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高中英语 (1)练习题


1、 In a room above the store, where a party __________,some workers were busily setting the table.

【选项】 A. was to be held B. has been held C. will be held D. is being held

/>A

解析:由 some workers were busily setting the table 可知聚会要被举行,同时时态 为过去时,故选 A。

2、 __________ Before they together against their common enemy in 2000,they __________ from the government.

A. banded;have been banned B. have banded;had been banned C. banded;had been banned D. would band???have been banned

C

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句意:在 2000 年他们联合起来反对共同敌人之前,他们已经被政府禁止。band together 联合。考查一般过去时和过去完成时的被动结构。

3、 ——How did you like Nick’s performance last night ? —— To be honest ,his singing didn’t ________to be much?(安徽卷 23). A. appeal B. belong C. refer D. occur

A

appeal to 意为“吸引”; belong to 意为“属于”; refer to 意为“提到;涉及”; occur to 意为“突然想到”。 句意:她的演唱并不怎么吸引我。

4、 Not until he went through real hardship families is important.(2013.福建) A. had he realized B. did he realize C. he realized D. he had realized the love we have for our

B

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not until 引导句子位于句首时,主句需用部分倒装;此处仅指过去发生的动作,故用 realize 的一般过去式。

5、 Louie suddenly woke up with a start, ______ dressed in a hurry and ______ to the office. A. got ... dash C. getting... dash B. got ?dashed D. get ... dash

B

考查时态。通过 woke 一般过去时所以只能选 B.句意:Louie 一下子醒了,匆忙穿上衣服 快速跑到办公室。

6、 After several years of hard work, he ______ pass the entrance exam. A. could B. can C. is able to D. was able to

D

考查时态。表示成功的做成某事要用 be able to do 故 AB 排除,已经通过,故答案为 D.

7、 A: How long have you been here? B: Not for long, only about five minutes. Alice and Monica ______ here with me. A. have walked C. had walked B. were walking D. Walked

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D

考查时态。已到了五分钟,所以走的动作发生在过去同时这个动作也没有发生在另一个过 去动作之前。故答案为 D.

8、 Not until he went through real hardship ______ the love we have for our families is important. A. had he realized C. he realized B. did he realize

D. he had realized

B

句意:直到他经历了真正的苦难,他才意识到我们拥有的对家庭的爱是重要的。本题考查 倒装句的用法。Not until 从句位于句首,主句需要部分倒装,故排除 C、D 两项; realize 这一动作不在 go through 前发生,故不用过去完成时,排除 A 项;go through 与 realize 为同时发生,故用一般过去时。综上所述,答案为 B 项。

9、 —Have you heard about that fire in the market? —Yes, fortunately no one __________. (2012 北京) A. hurt B. was hurt C. has hurt D. had been hurt

B

表示没有人受伤,火灾是之前发生的,幸运的是在火灾中没有人受伤,这也是过去的动 作,所以用一般过去时态。受伤的“受”就是被动的意思,所以要用被动语态,这里只有 B 是被动语态

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10、 The letters for the boss __________ on his desk but he didn't read them until three days later. (2012 天津) A. were put B. was put C. put D. has put

A

句意为:考查时态语态。letter“信件”和 put“放”之间是被动的关系,所以排除 C 和 D,然后因为 letters 是复数,所以选择 A 选项。句意:给老板的那些信放在他的办公桌 上,但是直到三天以后他才读了那些信。

11、
When I saw the cars crash on the road,a frightened feeling ________ through my mind.

A.flashed

B.struck

C.hit

D.occurred

A

strike 与 hit 都直接接宾语,不需用介词;occur 需要与 to 连用。句意:当我看到公路上汽车相撞时, 恐惧感涌上我的心头。flash 在此意为“突然想到,猛然想起”。

12、
-Have you heard about that fire in the market? -Yes, fortunately no one __________.

A. hurt B. was hurt C. has hurt

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D. had been hurt

B

句意:——你听说市场的那场火灾了吗?——听说了,幸好没有人受伤。句中主语 no one 与谓语动词之间 为被动关系,故排除 A 项和 C 项。火灾发生在过去,因此选择一般过去时的被动语态,故选择 B 项。D 项 为过去完成时,表示动作发生在过去的过去,与语境时间不符。

13、
(2013 四川成都月考)Linda's parents died when she was a baby, and she was __________ by her aunt.

A. turned into B. raised up C. grown up D. brought up

D

句意:琳达出生后不久便父母双亡,她是由她姑姑抚养大的。bring up 抚养。

14、 The suggestion they all objected to __________ very effective finally. A. proved B. proving C. prove D. to prove

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A

句意:他们都反对的那个建议最终证明是非常有效的。句中 they all objected to 是定语 从句,修饰主语 the suggestion,所以空中应填谓语动词,因为主语为单数,所以谓语应 为单数形式,排除 C,因此 A 项正确。

15、 It's the second time that I __________ in Shanghai ! What great changes have taken place in Shang Hai. It is ten years since I __________ it last time.

A. have been ; left B. had been ; left C. have been ;had left D. went ;had left

A

考查时态。句意:这是我第二次来上海!上海发生了多么巨大的变化啊!自上次离开这儿 已十年了。主句为 It's the second time,that 从句用现在完成时;在 It is(has been)ten years since. . . 结构中,since 后用一般过去时。

16、 On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine, she __________ pale.

A. got B. changed C. went

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D. appeared

C

考查动词的用法。句意:一听到煤矿事故的消息,她的脸色就变白了。go 在这里是系动 词,其后常跟 mad,bad,wrong,hungry 等形容词作表语,故答案为 C。

17、 The athlete's years of hard training __________ when she finally won the Olympic gold medal.

A. went on C. paid off

B. got through D. ended up

C

考查动词词组辨析。句意:当这名运动员最后夺得奥运金牌的时候,她多年的刻苦训练得 到了回报。pay off: (of a risky policy, course of action, etc.) bring good results, be successful, work (尤指冒风险的政策、做法等)带来好结果,成功,行得 通,得到回报;A:继续;B:通过,度过,接通电话;D:结束。根据语境可知 C 项正确。

18、 Zhao Benshan, whose overwork __________ his health failure, is said to have performed in the Spring Festival Gala on CCTV in 2011.

A. contributed to C. applied to

B. appealed to D. owed to

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A

句意:赵本山因过度劳累导致他的健康状况不佳,据说在 2011 年中央电视台的春节联欢晚 会上表演了节目。contribute to 贡献,促进;appeal to 吸引某人;apply to 适用于; owe to 欠,把??归功于。

19、 In that country, guests usually feel that they are not highly ______ if the invitation to a dinner party is given only three or four days before the party date.

A. regarded C. admired

B. thought D. concerned

A

句意:在那个国家,赴宴会的邀请书仅在宴会前三四天收到,会让客人感到他们不被重视。 regarded 重视;若选 B,则应用 thought of, 故选 A。

20、 She can't get down to work because she was deeply __________ by the news of his death.

A. surprised C. harmed

B. affected D. charged

B

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句意:她不能着手去工作,因为她深深受到他的死讯的影响。surprise 使惊奇;affect 影 响,感染,感动;harm 伤害,危害,损害;charge 使承担,指责。

21、 Kathy __________ a lot of Spanish by playing with the native boys and girls.

A. picked up C. made up

B. took up D. turned up

A

句意:凯西通过和当地的孩子玩学会了许多西班牙语。pick up 学会;take up 占据,从 事;make up 化妆,编造;turn up 出现。

22、 As I __________ the little grass house in the forest, my heart beat more and more quickly.

A. ran C. approached

B. walked D. stepped

C

句意:当我走近树林中的小草屋时,我的心跳得越来越快。run 跑,奔跑,不及物动 词;walk 步行,散步,不及物动词;approach 接近,靠近;step 行走;踏,不及物动词。

23、

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This coastal area

a national wildlife reserve last year.

【选项】 A.was named B.named C.is named D.names

A

Name 和 this coastal area 在逻辑上构成了动宾关系,且根据 last year 可知此处用一般过去时的被动 语态。

24、
——Have you heard about that fire in the market? ——Yes, fortunately no one .

【选项】 A.hurt B.was hurt C.has hurt D.had been hurt

B

句意:你听说商场里发生的火灾吗?听说了,幸运的是,没人受伤。no one 与 hurt 之间是被动关系,而 且听说的事发生在过去,因此应该用一般过去??的被动形式。

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25、 The part that China __________ in the international affairs __________ in international society. A. plays;is widely praised B. plays;is wide praised C. takes ; widely praised D. takes ; wide praised

A

句意:中国在国际事务中所起的作用在国际社会中受到广泛的称赞。play a part in. . . 在??中起作用,是固定搭配;part 和 praise 之间是被动关系,用被动语态; 所以排除 C 和 D。widely 副词,广泛地;符合题意;wide 作副词时强调具体的空间宽度。所以排除 B。

26、 —How did you like Nick's performance last night? —To be honest, his singing didn't __________ to me much. A. appeal B. belong C. refer D. occur

A

句意:“你觉得昨天晚上 Nick 的表演怎么样?”“说实话,他的歌唱得不怎么吸引 我。”

27、I've made a mistake, though I didn't ________. A.intend C.intend to 【答案】C B.intend so D.intend making

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【解析】C [I didn't intend to 后省略了 make a mistake。] 28、—Your mother becomes more and more forgetful. —Yes. She searched for her cellphone for a whole day last Sunday but it ______ in her coat pocket the next day. A.turned out C.turned over 【答案】D B.turned on D.turned up

【解析】 试题分析:句意:---你的母亲变得越来越健忘。 ---是的。上周日她一整天寻找她的手 机,但结果第二天它出现在她的大衣口袋里。A. turned out 结果是,关掉; B. turned on 打开,接通; C. turned over 翻身,反复考虑;D. turned up 出现,被找到,由句意 可知选 D。 考点: 考查动词短语词义辨析的用法。 29、 When the young man was shown the evidence, he _______ and told everything he had done to the police. A.broke up C.broke off 【答案】D B.broke away D.broke down

【解析】 试题分析:句意:当证据摆在面前时,那个年轻人崩溃了,把他所做的一切都向警察交代 了。A 分裂、分手,B 项挣脱、摆脱、脱离,C 项打断、结束、中断,D 项机器出故障、身 体等垮下来等。故 D 正确 考点:考查词组辨析 30、Before the war broke out, many people could not takewith them. A.threw away C.gave away 【答案】B in safe places possessions they

B.put away D.carried away

【解析】 试题分析:考查短语辨析。A. threw away 抛弃;B. put away 放好,储存;C. gave away 赠送;D. carried away 带走。句意:在战争爆发之前,许多人把他们不能够带走的财产 放到安全的地方。故 B 正确。 考点:考查短语辨析 31、 A huge fire ______ last night and many houses were burnt down. A.took place C.in its place 【答案】A B.took the place D.took its place

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【解析】 试题分析:句意,昨晚发生了大火,许多房子被烧毁了。took place 发生,其他选项都不 符合语境。所以选 A。 考点:考查固定短语。 32、 He ________ to us that he ________ the watch on the table. A.lied; lay C.lied; had laid 【答案】C B.lay; laid D.lay; had laid

【解析】 试题分析:由句意“他向我们撒谎说他把表放在桌子上了”可知,第一个空用 lie“撒 谎”的过去式 lied;第二个空用 lay“放;搁”,因为这个动作是在 lied 之前发生的,所 以用过去完成时 had laid。选 C。 考点:考查动词和时态 33、After the amateur singer competed in the program The Voice of China, his singing career . A.took out 【答案】B B.took off C.took in D.took away

【解析】 试题分析:句意:在参加中国好声音的节目比赛后,这位业余歌手的歌唱生涯开始腾飞。A. took out 拿出 B. took off 腾飞;脱掉 C .took in 吸收,领会,欺骗 D. took away 带 走。故选 B。 考点:动词短语辨析。 34、 The long?expected match was ________ at half?time because of the poor weather conditions. A.disappeared C.abandoned 【答案】C B.removed D.continued

【解析】答案 C [句意:由于天气恶劣,盼望已久的比赛进行了一半就停止了。 disappear 消失(不用于被动语态);remove 除掉;abandon 放弃;continue 继续。] 35、The hunter________that tiger,but luckily,it avoided________. A.shot;being shot at C.shot;shooting 【答案】B B.shot at;being shot D.shot at;shot at

【解析】答案 B [shoot 意为“射中,射伤,射死”;shoot at 意为“朝或对准某人/物 射击”,只强调射击的动作,不强调射击的结果。结合句意可知选 B 项。] 36、 To people's great surprise, in Japan Earthquake, a young man ________ the big earthquake under the ruins where he stayed 7 days without anything to eat.

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A.lived 【答案】C 【解析】答案 C

B.stayed

C.survived

D.remained

[survive 经历??活下来;幸存。]

37、He________an engineer by an oil company in the Middle East. A.was employed as C.was employed for 【答案】A 【解析】答案 A B.employed as D.employed

[employ...as...“作为??而雇用”。]

38、The terrible weather ________ our difficulty in building the road. A.added 【答案】C 【解析】答案 C B.added up C.added to D.added up to

[考查动词短语。add to 增加了。]

39、Mr. Smith __________ the accident,but his wife died and he __________ her by five years. A.survived from;survived C.survived;survived 【答案】C 【解析】答案 C 活得长”。] B.survived of;lived D.survived;lived

[survive the accident“在事故中幸存下来”;survive sb“比某人

40、Yesterday I ________ my e?mail box at www. 126.com and found a new email for me. A.logged on 【答案】A 【解析】答案 A B.logged off C.got on D.got off

[考查短语。log on 登陆。]

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