations of our school, it is compulsory for us students to live in the dormitories of our school. 根据学校的规章制度,我们学生必须

住在学校的公寓里。 2.For the sake of convenience, there are a large percentage of students boarding with local families in and around the village. 为了方便,有很大比例的学生寄宿在这个村子及其周围地区的 家庭中。

3.The English corner gives me a chance to distinguish myself by speaking English fluently. 在英语角里说一口流利的英语给了我一个展现自我的机会。

4.The dream of going to the firstclass university attracts
us greatly and we have made up our minds to achieve it despite great hardship. 上一流大学的梦想深深地吸引了我们,尽管有很多困难,我 们下定决心要实现这个梦想。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“for example, in a word, however”过
渡词衔接成文) According to the rules and regulations of our school, it is

compulsory for us students to live in the dormitories of our
school. However, for the sake of convenience, there are a large percentage of students boarding with local families in and

around the village. There are a variety of afterclass activities.
For example, the English corner gives me a chance to distinguish myself by speaking English fluently. In a word, the dream of

going to the firstclass university attracts us greatly and we have
made up our minds to achieve it despite great hardship.

Ⅰ.高频单词必记

1. official adj.
2. native adj. n. 3. actually adv. 4. accent n. 5. straight adv. adj.

官方的;正式的;公务的
本国的;本地的 本地人;本国人 实际上;事实上 口音;腔调;重音 直接;挺直 直的;笔直的;正直的

6.

command

n.& vt. 命令;指令;掌握

7. base vt.以……为根据 n.基部;基地;基础→ basic adj. 基本的;基础的 8. latter adj.较后的;后半的;(两者中)后者的→ latest

adj.最新的;最近的→ later adv.后来 adj.后期的→ lately

adv.近来;最近 9. identity n.本身;本体;身份→ identify vt.认出;鉴定 10. gradual adj.逐渐的;逐步的→ gradually adv.逐渐地;
逐步地

11. fluent adj.流利的;流畅的→ fluently adv.流利地;流 畅地→ fluency n.流利;流畅

12. expression n.词语;表示;表达→ express vt.表达 13. frequent adj.频繁的;常见的→ frequently adv.常常;
频繁地→ frequency n.频率 14. recognize vt.辨认出;承认;公认→ recognition n.认 出;认识

1.语境串记(用所给词的适当形式填空) (1) I can hardly express how grateful I feel. I will give him a
present as an expression of gratitude.(express) (3)He had changed so much that you didn't recognize him. As a matter of fact, illness and age changed him beyond recognition . (recognize)

2.主题串记 请根据汉语提示写出除official以外其他以ial为后缀的 形容词 (1) beneficial adj. (5) social 有益的 (2) commercial adj. 商业的

(3) facial adj. 表面的
adj. 社会的

(4) initial adj. 最初的
(6) special adj. 特别的

Ⅱ.重点短语必背
*1. Because of *2. come up 由于;因为 走近;上来;提出

*3. at present *4. make use of
*5. such as 6. play a part (in) 7. base ... on ... *8. the number of 9. standard English 10. believe it or not

现在;目前
利用;使用 例如……;像这种的

扮演一个角色;参与
以……作为……的基础
……的数量

标准英语
信不信由你

选用以上标有*的短语填空(其中有一项是多余的) 1.Don't hesitate to call me whenever anything comes up . 2.The local economy is still dependent on traditional industries such as farming and mining. 3.Nowadays more and more people become fat because of a lack of regular exercise. 4.You must make use of every opportunity to practice English. 5. The number of people learning English in China is

increasing rapidly.

Ⅲ.经典句型必会 1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind of English.

以英语作为母语的人,尽管他们所讲的英语不尽相同,
也可以相互理解。 [解读] even if意为“即使;尽管”,引导让步状语从句。

[仿写] 允许孩子有发表观点的空间,即使不同于你自己
的观点。 Allow children the space to voice their opinions even if they are different from your own.

2.It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不是。 [解读] more ... than ... “与其说……倒不如说……”。 [仿写] 他们没有回家,与其说我担心倒不如说我生气。 I was more angry than worried when they didn't come home. 3.Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你,没有什么标准英语。 [解读] no such ... “没有这样的……”。 [仿写] 事实上,这儿没有你说的那样的人。 As a matter of fact, there is no such person as you describe here.

1.base vt.以……为根据 n.基部;基地;基础

[教材原句]

It was based more on German than the

English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说 的英语不是。

(1)base ... on/upon ... 把……建立于……基础之上 be based on/upon 以……为基础;依据…… (2)basis n. 基础;基本原则

on the basis of 根据;在……的基础上 (3)basic adj. 基本的;基础的

①We should base the theory on careful research. 我们应该把理论建立在仔细研究的基础上。 ②You'll be able to choose a room based on your own personal tastes.

你能基于自己的口味选择一个房间。
③The government provides them with not only food and shelter, but also the basic skills for their living. 政府不仅为他们提供食物和住处,还为他们提供基本的谋 生技能。

[链接高考]

(2012· 江苏高考)________ an important decision more on
emotion than on reason, you will regret it sooner or later. A.Based B.Basing

C.Base

D.To base

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:把一个重要的决定更多地 建立在情感基础上,而不是以理性思考为基础,你迟早会 后悔的。此处动词base与其逻辑主语you之间构成主动关系, 所以用现在分词作状语,故选B项。 答案:B

2.command n.[C]命令;指令;[U]掌握vt.命令;指挥; 支 配;博得;赢得 [经典例句] Applicants will be expected to have a good command of English.(牛津P390) (1)at sb.'s command 听某人支配 申请人必须精通英语。
under one's command = under the command of sb. 由某 人指挥 have a good command of 掌握;精通(尤指语言) be in command of 掌握;控制 take command of 控制 (2)command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 command that ... (should) do ... 命令……

①I'm at your command — what would you like me to do? 我听从你的吩咐——你要我做什么? ②With a good command of both Chinese and English, she had an advantage over others. 由于精通汉语和英语,她比其他人更有优势。 ③The police commanded the witness to describe/(should)describe what had happened the day before.

警察要求目击者描述一下前一天所发生的事情。

3.request n.& vt.请求;要求

[经典例句]

All members of the club are requested to

attend the annual meeting.(朗文P1281) 请俱乐部的全体会员务必参加年会。 (1)request sb. to do sth. request that sb. (should) do sth. 请求某人做某事 请求……

It is requested that ...
(2)make (a) request for ...

据要求……
请求;要求……

at sb.'s request = at the request of sb. 应某人之要求

①My parents requested that I should learn a second foreign language.

= My parents requested me to learn a second foreign language.
我父母要求我再学一门外语。 ②It is requested that all the articles should be related to the students life. 要求所有的文章与学生的生活有关。

③They have made an urgent request for international aid.
他们紧急请求国际援助。

[名师指津]

后跟虚拟语气的动词:

一坚持:insist; 二命令:order, command; 三建议:suggest, advise, recommend; 四要求:demand, request, require, desire; 再加一个敦 促:urge。

4.recognize vt.辨认出;承认;公认
[高考佳句] Even after two decades we still recognized

each other.(2012· 福建高考完形填空) 甚至在二十年之后,我们仍然认出了对方。 (1)recognize sb./one's voice 认出某人/听出某人的声音

be recognized to be/as ... 被 认 作 …… / 被 认 为 是…… recognize that ... 承认…… It is recognized that ... 人们公认…… (2)recognition n. 认出;认识 beyond (all) recognition 认不出来

①We had to recognize that they had many advantages over us in some aspects.

我们不得不承认,他们在某些方面要比我们更有优势。
②It is recognized that environment pollution has become one of the most serious problems that people face.

人们一致认为环境污染已经成为人们面临的最严重的问题之一。 ③After 25 years she has changed beyond (all) recognition .
25年过去了,她已经变得认不出来了。

[单词对点集训] Ⅰ.完成句子 1.Arthur Miller is universally recognized as (被公认为) one of the greatest dramatists of the 20th century.

(recognize) 2. Having a good command of English grammar (精通英
语语法) makes it easier for him to understand long sentences while reading. (command)

year study (基于一个五 3.The new result is based on a five年的研究) about the habit of the school kids in the area. (base) 4.The school commanded that all the students (should) dress neatly (所有学生都要穿戴整齐). (dress)

5.The teacher left a note to the students with a request that they should get all the homework done before Friday (他们
要在周五之前完成所有的作业). (get)

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.With our knowledge ________ practice, we can make

contributions to our society.
A.to base on C.based on B.basing on D.base on

解析:考查with复合结构。base ... on ... “把……建立
在……基础上”。base为及物动词,这里指base our knowledge on practice, base与knowledge之间为被动

关系,故用其过去分词形式作宾补。
答案:C

2.Lily looked at the signature on the book and ________

Jenny's handwriting immediately.
A.recognized C.concerned B.realized D.found

解析:结合题干的信息词signature和handwriting可知, 莉莉看到书上的签名,马上“认出(recognized)”是詹妮

的笔迹。 答案:A

3.(2013· 银川高三质检)Don't respond to any emails ________ personal information, no matter how official they

look.
A.searching C.requesting B.asking D.questioning

解析:句意:不要回复向你索要个人信息的任何邮件,不
管它们看起来多么正式。ask for sth.和request sth.都可表 示“要求某事物”,而question sth.为“对某事物提出质疑”;

search a place 表示“搜某处”。根据句意选C项。
答案:C

4.In order to have a good________ of English, he determined to go abroad for further education.

A.command
C.master

B.need
D.direction

解析:句意:为了更好地掌握英语,他决定到国外去深 造。have a good command of “精通;掌握”。 答案:A

1.come up走近;上来;发芽;发生;被提出;(太阳、月
亮等)升起 [经典例句] (牛津P388) 恐怕有紧急事情发生了。 I'm afraid something urgent has come up.

[一词多义]

写出下列句中come up的含义
①An old lady came up to me and asked for directions. 走近 ②As soon as the project came up at the meeting, it attracted many people's attention. 被提出

③When the moon came up, the young people began their 升起 celebration. ④I'll let him know if anything comes up. 发生

come up with come about come across come to When it comes to ...

想出;提出 发生 穿过(路、桥);(偶然)遇见;发现 苏醒;总计;达到;谈到 当谈到……

⑤If you come across faults but you still want the bicycle, ask the shop assistant to reduce the price.(2011· 安徽高考单项填空) 如果你发现你想要买的这辆自行车有瑕疵,但是你仍想买这辆, 就让售货员降价。 ⑥I can use the computer. When it comes to repairing it, I know nothing. 我能使用电脑,但谈到修电脑,我一无所知。

2.make use of利用;使用
[高考佳句] You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it.(2012· 湖北高考短文写作)

你不能选择你所被给予的东西,但是你可以选择如何利用它。

(1)make full/good use of

充分利用

make the best/most of
take (full) advantage of (2)come into use be of great use It is no use doing sth.

充分利用
(充分)利用 开始被使用 很有用 做……是没用的

①In my opinion, every minute should be made full use of
to learn well. 依我看来,我们应充分利用分分秒秒把学习搞好。 ②We should consider what use can be made of such a material. 我们应该考虑如何使用这样的材料。 ③Last but not least, it's everyone's responsibility to make

the most of water.
最后,充分利用水资源是每个人的责任。

[链接高考] (2011· 浙江高考)The school isn't the one I really wanted to go to,

but I suppose I'll just have to ______ it.
A.make the best of C.keep an eye on B.get away from D.catch up with

解析:考查动词词组辨析。句意:这所学校不是我原本真正 想要读的,但既然来了,我将不得不好好利用它。make the best of “好好利用”,符合句意。get away from“逃离”;keep an eye on “照看;留神”;catch up with“赶上;跟上”。 答案:A

[短语对点集训] Ⅰ.完成句子

make good (full) use 1.Scientists are developing new ways to of/make the most(best) of (充分利用) the solar energy more
effectively.
2.He was very angry because of (因为) what you said. 3.David is getting on well with his boss — he can always come up with a good idea (想出一个好办法) for pleasing the boss. 4. The number of the students (学生的数量) present at the meeting was smaller than I expected.

Ⅱ.单项填空
1.________what has recently been done to provide more buses for the people, a shortage of public vehicles remains a

problem.
A.Except for C.Because of B.But for D.In spite of

解析:考查介词短语辨析。句意:尽管最近在给人们提供
更多的公共汽车方面做了大量的事情,缺少公共交通工具 仍然是一个问题。except for “除……之外”;but for “要不 是因为”,常用于虚拟语气;because of“由于;因为”;in spite of“尽管”。 答案:D

2.My grandmother said that the best use should be ________

the empty land in front of our house and we could plant
some trees there. A.made of C.looked after B.taken as D.dealt with

解析:句意:我的祖母说,应该充分利用门前的空地,可

以在那儿栽一些树。make use of意为“利用”。
答案:A

[教师备课参考] make use of “利用”,设题时常把它放在被动语态和定语从句 中。解题时注意分析句子结构。 The money collected should be made good use________the

people who suffered a lot in the earthquake.
A.of helping C.to helping B.to help D.of to help

解析:句意:筹集的钱应当被好好利用来帮助那些在地震中遭
受巨大痛苦的人们。make good use of “好好利用”,此题后边 跟不定式作目的状语。 答案:D

3.(2010· 湖北高考)Had she ________ her promise, she would

have made it to Yale University.
A.looked up to C.kept up with B.lived up to D.come up with

解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:如果她达到了她许诺 的标准,她就已经成功考上耶鲁大学了。look up to “尊

敬;敬仰”; live up to “符合;达到预期标准;不辜
负……的希望”; keep up with “跟上;赶上”; come up with “提出;想出”。B项符合句意。 答案:B

1.It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多是以德语为基础,而不是我们今天所

说的英语。
more ... than ... “与其说……倒不如说……”。 ①She was more sad than angry when her son lied. 当她的儿子撒谎时,与其说她生气倒不如说她伤心。

(1)more than+数词或从句 more than+形容词 more than+名词 (2)no more than not more than rather than other than

超过 非常 不只是;不仅是 只不过;仅仅 不超过;至多 而不是 除了;不同于

②Parents are more than providers for their kids, they are also their first teachers. 父母不仅要给孩子提供吃穿,还是孩子的启蒙老师。 ③The form cannot be signed by anyone other than yourself. (2011· 新课标全国卷单项填空) 这个表格不能由除你以外的任何人签字。

2.Believe it or not, there is no_such thing as standard English.
信不信由你,没有什么标准英语。

句中“no such+单数名词”意为“没有这样的……”,其中单数
名词前不可再加冠词,相当于“not such a/an+单数名词”。 ①No such person but Peter can perform so perfectly. 除了彼得没有这样的人能表演得如此完美。

(1)such 与a/an连用时要放在a/an的前面;与all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one等词连用时,应位于它们的

后面。
?a/an+adj.+可数名词单数 ? ? ? ? ?+that (2)such ?adj.+不可数名词/复数名词? ? ?

...

如此……以致于…… (3)such ... as ... “像……这样的……”, as 在句中引导定语从句。

②She told us such an interesting story that we were all lost in it. 她为我们讲了那样一个有趣的故事以至于我们都沉浸其中了。 ③Such a book as you showed me is difficult to understand. 像你给我看的这样的书是很难理解的。

[名师指津]

比较下列句子,注意连接词的作用

A:The book is written in such easy English as beginners can understand.(as 引导定语从句) B:The book is written in such easy English that beginners can understand it.(that引导结果状语从句)

[句型对点集训]
Ⅰ.完成句子 1.In my opinion, the boy was more frightened than hurt (与 其说他受到伤害倒不如说他受到惊吓). 2.The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, even if they have the interest (即 使他们有这方面的兴趣).

Ⅱ.单项填空
1.(2010· 湖南高考)Tim is in good shape physically ________ he doesn't get much exercise. A.if C.unless B.even though D.as long as

解析:考查从属连词。根据前后两句所述可知,它们之间为 让步关系。故用even though“即使”,引导让步状语从句。

答案:B

2.Beijing was attacked by such a terrible sandstorm ________ few residents had ever experienced before. A.as C.and it was B.which D.that

解析:考查定语从句。as在此处为关系代词,作
experienced 的宾语。 答案:A

3.—He failed the exam again! What should I do, Miss Wang? —In my opinion, your son is ________ than stupid.

A.quite lazier
C.more lazy

B.much lazier
D.lazier rather

解析:答句句意:依我来看,与其说你的儿子笨倒不 如说他懒。more ...than “与其说……倒不如说”,符合 句意,故C项正确。 答案:C

直接引语和间接引语(Ⅱ)

把下列句子变为间接引语
1.The monitor said to me, “Don't forget to turn off the lights when you leave.” →The monitor asked me not to forget to turn off the lights when I left. 2.Mr. Brown said to Mary, “Will you write Tom a letter in

English or send him an email?” →Mr. Brown asked Mary Whether she would
Tom a letter in English or send him an email.

write

3.Mum said to me, “How do you deal with the disagreement
between the company and the customers?” →Mum asked me how I dealt with the disagreement between the company and the customers.

4演练见“课 时跟踪检测 (二)”

[教师备课参考]
分词作定语
分词短语作定语时,其逻辑主语就是所修饰的词。选用现在分 词还是过去分词就看其与逻辑主语的关系。如果分词与其逻辑主语

是意义上的主谓关系,则选用现在分词;如果分词与逻辑主语是动
宾关系,则选用过去分词。换句话说,过去分词作定语,与被修饰 词之间是被动关系,表示动作发生在谓语动作之前,现已经完成; 而被修饰词与现在分词之间是主谓关系,表示动作与谓语动作同时 发生,而且表示主动。单个分词作定语,往往放在该名词之前;分

词短语作定语,一般要放在被修饰词的后面。

The man standing by the window is our English teacher.

站在窗边的那个人是我们的英语老师。(the man与stand构成逻
辑上的主谓关系) An island is a small piece of land surrounded by water.

岛屿就是一小片被水围绕的陆地。(surround与land构成逻辑上
的动宾关系)


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2014届高考英语轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一Unit 2 English around the World完形填空6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版 高考英语 总复习 试题 ...

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2014届高考英语轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一Unit 2 English around the World完形填空9_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版 高考英语 总复习 试题 ...

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2014 届高考英语轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一 Unit 2 English around the World 任务型阅读 2 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入一个恰当的...

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2014 届高考英语轮复习全方位配套训练人教版必修一 Unit 2 English around the World 完形填空 2 Body language is the quiet,secret and most powerful language...

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