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完型专项


3.26 完型专项练习 完形填空设空以实词为主、虚词为辅,单词为主、短语为辅。动词、名词、形容词、副词、代词 等实词通常要占全部小题数的 80%以上。而介词、连词、冠词等虚词则相对考得较少。 一、 完形填空解题步骤 通览------试填-----复核 1 通览----速度全文,把握大意 快速阅读一下全文,通过通览全文、领会大意,概略地了解文章的体裁、背景、内容、结构层 次、情节、

写作风格等等。 2 试填----紧扣文意,瞻前顾后 先易后难,逐层深入。紧扣全文内容,联系上下文和语境,展开逻辑推理,注意从上下文中 寻找线索,注意词汇的意义、搭配,惯用法,语法,常识等多个角度进行综合考虑。 3 复核----全面检查,确保语意连贯,用词准确 试填后,要把全文再通读一遍 ,注意看所选答案填入空白处后能否做到文章意思通顺、前后 连贯、逻辑严谨、结构完整、首尾呼应。 二、解题技巧 1. 充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。 (同义词或反义词) 2. 注意固定搭配 3. 注意同义词的辨义 4.根据上下文的逻辑关系(并列、转折)确定选项 5. 根据生活常识以及相关知识确定选项 6. 利用语法知识选出正确选项 实题训练 (一) Mrs. Jones was over eighty, but she still drove her old car like a woman half her age. She loved driving very fast, and was proud of the fact 1 she had never, in her thirty-five years of driving, been punished 2 a driving offence (犯规,犯法). Then one day she nearly 3 her record. A police car 4 her, and the policemen in it saw her 5 a red light without stopping. Of course, she was stopped. It seemed 6 that she would be punished. 7 Mrs. Jones came up to the judge, he looked at her seriously and said that she was 8 old to drive a car, and that the 9 why she had not stopped at the red 10 was most probably that her eyes had become weak 11 old age, so that she had simply not seen it. When the judge had finished what he was 12 , Mrs. Jones opened the big handbag she was 13 and took out her sewing. Without saying a word, she 14 a needle with a very small eye, and threaded it at her first attempt. When she had 15 done this, she took the thread out of the needle again and handed 16 the needle and the thread to the judge, saying, “Now it is your 17. I suppose you drive a car, and that you are quite sure about your own eyesight.” The judge took the 18 and tried to thread it. After half a dozen tries, he had still not succeeded. The case (案例) against Mrs. Jones was 19, and her record 20 unbroken. 1. A. which B. when C. that D. this 2. A. about B. on C. to D. for 3. A. kept B. won C. missed D. lost 4. A. watched B. after C. followed D. ran after 5. A. pass B. go C. run D. rush 6. A. sure B. indeed C. certain D. perhaps 7. A. Before B. While C. Until D. When 8. A. so B. very C. too D. quite

9. A. cause 10. A. light 11. A. with 12. A. speaking 13. A. holding 14. A. took 15. A. almost 16. A. both 17. A. time 18. A. thread 19. A. dismissed 20. A. was

B. reason B. lamp B. because B. saying B. getting B. brought B. hardly B. all B. turn B. glasses B. passed B. kept

C. matter C. sign C. for C. talking C. carrying C. picked C. successfully C. neither C. chance C. needles C. settled C. seemed

D. trouble D. one D. of D. telling D. bringing D. chose D. successful D. either D. job D. needle D. studied D. remained

(二) In order to be a success in the American business world, you must “get along” with people. You must learn to conduct yourself in such a way 1_ you earn the affection and respect of others._ 2_ we have already pointed out, Americans_ 3_ business and pleasure. Therefore, learning how to _4_ informally can be a help with your American business _ 5 _. Americans like to talk about a _ 6_ of different topics—sports, politics, cars, popular movies and television shows and personal interests. Many large American cities have sports teams. If you are _7_ with Americans in the United States, it would be a good idea to _8 _out about the local sports teams so that you can _9 _ in the almost inevitable discussions about “how our _ 10_ will do this year” .Politics can be a _ 11_ topic unless everyone is of the same mind _ 12 _.Limit your discussions to asking questions of your friends. Most Americans are _13_ owners and some are even obsessive about the subject. You can contribute _14 _talking about cars you have owned or by _15 _ information you have read in automotive magazines. Americans watch television almost every night and attend movies regularly, _16_ naturally television shows and the _17_ movies become topics for discussions. If you are unable to _18 _ American television or attend American movies, reading the _ 19_ section of such magazines as Time News week will keep you up to date on _ 20 _is popular in America. 1. A. which B. where C. as D .that 2. A. While B. Since C. As D. Because 3. A. mix B. enjoy C. like D. manage 4. A. conduct B. appear C. behave D. chat 5. A. friends B. efforts C. contacts D. companies 6. A. bit B. total C. group D. number 7. A. meeting B. working C. living D. playing 8. A. find B. learn C. go D. stay 9. A. work B. participate C. succeed D. break ? 10. A. group B. business C. company D. team 11. A. common B. sensitive C. special. D daily 12. A. politically B. economically C. professionally D. personally 13. A. house B. car C. business D. land 14. A. to B. toward C. by D. through 15. A. collecting B. sharing C. gathering D. analyzing 16. A. so B. therefore C. thus D. hence 17. A. interesting B. exciting C. excellent D. latest 18. A. witness B. look C. watch D. glance 19. A. entertainment B. sports C. business D. movie 20. A. which B. that C. what D. as

(三) You've been away from us for one year; you told us a lie which I came to know not long ago. On this special day for teachers across the country, I can _1 _keep myself from telling your white lie to those who would lend me an ear. Do you still remember the happy _ 2 _about six years ago? We fixed our eyes upon you at your _ 3_ .You, a beautiful young lady, _ 4_ us that you would live in our village. Soon after, we began to find you were part of your students and their simple honest parents. The villagers found their children _ 5 _more time on their books _ 6_ after doing their homework and housework. Yet they still _7_ that one day you might leave. You _ 8 _a smile all the time, which reduced to some degree their_ 9_ of your leaving. You went all out in the _ 10_ of your students, helping them not only in their studies but also in their tuition(学费).You often emphasized to us the _11_ of one's life, so that must have been what you were _12_ in those five years! One cold morning when class began, you entered the room _13_ you had been crying _14_.In your class, we _15_ but looked away from your eyes. You _16_for some time as if you were _17_to find this right word…you said you would go away and would never be back to teach because your boyfriend wanted you more…? On the following morning, we _18_ you the very best and the villagers gave you their _19 _The train took you away and your broken _ 20_ The other day I happened to hear my parents chatting that you had lung cancer and left the world soon after you waved goodbye. 1. A. forever B. seldom C. hardly D. soon 2. A. scene B. condition C. sign D. sight 3. A. report B. arrival C. explanation D. speech 4. A. promised B. answered C. permitted D. agreed 5. A. shared B. spent C. paid D. devoted 6. A. even B. ever C. soon D. still 7. A. considered B. feared C. supposed D. doubted 8. A. wore B. pretended C. gained D. presented 9. A. pule B. trouble C. question D. fear 10. A. teaching B. middle C. course D. field 11. A. way B. wealth C. value D. cost 12. A. after B. for C. with D. against 13. A. as if B. because C. even though D. before 14. A. happily B. bitterly C. anxiously D. angrily 15. A .listened B .talked C. discussed D. studied 16. A. explained B. stopped C. talked D .spoke 17. A. thinking B. worrying C. crying D. trying 18. A. hoped B expected C. wished D. brought 19. A. thanks B. satisfactions C. expressions D. rewards 20. A. boy B. class C. heart D. memory

(四) She was a four-year-old girl with very fine golden hair when I first met her. She was carrying a bowl of soup. I was 29 at that time and 16 from the flu. Her mom and I had been friends for years. 17 that friendship grew into care, from care into 18 and marriage. Marriage brought the three of us together as a 19 At first I was afraid to be a “stepfather”. Therefore, I tried not to come 20 my future daughter and her 21 father. I acted in that way in order to be liked. However, 22 she was growing up, I found it increasingly hard to 23 with her. Once her school required the parents to individually write an open and 24 letter to our children. I wrote a letter about a little golden-haired girl who had 25 me a bowl of soup when I needed 26 . A week later, all the parents 27 together with our children. The students were allowed to make a few statements. I was 28 to hear what my daughter would say. Finally my daughter 29 make her way up to the microphone. She said something like others and then 30 , “At this very moment, I just want to say …I love you, Father.” Immediately people around me started 31 at me. For a teenage girl to say 32 in front of so many people, “I love you,” took a great deal of courage. Since then I have 33 to understand I didn’t need to have any 34 about being a stepfather. I can still 35 honest love with the same little girl I met so many years before - carrying a bowl full of what turned out to be kindness. I can also be friends with the girl - my dear daughter. 16. A. hurting B. attacking C. suffering D. experiencing 17. A. Immediately B. Finally C. Especially D. Generally 18. A. like B. pleasure C. excitement D. love 19. A. union B. group C. family D. whole 20. A. between B. among C. from D. for 21. A. natural B. following C. untrue D. old 22. A. after B. as C. with D. before 23. A. connect B. share C. communicate D. argue 24. A. honest B. formal C. powerful D. responsible 25. A. taken B. shown C. shared D. brought 26. A. cure B. care C. help D. friend 27. A. presented B. invited C. gathered D. asked 28. A. glad B. hopeful C. serious D. anxious 29. A. determinedly B. independently C. patiently D. unexpectedly 30. A. lasted B. declared C. continued D. responded 31. A. hugging B. smiling C. kissing D. celebrating 32. A. quietly B. openly C. brightly D. attractively 33. A. used B. stepped C. desired D. come 34. A. courage B. fear C. happiness D. idea 35. A. exchange B. send C. expect D. fall


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