当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 状语从句的析与练

状语从句的析与练


状语从句的析与练
用来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等而充当状语的从句叫做状语从句。状语从句常 用从属连词来引导,与主句连接起来。若置于句末,则前面不加逗号。根据意义和作用,状 语从句可分为时间原因条件等几种。下面我们就来分析一下这几种状语从句。

1 时间状语从句 时间状语从句常用从属连词 when, after, until, as soon a

s, 等来引导。 当主句是祈使句或谓语动词是一般将来时态或情态动词时, 其时间状语从句中的谓语动词常 用一般现在时态表示将来发生的动作或存在的状态。这就是我们常说的“主将从现”。 如:Please call me when you get there. 当你到那时,请给我打个电话。 I will write to you as soon as I arrive in Beijing. 我一到北京就给你写信。 <温馨提示> since 引导时间状语从句表示“自从…以来”,从句中的动词一般表示动作的起 点,用过去时;而主句的动作延续的情况则用一般现在时或现在完成时。常用的句型为:

It has been/ is + 一段时间+ since + 过去时。 如:I has been/ is three years since we met last time. 自从我们上次见面,已经三年了。 2 条件状语从句 引导条件状语从句的连词或词组有:if (如果), unless(除非), as long as(只要)等。如果 主句是将来时,条件状语从句也用一般现在时来表示。

如:I will stay at home if it rains tomorrow.

如果明天下雨,我就待在家。

You can?t learn English well unless you work hard. 除非你努力学习,否则是学不好英语的。

<温馨提示> 由 if 引导的条件状语从句, 若从句表达的是与现在事实相反的事实, 则常用虚 拟语气,即用过去时态表示(如果涉及到 be 动词,一律都用 were)。此时,主句则用过去 将来时。

如:If I had enough money, I would buy it for you. 如果我又足够的钱,我将把它买给你。 I wouldn?t do it if I were you. 如果我是你,我是不会做的。 3 原因状语从句 because, since, as, for 都可用来引导原因状语从句,那么它们又有哪些区别呢? ① because 用来表示“造成某种结果的直接原因”,语气较浓,常用来回答 why 提出的问句。 如:

--- Why are you late? --- Because my bike is broken. ② as 和 since 用来表示“看的到的或是不说也知道的原因”,since 也可译作:“既然”。 如:As he is old enough, let him do it. 他既然长大了,就让他干吧!

Since his shoes are worn out, let?s buy him a new pair. 既然他的鞋坏了,那我们就给他买双新的吧。

③ for 引导的原因状语从句不置于句首,常用来表示“顺便提及的理由”,只是稍带说明原 因,并非强调。

如:I must stay here, for it?s raining so hard. 我必须得待在这儿,因为雨下的很大。

当然,除了以上提到的几种状语从句之外,我们还学过由 than 引导的比较状语从句,由 so …that 引导的结果状语从句等。在具体作题时,只要保持清醒地头脑,仔细地审题,冷 静的分析,相信会取得好成绩!怎么样,来几道练习题挑战一下吧!

真题链接
( )1. You?ll do much better _____ you?re more careful with your spelling. A. if B. before C. although D. unless (2006 陕西)

( )2. _____ you told me, I heard nothing of what happened. A. Until B. After C. If D. Since (2006 潍坊)

( )3. I don?t understand the text______ there are few new words in it. A. so B. because C. if D. though (2006 青岛)

( )4. I sit in the front of the classroom ______ I can hear clearly. A. so that B. when C. in order (2006 青海) ( )5. ---Come and join us, Jimmy! --- I?m sorry, but I ?m really busy now. If I ______time, I would certainly go. A. will have B. have had C. had D. have (2006 河南) ( )6. --- Would you please give this message to Jay when he _________? --- Yes, I will. A. will come B. would come C. comes D. is coming (2006 杭州)

( )7. If you don?t go to the meeting tomorrow,_________.

A. he will, too C. he does, too

B. he won?t, either D. he doesn?t, either (2006 重庆)

( )8. ---Did David go to school yesterday? ---No, ______he had a bad cold. A. because B. if C. though (2006 佛山)

( )9. Most people ______when the big earthquake took place in that area. A. are sleeping B. were sleeping C. slept D. sleep. (2006 上海)

( )10. If _______sunny tomorrow, I________ fishing in South Lake. A. is, go B. will be, go C. is, will go D. will be, will go (2006 昆明)

大显身手
单项选择

( )11.I know nothing about the news _____ my friend told me yesterday. A. because B. since C. until D. after ( )12. I will tell him if I _______ him. A. saw B. will see C. seeing D. see

( )13. I am sleepy ______ I didn?t sleep well last night. A. when B. that C. because D. so

( )14. They won?t be back until the work________. A. do B. does C. is done D. will do ( )15.--- When will you call me? --- I will call you as soon as _______ in Shanghai. A. arrive B. arrives C. arriving D. will arrive

( )16. I?ll go to cinema this Sunday_________. A. if it will be sunny C. when I have no time B. if I?m free D. because I?m busy.

( )17. Don?t worry. I?ll tell Mrs. White _____she comes back. A. when B. how C. why D. where ( )18. _______he studies hard, _______he doesn?t pass the exam. A. Though, but B. Though, / C. But, Though D. But, / ( )19. It has been two months since I ______my hometown. A. leave B. will leave C. left D. have left

( )20. The coat is ______ expensive _____ I can?t afford it. A. such, that 句型转换 B. so, but C. so, that D. such, that

21. Wang Xiao didn?t go to school. She had a fever. (合并为一个复合句) Wang Xiao didn?t go to school _________she had a fever.

22. If you don?t study hard, you won?t pass the exam. (改为同义句) You won?t pass the exam _______ you study hard. 23. I am 15. My brother is 13. (合并为一个复合句) I am two years older ________my brother. 24. It?s raining heavily, but I still go to school. (改为同义句) I still go to school _________ it?s raining heavily. 25. It is three years since I joined the army. (改为完成时态) I have ________ ________ the army for three years. 翻译句子

26. I will show him the new book as soon as he _______________. (到这儿来) 27. What will she do when she _____________? (长大) 28. We will go out to play if it _____________ tomorrow. (不下雪) 29. While my mother ____________, someone knocked at the door. (做饭) 30. Turn off the lights before you __________________. (离开教室)

练习题参考答案

1-5 AADAC 21. because

6-10 CBABC 22. unless

11-15 CDCCA 23. than

16-20 BABCC 25. been in

24. though / although

26. comes here 27. grows up 28. doesn?t snow 29. was cooking 30. leave the classroom


更多相关文档:

状语从句练与析

状语从句练与析_英语_初中教育_教育专区。状语从句练与析(二) 给下面各组句子选择合适的连接词。 1. A. However (however) B. As (as) C. Even (even)...

状语从句的析与练

状语从句的析与练用来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等而充当状语的从句叫做状语从句。 状语从句常用从属连词来引导, 与主句连接起来。 若置于句末, 则前面不加...

高中英语语法连词和状语从句练与析

高中英语语法连词和状语从句练与析_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 高中英语语法连词和状语从句练与析_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中...

高考状语从句讲与练

高考状语从句与练_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考状语从句与练考点一:状从分类及连词:时间状语从句 when, whenever, while, as, before, after, ...

状语从句讲解及练习(附答案解析)

尽管种类较多,但由于状语从句汉语结构用法 相似,所以理解掌握它并不难。状语从句的关键是要掌握引导不同状语从句的常用连接词 和特殊的连接词即考点。 现...

状语从句练习及详细解析

高中英语状语从句讲解及练... 2页 2财富值 状语从句练习及详细解析 6页 5财富...与肯定句连用,引出的时间是主句谓语动词结束的时间。even though 即使;in case ...

状语从句完全解析

状语从句解析 13页 2下载券 时间状语从句解析 2页 免费 五年高考真题与解析:状...状​语​从​句​完​全​解​ 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|...

状语从句专项练习解析

在线互动式文档分享平台,在这里,您可以和千万网友分享自己手中的文档,全文阅读其他用户的文档,同时,也可以利用分享文档获取的积分下载文档

状语与状语从句

状语和状语从句 29页 免费 状语从句 19页 1财富值 状语从句的析与练 6页 免费...第二十一章 状语与状语从句 21.1 概述 状语用来修饰与限制动词、 形容词, ...

定语从句和状语从句 解析和练习

在线互动式文档分享平台,在这里,您可以和千万网友分享自己手中的文档,全文阅读其他用户的文档,同时,也可以利用分享文档获取的积分下载文档
更多相关标签:
状语从句专项练习 | 时间状语从句练习 | 状语从句练习题 | 初中状语从句练习 | 状语从句练习 | 条件状语从句练习 | 让步状语从句练习 | 时间状语从句练习题 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com