1.determine vt.决定，决心，确定，测定 Determination n. 决心，毅力 determined adj. 坚毅的，下决心的 decide［同义］ v.决定 典型用法 be determined to do sth ⑴ She is a girl of great ______________ (determine). ⑵ He
is determined ________ (face) out the situation. ⑶ There is a ____________ (determine) look on his face. 2.similar adj. 类似的，相似的 Similarly adv. 类似地；同样地 Similarity n.类似；(可数)相似之处 be similar to［搭配］类似于,与……相似 the same ...as...［近义］与……相同 （1）My opinion is ______ yours. ⑵ The __________ between them has often been remarked on. ⑶ Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. ____________，our minds are developed by learning. 3.organize v.组织 organization n.组织，机构 organizer n.组织者 organized adj. 有组织的 ⑴ The _____________ (organize) of such a large-scale party takes a lot of time and energy. ⑵ The ___________(organize) think of various ways to amuse the athletes. ⑶ I will take part in an _________ (organize) activity to improve the condition of disadvantaged people in society. 4.surprise vt.使惊奇，使诧异 n. 惊奇，诧异 Surprised adj. 感到惊讶的 surprising adj. 令人惊讶的 surprisedly adv. 惊奇地，惊讶地 surprisingly adv. 令人感到惊奇地 典型的用法是： be surprised at 对…感到惊讶 to one,s surprise (=surprisingly) 令人感到惊奇地是 (1) Everybody here was ____ （surprise） the news. (2) I was __________ (surprise) the change in him. (3) ________________________ (surprise)，he was so frank that he told me all of his secrets. 5..transport n.& v.运送；运输 派生：transportation n.运输；交通工具 ⑴ The yellow bus will transport the passengers from the airport to the city. ⑵ The goods will be transported by plane to Yu Shu，Qinghai Province. 6.persuade vt.说服，劝说 persuade sb. to do 说服/劝服某人去做 persuade sb. into doing 说服/劝服某人去做 persuade sb. out of doing 说服/劝服某人不做 注意：劝而不服则要用 advise sb.to do sth.或者 try to persuade sb.to do sth.。 ⑴ 我们劝李老师戒烟，他不再抽烟啦! We persuaded Mr. Li to stop smoking，and he never smoked at last. ⑵ 我们劝王老师戒烟，可他不戒。 We advised Mr.Wang to stop smoking/We tried.to persuade Mr.Wang to stop smoking，but he didn’t. 7. 3.graduate v.毕业 n.大学毕业生 派生：graduation n.毕业 短语：graduate from 毕业于 8. .care vi.关心；介意 n.关心；照顾 care about (to be worried about/concerned with)忧虑；担心；惦念 care for(=like，love)喜欢 take care of(=look after)照料；照 顾 take care 小心；提防 派生：careful adj.细心的 carefully adv.细心地 carefulness n.细心 carelessly adv. 粗心地 carelessness n.粗心 careless adj.粗心的 ⑴ The only thing he cares __________ is money. ⑵ I don’t really care _____ red wine. ⑶Who will take care ___ your baby if you are out? ⑷ Many accidents are caused by ________ (care) driving. ⑤ They studied the question _________ (care) before they made the decision. 9.reliable adj. 可信赖的；可靠的 派生：rely vi.依靠；依赖(通常接 on) ⑴ I found this to be a ________ brand of washing machines. ⑵ The villagers here__ wells for their water. （填与 rely 相关的词） 10..schedule n.时间表；进度表 vt.为某事安排时间 according to schedule 按照计划；按照安排 on schedule 按时 behind schedule 晚点 be scheduled to do 被安排，定于 11.attitude n. 态度；看法 attitude to/towards ... 对……的态度 My English teacher has changed his attitude to/towards me. 12..be fond of(=love；like)喜欢；喜爱 13.give in 屈服；让步 give up 停止/放弃做某事 give out 用完；用尽；分发；分布 give away 捐赠；暴露；泄露 give off 发散(气味)；发出(光) give back 交还 14.as usual 照常；如平常一样 15.put up 建造，搭建，举起；升起 put up with 忍受 16.at midnight 半夜 比较：at night(傍晚)晚上 in the evening=during the night/in the night 在晚间/在夜间 17.change one’s mind 改变注意 make up one’s mind 下决心；决定 ⑴ He______________________ go to university after graduation from high school. ⑵ He is very stubborn(固执的)and he is not easy to _________________. has made up his mind to ；change his mind
1. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train? (1)prefer sth.更喜欢??? prefer (sb.) to do sth.更喜欢（某人）做??? prefer that 更喜欢［that 从句中常用（should）+动词原形］? prefer sth./doing...to sth./doing...与??相比更喜欢??；宁愿??，不愿??? e.g. I would prefer meat to fish.? I prefer singing to acting. prefer to do...rather than do...宁可??也不??? e.g. He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping. (2)preference n. 偏爱；爱好；喜爱? give preference to sb./sth.给??以优惠；优待 in preference to sb./sth.而不是? 1.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 1). dream n. v. dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt dream of/about sth. (vi.) dream a…dream (vt.) dream that… (vt.) dream sb. to be … (vt.) 1) He dreams of / about working for himself and not having a boss one day. = He dreams that one day he will work for himself and not have a boss. 2) 我做梦也没想到他是个撒谎的人 I never dreamed him to be a liar. 2. Then she persuade me to buy one. persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服 我已说服他做这件事。e.g. I persuaded him to do it. = persuade him into doing it. 如果“劝说”不服, 不能直接用 persuade, 而应用 try to persuade 或 advise, 或者用 persuade 的否定式。 e.g. Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so. (3) 辨析：advise 表示“劝告”的动作，不看结果，而 persuade 强调“已经说服”；advise 可接动词的-ing 形式作宾语，也可 接 that 引导的宾语从句（必须用虚拟语气即 should+动词原形）,而 persuade 不能。 My friends advised him to see a doctor, but he refused all of them. Who can persuade him?? 3 辨析： Finally/at last/in the end finally 一般指一系列事物或论点的顺序的最后项内容,或用在动词前,表示“等了好久……才”,没有感情色彩. at last 只能指时间位置,不能指时间顺序,在意思上是指经过周折、等待、耽搁到”最后、终于”(出现所期待的结果),常常带 有较浓厚的感情色彩. in the end 可与 at last 和 finally 通用.但若出现了非期待中的结果,用 in the end, 还可以用于预卜未来。 4. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 这是一个强调句。 强调句的结构是：It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句.如果强调的部分是人,可用 who,也可用 that, 强 调其他成分与内容都用 that。强调时间和地点不能用 when 或 where，只用 that。 e. g.我看这部电影是在上海。 It was in Shanghai that I saw the film. 根据上下文和语义意图,说话人可以通过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使之成为信息中心。 e. g ⑴ All the members held ②a meeting ③in the club ④ yesterday. ⑴It was all the members that/who held a meeting in the club yesterday. (强调主语, was 不能换用 were) ②It was a meeting that all the members held in the club yesterday. (强调宾语 a meeting) ③It was in the club that all the members held a meeting yesterday. (强调地点状语,that 不可换用 where) ④It was yesterday that all the members held a meeting in the club. (强调时间状语 that 不可换用 where) 高考链接 1.Was it ___ that I saw last night at the concert? A. you B. not you C. that yourself 2.It was because of bad weather ___ the football match had to be put off. A. so B. so that C. why D. that 3.. —Who is making so much noise in the garden? —______ the children. A. It is B. They are C. That is D. There are 6. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 1) although, though 引导让步状语从句不能再和 but, and, however 连用, 但可以和副词 yet, still 连用。 although 从句多放在句首, though 从句可在主句前，中，后任何位置，而且 though 可以作副词用于句末，作 “但是， 不过”讲，而 although 无此用法。 [考例] ______ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience.
A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although [点拨]D 2) insist : declare firmly 坚持认为，坚持主张 ※insist on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做,坚决做 e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us. ※insist that +从句 “坚持说”(后表示一个事实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 既按需要选择时态。 e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. ※insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚拟语气, 既 “should +v.” e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted that she (should) see a doctor. 高考链接 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately. A has been sent for B. sent for C. will be sent for D. be sent for 2.The doctor insisted that I a high fever and that I a rest for a few days.? A.had;had B.have;have C.had;have D.have;had 3.The man insisted a taxi for me even if/though I told him I lived nearby. A.find B.to find C.on finding D.in finding 答案：1.D;2.C;3.C 7. My sister doesn’t care about details. care about: be worried about 忧虑,关心 He doesn’t care much about what happens to me. care for sb/sth: look after, love or like 希望, 喜欢, 照顾 1) Would you care for a drink? 2) He cares for her deeply. 3) Who will care for your child if you are out? 8. She gave me a determined look –the kind that she wouldn’t change her mind. determine to do sth. =make up one’s mind 下定决心 e.g. He determined to learn French. be determined to do sth. 决心做 e.g. She was determined to go to university. change one’s mind 改变某人的主意 e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t change my mind. 9. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 一．seem 常常和不定式，形容词，分词，名词和介词短语搭配。如: 1．seem+不定式（短语） a)I seemed to hear a voice in the distance .b)Your advice seems to be doing me a favor .c)I seem to have caught a cold . 注意：1seem 后跟不定式（短语）时，要注意不定式所表示动作发生的时间，以此来确定不定式的时态。 2 . seem 后不定式的否定式习惯上用 don’t 来代替， （放在 seem 前） ，如： You don’t seem to be quite yourself today ( =You seem not be quite yourself today ) 3.seem +形容词 a) She seems quite happy today.b) The enemy seems powerful but in fact it is weak. [注]此句式出可看作是 seem+to be+adj 句式的一种简化形式。 如例 a 可转换为：She seems to be quite happy today. 例 b 可转换为：The enemy seems to be powerful but in fact it is weak. 但目前由于英语的发展，seem+to be+形容词结构的用法已越来越少，seem+adj 的结构已趋成型，属口语语体。 4．Seem+分词 a) The situation seemed quite encouraging.b) The news seems exciting.c) They seems interested in the film. [注]seem 后用现在分词还是过去分词取决于分词本身的逻辑主语，如句中的主语是分词的逻辑主语，用现在分词，反之用 过去分词。 5、seem+名词 a) She seems a clever girl.b) Her mother seems a teacher.c) It seemed a long time before my turn came. 6.seem+介词短语 They seemed in high spirits. 二、seem 常用于 it 作形式主语的“It seems/seemed that……”结构，如： a) It seems that you were lying.b) It seemed that he had been a scientist.c) It seems impossible that he will be here tomorrow. [注]1）在这一句式中，常省去 that，如例 a 可改为：It seems you were lying.2)在 seem 后可跟一形容词，如例 c. 三、seem 常用于由 as if/though 引导的从句中，如： a) It seems as if it is going to rain.b) It seems as though our plan’ll be perfect. c) It seems as if he knew nothing about that.d) It seems as if it was/were spring already. [注]在这种句式中，如从句所叙述的事情实现的可能性比较大，从句谓语用陈述语气，如 a,b 两例；若实现的可能性较小， 或根本不可能实现，从句的谓语则用虚拟语气，如 c,d 两例。 四、seem 通常用在“It seems(seemed)to sb(that)……”的结构中，这种结构常用来表示“行为”的主体，例： a) It seems to us a good chance. b) It seems to the emperor that the people were right. c) It seems to me everything is all right. 五、seems 也常用在“there seem(s) to be”句式中，用来代替 be，作句子的谓语。如： a) There seems to be no point in refusing. b) There seemed to be something the matter with him. c) There doesn’t seem to be too much hope of our team beating theirs. [注]1）在这一结构中，seem 表示“似乎有”、“看来”的意思，如：
There seem to be a lot of things to do .(=It seems as if there were a lot of things to do.) 2)There seem(s) to be +n”这个结构的否定形式为“There seem(s) to be +no+n.”（如例 a）或（“There doesn’t seem to be +n.” （如例 c）. 六、seem 有时也同人称代词 I 连用，意为“感到好像、觉得似乎”等意，如： a)I seem unable to solve it right now. b)I seem to have seen him somewhere before. 七、seem 还常常同 like 搭配。如： [注]这种句式表达的意思同“seem+to be +n.”，故两种句式可替换，如：The girl seems like a bird/to be a bird. at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处 e.g. The plane is flying at a height / altitude of 10,000 feet. 注意:在…岁时 at the age of 以..的价格 at a high / low price 在….深度\宽度处 at a depth/width of 以….为代价 at the cost of 在…距离处 at a distance of 10. When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 当我告诉她将呼吸困难, 天气严寒…… 主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义 e.g. The problem is really hard to work out. My boss is easy to deal with. 注意：不定式和主语之间是逻辑动宾关系，使用及物动词的主动形式，因此不及物动词要加相应的介词。这一结构中的形 容词往往是表示心理活动的，接不定式时, 不定式的逻辑主语是句子的主语, 主动用 to do, 被动用 to be done;也可以接从 句。这类形容词有 surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc. 11. Finally, I had to give in. 最后, 我只好让步。 give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 e.g. He had to give in to my views.\\ It’s time you gave in your papers. give up 放弃, 认输 ; give out 筋疲力尽；分配; give away 捐赠, 泄露 练一练 1) After the long trip, both the men and the horses gave out. 2) Because of his small salary, he had to gave in to his dream trip to Europe. 3) Seeing that he could not persuade me, he had to gave up my view. 4) He gave away most of his fortune to the poor. 5) Please keep the secret, don’t gave it away . ※ give in (sth. to sb.)屈服 让步 上交 1) He would rather die than give in. 2) Wang Kun had to give in because he knew his sister well. 3) Please give your examination papers in ( to the teacher) when you’ve finished. 选择题---Smoking is bad for your health ---Yes,I know. But I simply can’t ___. A. give it up B. give it out C. give it in D. give it away 12. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province 辨析: Across；through ； over prep. 穿过 across 常表示从一定范围的一边到另一边或事物交叉位置, “横穿, 横跨” 表面, 含义与 on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间内部, 含义与 in 有关。over 表示 “越过” 是指越过较高的物体从一侧到另一侧 e.g. She swam across the river. The river flows through the city from west to east. Walk across the square and go through the gate, then you’ll come to the cafe. The thief climbed over the wall and ran away. 实例：The new railway winds its way to Hong Kong, ___ mountains ___ tunnels and ___ rivers. A.across; over; through B. over; across; . through C. over; through; across D. through; over; across 9.A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is. No matter how 引导让步状语从句，意为“无论多么??” ，how 后紧跟 形容 词或 副 词，此处相当于 however+形容词 /副词。易混辨异疑问词+ever，no matter+疑问词 （1）whatever,whichever,whoever,whomever 可以引导让步状语从句，也可以引导名词性从句，引导让步状语从句时，可 以换成 no matter what/which/who/whom,位置可以在主句前，也可以在主句后。 （2）wherever,whenever,however 常引导让步状语从句，可以换成 no mattewhere/when/how,可放在主句前或主句后。 (3)however 引导让步状语从句常与倒装结合起来。这时，however 起双重作用，一是引导让步状语从句，二是修饰某一个 形容词或副词，而这个形容词或副词要紧接在它之后。 I told him to come back no matter when/whenever he would like to. You are always welcome no matter where/ wherever you are. 写出下列单词的正确形式: 1. He is planning his work _______ (进度表) for the following week. 2. They took many pictures of the ______ (瀑布) yesterday. 3. What is the ______ (海拔) of this mountain? 4. I think you don’t know your own ___________. In fact, no one is perfect.
5. He is so s________ that nobody can change his mind. 6. Do you know where the s______ of the Changjiang River is? 7.We are looking for someone who is (可靠的) and hard-working. 8.We tried to p him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen. 9.Though with great difficulty, I finished all my work f . 10.Excuse me, what is the f to London? Is $5 enough? ? 11.The captain kept a j when he was at sea. He wrote down everything that happened. 12.Your main d is your lack of job experience. 答案：1.schedule;2.waterfall；3.altitude；4.shortcomings；5.stubborn；6.source； 7.Reliable; 8.persuade; 9.finally; 10.fare ; 11.journal ; 12.disadvantage 1.课文原文 Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one . 2. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 3. Although she didn`t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 4. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 5. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains rice grows. 高考连接 【例 1】The CDs are on sale!Buy one and you get completely free. （全国Ⅱ高考） A.other B.others C.one D.ones ? 【例 2】—I’ve read another book this week.? —Well, maybe is not how much you read but what you read that counts.（浙江高考） A.this B.that C.there D.it ? 【例 3】 the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. （湖南高考） A.Although B.As long as ? C.If only D.As soon as ? 【例 4】 building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, too. A.other than B.more than C.rather than D.less than ? 【例 5】—What do you think of teaching, Bob?? —I find it fun and challenging. It is a job you are doing something serious but interesting A.where B.which ? C.when D.that ? 答案：1.解析 C 句意为：这些 CD 在廉价出售，买一赠一 用 one 代替 a CD。 2.解析 D 分析答语句子结构可知此处构成 It is...that...强调句型，被强调部分是 not how much you read but what you read。 3.解析 A 句意为： 尽管警察认为他最有可能， 但是由于没有确切的证据， 他们不能逮捕他。 表示让步用 although;as long as 表示条件，意为“只要” only 表示条件，意为“要是??就好 了” ；if ；as soon as 表示时间，意为“一?? 就??” 。 4.解析 B 句意为：建造这些节能房屋，不仅仅要花费建筑材料，还要付出智力。more than 在句中意为“不仅仅” ，修饰 名词。other than 不同于，除了；rather than 宁可??也不愿，与其??倒不如；less than 不到，少于。 5 解析 A where 在句中为关系副词，引导定语从句，修饰先行词 job。
第一部分、基础练习 I．词汇 1. Jan travels worldwide a lot with his parents. Now he becomes greatly interested in writing j____. 2. When I was a child, I d______ of becoming a scientist. 3. She tried to p______ him to give up smoking, but he wouldn’t listen. 4. She won't do what I ask -- she's very s_______. 5. Although we were very tired, we all i_____ that we not rest until we finished the work. 6. I am d_______ to do better in English this term. 7. It’s his home, so he is f______ with the street. 8. The songs were r______ by the radio company. 9. You haven't done the job p______ — you'll have to do it again. 10. Give me all the d______ of the accident — tell me what happened in detail. II. 词组识记 1. take a great bike trip 2. give me a determined look 3. change one’s mind 4. give in 5. in western Yunnan Province 6. have an idea
7. field trip 9. stay awake
8. as usual 10. travel journal
11. mountain bike 12. care about 13.make up one’s mind to do? 14. be familiar to sb 15. at an altitude of over 5,000 meters 16. cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends 17. dream of/ about doing 18. persuade sb to do/ into doing? 19. great fun 20. for one thing,?for another/ also 第一部分基础练习答案 a. journals, dreamed/dreamt, to persuade, stubborn, insisted, determined, familiar, recorded, properly, details
一． 单项选择 1 I have two tickets to Beijing. I_______ my father.A am taking B have taken C take D will have taken 2 Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology_______ so rapidly. A has changed B is changing C will have changed D will changed 3 He ________ of how he can do more for the people. A will always think B is always thinking C has always been thinking D does think always 4 I want to know when he ________ for New York. A has left B had left C is leaving D would leave 5 __ That famous fish _______ because of pollution. __ Yes, we have to do something to save it. A has died B had died C is dead D is dying 6 All day today, Jane and her sister __ very hard at home. A are work B are worked C are working D have working 7 When I see Jean in the street, she always ______at me. A smiled B has smiled C was smiling D smiles 8 Janet_______ one dress already, and now she _______ another. A made, is been making B had made, is making C has made, is making D would have made, is being made 9 Do you know when Mr. Brown___________? When he ________, please let me know. A is coming, will come B comes, is coming C will come , comes D comes, will come 10 While________, she cut himself. A shaved B shaving C was shaving D was shaved 11 As she_________ the newspaper, Granny________ asleep. A read, was falling B was reading, fell C was reading, was falling D read, fell 12 I don’t think Jim saw me, he _ into space. A just stared B has just stared C was just staring D had just stared 13 __Come on, Peter. I want to show you something. __ Oh, how nice of you. I ________ you _________ bring me a gift. A never think, are going B never thought, were going C didn’t think, were going D hadn’t thought, were going 14 don’t really work here, I ________ until the new secretary arrives. A just help out B have just helped out C am just helping out D will just help out 15 According to the timetable, the plane for London_______ at seven. A leaves B has left C left D will leave 二 用括号中所给词的正确时态填空。 （ 每空一词） 1 I ______ ________ _______ _________(buy) a house when we save enough money 2 What _____ you _______ _______ _______ ( be) when you grow up? 3 This coming weekend, my friend Jack and I ______ ________ (take) a trip. 4 The play ______ ______ ________ ________ _______ (produce) next month. 5 We ________ _________ (leave) as soon as my husband gets off work Friday afternoon. 6 The committee ______ ________ _______ _______ ( have) several meetings to discuss these problems. 7 My sister _____ _______ ______ _______ ( have) a baby. 8 What are your plans for this evening? I ______ _______ (stay) at home. How about you? I _______ ________ (go) to a cybercafe to send some e-mails. Then I am going to the English Coversation Club. I _____ _______ ( meet) Anna there. 第二部分强化训练 答案 一 !—5 ABBCD 6---10 CDCCB 11—15 BCBBA 二 1 am going to buy 2 are, going to be 3 are taking/ will take 4 is going to be produced 5 are leaving/ will/shall leave 6 is going to have 7 is going to have 8 am staying/ will stay, am going, am meeting
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