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山东省青岛市2014高考英语 阅读理解、完形填空及阅读类训练(20)


青岛市 2014 高考英语阅读理解、完形填空及阅读类训练(20) (答案 及解析)

You can not see any object unless light from that object gets into your eyes. Some of the things you see give off light of their own. The

sun, the stars, a lighted lamp are examples that can be seen by their own light. Such things are luminous. Most of the things you see are not giving off light of their own. They are simply reflecting light that falls on them from the sun or some other luminous bodies. The moon, for example, does not give off any light of its own. It is non-luminous. You see it because sunlight falls on it and some of it reflects in our direction. So moon light is only second hand sunlight. When you look at a book, it sends to your eyes some of the light which falls on it, and you see the book. If light could be kept out from where you are so that there would be no light for the book to reflect, then you could not see the book even with your eyes wide open. Light travels so fast that the time in which it travels from the book you are reading to your eyes is so short as if there were no time at all. Light reaches us from the moon, which is about 380 000 kilometers away, in only a little more than a second. 1. You can see the book because_______. A. your eyes are close to it C. it has light of its own B. it reflects some of the sunlight D. your eyesight can get to it

2. The underlined word “luminous” means_______. A. visible B. all colors C. giving off light D. sunlight

3. ________ have light of their own. A. The sun and the moon C. The sun and the stars 4. Which of the following is true? A. All the things you can see give off light. B. Light from the book is much shorter than that from the moon. B. The stars and the earth D. The moon and the earth

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C. The moment you open your eyes the light from the book travels to your eyes. D. Light travels so fast that there is no time for you to read. (1—4 BCCC) 【答案与解析】本文介绍了光的种类及其特征。 1. B。细节题。根据文章第文章第 2 段第 1 句 ?it sends to your eyes some of the light which falls on it 可推知此题答案为 B。 2. C。词义猜测题。根据文章第 2 段第 2 句 Some of the things you see give off light of their own 和第 4 句 Such things are luminous 可推知此题答案为 C。 3. C。推断题。根据文章第 1 段第 3 句 The sun, the stars, a lighted lamp are examples that can be seen by their own light 可推知此题答案为 C。 4. C。推断题。根据文章最后一段第 1 句 Light travels so fast that the time in which it travels from the book you are reading to your eyes is so short as if there were no time at all 可推知此题答案为 C。 ******************************************************结束

大特点。 2. 购物与环保问题的结合。 3. 指导如何很好的购物,提供使用建议。 4. 假日旅游等的购物和饮食问题。

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5. 饮食安全问题的曝光以及人们如何注意饮食安全问题。 5.如何保持健康的身体,快乐的心情,构建心理健康。 6.饮食与健康的关系。 7. 肥胖,睡眠,早餐等与饮食和健康有关的话题。 *******************************************************结束

Words:311 难度系数:★★ 建议用时:8 分钟

USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company.It
was founded by A1 Neuharth in 1982 with the goal of providing a national newspaper in the US market,where generally only a single local newspaper was available.The paper has the widest circulation (发行量) of any newspaper in the United States, averaging over 2.25 million copies every weekday.It was the first color newspaper in the United States. The newspaper was also among the first newspapers to use satellites to send the final edition of the newspaper to different locations across the country for printing and distributing in those regional markets.This allowed the paper to include the most recent news and sports scores in each edition. Each edition of the newspaper consists of four sections: News, Money, Sports and Life.On Fridays, Life sections are included: regular life for movies subtitled Weekend, two the which features television , films and trends , and a travel supplement called

Destinations & Diversions.Each section is denoted ( 表 示) by a certain color to
differentiate sections,which is seen in a box on the top?left corner of the first page,with News being blue (section A),Money with green (section B),red for Sports (section C),and purple for Life (section D).

USA Today prints each complete story on the front page of the respective(各自的)
section with exception to the cover story.The cover story is a longer story that requires a jump (readers must turn to another page in the paper to complete the story, usually the very next page,page 2 of that section). Starting in February 2008,the newspaper added a magazine supplement(增刊)called Open

Air,appearing several times a year.
【解题导语】 等。 本文主要介绍了《今日美国》报的创办和发展历程,以及其版面内容与特色

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5.It can be inferred from the first paragraph that USA Today ________. A.developed from a famous American local newspaper B.was founded to cover world stories C.was among the first color newspapers in the world D.does not print on Saturdays or Sundays 解析: D。 选 推理判断题。 从第一段的“averaging over 2.25 million copies every weekday” 可推知《今日美国》报只是周一到周五才出版。 6.Which of the following is TRUE about USA Today? A.It uses satellites to print color copy. B.It is the cheapest daily newspaper in the United States. C.It offers readers the latest news. D.It is the first international newspaper in the United States. 解析:选 C。细节理解题。第二段说《今日美国》报用卫星把报纸的最后稿样发到各地,然后 在当地印刷、发行,这保证了报纸的时效性,“This allowed the paper to include the most recent news”,故 C 项正确。 7.Mr.Watts wants to get the most recent travel information.He will turn to ________. A.section A C.section C B.section B D.section D

解析:选 D。推理判断题。从第三段可知 travel supplement(Destinations & Diversions) 属于生活版,在这里可以获得旅行的信息,而生活版是《今日美国》报的 D 版。 8.When could readers get USA Today’s magazine supplement? A.In early 2008. C.Near the end of 2007. B.On every Friday. D.On every weekday.

解析:选 A。细节判断题。从最后一段可知《今日美国》报的增刊从 2008 年的二月才发行, 故 A 项正确。

********************************************************结束

(******) A strange thing happened to Henry yesterday. He was on a bus and to __1__. So he stood up and rang the bell. __2__ make sure the driver heard him, he rang it twice, but the bus __3__ stop. And the conductor came and shouted __4__ him.

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The conductor was __5__ angry and spoke __6__ fast that Henry didn’t understand __7__. The bus stopped at the next bus and Henry got off. As he got off he heard someone said, “ I think he __8__ a foreigner.” When Henry got __9__, he told his wife about it. “ __10__ times did you ring the bell?” his wife asked. “ Twice,” said Henry. “ Well, that’s the signal (信号 ) __11__ the driver __12__ on.” His wife explained, “only the conductor __13__ to ring the bell twice. That’s why the conductor __14__ so angry!” Henry nodded(点头). “ __15__,” he said. 1. A. got off 2. A.To 3. A. doesn’t 4. A. in 5. A. so 6. A. so that 7. A. words 8. A. was 9. A. to home 10. A. How many 11. A. to 12. A. to go 13. A. allowed 14. A. got 15. A. I seen 名师点评 本文讲述了一位外国人在乘车时遇到的麻烦。当他准备下车时,因为着急按了两次车铃, 结果引出一场误会,导致不能及时下车。 答案简析 1. C。从上下文意思可知他准备下车,故选 get off。
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B. gets off B. At B. don’t B. on B. as B. that B. a word B. isn’t B. at home B. How much B. at B. go B. is allowed B. gets B. I saw

C. get off C. In C. didn’t C. of C. at C. so C. speech C. is C. in home C. How long C. on C. went on

D. get on D. with D. wasn’t D. at D. because D. why D. song D. am D. home

D. How D. for D. goes D. allow D. gotten D. I did

C. was allowed C. is getting C. I see

2. A。他按两次电铃的目的是希望列车员能听见。这里应用动词不定式表示目的,故选 to。 3. C。文章主要讲述过去发生的事情。应用一般过去时,故选 didn’t. 4. D。shout at sb 意为“对某人大吵,大嚷”,故选 at。 5. A。由文章可知,列车员很生气,用副词 so 来修饰“angry”与下文 that 构成固定搭配, 即 so?that?, 意思是“如此??以至??”。 6. C。与上题同解。 7. B。根据文意可知列车员的话乘客一句也没有听懂。故选 a word。 8. C。因为是直接引语,所以这里用一般现在时。故选 is。 9. D。got 为不接物动词,可以直接接副词 home,意为“到家”。 10. A。分析四个选项,只有 how many 后可接可数名词复数 11. D。这里 for 表示一种限定,指专门给驾驶员的信号。 12. A。根据文意可知按两次车铃是提醒司机继续前进的信号,动词不定式在此作后置定语, 故选 to go。 13. B。列车员与 allow 之间构成被动关系,这里应用被动语态,故选 is allowed。 14. A。列车员生气的情况已发生,所以用一般过去时,故选 got。 15. C。根据文意,这位乘客知道列车员生气的原因之后, 应说“I see.”。 ***********************************************结束

. People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a solution from the last time they had a similar problem. They often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act without thinking. They try to find a solution by trial and error. However, when all these methods fail, the person with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six stages in analyzing a problem. First the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam’s bicycle is broken, and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle. Next the thinker must define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find out the reason why it does not work. For instance, he must determine if

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the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific. Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop. He can look at his gears carefully. After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be: put oil on the gear wheels; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels. Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewing gum between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels. Finally the solution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle works perfectly. In short , he has solved the problem. 43. By referring to Sam’s broken bicycle, the author intends to _________. A. illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle B. discuss the problems of his bicycle C. tell us how to solve a problem D. show us how to analyze a problem 44. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People do not analyze the problem they meet. B. People often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. C. People may learn from their past experience. D. People can not solve some problems they meet. 45. As used in the last sentence, the phrase “in short” means _________. A. in the short term B. in detail C. in a word D. in the end
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46. . In analyzing a problem we should do all the following except A. recognize and define the problem B. look for information to make the problem clearer C. have suggestions for a possible solution D. find a solution by trial or mistake

.

参考答案----------- C. CACD **********************************************************结束

(3) BUS SERVICE New York City — Brennan, New Jersey (Trip time: 30 minutes each way ) Timetable ●Buses leave the Railway Station, New York 7:00 a.m. and every half-hour thereafter(此后) until 11:30 p.m. (7 days a week). ●Buses leave Brennan Station 20 minutes before and after every hour from 6:20 a.m. to 10:40 p.m. (7 days a week ). ●Evening rush hours(5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.) buses leave the Railway Station, New York every 15 minutes (Monday — Friday). ●Holidays: buses leave every hour on the hour time, each direction. All tickets must be bought at Window 12, the Railway Station, New York, or at the Brennan Station Window before boarding buses] 1. What time does a bus leave New York for Brennan every Thursday? A. 10:20 a.m. C. 6:45 p.m. B. 6:30 a.m. D. 4:40 p.m.

2. Which is the latest bus you should take from Brennan if you have to arrive at the Railway Station, New York before 4:00 p. m. on Monday? A. The 3:20 p. m bus B. the 3:00 p. m bus

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C. The 3:30 p. m bus

D. The 3:40 p. m bus

3. What time does a bus leave Brennan for New York on Christmas Day? A. 1:00 p. m B. 9:40 a. m C. 3:15 p. m D. 8:30 a. m

【答案与解析】这篇文章是一个关于汽车运营的时间表。 1. C。判断题。A、D 项不对,因为每周七天从纽约开出的班车是每半小时一趟(早班车 7:30, 末班车 11:30),B 项太早,所以选 C。 2. A。判断题。因为离开 Brennan Station 的汽车是每一正点之前或后的 20 分钟出发,既然 是 4 点到达 New York ,那肯定是 3:20 发车。 3. A。判断题。因为假日时,每趟车是正点发往各方向。所以答案非 A 莫属。 *******************************************************结束

I Don’t Think I Wrote Wrong Lao Yang was born in a small town. He liked reading when he studied at school. He thought the writers were respected(尊敬) and could get a lot of money. He wrote a lot of stories and posted them to the editorial departments (编辑部) but didn’t receive any answers. Now he works in a factory. He’s busy at work. When he’s free, he always reads something. He always remembers he hoped to be a writer when he was young. One day, Xiao Ping, his ten-year-old daughter, came back. She looked worried and didn’t eat anything. She said Miss GAO, her Chinese teacher, told them to write a solicit article(征文) “My Father” that evening. But she did not know what to write. “That’s easy,” said Lao Yang. “Let me help you.” Then he sat down to write the solicit article at once. He easily finished it on time. He was sure Miss GAO would like it. But one afternoon he asked his daughter if the article had been chosen to post to the editorial department. “My teacher said your article digressed from the subject(离题),” said the girl. “I don’t think so,” Lao Yang shouted angrily. “I described(描写) just my father!” 1. Lao Yang wrote a lot of stories because _______. A. he likes reading B. he learned much at school
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C. he wanted to be a writer D. he wanted to help others 2. Lao Yang posted the stories to the editorial departments, _______. A. and he got a lot of money C. and he was respected B. and he became a famous man

D. but he failed

3. As _______, Lao Yang decided to help his daughter. A. he was a writer B. he was free C. he wanted to realize his ideal(理想) D. he wanted to make his daughter happy 4. Lao Yang hoped _______. A. his article could surprise the teacher B. his article could be chosen C. the children could like his article D. everyone could soon know him 5. Lao Yang’s solicit article digressed from the subject _______. A. because he couldn’t write it at all B. because he didn’t know his father well C. because it was too bad to be chosen D. just because he described his father 【答案与解析】Lao Yang 是个文学爱好者,但没能实现他的作家梦,他帮他的女儿写 my father,本来他应该描写他自己的,但他却写成了他的父亲。 1. C。细节题。根据 ?he thought the writers were respected and could get a lot of money. He wrote a lot of stories and posted them to the editorial departments but didn’t receive any answers 可知答案为 C。 2. D。 细节题。 根据 He wrote a lot of stories and posted them to the editorial departments but didn’t receive any answers 可知答案为 D。 3. C。推断题。Lao Yang 很早就喜欢写作,多次投稿却没有回音,于是他认为帮他女儿写作 文是个很好的实现理想的机会,因此选 C。 4. B。 细节题。 根据第 4 段最后一句 ?he asked his daughter if the article had been chosen
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to post the editorial department 可知答案为 B。 5. D。细节题。文章中说 I described just my father,但根据老师的要求他应该描写他自 己。因此应该选择 D。 *************************************************************结束

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