当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 2014届高考英语《单项填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(重庆专用):专题十二 特殊句式

2014届高考英语《单项填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(重庆专用):专题十二 特殊句式


专 题 导 读 真 题 典 例 新 题 预 测

专题十二 特殊句式

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专题十二 特殊句式
专 题 导 读

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

1.[2013?新课标全国卷Ⅱ] Only by in

creasing the number of doctors by 50 percent ________ properly in this hospital. A. can be the patients treated B.can the patients be treated C.the patients can be treated D.treated can be the patients [解析] B 考查倒装句。句意:医生的数量只有增加 50%之后,病人们才能在医院里得到良好的治疗 。 only加上强调的介词短语、状语或状语从句置于句首, 句子需用部分倒装。
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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

2.[2013?新课标全国卷Ⅱ] It was only after he had read the papers ________ Mr Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete. A.when B.that C.which D.what [解析] B 考查强调句型。句意:只有在读了这些文 件后,格罗斯先生才意识到他面临的任务很难完成。 此句是对only引导的时间状语从句的强调。

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

3.[2013?福建卷] Not until he went through real hardship ________the love we have for our families is important. A. had he realized B.did he realize C.he realized D.he had realized [解析] B 考查倒装句。not until或其他否定词或词组 放在句首时,主句用部分倒装结构。句意:直到他经 历了真正的苦难后,他才意识到我们对家庭的爱是多 么重要。过去完成时表示该动作(realize)先于从句的动 作(went through),不合语境,故用一般过去时。
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专题十二

特殊句式

4.[2013?天津卷] It was not until near the end of the letter ________ she mentioned her own plan. A. that B.where C.why D.when
真 题 典 例

[解析] A 考查强调句型。此句为not until…句型的强 调句式,故答案为that。句意:直到快接近信的结尾 处她才提到了她自己的计划。

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

5.[2013?辽宁卷] At no time ________ the rules of the game.It was unfair to punish them. A.they actually broke B.do they actually break C.did they actually break D.they had actually broken [解析] C 考查倒装句。否定介词短语位于句首时, 用部分倒装。后面“It was unfair to punish them.”中 谓语是过去时,所以选C而不选B。

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专题十二 特殊句式

6. [2013?湖南卷] Not once ________ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class. A. occurred it B.it did occur C.it occurred D.did it occur
真 题 典 例

[解析] D 考查倒装句。句意:迈克尔从来没有想到 过有一天自己会成为班上的一名优秀学生。否定词not once置于句首,引起部分倒装。

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

7.[2013?新课标全国卷Ⅰ] The driver wanted to park his car near the roadside but was asked by the police ________. A. not to do B.not to C.not do D.do not

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

[解析] B 本题考查动词不定式的省略。根据句意可 知,警察要求司机不要把车停在路边。“要求某人做 某事”用ask sb to do sth;“被要求做某事”用be asked to do sth。 but后的完整表达应该是:the driver was asked by the police not to park his car near the roadside,为避免重复,题干中的空缺处是一个省略 了的动词不定式。故选B项。句意:司机想把车停在 路边,但警察要求他不要这样做。

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专题十二 特殊句式

真 题 典 例

8.[2013?福建卷] The famous musician, as well as his students, ________ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. A. were invited B.was invited C.have been invited D.has been invited [解析] B 考查主谓一致。as well as, together with, like等介词或介词短语连接并列主语时,谓语动词应 与介词或介词短语之前的主语保持一致。 此句复合介 词前的主语是musician, 故可先排除A和C项,句中有 明确的过去时间,动词应用一般过去时,所以答案为 B项。
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专题十二

特殊句式

9.[2012?江苏卷] There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, ________? A. is there B.isn' t there C.is he D.he
真 题 典 例

[解析] A 考查反意疑问句。句意:在你看来他是无 辜的,这一点你并不怀疑,对不对?当陈述部分有 never,seldom,hardly,few,little,barely,scarcely, nothing,none,rarely,no,not,no one,nobody, neither等否定意义的词汇时,后面的反意疑问句则为 肯定形式,且前后主谓语保持一致。
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专题十二 特殊句式

10.[2012?北京卷] ________at the door before you enter my room, please. A.Knock B.Knocking C.Knocked D.To
真 题 典 例

[解析] A 考查祈使句。根据句子最后的please可知, 这个句子是祈使句,句首应该用动词原形。句意:进 我房间前请敲门。

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专题十二 特殊句式

1.I would rather ________ for a walk in the park alone than ________ in the hotel room with my parents. A.go; to stay B.to go; stay C.going; staying D.go; stay

[解析] D 考查would rather的用法。根据would rather do sth than do sth这一固定结构可知D项正确。
新 题 预 测
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专题十二 特殊句式

2.________ going to the program If You Are the One, he was rather concerned about being turned down in public. A.Much as he liked B.However he liked C.As he liked much D.As much he liked [解析] A 考查as引导的倒装句。本题的Much as he liked going to the program…=Though he liked going to the program very much…。as放在单数名词、形容 词或者副词的后面,引起倒装。故A正确。

新 题 预 测

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专题十二 特殊句式

3.He is only too ready to help others, seldom, ________, refusing them when they turn to him. A.if not B.if never C.if any D.if ever [解析] D 考查省略句的固定结构。句意:他非常愿 意帮助别人,如果他曾经拒绝过帮助别人,那也是很 少的。if not如果不是这样;if never如果从未这样;if any如果有一些;if ever如果曾经有过。故D正确。

新 题 预 测

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专题十二 特殊句式

4.When you long for life without difficulties, ________ yourselves that trees grow strong in contrary winds and diamonds are made under pressure. A.to remind B.remind C.reminding D.reminded [解析] B 考查祈使句。本题前半句为when 引导的时 间状语从句,后半句应该是一个完整的句子,选项中 只有B项构成一个祈使句的形式。句意:当你渴望没 有困难的生活的时候,请记住树是迎风生长的,宝石 是在压力之下形成的。故B正确。
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新 题 预 测

专题十二 特殊句式

5.—Who is making so much noise in the garden? —________ the children. A. It is B.They are C.That is D.There are

新 题 预 测

[解析] A 考查强调句型。此句是强调句型的省略形 式,原句应为:It is the children who are making so much noise in the garden.

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专题十二 特殊句式

6.David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature________ he chose the course. A.that B.what C.why D.how

新 题 预 测

[解析] A 考查强调句型。句意:大卫说正是因为他 对文学的强烈兴趣,他才选择了这门课程。此处是对 because of his strong interest in literature的强调。

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专题十二 特殊句式

7.We should give the disabled encouragement to live ________ as we do. A.as a rich and full life B.as rich and full a life C.so a rich and full life D.so rich and full a life [解析] B 考查as…as的用法。句意:我们应该给那些 残疾人以鼓励,让他们过上和我们一样富足的生活。 当so,as,how等后面跟的名词是可数名词时,把形 容词放在冠词之前,如so cold a day,故选B项。
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新 题 预 测

专题十二 特殊句式

8.—I wonder ________ makes the video Gangnam Style so popular. —The unique dance moves and funny horse riding scenes. A.how is it that B.what is it that C.how it is that D.what it is that
新 题 预 测
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专题十二 特殊句式

[解析] D 考查强调句型及宾语从句的语序。句意: “ 我 想 知 道 是 什 么 使 神 曲 《 江 南 Style》 这 么 流 行。”“是独特的舞蹈动作和搞笑的骑马舞。”这里 用了强调句型“It is+被强调部分+that+其他部分”, 在这个宾语从句中缺少的是主语,本句被强调的是疑 问词what,它可以作主语,how不能作主语,故排除A 项和C项。又因为宾语从句的语序应是陈述句语序, 故排除B项,所以选D项。
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专题十二 特殊句式

9.I told mum that not everyone could manage to have 3 meals on time every day, ________? A.could he B.didn't I C.didn't she D.could they

新 题 预 测

[解析] B 考查反意疑问句。因为前面的句子有主句 和从句构成,反意疑问句应该与主语保持一致,主句 为I told mum,故提取助动词 did。

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专题十二 特殊句式

10.________ Marx's works with Engels', and you'll find many differences. A.Comparing B.Compare C.To compare D.If you compare

新 题 预 测

[解析] B 考查句式结构。句意:比较马克思和恩格 斯的著作,你会发现很多不同。and连接两个并列句, 所以and之前的句子应为祈使句,构成“祈使句+and +将来时的句子”的结构。故选B。

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备用习题
1.Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the TV set off, ________ kept away from the unending cry of “You Need It! Buy It Now!” A. you are B. ought you to be C. you will be D. can you be [解析] D 考查倒装用法。句意:只有你睡着了,这 和关上电视是一样的,你才能够远离没完没了的叫卖 声“你一定需要它!现在就买吧!”only修饰的状语 从句位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装的语序。ought to “应该”,与句意不符。
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备用习题
2. A new survey shows that 54 per cent of Americans do not take prescription medicines ________though they are important to their health. A. as they instruct B. as were instructed C. as to be instructed D. as instructed

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备用习题
[解析] D 考查省略句的用法。句意:一项调查表明, 54%的美国人不按照医生的指导服用处方药,尽管这 些药对他们的健康很重要。完整的结构为:as they are instructed。当状语从句中的主语和主句的主语一致时, 同时从句的谓语含有be动词时,从句中的主语和be动 词可以省略。

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备用习题
3. Into the dark apartment________, who was quite surprised when everyone shouted “Happy Birthday!” A. did David walk B. walked David C. David did walk D. David walked

[解析] B 考查倒装句型。句意:大卫进入漆黑的公 寓,大家都高喊“生日快乐”时他感到非常吃惊。介 词短语放在句首,且主语为名词时,主谓结构完全倒 装。

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备用习题
4. Not only John and Tom but also their sister,Mary, ________ great interest in the piano lessons. A. take B. takes C. have taken D. had taken

[解析] B 考查主谓一致。not only…but also…连接的 并列结构作主语,适用于就近原则,本句的主语是 Mary,故谓语动词用单数。

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备用习题
5. The trouble with such resources as coal, oil and gas ________ that they are not renewable. A. was B. are C. have been D. is

[解析] D 考查主谓一致。with 连接前后两个主语时, 谓语动词和前面的那个主语保持一致。谓语动词和主 语the trouble保持一致,同时根据从句的时态可知选D 项。

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备用习题
6. The basketball coach, as well as his team, ________ interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. A. were B. was C. is D. are [解析] B 考查主谓一致。as well as 连接前后两个主 语时,谓语动词应和前面的那个主语保持一致。谓语 动词和主语the basketball coach保持一致。故选B项。

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备用习题
7. ________ different life today is ________ what it was 20 years ago! A. How; from B. What a; from C. What; from D. How; than

[解析] A 考查感叹句和介词用法。第一空different为 形容词,故用how,句子的正常顺序是:life today is different ; 第 二 空 是 固 定 短 语 : be different from… 与……不同。

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备用习题
8. Long long ago, there was a mountain. At the top of the mountain ________, in which an old monk used to tell stories. A. a temple stood B. is there a temple C. stood a temple D. a temple was there [解析] C 考查全部倒装结构。本题是“介词短语+ stand/lie/flow…+主语”式的完全倒装结构。

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备用习题
9. On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, ________ parents seated together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. where

[解析] A 考查独立主格结构。their parents seated together joking 不是非限制性定语从句,而是一个独 立主格结构,因为空格后的动词 seated 不是谓语,而 是一个过去分词,seat 作动词用时,是及物动词。如 选B项,应为whose parents were seated。
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备用习题
10.—What about your adventure in the forest last week? —Wonderful! I didn't expect there ________ so many lovely monkeys. A. to be B. being C. of being D. be [解析] A 考查there be的用法。there be是一个很特殊 的短语,既有不定式的形式there to be,也有动名词的 形式there being。本题使用there to be作为expect的宾 语,形成“expect there to be”的结构。

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