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2015届高三八模英语试题


2015 届高三年级第八次模拟考试英语试题
第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分)
第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线 部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 第二节 情景对话(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. basic A

. trap B. flame C. active D. apartment 2. jumped A. judged B. decided C. helped D. admitted 3. anxious A. enrich B. blanket C. union D. university 4. change A. research B. headache C. machine D. schedule 5. weigh A. seize B. height C. foreign D. neighbour 根据对话情境和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。 Li Yang: Good morning, Mathew. Mathew: Good morning, Li Yang. 6 Li Yang: There's still hazy today. We'll have to go to school with face masks. Mathew: 7 According to the news, PM2.5 pollution is the main problem with air pollution. Li Yang: Yes, and air pollution has done harm to people's health. Mathew: So the Chinese government and Chinese people must take action to fight it. Li Yang: 8 Mathew:Since PM2.5 is mainly caused by vehicles and factories, cars with large emissions (排放) should not be allowed and factories should be closely watched. Li Yang: 9 We hope that more and more people will join us in making the blue skies return for good. Mathew: 10 A. I hope so, too. B. Can you give any advice? C. I don't think so. D. What a pity! E. I agree. F. What's the weather like today? G. That's OK. 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,
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并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. ---Which team do you think will win the match? ---________. Both of them are experienced in competition. A. I can?t agree more B. You bet C. I think so D. It?s hard to say 12. “IPhone 6 proves to be ________ great success around the world due to its big screen,” said John Legere, ________ CEO of T-Moble. A. a ; \ B. the \ C. a ; the D. \ ; the 13. ---What shall we prepare for our picnic this weekend ? ---Well, let?s discuss it ________ lunch. A. in B. with C. over D. by 14. In a sports team each player has a clear role and there are few occasions ________ members are uncertain of their roles. A. when B. which C. where D. why 15. Andrew has been looking for a job during the whole year, feeling he can?t get ________ without work experience. A. that B. this C. one D. it 16. ________ you have expressed your determination, you should take action. A. Even though B. Now that C. In case D. If only 17. People believe that life is ________ you think it is. So smile at life and it will smile back. A. that B. how C. what D. which 18. With two children ________ high school, the farmer couple have to work from morning till night. A. attended B. being attended C. attend D. attending 19. I?m putting this letter on top of the file, so that he ________ it first as soon as he sets about working. A. will have read B. will read C. reads D. has read 20. ________ to the doctor right away, he might have been alive. A. If he went B. Were he gone C. Should he have gone D. Had he gone 21. Chinese new players ________ a memorable show at the Sochi Winter Olympic Games. A. put up B. put in C. put on D. put off 22. I like getting up early in summer. The morning air is so good ________. A. to be breathed B. to breathe C. breathing D. being breathed 23. The committee ________ over the problem among themselves for two hours. A. has argued B. has been arguing C. argued D. have been arguing 24.---It is considerate of you to call on my parents from time to time.
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--- ________. It?s all in a day?s work. A. It?s right B. Take your time C. Take it easy D. Don?t mention it 25. During the Spring Festival, the old generation ________ give the young some lucky money in red envelopes as a Lunar New Year gift. A. may B. shall C. can D. will 第四节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出适合填 入对应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 Once upon a time, there was a beautiful bird, which was very curious about Hell. When she was little, her mother always told her that if she didn?t master the 26 skills, she 27 go to Hell. She was so curious about Hell that she 28 asked others what Hell looked like, but no one was sure, because 29 of them had ever been there. Some said Hell was a place full of water, and others told her that Hell was full of burning 30 . However, the bird knew they were lying. She wanted to 31 what Hell was. When other birds 32 flying skills, she always hid herself and 33 them. She thought in this way she could go to Hell and see 34 Hell looked like. However, she spent so 35 time learning flying skills that one day she was 36 by a little boy. The little boy gave her to his 37 in the countryside as a gift. The old man liked her very much. He made a delicate 38 and put her in it. The 39 was very 40 because she thought she couldn?t find out what Hell was like 41 in this small cage. 42 , she couldn?t escape. Day after day, she just stayed in the cage, watching other birds flying. She lost her 43 and she became sadder and sadder. At last, she became ill. The old man finally opened the cage, but she was too 44 to fly. Lying on the ground, she thought of the 45 that she ever asked all the time. “What does Hell look like?” “Hell is a small well-decorated cage.” Before she closed her eyes forever, she finally answered that question herself. 26. A. swimming 27. A. would 28. A. seldom 29. A. neither 30. A. fire 31. A. turn out 32. A. learned 33. A. saw B. walking B. could B. never B. none B. wood B. find out B. have learned B. noticed
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C. running C. should C. always C. either C. gas C. work out C. were learning C. found

D. flying D. must D. unusually D. all D. matches D. look out D. are learning D. watched

34. A. how 35. A. little 36. A. hunted 37. A. grandma 38. A. house 39. A. boy 40. A. satisfied 41. A. living 42. A. However 43. A. freedom 44. A. strong 45. A. situation

B. which B. much B. shot B. father B. cage B. friend B. happy B. staying B. Somewhat B. disability B. small B. question

C. who C. plenty of C. caught C. grandpa C. table C. father C. surprised C. sitting C. Thus C. wisdom C. weak C. problem

D. what D. a little D. wounded D. friend D. bed D. bird D. worried D. stopping D. Anyway D. judgment D. eager D. position

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A The Work-Study program gives you the chance to work part-time on campus. If you need more money to cover all of your education-related costs, you may be eligible for this program. Advantages · Work experience: Last year, more than l,400 positions were available across all departments. The jobs vary from one department to the next, and in most cases, participants find a position in their chosen field. · Money: During the regular academic year (September to April), you can work part-time and earn $3,200—sometimes more—while you take courses! During the summer time, you work full-time and can earn around $6,000 over 18 weeks. · Easy access: Applying for the program is easy. There is no need for face-to-face interview. All the forms you need are online; just fill in the forms and e-mail us; we accept no letter or phone application! Did you know? At the University of Ottawa, it is not essential to receive government assistance to qualify for our Work-Study Program. You simply need to demonstrate (说明) financial need. You could have one of these great Work-Study jobs: · Student ambassador · Computing and network technician · Marketing assistant · Sports team manager
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· Researcher/translator · Writer And more! The Admission Section receives and evaluates applications to undergraduate programs, in addition to answering applicants? questions. Phone: 613-562-5315 Toll-free :1-877-868-8292 ( #5315 ) Financial Aid & Awards Service Section: Phone: 613-562-5734 Toll-free Phone: 1-877-868-8292 Regular office Hours: Monday to Friday September to May: 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. ; June to August: 9a.m. to 3:30 p.m. 46. What does the underlined word “eligible” in Paragraph l probably mean? A. Skilled. B. Helpful. C. Suitable. D. Familiar. 47. How can students apply for a working position? A. By letter. B. By phone. C. By personal interview. D. By using the Internet. 48. To be admitted by the program, you need to ________. A. get some government assistance first B. explain your financial need first C. perform well in your studies D. have much working experience 49. The author?s purpose in writing the text is most likely to ________. A. entertain B. persuade C. inform D. describe B Eight-year-old Cieran Kelso and Winter the dolphin have more things in common than most people and dolphins. That is because they both have prosthetic limbs(假肢) ! Winter, the star of the movie Dolphin Tale, is Cieran?s idol because they both swim with the help of prosthetic flippers. Florida?s Clearwater Marine Aquarium, where Winter lives, usually only lets visitors swim in the dolphin tank every three weeks or so, but when its chief officer David Yates heard Cieran?s story, he said he must make a swim-and-greet happen. Local tourism officials flew Cieran and his family to the aquarium from England after a year of planning. His parents had a hard time keeping the surprise a secret for so long! They told Cieran that the trip was just going to be a business trip for his father Gary, and it wasn?t until they were halfway there that flight attendants announced that the trip was actually for Cieran to meet Winter! Cieran caught a disease that cost both of his legs and most of his fingertips. He
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still loves to play sports like soccer and gymnastics with his friends, but it?s taken him a little longer to learn how to swim. To help him catch up with his friends, Cieran?s father Gary, with the help of a prosthetic specialist, created prosthetic flippers so that Cieran could move just like his idol, Winter. “His first words when he saw the Gary were ?Winter?s disabled, just like me. It?s just been a dolphin in a film for a long time and now it?s real… It?s just a dream come true,? ” said Gary. Once in the tank he fed Winter fish and played with her for more than an hour. And he said he could have swum “for a million hours” if he was allowed to! After the swim Cieran announced he wants to work at the aquarium so that he can always look after Winter, his new best friend. “The feeling was great and emotional to be swimming with a dolphin. I love dolphins. But the best dolphin I?ve ever loved is Winter,” he said. 50. What is the main idea of the passage? A. A disabled boy met a dolphin with disability. B. A boy is swimming with a dolphin alone. C. A dream of meeting a dolphin comes true. D. A boy becomes a friend of a dolphin 51. What can we know about Winter? A. She played a leading role in Dolphin Tale. B. She was an idol for most kids in England. C. She swam with visitors three times a week. D. She performed a swim-and-great in the tank. 52. From what Gary said in paragraph 5, we know that ________. A. Cieran showed pity for Winter B. Cieran had a dream to see a film C. Cieran was glad to meet Winter D. Cieran found Winter a real disabled dolphin C Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it?s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. During the hours when you labour through your work, you may say that you?re “hot”. That?s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people that peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as “Get up , John ! You?ll be late for work again !” The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends
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when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has. You can?t change your energy cycle, but you can make your life fit it better. Habit can help. Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you?re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won?t change your cycle, but you?ll get up energy and work better at your low point. Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy for your sharper hours. 53. If you want to work better at your low point in the morning, you should ______. A. change your energy cycle B. overcome your laziness C. get up earlier than usual D. go to bed earlier 54. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will _______. A. help to keep your energy for the day?s work B. help you to control your temper early in the day C. enable you to get your energy on your routine work D. keep your energy cycle under control all day 55. What?s the best title of the passage? A. Change Your Habits B. Save Your Energy C. Daily Energy Cycle D. Temperature-and-Energy Peak 56. The text is likely to be selected from a book of ________. A. fashion B. geography C. environment D. science D Parties and social gatherings no longer excite us the same way they once did. This is not due to a lack of desire to socialize, but the smartphone. At parties, more people are on their smartphones than on their drinks. According to a recent International Data Corporation study, well over half of all Americans have a smartphone and reach for it the moment they wake up, keeping it in hand all day. In addition, too many people in society are using smartphones while driving and as a result, they get into car crashes. 34 percent of teenagers admit to texting while driving, and they confirm that text messaging is their number one driving interruption. People?s attachment to their smartphones is unbelievably becoming more important than the lives of themselves and others. Just as drivers dismiss the importance of focusing while on the road, many people also fail to recognize the significance of human interaction. When with their
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friends, some people pointlessly check or send text messages in the presence of a friend, which sends a message to that friend: the person I am texting is more important than you. In addition, relying on our smartphones to make friends does not give us the same advantage as being able to make new friendships in the real world. Face-to-face conversations will give us much stronger communication skills in the long run. As many people risk their lives and the lives of people around them just to send a text or mindlessly check their massages, smartphones are in many ways more dangerous to people. The quality of this technology is hindering societal achievements and weakening the value of communication. Not only is the smartphone affecting our desire to interact(交流)face-to-face but it is also lowering society?s ability to communicate. 57. The purpose of this text is to ______. A. call for an end to use the smartphone while driving B. appeal to us to pay attention to communication skills C. express a concern about the overuse of the smartphone D. advise us to be cautious about the addiction to the smartphone 58. The second paragraph is developed ______. A. by examples B. by comparison C. by time D. by classification 59. What?s the author?s attitude towards making friends by using smartphones? A. Neutral. B. Positive. C. Ambiguous. D. Negative. 60. Over dependence on the smartphone leads to the fact that ______. A. parties and gatherings limit their social circle B. people are more and more narrow-minded C. people's communication skills are weakened D. face-to-face communication becomes less important 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从下框的 A~F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有一项为多余项。 A.Means of ewaste recycling B.How ewaste comes into being C.The benefit of ewaste recycling D.The technologies of ewaste recycling E.The importance of the electronic waste recycle F.Modern technology brings convenience and ewaste 61. Modern technology does bring us many conveniences, from WiFi enabled cell phones and ever smaller laptop computers that make entire lives easy to energy
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efficient washers that use half the power and time to complete their tasks. However, these new toys and equipment finally become electronic waste (ewaste) once they are out of use. 62. Ewaste includes everything from empty printer ink containers to broken refrigerators. As people buy new items to replace aging electronics or make upgrades(升级) ,more electronic waste comes into being. In some cases,such as 2009's switch from analog(模拟)to digital television broadcasting in the United States,changes in technology are so great that old equipment may not even work at all with new systems. 63. There are many reasons why it is important to recycle electronic waste. Much of the material used to construct electronics,including metal and plastic parts,can be recycled into new items at a discount of the cost and energy use needed to create things from new raw materials. Additionally,many electronics contain poisonous substances that are harmful to the environment and could be deadly if they go into an area's groundwater. When properly recycled,they can be reused and will not do harm to the environment. Because of these environmental concerns,many areas require by law that electronic waste be properly recycled. 64. The availability of ewaste recycling programs varies from place to place. In some areas, annual collections are held once or twice a year as a means of dealing with ewaste as well as used engine oil or other waste that is harmful to the environment. There are also some good alternatives to recycling your ewaste. Any items that are in working condition can be given to friends or donated to charities like Goodwill or the Salvation Army, who rely heavily on donations. Freecycling, or passing on your unwanted items to those in need of them,is also a means of finding new homes for used items. 65. Ewaste recycling helps protect the environment by reducing the amount of poisonous materials placed in landfills(垃圾场)and saving recyclable parts to save energy and other resources. Recycling is a way of life. Stick to that choice every single day and recycling will become second nature to us.

第三部分: 写作(共三节,满分 55 分)
第一节 单词拼写(共 10 题;每题 1 分,满分 10 分)
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根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上 写出对应单词的正确、完整形式,每空只写一词。 66. I won't go to his party unless ____________(邀请). 67. The new store opened on ____________(八月)6th . 68. There are ____________(绵羊)eating grass in the fields. 69. I am going to visit my ________ (舅舅) tomorrow, who lives in the countryside. 70. The ____________(诚实的)boy is often praised by the teachers. 71. Everyone has the right to make his own ____________(决定). 72. The weather ____________(逐渐地)improved. 73. He asked me whether I was ____________(已婚的)or single. 74. Don?t ____________(假装)to know what you don?t know. 75. Nowadays few people ____________(成功) in losing weight and keeping fit. 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌系的以下 作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。 错误涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线( ) ,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Editor, I'm sorry to occupy your precious time, and I really want to tell you anything about the problem of some people keeping too many pets nowadays. I take a problem more and more seriously for the following reasons. First of all, as it is known to people, pets make so much noise that it troubled residents a lot. What's more, it is widely accepted that animal waste pollutes the environment, where makes people quite uncomfortable. Many owners like taking their pets to public place where they may frighten children or even bite people. The mostly important is that pets can spread some diseases and this has attracted much attention. Take all these factors into consideration, I sincerely hope that I can get help from you and expect the media do something for this. Yours Truly, Wang Lin 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分)

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假如你是李华,收到一封署名为 David 的网友的求助信。信中他向你诉说 了自己的困扰:近日,他在学习中国文化时,在博客中看到了下面两幅图片, 但对其含义不是很理解。请你用英语给他写一封回信做出解释。

写作要求: 1. 信的开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3. 词数不少于 100。 4. 参考词汇:对……孝顺 be dutiful to;美德 virtue;博客 blog Dear David, I?m glad to receive your letter and know you?re learning the Chinese culture._____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Yours Sincerely, Li Hua

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