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2014届高三英语(译林牛津版)一轮复习题库


课时作业 15(模块五

Unit 3)

Ⅰ.完成句子(每空一词) 1.他发表了一些支持该水土保护工程的意见。 (comment;favor) He made ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ the water and soil conservation project. 2.根据环境专家们的看法,有

必要减少这个地区的人类活动。 (view;cut) From ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ the environmental experts,it is necessary to ______ ______ ______ human activities in this area. 3. 我弄不明白为什么他不担心几十年辛辛苦苦满足家人们的需求后自己累垮。 (figure; burn; decades; meet) I can't ______ ______ why he doesn't worry about ______ ______ ______ after ______ ______ hard work to ______ ______ ______ ______. 4.发达国家和发展中国家在利用大自然方面相互冲突。 (conflict) Developed countries ______ ______ developing nations in using nature. 5.他们对大自然的无节制利用对后人们的生活有着很坏的影响。 (effect) Their unrestricted use of nature will ______ ______ ______ ______ the life of future generations. Ⅱ.语法和词汇知识 1.Your advice is of great ______to me and I believe I can succeed this time with it. A.fun B.benefit C.attraction D.joy 2.Distance learning is being ______ in several countries to help children in remote rural schools obtain higher education. A.attended B.adopted C.adapted D.admitted 3.I'm interested in stories ______,and in detective stories in particular. A.in general B.in public C.in case D.in common 4.They urged that the library ______ open during the vacation. A.must be kept B.is kept C.would be kept D.be kept 5.With the ______ of getting promoted,the policeman faked a robbery and he killed the “robber”. A.help B.intention C.reason D.advice 6.He______ his plan for dropping out of the university regardless of his parents' opposition. A.pushed along B.pushed ahead with C.pushed against D.pushed forward 7. Mike often argues angrily______ his friend______ small things, which sometimes makes us very unhappy. A.with;for B.with;about C.to;for D.to;about 8.People will behave to their own benefit,which is especially ______ when they are in danger. A.real B.actual C.true D.appropriate 9.Animals have died______ coming into contact with this chemical. A.as a consequence of B.in return for C.in the name of D.in spite of 10.Marriage is a serious decision.It's not just a/an ______ of love. A.affair B.point C.question D.business 11.______ you are right about his carelessness,it doesn't mean that there is no virtue in him. A.While B.As C.If D.Since 12. student is often found toying with his pen when having a math lesson.______, always proves to be The he the best math student in this class. A.In a word B.Last but not least C.For another D.On the other hand
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13.You will ______ in hospital if you drive at that speed. A.take up B.get up C.end up D.shut up 14.WTO rules require that every member country ______ its car market to other countries. A.start up B.put up C.clean up D.open up 15.The majority of visitors ______ in favour of his conclusion that the number of books published on the subject ______ simply surprising. A.were;was B.was;was C.were;were D.was;were Ⅲ.完形填空(一) Some people are lucky enough to have family in Italy,or at least have very good friends who will occasionally invite them in for homecooked meals.For the rest of us, __1__ there's an alternative—Home Food. Italians are fiercely protective of their cultural heritage,and especially their __2__.However,it is this protective __3__that lies at the heart of the Home Food organization,but the face Home Food __4__the world is one that foodie travelers to Italy can easily get behind no matter what they know of the history of Italian food. The program sets up a simple way for people to eat in the private homes of specially chosen cooks,whose __5__ is to serve dishes made with local and seasonal ingredients 材料) It is a way to preserve traditional Italian ( . cooking.A Home Food cook in Palermo may cook a traditional Milanese dish to perfection,but that dish isn't appropriate for a Home Food sets out are strict,but as __6__,the mission of the organization is more about preserving traditional Italian recipes and cooking methods—the fact that we can benefit from that by eating some of what's prepared is just a bonus. People who want to become Home Food members should pay a fee to __7__ the organization,and then they can sign up for individual dinners that are on the calendar.Dinners can be as __8__ as groups of six people (including the hosts)or as large as 20 because they're hosted in private homes, __9__ from apartments in Milan to villas(别墅)in Tuscany.Each dinner's menu is listed on the Home Food website in __10__ on the calendar of upcoming events,and there are dinners each month in cities throughout the entire country. For foodie travelers,Home Food presents a unique __11__to not only sample traditional Italian food but also get a peek(窥视;看一眼 )into a __12__ Italian family's life. 1.A.surprisingly B.generally C.thankfully D.effectively 2.A.housing B.cooking C.manner D.kitchen 3.A.factory B.personality C.nature D.industry 4.A.shows B.tells C.reminds D.influences 5.A.task B.desire C.function D.experiment 6.A.chosen B.mentioned C.directed D.forgot 7.A.found B.join C.visit D.invent 8.A.small B.ordinary C.strange D.famous 9.A.transferring B.remaining C.performing D.ranging 10.A.advance B.store C.exchange D.case 11.A.ending B.goal C.opportunity D.sight 12.A.common B.typical C.formal D.fashionable Ⅳ.阅读填空 A particular quirk 古怪举动) Canadian education is that there isn't one system but 13.All 10 provinces and ( of all 3 territories have the right to run their own education systems.It's established in the Constitution. This means there is no national standard.Nobody agrees on the grade at which one makes the transition from elementary to secondary school,nor on how many years' schooling is compulsory,nor how many grades there should be before college or university,nor how schools should be funded.Families relocating often get a surprise when they are informed that the children will have to repeat a grade because the one they have just finished does not cover the required courses to pass into the next grade where they are now. Older children from isolated areas may be sent away to boarding schools,but this practice is falling out of favor.These days children in a very small community are more likely to attend the same school from kindergarten to grade 12(13 in Ontario,11 in Quebec) .In rural areas,pupils are taken to the nearest school in large yellow buses,some spending over an hour on the bus each way.Some never do a spot of homework at home because they always complete it on the bus.With the arrival of computers, highquality education has now become possible even
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in very remote areas.It also enables parents to educate their children at home. Colleges in Canada are sponsored by the state.Fully 75% of Canadian students go on after high school to some sort of further education.Having a university degree is fast becoming the minimum standard for employment but is far from a guarantee of a good job;those with a PhD in Philosophy,if not holding tenure at a university, are likely to be flipping burgers at a fastfood joint. 1.______ Not one system but 13 2.______ *No agreement on the grade at which one transfers from elementary to secondary school No national *No agreement on 3.______ standard *No agreement on 4.______ before college or university Strange education *No consensus about 5.______ funding schools system *Older children from isolated areas studying in boarding schools *Children in a very small community 7.______ the same school till Grade 12 6.______ *Children in rural areas taken to the nearest school spending over an hour in large school buses 8.______ *Fully 75% high school students 9.______ College education *Getting a university degree becoming 10.______ for employment

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参考答案
Ⅰ 1. . some comments in favor of 2. point of view of; back on 3. the cut figure out; being/getting burnt out;decades of;meet his family's needs 4.conflict with 5.have bad effects on Ⅱ .1.B 题意:你的建议对我很有帮助,我相信这次有了它我就会成功的。be of benefit to “对?? 有益处”,符合题意。fun“乐趣,有趣的人或事”;attraction“吸引力”;joy“快乐,高兴”。 2. 本题是考查词义辨析。 B 由句意可知远程教育正在被采纳, adopt 除了表示“收养”外, 还有“采纳, 采取”的意思,符合题意。adapt“使适应;改编”;attend“参加”;admit“承认”。 3.A 句意:总体上来说,我对小说感兴趣,尤其是侦探小说。in general“总体上,一般来说”,符合 题意。in public “公开地”;in case “假使,万一”;in common “共有的”。 4.D 句意:他们要求图书馆在假期期间开放。urge 后接从句时,从句中需用虚拟语气,即 should+ 动词原形,should 可以省略;再结合句意此处需要用被动语态,故 D 项正确。 5.B 句意:带着被升职的想法,这个警察炮制了一桩抢劫案,而且他杀死了抢匪。 with the help of sb./sth.“在??的帮助之下”; with the reason of doing sth.为错误搭配; with the advice of doing sth.为错误搭配。 6.B 句意:他不顾父母的反对,毅然按照自己的计划从大学退学了。push ahead with “义无反顾地进 行”,符合语境。push along “离开”;push against“按”;push forward “继续进行”。 7.B argue with sb.about/over sth.是习惯搭配,意为“与某人争论某事”。 8.C 句意:人们的行为总是对自己有利,在他们处于危险中时尤其如此。true 表示上面所做的陈述 符合事实。其余选项均不对。 9. 本题考查介词短语辨析。 A 句意: 由于和这些化学物质有染, 这些动物都死去了。 a consequence as of “由于??的结果”,符合语境。in return for“作为对??的回报”;in the name of “以??的名义”;in spite of “不管,不顾”。 10.C 句意:婚姻是个很严肃的决定。它可不仅仅是相爱的问题。affair 指 “公共事务或政治事务”, 另可指贬义的“桃色事件”;a point of love 搭配不对;a business of love 搭配不对。 11.A 句意:尽管你说他粗心是对的,这并不意味着他身上一无是处。while 表示“尽管”,引导的从 句只能用于主句之前;as 表示“尽管”的时候,一定要将表语形容词或表语名词或状语副词置于从句之首; if“如果”,不合语境;since“既然或自从”,也不合语境。 12.D 前后两个句子应该是转折关系,符合 on the other hand 的用法,其意思是“然而/另一方面”。 13.C 题意:你要是还是以这样的速度开车,你最后的结果就是进医院。这里考查 end up“以??结 束;以??告终”; take up“占据”,get up “起床”和 shut up “闭嘴”不合题意。 14.D WTO 规则要求每个成员国向其他成员国开放其汽车市场。open up“放开或开放某物,使得更 多人能使用它”;put up“搭建,张贴”;clean up“清理,整肃”;start up“发动,启动”。 15.A 主句主语 the majority of visitors 指大多数参观的人,为复数概念,故第一空用 were;从句主 语 the number of books“书籍的数量”为单数概念,故第二空用 was。 Ⅲ .1.C thankfully 意思是“幸好,谢天谢地”。前句说有些人很幸运,在意大利有家人或朋友请他们 吃意大利的居家饭菜,别的人也有另外的一个选择——Home Food,所以其余的人也很幸运。 2.B 只有 cooking“烹饪”才属于前面的 cultural heritage。 3.C nature 意思是“本性,本质,性质”。句意:他们的保护性的性质才是 Home Food 组织的核心所 在。personality 只能表示人的性格。 4. 但是 Home Food 展示给世人的面目是: A 好美食的游客们不管对意大利的历史有多少了解都会对 其食物趋之若鹜。 5.A 这些厨子的任务是给客人用本地和合时令的原料烹调食品。 6.B 但正如上面所提到的。 7.B 加入一个组织要用 join。 8.A 和下文中的 as large as 20 中的 large 对应。 9. 因为他们是在私人的住所里招待的, D 从米兰的公寓房到托斯卡纳区的别墅, 什么地方都有。 range from A to B 表示范围之广。 10.A 每顿饭的构成菜肴都提前列在了 Home Food 的网站上的一系列要组织的活动安排表上。 11.C 对于爱好美食的游客们,Home Food 项目不仅提供了一个独特的机会来让他们品尝传统意大 利美食,而且让他们得以见识典型的意大利家庭生活。 12.B 见上题解析。 Ⅳ .1.Canadian Education/Education in Canada 2.Diversity/Variety
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3.compulsory schooling duration/compulsory schooling years 4.the needed grades/the exact grades 5.the ways of 6.Phenomena/Facts/Current situation 7.likely attending 8.finishing their homework/doing their homework 9.going to college/attending college 10.the minimum standard

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