高一英语必修一 unit1 单元测试
（时间：100min 总分：120 分） 学号___________ 班别___________ 姓名___________ 总分___________
一．完形填空（共 15 题，每题 2 分，共 30 分） Most parents, I suppose, have had the experience of read
ing a bedtime story to their children. And they must have 1 how difficult it is to write a 2 children’s book. Either the author has aimed too 3 , so that the children can’t follow what is in his (or more often, her) story, 4 the story seems to be talking to the readers. The best children’s books are 5 very difficult nor very simple, and satisfy both the 6 who hears the story and the adult who 7 it. Unfortunately, there are in fact few books like this, 8 the problem of finding the right bedtime story is not 9 to solve. This may be why many of the books regarded as 10 of children’s literature(文学) were in fact written for 11 . ―Alice in wonderland‖ is perhaps the most obvious of this. Children, left for themselves, often 12 the worst possible interest in literature. Just leave a child in a bookshop or a 13 and he will more willingly choose the books written in an imaginative way, or have a look at most children’s comics(连环画), full of the stories and jokes which are the objections of teachers and right-thinking parents. Perhaps we parents should stop 14 to brainwash children into accepting our taste in literature. After all children and adults are so 15 that we parents should not expect that they will enjoy the same books. So I suppose we’ll just have to compromise（妥协） over the bedtime story. 1. A. hoped B. realized C. told D. said 2. A. short B. long C. bad D. good 3. A. easy B. short C. high D. difficult 4. A. and B. but C. or D. so 5. A. both B. neither C. either D. very 6. A. child B. father C. mother D. teacher. 7. A. hears B. buys C. understands D. reads 8. A. but B. however C. so D. because 9. A. hard B. easy C. enough D. fast 10. A. articles B. work C. arts D. works 11. A. grown-ups B. girls C. boys D. children 12. A. become B. show C. find D. add 13. A. school B. home C. office D. library 14. A. going B. liking C. trying D. preferring 15. A. same B. friendly C. different D. common 二．语法填空（共 10 题，每题 1.5 分，共 15 分） This is a true story. It happened in Amsterdam, Holland 16 the early 1940s after the German Nazis had ___17___(occupy) most of Europe. The Nazi Party ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945. One of their key 18 (policy) was__19__ (kill) all the Jews in Europe. If any persons 20 (know) to be Jews were found, they would be sent to concentration camp
farther east, mostly in Poland. Families were separated and transported in trains. For many days, they went 21 food, water, sanitation or fresh air. __22___(avoid) this terrible fate, some Jewish families went into hiding, often with the help of 23 (Jewish) friends. This diary was written during the time 24 Anne and her family moved to escape from 25 (kill) by Nazis. 三．阅读理解（共 20 题，每题 1 分，共 20 分） A The United States is a large country. From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3, 000 miles wide. The Atlantic Ocean is on the East Coast and the Pacific Ocean is on the West Coast. Canada is the country to the north of the United States and Mexico is the country to the south. There are many rivers in the United States. The most important ones are the Mississippi River and the Missouri River in the central part of the country, and the Colorado and Columbia River in west. There are 50 states in the United States today. The American people are of almost every race in the world. This is because of immigrations from abroad throughout American history. The population is now over two hundred million. English is the common language. The largest city in the United States is New York. It is on New York Bay and at the mouth of the Hudson River. 26. It is about 3, 000 miles wide _________. A. from Canada to Mexico B. from the East Coast to the West Coast C. from the Atlantic Ocean to the East Coast D. from the Pacific Ocean to Canada 27. ―The American people are of almost every race in the world,‖ means ________. A. the American people include nearly all the races of the world B. there are several main races in the United States C. the American people are made up of the white and the black people D. the American people consist of only one race 28. What do you know about New York? A. It is the capital of the United States. B. It is in the central part of the country. C. It is the largest city in the United States. D. It is at the mouth of the Missouri River. 29. New York is ________. A. in the central part of the U. S. B. on the West Coast C. at the mouth of the Mississippi River D. at the mouth of the Hudson River 30. Which of the following pictures shows the right positions of Canada and Mexico? (C== Canada M —Mexico) B On a Sunday morning, I was driving down a road and saw something I couldn’t believe. A little girl, less than two, was pushing her stroller (婴儿车) across the road. It was Sunday morning and traffic was not heavy. I stopped my car at once and ran toward her. This little girl knew enough to run from a stranger. I tried to catch her in order that I could get her out of the road. Suddenly her father came running down a hill across the road from where I had parked my car. He ran right to her and caught her up, saying ―bad girl‖ to her. I picked up the stroller and gave it to him. The father grabbed the stroller and walked toward where he came from without a
word. I went back and sat in my car for a few minutes with my son. My hands were shaking and tears were about to run out of my eyes. ―Do you feel cold, Mom?‖ asked my son. I just shook my head. After this happened, I thought about how thankful I am. Even though the father didn’t say thank you, I feel that I did something good. Doing something for someone else is pleasing, even when it’s only a matter of being in the right place at the right time. I didn’t really ―save‖ her, but I feel like it was important that I happened to be there. It is sad that I was the only one who stopped. It really made me a little disappointed that no one else stopped to help. 31. When the author saw the little girl, _____. A. the girl had lost her way B. she was driving to work in a hurry C. the girl feared to go across the road D. there weren’t many cars on the road 32. The little girl ran away from the author because _____. A. she wanted to stay on the road B. she didn’t know the author at all C. she wanted to look for her father D. she needed to catch her stroller 33. Why were the author’s hands shaking? A. Because she was not feeling well. B. Because she was too excited to keep calm. C. Because the weather was very cold at that time. D. Because she failed to be understood by the girl’s father. 34. The author thought that her help was _____. A. really necessary B. worth praising C. not welcome D. not useful 35. What can we learn from the passage? A. The girl’s father didn’t like the girl at all. B. The girl’s father had wanted to thank the author. C. The author shared her experience with her son. D. The author felt sad that no one else helped the girl. C One of the most important things in the world is friendship. In order to have friends, you have to be a friend. But how can you be a good friend at school? Listen — Listen when they are talking. Don’t say anything unless they ask you a question. Sometimes it’s not necessary for you to have anything to say; they just need someone to talk to about their feelings. Help them — If your friend is ever in need of something, be there to help them. You should try to put them first, but make sure you don’t do everything they want you to do. Try to take an extra (额外的) pencil or pen with you to classes in case (以防) they forget one. Have a little extra money in your pocket in case they forget something they need.
Be there for them — Try to make something for your friend to help make them feel better in hard times. Making cards and encouraging them are among the nicest things you can do for a friend. Marilyn Monroe, a famous U.S. actor, once said, ―I often make mistakes. Sometimes I am out of control. But if you can’t stay with me at my worst, you are sure not to deserve (值得) to be with me at my best.‖ Always remember this! If you don’t want to stay with your friends when they’re in hard times, then you don’t deserve to be with them when they’re having a good time! ______ — Try to make plans with your friends. Go shopping, go for ice cream, have a party, go to a movie and so on. Take time to know each other even better by doing something you both enjoy. By planning things together, you both can have a good time. And you’ll remember these things when you’re all old! 36. While your friend is talking to you about his or her feelings, you should _____. A. give him or her some advice B. just listen unless asked C. calm him or her down D. share your feelings as well 37. When we provide help for our friends, we should _____. A. try to do everything for them B. put them before ourselves C. change their bad habits first D. ignore their faults 38. What can we learn from Marilyn Monroe’s words? A. Life without a friend is death. B. A friend is easier lost than found. C. A friend in need is a friend indeed. D. A man is known by his friends. 39. Which of the following can be put in the blank of the last paragraph? A. Make plans. B. Enjoy yourself. C. Understand your friends. D. Play with your friends. 40. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to find a good friend. B. How to help friends in trouble. C. How to be a good friend. D. How to make more friends. D A new book called ―Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother‖ by Amy Chua has caused a debate (争论) about cultural differences in parenting. Amy Chua is a teacher in an American university and both of her parents are Chinese. In the book, Ms. Chua writes about how she taught her daughters. She told NBC television that she had a clear list of what her daughters were not allowed to do, such as having a play date, watching TV or playing computer games and getting any grade less than an A. Many people are against Amy Chua’s parenting style (风格), even her husband, who is
American. They say it is rude and unfair to children. But she says her parents raised her and her three sisters in that way. Ms. Chua says after her younger daughter shouted ―I hate my life! I hate you!‖ she decided to retreat because she was afraid of losing her daughter. But she also says American parents often have low expectations of their children’s abilities. ―The debate is about what it means to be a successful parent and what it means to be a successful child,‖ said Stacy DeBroff, who has written four books on parenting. She says Amy Chua’s parenting style is not limited to Chinese families. It is a tradi-tional way of parenting among immigrants (移民). They hope to get a better future for their children. She also sees a risk (风险). When children have no time to be social or to develop their own interests, they might not develop other skills that they need to succeed in life. DeBroff advises parents to develop their own style of parenting and not just repeat the way they were raised. 41. What do we learn about Amy Chua? A. She has three excellent daughters. B. She moved to the US at a young age. C. Her parents live together with her. D. Her husband dislikes her parenting style. 42. Which of the following words can best describe Amy Chua? A. Polite. B. Cruel. C. Strict. D. Popular. 43. The underlined word ―retreat‖ in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____. A. give up B. go on C. go out D. give out 44. According to Ms. DeBroff, _____. A. Amy Chua’s parenting style should be forbidden B. Americans should learn from Amy Chua C. parents should have their own parenting style D. Amy Chua’s style is bad for children’s growth 45. In which part of a newspaper can you read the passage? A. Business. B. Lifestyles. C. Sports. D. Culture. 四．信息匹配(共 5 题，每题 2 分，共 10 分) 下面是今年部分旅游线路介绍及想出游人的兴趣特点介绍， 请阅读相关信息并按要求匹配信 息。 A．An 18-year-old student who is interested in traditional lifestyles but only has a week to spare. B. A family of four, including parents, a sixteen-year-old son and a thirteen-year-old daughter, who are looking for a fun holiday. All four are good riders and strong swimmers. C. A retired couple who are reasonably fit and who want to find out more about ethnic minorities’ cultures. D. A group of four young adults who are into all extreme sports and are looking for something with plenty of excitement. They are more interested in the scenery than in the life of tile locals.
E. A family of five including a ten-year-old girl. They have many different interests and they are looking for a relaxing holiday. F. A honeymoon couple who want the holiday of a lifetime. They are both sports types and love water sports. 请阅读旅游线路介绍，然后匹配出游者所适合的旅游线路。 Here is a selection of the tours organized for the coming year: 46. 8 days mountaineering trip – climb Yunnan’s third highest peak, the Haba snow mountain. This is ideal for the truly adventurous. You need to be fit and healthy. 47. 8 days cycling tour from Qiaotou Town – visit the spectacular Tiger I. eating Gorge. It is a leisurely tour suitable for anyone who is reasonably fit and healthy. No previous cycling experience is necessary and all our routes are on flat land! 48. 8 days river rafting – white water adventure on the Yangtze from the old town of Lijiang. This adults-only tour is exclusively for good swimmers and physically fit. 49. 10 days horse trekking(乘牛车旅行)tour – visit authentic Tibetan villages of Shangrila. The ultimate horse-riding experience in a spectacular mountain environment. This trip is for confirmed riders only. Don’t expect three-star hotels on this trip. 50. 10 days rainforest trek – spend 5 days in the forest and meet the local people. This is a walking tour and no previous experience is needed, just a curious mind and an interest in traditional cultures. 五．完成句子( 每题 2 分，共 10 分) 51．由于天气不好，走俏足球比赛不得不推迟。 ______________________________ that the football match had to be postponed. 52．你会告诉你的朋友你很关心他，但是你得去上课。 You will tell your friend _________________________but you have to go to class. 53. 不要嘲笑他，有时候你做得还不如他好。 ______________________. Sometimes you are not able to do as well as he (does). 54. 我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水帐。 I don’t want to _____________________________________ as most people do. 55．还有一次，就在几个月前的一天晚上，我碰巧在楼上，窗户是开着的。 Another time some months ago, _________________________ when the window was open 六．翻译（每题 3 分，共 15 分） 56．我们通过网络互相交流。(communicate with) ___________________________________________________________________ 57．你的朋友来上学时心情很不好。(upset) ___________________________________________________________________ 58．这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。(It is…that …) ___________________________________________________________________ 59. 他们躲在那里差不多两年，从来不敢出来。(dare) ___________________________________________________________________ 60．我们试图使他平静下来，但他仍不停地叫着。(calm down)
Unit1 单元测试参考答案： 完型填空：答案：BDCCB
3. policies 8.non-Jewish 4. to kill 5. known 9. when 10. being killed
语法填空： 1. in
6. without 阅读 A 篇：BACDD
2. occupied 7. To avoid
阅读 B-C 篇： DBDAD
信息匹配参考答案： DEFBC 三。完成句子 1. I followed my teacher’s advice and 2. Having suffered from heart trouble for years 3. I happened to be upstairs one evening 4. with so many clothes on 5. It was because of the bad weather 6. that you are concerned about her 7. Don't laugh at him 8. set down a series of facts in a diary 四。句子翻译 1.They hid there for almost two years and never dared go out. 2 We tried to calm him down, but he kept shouting. 3. In the early 20th century, China went through too many wars. 4 Mr Jones lives alone and often feels lonely. 5 We communicate with each other by Internet / through the Internet. 6. Your friend come to school very upset. 7. It was the first time in a year and half that I’d seen the night face to face. 8. Jews were caught by Nazis and put away.
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