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2015南京市高考英语语法填空 阅读类练习(7)

2015 南京市高考英语语法填空、阅读类练习(7)
语法填空。阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 【辽宁卷题型】 W: Oh, Frank__1__(be) in your class? He was in my class last term. I didn't like him at all. M: What? You didn't like Frank? He's one of my best__2__(student) W: Oh, no. Not Frank! He was always asking questions. Frank always__3__(interrupt) me and the other students. He was never__4__(quiet). M: Yes, that's Frank. That's why he is such__5__good student. He is always thinking and trying to use English. He laughs a lot. Frank doesn't worry about __6__(make) mistakes. I enjoy having him in class. W: Not me. I love students like David. Do you have him in your conversation class this term? M: Yes, __7__to be honest, David is too quiet for me. I can't tell__8__he's learning. David is so silent. He doesn't say__9__. W: Yes, that's David. That's__10__good students should be. They have to listen to their teachers. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.is 2.students 3.interrupted 4.quiet 5.a

6.making 7.but

8.if 9.anything 10.how

完形填空-----A It was very cold that day. It was __1__ heavily and the ground was covered with __2__ snow. The shepherd thought it was dangerous to __3__ the hill and it was difficult for the sheep to find some __4__ there. So he decided to stay in the __5__ room. He put some hay(干草) in a pen(围栏) __6__ the sheep could eat it when they were __7__. The dog, who felt cold outside, lay on the __8__ hay and soon went to sleep. At noon the sheep wanted to eat the hay. They were __9__ afraid of the dog and __10__ could get close to it. At last the __11__ sheep came to the hay. Before he started to eat, the dog heard it and opened his eyes. He barked(吠) loudly to __12__


him. The sheep ran away __13__. Looking at the unnatural(不近人情的) dog, the sheep began to talk __14__. “What a selfish(自私的) dog!” said one of the sheep. “He cannot eat the hay, and yet refuses to __15__ those who can to eat!”

名师点评 本篇是一个寓言故事,说的是一只牧羊犬,因为天冷,就睡在牧羊人给羊吃的干草上。 结果,羊吃不着草,感到非常生气,他们认为狗太自私,自己又不能吃草,还不让能吃草的 吃

(B)1. A. raining

B. snowing

C. blowing

D. shining

【解析】B。从下文可知天是在下雪。 (A)2. A. thick B. thin C. beautiful D. big

【解析】A。上文说天在下着大雪,所以地上应该被覆盖着“厚厚的”雪。 (C)3. A. play on B. live on C. climb up D. go to

【解析】C。可能有同学会选 go to the hill,但比较 climb up the hill,后者更符合常理。 意为“在这种天气下爬上山是很危险的。” (B)4. A. cake B. grass C. fruit D. vegetables

【解析】B。根据常理,羊在那儿也很难找到草。 (D)5. A. cold B. cool C. hot D. warm

【解析】D。天冷,牧羊人就想呆在温暖的房间里。英语里一般不用 hot room。 (C)6. A. in order to B. so as to C. so that D. in order

【解析】C。后面是一个完整的句子,所以不可以用 in order to 或 so as to。so that 意为 “以便”,后面得跟一个完整的句子。 (A)7. A. hungry B. sick C. full D. free

【解析】A。全句意为“牧羊人把干草放在围栏里以便羊在饿的时候能吃”。 (B)8. A. hard B. soft C. thin D. wet

【解析】B。躺在软草上,用 soft 最恰当。 (C)9. A. both B. either C. all D. neither

【解析】C。羊都很害怕狗。“三者以上的都”只有用 all。

(A)10. A. none

B. neither

C. any

D. some

【解析】A。没有一只羊能接近它。 (D)11. A. smallest B. youngest C. weakest D. strongest

【解析】D。最终也只有最强壮的羊敢上前去。小的、弱的哪有这个胆量? (C)12. A. meet B. greet C. warn D. receive

【解析】C。狗大声叫,是想警告羊。绝不是去问候它。 (D)13. A. easily B. happily C. sadly D. quickly

【解析】D。羊只好赶紧离开,其他副词都不妥当。 (A)14. A. angrily B. happily C. quietly D. politely

【解析】A。不敢去吃草,只好私下里很气愤地谈论。 (D)15. A. let B. ask C. forget D. allow

【解析】D。本句可能有同学会选 let,但注意后面有 to eat ,没有 let sb. to do sth 的 说法.,但是有 allow sb to do sth.,意为“但还不允许能吃的去吃(草) 。

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality (理 性), but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In high school I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any reasonable student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department, many famous professors and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that's not what I did. I chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts (文科) university that doesn't even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my job. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by communicating with people who weren't studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a wise choice. They told me I was wise and grown-up beyond my 18 years, and I believed

them. I headed off to the college and sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineering "factories" where they didn't care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical expert and excellent humanist all in one. Now I'm not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideas crashed into reality, as all noble ideas finally do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics and engineering courses with liberal-arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile engineering with liberal-arts courses in college. The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don't mix as easily as I supposed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult. 6. Why did the author choose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university? A. He intended to become an engineer and humanist. B. He intended to be a reasonable student with noble ideals. C. He wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality. D. He wanted to communicate with liberal-arts students. 7. According to the author, by communicating with people who study liberal arts, engineering students can ___________. A. become noble idealists B. broaden their knowledge C. find a better job in the future D. balance engineering and liberal arts 8. Which word below can replace the underlined word “reconcile”? A. confuse B. compare C. combine D. compete

9. The underlined sentence in 1st paragraph means ___________. A. he has failed to achieve his ideal aims B. he is not a practical and rational student

C. his choice of attending to a small liberal-arts university is reasonable D. his idea of combining engineering with liberal - arts is noble and wise 10. The author suggests in this passage that ___________. A. liberal-arts students are supported to take engineering courses B. technical experts with a wide vision are expected in the society C. successful engineering students are more welcomed in the society D. engineering universities with liberal-arts courses are needed 【参考答案】6—10、ABCAB

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 There are many older people in the world and there will be many more. A little-known fact is that over 60 percent of the older people live in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization, by 2020 there will be 1 billion, with over 700 million living in developing countries. It is a surprising fact that the population ageing is particularly rapid in developing countries. For example, it took France 115 years for the rate of older people to double from 7 percent to 14 percent. It is estimated to take China a mere 27 years to achieve this same increase. What are the implications of these increased numbers of older folk? One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live, the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability. Attention is being paid to the need to keep people as healthy as possible, including during old age, to lessen the financial burden on the state. Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society. In some African countries, certainly in Asia, older people are respected and regarded as the ones with special knowledge. Yet traditions are fading away daily, which does not make sure the continued high

regard of older people. As society changes, attitudes will change. Much needs to be done to get rid of age discrimination in employment. Life-long learning programs need to be provided to enable older people to be active members in a country's development. Social security policies need to be established to provide adequate income protection for older people. Both public and private schemes are vital in order to build a suitable safety net. 11 The rate of older people________. A. is bigger in developed countries than in developing countries B. is one-seventh of the population in developing countries C. will increase much faster in China than in France D. will be sixty percent in developing countries by 2020 12. According to passage, which of the following are governments most worried about?

A. The diseases and disability of older people. B. The longer life and good health of people. C. The loss of taxes on older people. D. The increasing respect for older people. 13. It is stated directly in the passage that older people should ________. A. be treated differently in different cultures B. enjoy a similar lifestyle C. be ignored as society changes D. be valued by the yonger generations 14. Which of the following measure is NOT mentioned to solve the population ageing problem? A. Getting rid of age discrimination in employment. B. Supplying life-long learning programs to older people. C. Making sure adequate income protection for older people. D. Providing free health care for sick older people.

15. The author concludes in the last paragraph that ________. A. governments have spent lots of time in solving the ageing problem B. population ageing is a hard problem, but it needs to be solved urgently C. people are too busy to solve the population ageing problem D. much time and effort will be lost in solving the ageing problem 【参考答案】11—15、CADDB

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 As a young boy, I sometimes traveled the country roads with my dad. He was a rural mail carrier, and on Saturdays he would ask me to go with him. Driving through the countryside was always an adventure: There were animals to see, people to visit, and chocolate cookies if you knew where to stop, and Dad did. In the spring, Dad delivered boxes full of baby chickens, and when I was a boy it was such fun to stick your fingers through one of the holes of the boxes and let the baby birds peck on your fingers. On Dad's final day of work, it took him well into the evening to complete his rounds because at least one member from each family was waiting at their mailboxes to thank him for his friendship and his years of service.“Two hundred and nineteen mailboxes on my route,” he used to say, “and a story at every one.” One lady had no mailbox, so Dad took the mail in to her every day because she was nearly blind. Once inside, he read her mail and helped her pay her bills. Mailboxes were sometimes used for things other than mail. One note left in a mailbox read, “Nat, take these eggs to Marian; she's baking a cake and doesn't have any eggs.” Mailboxes might be buried in the snow, or broken, or lying on the ground, but the mail was always delivered. On cold days Dad might find one of his customers waiting for him with a cup of hot chocolate. A young girl wrote letters but had no stamps, so she left a few buttons on the envelope in the mailbox; Dad paid for the stamps. One businessman used to leave large amounts of cash in his mailbox for Dad to take to the bank. Once, the amount came to $32,000. A dozen years ago, when I traveled back to my hometown on the sad occasion of Dad's death, the mailboxes along the way reminded me of some of his stories. I thought

I knew them all, but that wasn't the case. As I drove home, I noticed two lamp poles, one on each side of the street. When my dad was around, those poles supported wooden boxes about four feet off the ground. One box was painted green, and the other was red, and each had a long narrow hole at the top with white lettering: SANTA CLAUS, NORTH POLE. For years children had dropped letters to Santa through those holes. I made a turn at the corner and drove past the post office and across the railroad tracks to our house. Mom and I were sitting at the kitchen table when I heard footsteps. There, at the door, stood Frank Townsend, Dad's postmaster and great friend for many years. So we all sat down at the table and began to tell stories. At one point Frank looked at me with tears in his eyes. “What are we going to do about the letters this Christmas?”he asked. “The letters?” “I guess you never knew.” “Knew what?” “Remember, when you were a kid and you used to put your letters to Santa in those green and red boxes on Main Street? It was your dad who answered all those letters every year.” I just sat there with tears in my eyes. It wasn't hard for me to imagine Dad sitting at the old oak table in our basement reading those letters and answering each one. I have since spoken with several of the people who received Christmas letters during their childhood, and they told me how amazed they were that Santa had known so much about their homes and families. For me, just knowing that story about my father was the gift of a lifetime. 1. It can be inferred from the passage that the writer regarded his travels with Dad as ________. A. great chances to help other people B. happy occasions to play with baby chickens C. exciting experiences with a lot of fun D. good opportunities to enjoy chocolate cookies 2. The writer provides the detail about the businessman to show that ________. A. Dad had a strong sense of duty C. Dad had a strong sense of honor B. Dad was an honest and reliable man D. Dad was a kind and generous man

3. According to the passage, which of the following impressed the writer most?

A. Dad read letters for a blind lady for years. B. Dad paid for the stamps for a young girl. C. Dad delivered some eggs to Marian. D. Dad answered children's Christmas letters every year. 4. The method the writer uses to develop Paragraph 4 is ________. A. offering analyses C. giving examples B. providing explanations D. making comparisons

4. What surprised the children most when they received letters in reply from Santa Claus every year? A. Santa Claus lived alone in the cold North Pole. B. Santa Claus answered all their letters every year. C. Santa Claus had unique mailboxes for the children. D. Santa Claus had so much information about their families. 5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. The Mail B. Christmas Letters

C. Special Mailboxes D. Memorable Travels 【要点综述】这是一篇感人的叙述亲情的文章,在这里,父亲是一个乡村送信人,这么 多年来他都无私地为 219 个信箱服务,一直到他退休。但让作者没有料到的是,父亲还在每 年圣诞节的时候扮演着圣诞老人的角色,默默地回复着孩子们写给圣诞老人的信。 1. C 推理判断题。从全文第一段提到的?always an adventure: There were animals to see?知,作者认为与父亲一起去乡下送信是一件惬意的事情,因为在路上碰到的事情令 人激动不已,所以选 C 项。 2. B 推理判断题。从文章第四段?One businessman used to leave?the amount came to $32,000.知,商人认为父亲是一个诚实且值得信赖的人,所以他才会这么相信他,让他把 数目很多的钱送往银行,由此知 B 项为最佳答案。 3. D 细节理解题。从文章最后几段可以看出,作者没有想到的是,父亲竟然还曾扮演 过圣诞老人的角色,给孩子们回信,这大大出乎他的意料。这也可以从倒数第二段 I just sat there with tears in my eyes.可以看出,我对父亲的这种行为感到非常吃惊和感动,由此 选 D 项。 4. C 文章结构题。从第四段知,作者在这里举到了几个事例,如帮人送鸡蛋,帮小姑 娘支付邮票,甚至帮一个商人去存钱等等,这些都是例子,所以该段举了很多事例来说明父 亲平凡中的“伟大”,故选 C 项。 59. D 推理判断题。从倒数第二段?and they told me how amazed they were that? 推断知,当时小朋友们对于圣诞老人居然这么了解他们的家庭生活感到非常吃惊,所以答案

选 D 项。 5. A 主旨大意题。从全文知,本文作者主要讲述了自己的父亲,一个平凡中显现伟大 的送信人的故事,所以用 A 项能较好地概括全文中心,这里用 The Mail 来突出父亲的工作和 他的敬业,故 A 项最佳。

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