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北京市西城区2015届高三一模考试


北京市西城区 2015 届高三一模考试

英 语 试 题
本试卷共 150 分。考试时长 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无 效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A

、B、c 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话你将听一遍。 1. Where does the conversation take place? A. In a taxi. B. On a plane. C.On a bus. 2. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Mother and son. B. Husband and wife. C.Customer and waitress. 3. What is the man doing? A. Offering his help. B. Asking for a day off. C. Making an appointment. 4.Who is the boss going to meet ? A.Pete. B.Joan. C.Mark 5. How does the woman feel now? A.Tense. B.Sad. C. Sick 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、 B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后, 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Why is the woman leaving for New York? A. To learn painting. B.To travel around. C.To find a job. 7.What does the man think of the woman's driving to New York? A.Comfortable. B.Exciting. C.Unbelievable 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8.Which is not included on the shopping list this time? A.Peanut butter. B.Fruit. C.Milk. 9.What does the woman suggest? A.Buying more cookies. B.Going shopping. C.Eating less unhealthy food 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What happens to the man? A.He coughs badly. B.He has a headache. C.He has got a bad cold. 11.Why does the man refuse to quit smoking? A.He feels nervous without it.
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B.It helps him to be refreshed. C.He doesn't think it is a problem. 12.What will the man probably do next? A.See a doctor. B.Try chewing gum. C.Try tobacco replacers. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。 13.What is the speaker doing? A.Telling stories about (lie park. B.Announcing the tour sched ule. C.Introducing the history of the park. 14.Where are the tourists between 11: 00 and 12: 00 ? A.On the boat. B.On the bus. C.On the hill 15.Where will the speaker collect the tourists? A.By the lake. B.At the east gate. C.At tlie north gate. 第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第 16 至 20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词。听对话瓣,你将有 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 21.If you need someone with professional computer knowledge, to Joe. A.talks B.talking C.talk D.talked 22.Unless you are brave enough to speak up, you'll lose chances to make yourself understood. A.more B.less C.much D.fewer 23.In China, New Year's Day isn't a big moment______ with the Spring Festival. A.comparing B.compared ' C.to compare D. being compared 24.—How was your trip to Switzerland?
[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

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—Perfect 1.How I wish you ______ with us! A.have been B.are C. were D.had been 25.Susan's voice still remained calm ______ she was getting annoyed. A.even if B.as long as C.as if D.now that 26.My granny does crossword puzzles each day ______ her mind sharp. A.to keep B.kept C.having kept D.to be kept 27.So heavy ______ that I felt great relief after taking it off. A.is the load B.the load was C.was the load D.the load is 28.For better sound effects, he was asked to speak ______ the microphone during the whole process. A. in B.for C.into D.from 29.—Could you give me some advice on getting a job? —First, find out ______ you like doing best. A. what B.which C.how D.why 30.I ______ for six months.I'm really out of shape. A.hadn't exercised B.didn't exercise C.don't exercise D.haven't exercised 31.—Daddy, how much do you earn an hour? —If you ______ know, $20 an hour. A. may B- must C.can D.should 32.—Something smells really good in here! —You ______ my Easter cookies.Have one! A.smell B.are smelling C.were smelling D.smelt 33.A new learning center has been built in the school, ______ students to get to know the world more easily. A.allow B.allowed C.to allow D.allowing 34.Jack will hold a meeting ______ people can voice their opinions on today's global economy. A.which B.when C.where D.whose 35.—The tickets to T exas are not available now. —Oh.Flights ______ fast at festivals. A.sold B.sell C.will sell D.have sold 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The most important lesson I learned in high school had nothing to do with maths or American history.It came at graduation, several minutes before I left Miramonte High School. I was rather shy back then, content to 36 aroun d with my few friends and to concentrate on my 37 I was doing so well that by the end of senior year I had perfect scores and enough 38 to go to college. But my good record soon became a 39 to my well-being.In early June of senior year, the headmaster called me into his office . He asked me to give a leave-taking speech at graduation.I looked at him, my heart 40 fast.This was the _^1__ for my hard work? I said something, but not very clearly, and hurried away from the office. I was 42 about the decision, finally agreeing to compromise.I wasn't the only
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speaker—I would 43 the honor with five other students.Still, it was doubtful whether the task was 44 me.How in the world would I give a speech to hundreds of people? Graduation day soon arrived and, as 45 .I was nervous.I'd been practicing my speech for days, and I had it 46 . But I had never been so 47 in my life. The first half hour of the ceremony passed, and then my 48 came. My name was announced. I managed to reach the platform without falling down.But within minutes, I was 49 , heading b ack to my seat. Now I still have the 50 of that speech.My voice trembled a little, but 51__ it was clear and strong. I'm proud of that tape. I achieved something I'd never _ 52 — I spoke in front of hundreds of people. 53 I didn't realize it at the time, the successful completion of that speech gave me the 54 to participate in class at college, to give oral reports, and to eventually break free of my 55 I never would have chosen to give a speech at graduation.But I'm glad I did.I know it may well turn out to be one of my shining moments. 36.A.hang B.look C.walk D.run 37.A.characters B.interests C.games D.subjects 38.A.money B.credits C.time D.standards 39.A.luck B.benefit C.fear D.solution 40.A.burning B.breaking C.aching D.beating 41.A.punishment B.reward C.arrangement D.sympathy 42.A.doubtful B.optimistic C.generous D.hesitant 43.A.share B.bring C.spare D.give 44.A.about B.for C.upon D.beyond 45.A.known B.hoped C.expected D.planned 46.A.thrown B.printed C.memorized D.completed 47 A.interested B.terrified C.excited D.disappointed 48.A.moment B.clay C.chance D.decision 49.A.defeated B.stopped C.clone D.stuck 50.A.picture B.tape C.paper D.word 51.A.partially B.immediately C.frankly D.mostly 52.A.dreamed B.made C.decided D.requested 53.A.Because B.When C.Although D.Unless 54.A.respect B.confidence C.freedom D.excuse 55.A.shyness B.pride C.stupidity D.courage 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、c、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Things Your Pilot Won't Tell You You may not be getting the airline you paid for. You may go to an airline website and buy a ticket, and get onto an airplane that has a similar name painted on it, but half the time, you're really on a regional (地方的) airline. The regionals aren't held to the same safety standards as the majors: their pilots aren't required to have as much training and experience, and the public doesn't know that.
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—Captain at a major airline If you're a nervous flier, boo k a morning flight. The heating of the ground later causes bumpier (颠簸的) air, and it's much more likely to thunderstorm in the afternoon. —Jerry Johnson , pilot, Los Angeles The smoothest place to sit is often over or near the wing. The bumpiest place to sit is in the back.If you're in the middle, you don't move as much. —Patrick Smith, pilot, and author of Cockpit Confidential Sit in the front if you want fresher air. The general flow of air in any airplane is from front to back.So if you're really concerned about breathing the freshest possible air or not getting too hot, sit as close to the front as you can.Planes are generally warmest in the back. —Tech pilot at a regional airline, Texas You never know where the safest seat is. There is no safest place to sit. In o ne accident, the people in the back are dead; in the next, it's the people up front. —John Nance, aviation safety analyst and retired airline captain, Seattle I've been struck by lightning twice. Most pilots have.Airplanes are built to take it.You hear a big boom and see a big flash a nd that's it.You're not going to fall out of the sky. —Charlotte, pilot for a regional earner,.North Caro lina People don't understand why they can't use their cell phones. Well, what can happen is 12 people will decide to call someone just before landing, .and I can get a false reading on my instruments saying that we are higher than we ideally are. —Jim Tilmon, retired American Airlines pilot, Phoenix 56.Jerry Johnson advises nervous fliers to ______. A.sit in the back B.fly in the morning C.fly with major airlines D.avoid flying in bad weather 57.The best seats for those who need fresh air are ______. A.in the, front B.in the middle C.in the back D.near the wing 58.Passengers' use of cellphones before landing is likely to ______. A.increase the risk of being struck by lightning B.make it difficult for pilots to control the plane C.cause the instruments of the plane to break down D.affect pilots' judgment about the height of the plane B All you have is what you bring with you I've always felt a need to be prepared for whatever situation I've found myself in. My mother once took me to a store when I was seven years old.She and I got to the checkout counter, and she realized she had forgotten a couple of things on her shopping list.She left me with the cart and ran off to get what she needed. "I'll be right back." she said. She was gone just a few minutes, but in that time, I had loaded all the things on the belt and
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everything was rung up.I was left staring at the cashier, who was staling at me."Do you have money for me, son?" she said."I'll need to be paid." I didn't realize she was just trying to amuse herself . So I stood there, ashamed and embarrassed. By the time my mom returned, I was angry."You left me here with no money! This lady asked me for the money, and I had nothing to give her I" Now that I'm an adult, you'll never catch me with less than $200 in my wallet.I want to be prepared in case I need it. I've always admired people who are over-prepared.In college, I had a classma te named Norman.One day he was giving a presentation on an overhead projector and in the middle of his talk, the light bulb (灯泡) on the projector blew out.We would have to wait ten minutes until someone found a new' projector. "It's Okay." he announced."There's nothing to worry about." We watched him walk over to his bag and pull something out.He had brought along a spare bulb for the Overhead projector.Who could even think of that? I often told my students, " When you go into the wilderness, the only thing you can depend on is what you take with you." And essentially, the wilderness is anywhere but your home or office.So take money.Pack a light bulb.Be prepared. 59.Why did the cashier ask a seven-year-old boy to pay for the purchases'? A.The boy was shopping by himself. B.The boy's mother asked her to do so. C.The cashier was playing a joke on him. D.The boy's mother was away for something else. 60.Why was the boy angry with his mother? A.His mother left him alone. B.He lost face in front of the cashier. C.His mother forgot to buy something. D.He had just quarreled with the cashier. 61.Why did Norman bring a spare bulb with him? A.He was always well-prepared. B.His presentation was about bulbs. C.He knew the classroom equipment was of poor quality. D.He predicted the bulb on the projector would blow out. 62.What do the two stories tell us? A.Accidents happen almost every day. B.Money is the key that opens all doors. C.In fair weather, prepare for a rainy day. D.Chances favor those who are well-prepared. C The Netherlands on Monday introduced its first-ever " intelligent bicycle , fitted with electronic devices to help bring clown the high accident rate among elderly cyclists in the bicycle-mad country.
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Developed for the government by the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) , the intelligent bicycle, runs on e lectricity.A commercial-available bicycle is expected to be on the market in the next two years and should sell for between 1, 700 to 3, 200 euros per bicycle. The devices on the bike are linked through an onboard computer with a vibrating (震动的) warning system fitted in the bicycle's saddle and handlebars to warn cyclists of the coming danger. The saddle vibrates when other cyclists approach from behind, while, the handlebars do the same when barriers appear ahead. " Accidents often happen when cyclists look behind them or get a fright when they are passed at high speed," said Maurice Kwakkernaat, one of TNO's research scientists involved in the project."The onboard system technology has already been at work in the car industry," he said. '' More and more elderly people are using a bicycle, not only for short distances, but also for longer distances," Dutch Environment and Infrastructure Minister Melanie Schultz van Haegen told AFP."This type of bicycle is truly needed in the Netherlands because it will help us bring down the number of elderly people who are injured every year and allow them to continue to enjoy cycling," she said. In the Netherlands, bicycles outnumber the population of 17 million by at least one million and there are some 25,000 km of bicycle path in the country.Those statistics are set to grow as more and more people take to two-wheeled transport, leading to an increased risk of injury. Last year, 184 cyclists died in the country, of which 124, or 67% , were older than 65, according to the Central Statistics Office.The year before, 200 cyclists died, the majority of victims also being elderly. The current model weighs 25 kilograms but researchers are working on making the onboard systems smaller. 63.The "intelligent bicycle is aimed to ______. A.protect the environment B.help reduce traffic pressure C .popularize the use of bicycles D.improve safety for elderly cyclists 64.Which part of the intelligent bicycle will vibrate when other cyclists approach it from behind? A.The saddle. B.The wheels. C.The handlebars. D.The onboard computer. 65.We can learn from the passage that ______. A.the elderly ride bicycles wherever they go B.the elderly are planning to give up cycling C.the number of elderly cyclists is decreasing D.the accident rate among elderly cyclists is high 66.Which is the best title for the passage? A.A Test Bicycle B.Elderly Cyclists C.A Smart Bicycle D.A Bicycle-mad Country D A generation of parents raised according to the permissive principles of postwar childcare experts is rediscovering the importance of saying "No" to their children.They are beginning to reclaim the house as their own.Even spanking (打屁股) is back. While today's parents do not want to return to the Victorian era (时代) —when children were
[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

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seen, spanked, but not heard—there is a growing acknowledgement that the laissez-faire approach produced a generation of children running rings around puzzled parents struggling to restore order. Janthea Brigden, a trainer with Parent Network, says: " The problem is that parents don't want all that controlling things.What they want is to be able to discipline (管教) their children through teaching and encouraging." According to Steve Biddulph, the author of More Secrets of Happy Children, the permissive era was often just an excuse to ignore children.He believes discipline involves firm but friendly teaching and does not need to involve punishment.He teaches a method called "stand and think" , where a child is helped to figure out what is wrong and how to get it right.Mr.Biddulph understands parents using spanking, but lie is against it."The happiest children are those who know Mum and Dad are in charge.As children grow into their teens, more negotiation can take place, such as: Prove you can be home safely by 1l pm, and we might let you stay out till midnight." " There is no good evidence that an occasional, properly administered spanking is harmful in any way." says John Rosemond, an American who has won a huge following by calling for "parent power". It is pure nonsense to believe that restricting children to their room as a punishment could make them have negative feelings about the room and cause sleep problems. Mr.Rosemond tracks the overturning of traditional family values to the end of the Second World War . He blames the change of the American family into a child-centered, self-respect-oriented (以…为导向) unit on psychologists and social workers, who for 30 years have weakened traditional approaches .Previous generations of American parents raised children not by the book, but by self-evident truth, he says. Children should be seen and hot heard. If you make your bed, you'll have to lie in it . He says that those phrases contain time-honored understanding and principles that helped children to develop what we refer to as the "three Rs" of parenting: respect, responsibility and resourcefulness. 67 . Which is closest to the meaning of the underlined word "laissez-faire" in the second paragraph? A.Let it be. B.Go for it. C.Get it right. D.Take it easy. 68.If his child did something wrong, Steve Biddulph would ______. A.give him a good beating B.lock him up in a dark room C.ask him to stand in a corner for hours D.help him find out the problem and solution 69.By mentioning the underlined part in the last paragraph, Mr.Rosemond . A.blames parents for ignoring children's rights B.reminds parents to communicate more with children C.encourages parents to involve children more in family affairs D.explains how previous generations of parents raised children 70.What does the passage mainly talk about? A.The causes of discipline problems. B.The best way to discipline children. C.Different opinions on ways of parenting. D.Differences between parents of different times. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分)
[来源:学科网] [来源:学科网 ZXXK]

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根据短文内容, 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为 多余选项。 For people with thousands of pages to read, speed reading seems like a manna (甘露) from heaven. In addition, speed reading helps lighten the load of information you have to absorb since it provides a filter that you can use in screening all bits of information before you approach them. 71 Examining how much information you need will help you identify how you should read a certain document to maximize your learning and comprehension.Thorough reading may no longer be necessary in some cases, such as when you only need an outline of a certain document. Another skill that can ease the burden of a. reader is the ability to read words in blocks. Make sure you do not spend too long on a certain block. 72 This will also make reading less tiresome and boring. To master this important skill, you have to practice reading more and more words in a certain block at one time.A suggestion shared by some experts regarding this step is to increase the distance between you and the document you are reading.If you can read more and more words in one block, you can cut down on the time it usually takes you to read a certain text and you will be able to read more in a shorter period. Readers should also practice reducing the number of times they go back to previous sections or blocks.Using a pointer such as the tip of a pencil or pen can also help to make the flow of your reading smoother and faster. 73 Thus, your speed in reading will largely depend on the speed of the movement of your pointer. If you still find yourself confused about the topic even after you have finished reading the document, do not re-read right away.Re-reading immediately will just lead to slower speed in reading. 74 Getting your own reading corner will also help. 75 Continue practicing and practicing the techniques aforementioned and soon, you'll achieve the reading speed that will work best for you. A.In this technique, your eyes will follow the tip of the pointer. B.This saves time and reduces the effort that you have to make. C.Taking a short break first is recommended before reading the material again. D.As a final note, the most.important point is consistent and deliberate practice. E.Your invaluable time can be saved if you can have your reading speed doubled. F. The first step to increase your reading speed is to identify the specific information you need. G.Reducing the time you spend on a specific number of words in a block will make no difference.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节(15 分)
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你得知故宫免费对教师开放,于是给你校外教写一封邮件,包括以下内容: 1.开放时间:每月的第一个周三; 2.订票方式:提前 10 天网上预约; 3.入场条件:出示教师证。 注意:1.词数不少于 50; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头和结尾已给出,不计人总词数。 参考词汇:教师证 Teacher Identity Card Dear Tom,

Yours. Jerry (请务必将第一节答题内容写在答题卡指定区域内)

第二节(20 分) 假如你是红星中学学生李华。最近你代表你班参加了学校的汉字听写大赛( Chinese Character Dictation Competition)。请根据下面四幅图写一篇英文日记。词数不少于 60。

(请务必将第二节答题内容写在答题卡指定区域内)

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