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2012届广州市高三年级调研测试英语试题


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广州市 2012 届高三年级调研测试 英语
2011.12 本试卷共 10 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 I 语言知识及应用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,

掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Steve Jobs on life and death When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, some day you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an 1 on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every 2 and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the 3 has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to 4 something. Remembering that I’ll be 5 soon is the most important tool I’ve ever used to help me make the big 6 in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all p r i d e , a l l 7 of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is 8 important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to 9 . You are already naked. There is no reason not to 10 your heart. Your time is limited, so don’t 11 it living someone else’s life. Don’t be 12 by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most importantly, have the 13 to follow your beliefs and goals. They somehow already know what you really want to 14 . Everything else is 15 . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. A. expectation A. minute A. answer A. accept A. famous A. decisions A. understanding A. mostly A. take A. break A. waste A. confused B. impression C. imagination D. examination B. night C. day D. morning B. solution C. result D. chance B. hide C. change D. avoid B. dead C. old D. forgotten B. contributions C. differences D. mistakes B. certainty C. fear D. knowledge B. hardly C. nearly D. truly B. lose C. give D. win B. catch C. warm D. follow B. imagine C. spend D. risk B. trapped C. discouraged D. hurt
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13. A. wisdom 14. A. see 15. A. necessary B. idea B. show B. natural C. desire D. courage C. become D. forget C. secondary D. possible

第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适 当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相 应位置上。 Once upon a time, a poor traveller stopped under a tree. From his bag he took out a bowl of 16 (boil) rice and started to eat. Nearby was a small shop, where a woman was selling fried fish to travellers able to pay for 17 . When the man finished eating and got up to leave, she shouted, “You have not paid me for your meal!” “But I ordered nothing from you!” he said. “Everyone can see that you 18 (enjoy) the smell of my fried fish with your rice,” argued the woman. “If you hadn’t smelt the fish, your meal would not have been so 19__ (please)!” Soon a crowd gathered. 20 they supported the traveller, they also agreed that the wind was blowing from the shop to the place 21 he had eaten, carrying the smell of the fried fish to him. At last, the woman took him to a judge and after 22 (tell) the judge the story, she insisted that 23 the man had enjoyed her fish smell, he should pay 25 cents. After hearing the evidence, the judge asked the man to drop 24 25-cent coin on the ground. “Here is your payment, the sound of 25 cents 25 the smell of the fried fish.”

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II 阅读 (共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A Experts believe that storms and severe weather in North America and Asia have disrupted bird flight paths across the world and swept huge numbers of bird species towards the British Isles. Birds flying to the other side of the Atlantic or to the Pacific to lay their eggs have been trapped in Britain and Ireland, adding their numbers to native species, and causing great excitement in the bird-watching community. Local birdwatchers have already observed a total of 442 species in the British Isles this year. The highest number ever seen in one year is 445, in 2008. “We only need four more to break our record,” said Lee Evans, who runs the British Birding Association. “With three months to go I’m sure we’ll do it.” Last month an extremely rare Siberian Rubythroat bird was seen in Scotland, sending hundreds of birdwatchers north in the hope of catching a glimpse of this colourful Asian beauty. Another very uncommon bird, the bufflehead duck was cited in Cornwell and caused similar excitement. “I couldn’t believe it,” said Evans. “The poor thing was completely knackered. It must have been blown to England by the storms while trying to fly from Canada to the southern United States for the winter. That’s 3000 miles!” Evans said that global warming over the past decade was playing a key role in transforming bird movements across the world. In addition, melting Arctic sea ice may also be opening up bird flight paths over the North Pole, making it easier for birds from the Pacific — such as the slaty-backed gull and tufted puffin, both of which appeared in London earlier this year — to reach Britain. Bird-watching is becoming an increasingly popular hobby among all age groups, added Evans. “A fifth of our members are under 18. This is a round-the-year hobby that you can enjoy from the kitchen window or from a car. More and more people are bird-watching, and as a result more and more unexpected species are being spotted in the British Isles.” 26. What is the passage mainly about? A. The results of global warming. B. Changes in the British bird population. C. Increasing environmental pollution. D. Worsening British weather. 27. The underlined word “knackered” is closest in meaning to __________. A. bored B. knocked C. spotted D. tired 28. How many more bird species are needed to equal the British bird-watching record? A. 3. B. 4. C. 442. D. 445. 29. According to the passage, which of the following birds comes from Asia? A. Slaty-backed gull. B. Bufflehead. C. Rubythroat. D. Tufted puffin. 30. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a possible reason for seeing more bird
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species in Britain? A. An increase in the number of birdwatchers. B. A growth in the number of native species. C. Storms due to global warming. D. The melting Arctic ice cap. B It’s interesting to see how people make use of the time they spend on public transport in Indian cities like Delhi and Mumbai. In crowded buses and trains people manage to take a short nap and some even reach the snoring stage. Or they spread out a newspaper over multiple knees and arms to read about the latest sport results or political crisis. Then there are the experienced travellers who have been playing cards with the same group over the last decade or so. They even have their specific seats so well-worn that you can make out the shape of their backsides. There is no doubt about it. Travelling by public transport is being in the thick of the seasons of life — a sweaty life in summer where people, blissfully unaware of the rivers of sweat running down their brows and inside their clothes. At the first smell of a perfumed man or woman boarding the stuffy bus or train, most people feel they are reborn. During the rains you can’t avoid getting wet or muddied. The windows, almost always, are not a perfect fit and if you’re not drenched by a sudden, heavy rain shower then you are bound to catch a jet spray of muddy water caused by a fellow motorist driving fast through a puddle. Rains are a perfect time for people to switch their old umbrellas for new ones. Since there are so many that look alike, it’s impossible to tell whose is whose. Winter is the time when it feels good — or at least warm — to be part of a crowd. It is amazing how much the collective breaths of a 100 or so people can raise the freezing temperature inside. Looking at the masses dressed in their bright red pullovers or green coats, it’s fun to imagine what faces lie beneath their dark woolen hats. The cold winter passes, making way for spring. It is impossible not to see every little flower by the wayside blooming proudly. And the warm sun manages to transmit some of their pleasantness to the inside of a bus or train. Now, wouldn’t it be perfect if we had a public transport worth the name in all our cities? 31. On Indian public transport, you can always expect to see people ________. A. sleeping and reading newspapers B. arguing and playing games C. enjoying the view and playing cards D. carrying umbrellas and whispering politely 32. According to the author what will make passengers feel refreshed during summer travelling? A. The cool evening breeze. B. The rain pouring over their clothes. C. The joy of a game of cards. D. The sweet fragrance of a new passenger.
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33. If you see people in colourful clothing and breathing heavily, you are probably travelling during the ________. A. summer B. rainy seasons C. winter D. spring 34. We can infer from the passage that __________. A. Indian people don’t mind switching umbrellas with others B. almost everyone in India wears perfume when they go out C. the buses and trains are old and in poor conditions D. Indian transport is the most crowded in the world 35. What is the tune of language used in this passage? A. Humourous. B. Critical. C. Frightening. D. Concerned. C Chocolate soap is supposed to be good for the skin. But it’s not so good for the tongue. Unfortunately for the US soldiers of World War II, the chocolate bars the army gave them tasted like they were intended for use in the bath. In the army’s defense, it wasn’t trying to win any cooking awards. In fact, it specifically ordered that its chocolate bars not be too delicious, so soldiers wouldn’t eat them too quickly. These bars were created for survival, not taste. “They were awful,” John Otto, a former army captain in World War II said. “They were big, thick things, and they weren’t any good. I tried ’em, but I had to be awful hungry after I tried them once.” As unappealing as the chocolate bars were to some, others liked them. Samuel Hinkle, the chemist who created the chocolate bars, pointed out that the number of bars made were far greater than the army needed. “It soon became obvious that the generous American soldiers were sharing their valued possessions with their foreign friends, whether soldiers of other countries or local citizens.” The bars turned many hungry Europeans into friends of the United States. “People wanted them,” said Otto. “You’d give them to kids. In some places they were very hungry. And they sure helped relax people about American soldiers.” Otto said he never saw a European turn his or her nose up at the chocolate. “It was food,” he said. “At that time, everyone was very hungry. I saw German kids standing outside the U.S. army kitchen. They weren’t begging, just standing there very politely. When we were done, the kids would eat the food out of the garbage. They were that hungry.” Other Europeans did not see chocolate until well after the war ended. “We didn’t see any Americans where I was,” said Elizabeth Radsma, who was 25 years old when the Germans occupied her country, the Netherlands. “Even after the war, we saw only English. Maybe the Americans gave out some chocolate in the big cities, but we were only in a small town. Before the British, we saw only German soldiers. But chocolate? Don’t make me laugh! Maybe in my dreams!” A soldier in the field might have responded “Be careful what you wish for” — and then gratefully bit down on a chocolate bar, the only food available for miles. 36. What was the American soldiers’ attitude towards the chocolate bars? A. They were delicious.
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B. They tasted awful. C. They were necessary for survival. D. Too many of them were produced. 37. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The US soldiers used the chocolate bars as bath soap. B. The US soldiers did not have enough food during World War II. C. The US army produced more chocolate bars than necessary for its soldiers. D. European people regretted eating chocolate bars from the US soldiers. 38. The underlined expression “turn his or her nose up at” probably means ________. A. reject B. demand C. receive D. smell 39. Why does the author mention the German kids’ story? A. To tell how friendly the American soldiers were. B. To describe the hunger in post-war Germany. C. To prove German kids could be very polite. D. To show how much they were eager for chocolates. 40. Elizabeth Radsma never saw chocolate during the war because _________. A. the US soldiers handed out all of them to people in big cities B. the German soldiers kept them all for themselves C. the British soldiers didn’t share them with the local people D. the US soldiers never showed up in the small town she lived in D At Blossom End Railroad Station, 22-year-old Stanley Vine sat, waiting for his new employer. The surrounding green fields were so unlike the muddy landscape of war-torn France. After four horrible years as an army private fighting in Europe, Stanley had returned to England in February 1946. Armed now with some savings and with no prospects for a job in England, he answered a newspaper ad for farm help in Canada. Two months later he was on his way. When the old car rumbled toward the tiny station, Stanley rose to his feet, trying to make the most of his five foot, four inch frame. The farmer, Alphonse Lapine, shook his head and complained, “You’re a skinny thing.” On the way to his dairy farm, Alphonse explained that he had a wife and seven kids. “Money’s tight. You’ll get room and board. You’ll get up at dawn for milking, and then help me around the farm until evening milking time again. Ten dollars a week. Sundays off.” Stanley nodded. He had never been on a farm before, but he took the job. From the beginning Stanley was treated horribly by the whole family. They made fun of the way he dressed and talked. He could do nothing right. The humourless farmer frequently lost his temper, criticizing Stanley for the slightest mistake. The oldest son, 13-year-old Armand, constantly played nasty tricks on him. But the kind-hearted Stanley never responded. Stanley never became part of the Lapine family. After work, they ignored him. He spent his nights alone in a tiny bedroom. However, each evening before retiring, he lovingly cared for the farmer’s horses, eagerly awaiting him at the field gate. He called them his gentle giants. On Saturday nights he hitch-hiked into the nearest town and
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wandered the streets or enjoyed a restaurant meal before returning to the farm. Early one November morning Alphonse Lapine discovered that Stanley had disappeared, after only six months as his farmhand. The railway station master, when questioned later that week, said he had not seen him. In fact no one in the community ever heard of him again. That is, until one evening, almost 20 years later, when Armand, opened an American sports magazine and came across a shocking headline, “Millionaire jockey, Stanley Vine, ex-British soldier and 5-time horse riding champion, began life in North America as a farmhand in Canada.” 41. Stanley Vine decided to go to Canada because ________. A. he wanted to escape from war-torn France B. he wanted to serve in the Canadian army C. he couldn’t find a job in England D. he loved working as a farmhand 42. Which of the following is True according to the passage? A. Stanley joined the French army when he was 18 years old. B. On the farm Stanley had to milk the cows 14 times a week. C. The Lapine family were rich but cruel to Stanley. D. Stanley read about the job offer in a newspaper. 43. What can we infer from the passage? A. When Stanley first met his employer, he tried to impress him but failed. B. Stanley had never worked on a farm, so he made a lot of mistakes. C. Stanley’s weekly salary was not enough for him to live on. D. Stanley left the farm by train, without telling anyone why he did so. 44. What did Stanley like doing after work each day? A. Hitch-hiking to different towns. B. Caring for the farmer’s horses. C. Wandering around the farm alone. D. Preparing meals on the farm. 45. Why was Armand so astonished when he read about Stanley in the magazine? A. He didn’t know Stanley had been a British soldier. B. He had no idea Stanley had always been a wealthy man. C. He didn’t know his father paid Stanley so little money. D. He didn’t expect Stanley to become such a success. 第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列警方通报查找人员的信息:

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A. Name: Ziggy Nizott Height: 1.82 m Weight: 90kg Age: 35 Details: Long history of violent crime including robbery, assault and car theft. C. Name: Michael Clarke Height: 1.7 m Weight: 65 kg Age: 20 Details: Arrested as a youth for car theft and the selling of stolen goods. E. Name: Herb Elliot Height: 1.6 m Weight: 90kg Age: 22 Details: Recently released from prison where he served 2 years for selling stolen goods. armed robbery of grocery banks and post offices. F. Name: William Daniels Height: 1.6 m Weight: 90kg Age: 32 Details: Arrested 4 times for the selling of drugs and car theft. stores, B. Name: Dennis Tsokas Height: 1.95 m Weight: 70 kg Age: 28 Details: Well known to local police having been arrested several times for pick-pocketing. D. Name: Mark Hughes Height: 1.6 m Weight: 60kg Age: 29 Details: Is wanted by police for several

以下是相关事件及人物的描述,请把描述与相关插图及提示性文字匹配起来。 46. A valuable dog was taken while being walked by its owner in City Park yesterday afternoon. Police wish to talk to a man seen nearby at the time, described by witnesses as short and fat with short light hair and clear glasses. 47. Yesterday morning at 9.30a.m. a man armed with a gun entered the National Bank and demanded money from the staff, before fleeing when confronted by bank security staff. Security cameras show the man as being short and thin with shoulder length blonde hair. 48. A tall, strong built man with blonde hair, a thick black moustache and wearing dark glasses knocked a woman to the ground and stole her purse on Main Street last Saturday afternoon. If you see this man, do not approach as he is considered
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extremely dangerous. 49. At the football match between Manchester United and Liverpool, several people had their wallets stolen while waiting in line to buy food. The victims did not see or notice the thief but bystanders describe him as very tall and thin, clean shaven with short light hair. 50. A car was stolen from the supermarket carpark on Friday, June 23 this year by a man described as very young, 1.7 metres tall with thin dark hair and carrying a blue backpack. A reward of $500 is offered for the car’s recovery. III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 以下是一则关于首届中学生“春晚”的报道的主要内容。 主题 组织者 时间 内容 特色 目的 首届全国中学生“春晚” --- “轮到我们了” 一群广州中学生 2012 年 1 月 15 日,节目时长 180 分钟 学生喜欢的各种节目,如街舞等。 1.自编、自导、自演; 2.传统节目与新潮节目的结合。 1.给中学生提供展现才华的机会; 2.让观众更多了解岭南文化。

生词:首届全国中学生春晚:the first National Middle School Students’ Spring Festival Show [写作内容] 请根据以上内容用英语报道这一则校园新闻。内容包括: 1. 晚会的基本信息; 2. 晚会的目的与特色。 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Most people think it's fine to be “busy as a beaver (海狸).” But actually, although beavers may work hard, often they don't get much done. Beavers are good at building dams and most beaver dams are wonders of engineering. The best ones are strongly built of trees, stones, and mud. They are wide at the bottom and narrow at the top. Beavers think nothing of building a dam more than two hundred feet long. One dam, in Montana, was more than two thousand feet long. The largest one ever seen was in New Hampshire. It stretched four thousand feet. It made a lake large enough to hold forty beaver homes. So beavers do build good dams. But they don't always build them in the right places.
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They just don't plan. They will build a dam across the widest part of the stream. They don't try to find a place where the stream is narrow. So a lot of their hard work is wasted. Beavers should learn that it's not enough to be busy. You have to know what you're doing, too. For example, there was one Oregon beaver that really was a worker. It decided to fix a hole in a man-made dam. After five days of work it gave up. The hole it was trying to fill was the space that boats go through.

1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 词就“制定规划与达成目标”这一主题进行议论,内容包括: (1) 海狸修水坝的故事给你的启示是什么? (2) 请结合你的生活经历阐述“制定规划与达成目标”之间的关系。 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事.也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接 引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

广州市 2012 届高三年级调研测试
参考答案
1~5 BDACB 16. boiled Although 21. where 6~10 ACDBD 11~15 ABDCC

英语

17. it / them 22. telling

18. enjoyed

19. pleasant / pleasing 24. a 25. for

20. Though /

23. since / as / because 36~40 BCABD

26~30 BDACB 31~35 ADCCA 46~50 EDABC

41~45 CDABD

基础写作: A group of students from Guangzhou plan to hold the first National Middle School Students’ Spring Festival Show. The three-hour show with its theme “It’s Our Turn” will be
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held on Jan. 15th. The performances, all organized, directed and performed by the students themselves, will combine traditional styles with more modern ones that students today are greatly interest in, such as street dancing and B-Box. The show gives a good chance for middle school students to show their talent to the world. It will also be a great chance for the audiences to learn more about Ling Nan culture. 读写任务: Beavers are very diligent dam-builders who can build extremely good dams. However, they sometimes don’t know where to build the dams or which dams should be fixed only because they have no consciousness to make a plan. The beavers’ story illustrates the importance of planning. Without a plan the best intentions and efforts will not produce results. We shouldn’t work blindly but have a clear idea of our purpose, the actions needed to achieve it, and how these should be ordered. As a junior student, I achieved considerable success in learning English through the combination of hard work and planning. I prepared good materials with the help of my teacher, made plans for my daily study and self-monitored the whole process of my learning. I made rapid progress and became very confident. I think I couldn’t have done it without a good plan. Diligence is a key to success, but in my opinion, good plan is also essential. Through planning, we can develop clear goals, find more efficient and effective methods and thus have more opportunities to reach our goals than through hardworking alone.

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