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必修3-英语-新课标-人教版-全国卷地区专用


全国卷地区专用

新课标·人教版

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高中英语 必修3

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Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4

Festivals around the world Healthy eating The Million Pound Bank Note Astronomy: the science of the stars

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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练
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第11讲 Unit 1 Festivals around the world

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[2013·辽宁卷] 一个英文网站面向中学生征稿。请你写 一篇英语稿件,介绍“中秋节”及这个节日里的主要 活动。 写作要点: 1.它是中国的传统节日之一; 2.家人团聚; 3.赏月、吃月饼; 4.还有旅游、访友等其他活动。

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—— 精 彩 美 文 —— The Mid-Autumn Festival The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar. As one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it has been enjoying great popularity in our country. Usually, no matter how far away or how busy we are, we will try to come home for the celebration. The moon that night looks the brightest in the whole lunar month. What we love most is when we enjoy the full moon together. With the beautiful moon up in the sky, we sit together and eat moon cakes and fruit,
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sharing our stories. In addition to these traditional activities, we have a wider range of choices such as travelling and visiting our relatives or friends.

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—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 1.行文逻辑:节日简介→庆祝活动。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: popularity(欢迎), traditional(传统的),in addition to(此 外),a wider range of, such as等。 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:①让步 状语从句:no matter how far away or how busy we are; ②what引导的主语从句:What we love most…;③表语从 句:when we enjoy the full moon together;④现在完成进 行时:…it has been enjoying;⑤动词的-ing形式作伴随状 语:sharing our stories;⑥with复合结构:With the beautiful moon up in the sky…等。
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基 础 梳 理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 beauty n.美人;美→________ beautiful adj.美丽的 1.________ beautify vt.美化 beautifully → ________adv.美丽地→________ celebration celebrate vt.庆祝 2. ________n.庆祝,祝贺→________ origin n.起源→________ original adj.原先的 3. ________ belief n.信任→________ believe vt.相信 4. ________ arrival n.到达→________ arrive vi.到达 5. ________ permission n.允许→________ permit vt.允许 6. ________ sadness n.悲伤→________ sadly sad 7. ________ adj.悲伤的→________ adv.伤心地

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admire vt. 羡 慕 → admirable 8. ________ ________adj. 赞 赏 的 →________ admirer n.钦佩者;赞赏者 apology n.谢罪,致歉 9.apologize ________vi.道歉→________ forgive vt.原谅→ forgiveness 10. ________ ________ n.宽恕;原谅 religious adj.宗教的→________ religion n.宗教 11. ________ energetic adj.充满活力的→________ energy n.能量 12. ________ obviouslyadv.明显地 obvious adj.明显的→________ 13. ________

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Ⅱ.短语检测 in memory of 1.为了纪念…… __________________________ set off 2.出发;动身;引爆 ________________________ look forward to 3. 期盼;期待;盼望 ________________________ turn up 4.出现,露面 _______________________ play a trick (on sb) 5. 搞恶作剧;诈骗;捉弄(某人) ____________________ take place 6.发生 _______________________ hold one's breath 7. 屏息;屏气 ___________________________ have fun with 8.玩得开心 __________________________

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Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find __________ , especially during the cold winter months. 在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在寒冷的冬月, 人们就会挨饿。 2.On this important feast day, people eat food in the with “bones” on them . shape of skulls and cakes _______________________ 在这个重要的节庆日子里,人们会吃制成颅骨状的食物, 和装点有“骨头”的蛋糕。

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3.The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as it is covered with though ________________________pink snow. (节日里)整个国家到处都是盛开的樱花,看上去就像是 覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。 It was obvious that 4.__________________the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave… 很明显,咖啡馆的经理在等李方离开…… 5.As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way calling . him home, he heard a voice ________ 正当他悲伤地经过回家路上拐角处的茶叶店时,他听 见一个声音正在叫他。
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基 础 梳 理

Ⅳ.单元语法[情态动词(Ⅰ)] mustn’t 1.You ____________park your car in front of the teaching building, for the students are coming out soon. would 2.When I was a child, my father ____________ read me a story at night before bedtime. 3.—It is unbelievable that John should have fought with the policeman. must —Well, if one ____________ ask for trouble, it just can't be helped. can 4.It ____________ rain in the desert sometimes, but you can't depend on it.
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5.One of our rules is that every shall student____________wear school uniform while at school.
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 trick vt.欺骗;诈骗 n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 (1)play a trick/tricks on sb 捉弄某人 have a trick of doing sth 有做某事的习惯 (2)trick sb into doing sth 哄骗某人做某事 trick sb out of sth 骗取某人某物
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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?北京卷?阅读B] The smaller dolphin, Grace, shows off a few of her tricks, turning around and waving hello to the crowd. 这只小海豚格蕾丝展示了她的几项绝技,转身向人 群致敬。 playing a trick on me. (2)I had never thought that they were ________________ 我从没想到他们是在捉弄我。

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Played a trick on/Having been played a trick on by her (3)__________________ students,the new girl teacher seemed very embarrassed with her face red. 受到学生们的捉弄后,这位新来的女教师似乎尴尬 得脸都红了。 into buying (4)Be careful. They are out to trick you ____________ something you don't need. 小心,他们试图诱惑你买些你不需要的东西。

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2

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award vt. 颁奖,授奖;授予,给予;判定 n.奖; 奖品,奖状 (1)award sb sth/sth to sb 授予某人某物 be awarded for? 因??而受奖 win/receive/get an award for? 因??而赢得/得到/获得奖项 (2)as a reward for(= in reward for) 作为??的报酬/奖赏/报答 give/offer a reward to sb for sth 为某事而给某人报酬 reward sb for sth 因某事而奖赏某人 reward sb with sth 用某物回报某人
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读C] She was accepted by the University of Berne, where she was awarded a medical degree in January 1877. 她被伯尔尼大学录取,1877年1月在此被授予医学学 位。 is awarded to (2)The Nobel Prize______________those who make great contributions in many fields every year. 每年诺贝尔奖授予在许多领域做出重大贡献的那些 人。

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(3)He was given 500 dollars as a reward/in reward for ________ his bravery. 他因表现勇敢而得到500美元的奖金。 was awarded to (4)The 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature ______________ Chinese writer Mo Yan, making him the first ever Chinese writer to receive the award. 2012年诺贝尔文学奖授予中国作家莫言,使其成为 有史以来首位获得诺贝尔文学奖的中国籍作家。

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3

考 点 探 析

admire vt.(to praise or respect sb) 赞赏,仰慕,钦佩; (to look at something with pleasure)欣赏 (1)admire sb for sth 因某事而钦佩某人 (2)admiring adj. 赞赏的;羡慕的 (3)admirer n. 羡慕者 (4)admiration n. 赞美,钦佩 in admiration 羡慕地 have great admiration for sb 非常钦佩某人

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读A] Having been an immigrant myself, I admire people who go overseas to find a job. 因为我自己是移民,所以我很欣赏那些去海外找工 作的人。 (2)All those who knew Mo Yan admired him for ________winning the Nobel Prize for Literature. 所有认识莫言的人都羡慕他获得诺贝尔文学奖。

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admiring the picture whenever I look at (3)I cannot help ________ it. 无论什么时候看到这幅画,我都禁不住要赞赏它。 admiring the new building, I heard someone (4)While ________ calling my name. 正当我在观赏那座新建筑时, 我听到有人叫我的名 字。

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4

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apologize vi.(to acknowledge faults or shortcomings or failing)道歉;辩白 (1)apologize to sb for (doing) sth 因(做)某事向某人道歉 apologize to sb +that? 向某人道歉?? (2)apology n. 道歉,谢罪 make/offer an apology to sb for (doing) sth 因(做)某事向某人道歉 accept/refuse one's apology 接受/拒绝某人的道歉 demand an apology 要求道歉 owe sb an apology 应向某人道歉
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【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读C] When it happened a third time, I realized I had been apologizing to a lamp post. 直到这件事第三次发生时,我才意识到我一直在给一根 路灯杆道歉。 for (2)I must make an apology to you ________forgetting your birthday. 我把你的生日忘了,所以我必须向你道歉。

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(3)At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he apologizing . ended up ________ 最初他拒不承认有任何责任,但到头来还是道了歉。 (4)The headmaster demanded that you (should) apologize to her for your rudeness ____________ immediately. 校长要求你立刻为你的鲁莽向她道歉。

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5

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remind vt.(to put in the mind of someone)提醒;使 想起 (1)remind sb of (doing) sth 提醒某人(做)某事 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人去做某事 remind sb that? 提醒某人?? remind sb that/what/how从句 提醒某人??/使某人想起?? (2)reminder n. 起提醒作用的人/物

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【易混辨析】
remind recall

“提醒,使想起”,指因外界的刺激而想起了过 去的事,侧重提醒。
“回忆起,使想起”,侧重于有意识的动作。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?课标全国卷?阅读D] We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as “Twinkle, twinkle, little star”. 我们不断地听着,并且想起了“Twinkle, twinkle, little star”这样的歌词。 (2)I like the food from the North, because it reminds me of ________________ my hometown. 我喜欢北方的食物,因为这让我想起我的家乡。 (3)Don‘t panic! Do you know how many times you to be reminded of/reminding of need ________________ this? 不要惊慌! 你知道关于此事你需要被提醒多少次吗?
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(4)用remind或recall的适当形式填空。 recall ①Try as I might,I could not________where I had left the book. reminded her husband of what the people ②She always________ expected of him.
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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 look forward to 期待,期盼 look out for 注意;当心;提防 look up to 仰慕 look back on 回顾;回头看 look down upon/on… 轻视/看不起…… look on…as… 把……当作……

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【温馨提示】 (1)look forward to中的 to是介词,而不是动词不定式 的符号,故其后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。但 look forward(向前看)可接不定式作目的状语。 (2)以介词to结尾的常用动词短语:be used to习惯于, lead to导致,devote…to…致力于……, stick to坚 持,object to反对,add to增加,get down to开始认 真做,be accustomed to习惯于,refer to谈及/查阅/ 参考, pay attention to注意等。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读D] I look forward to seeing these views taken further, and to their being challenged by the other participants. 我期待看到这些观点进一步被采纳,并且期待其能 接受其他参与者的挑战。 have been looking forward to has come at (2)The day we________________ last. 我们一直盼望的这个日子终于到来了。 (3)We appreciate your cooperation and look forward to receiving your further orders. ________ 感谢你们的合作,并希望能接到贵方更多的订单。
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Looking back on it, I think I shouldn't have given (4)________________ up the contest so easily. 回过头来看, 我想我不应该如此轻易地放弃那次比 赛。 look down upon the children, as all of them (5)Don't ______________ can play musical instruments. 不要小看这些小孩儿, 因为他们都会演奏乐器。

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2

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turn up 出现,露面;开大(音量);向上翻 against turn ________ 背叛;对……不利 turn down 拒绝;关小,调低 turn in 上交 turn out 结果是;证明是;生产;制造 over 翻身;打滚;移交;转动 turn ______ turn round 转身;翻转;(使)翻身 turn to 求助于

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?新课标全国卷Ⅱ?阅读B] Eight theatre groups turned up uninvited in 1947,in the belief that everyone should have the right to perform,and they did so in a public house disused for years. 1947年,8个剧团不请自来,认为每个人都有表演的 权利,而且他们开始在一座荒弃多年的房子里开始 了表演。

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(2)写出下列各句中turn up的意思。 ①We invited her to dinner but she didn‘t even bother to turn up.( 露面,出现) ②I can ' t hear the music. Please turn the radio up.( 开大,调高(音量等) ) ③I'm sure your watch will turn up one of these days.( 被找到 ) ④He turned up his coat collar against the chill wind.( 朝上翻 )

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3

set off 出发;动身;使爆炸;引发;触发;激起 set about (doing) 着手(做) set aside 把……放在一边;省出;留出;储蓄 set out (to do) 动身,出发,着手(做) up set ________ 搭起;建立;设立

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【活学活用】 (1)It set off speculation about what led her to leave so abruptly. 这一消息引发了对于促使她如此匆忙离开的原因的 猜测。 (2)Hearing the news, they immediately set off for the railway station. 他们一听到这个消息,就立即出发去火车站了。

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(3)用set相关短语的适当形式填空。 sets off ①Any escape, once it's detected, ________the alarm. 一旦发现有人逃跑,警报就会响起来。 ②When the sun started to go down, he stopped and set up ____________ his tent. 太阳开始下山了, 他停下来搭起帐篷。 setting aside ③Some doctors advise ______________a certain time each day for worries. 一些医生建议每天留出一点儿时间来解决烦心事。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave… 显而易见,咖啡馆的经理正在等待李方离开……

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句型公式 It is obvious that…显而易见,显然……

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【句式点拨】 句子中的it作形式主语,其后的that从句才是真正的 主语。it作形式主语,没有具体意义,而只是帮助把 真正的主语移至句子末尾,使句子显得匀称。常见 的句式有: (1)It's a pity (a shame,a fact,a wonder…)that… (2)It is strange (obvious,true, good,possible,likely,clear…)that…(3)It seemed (happened,turned out,occurred to me…)that…(4)It is said (reported,expected, estimated…)that…

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【活学活用】 (1)It is obvious that he knew nothing about repairing cars. 很明显,他一点儿也不知道怎样修理小汽车。 It (2)________ was strange that he should have been absent from such an important meeting. 很奇怪,他本来不应该缺席这样一个重要的会议。 that we failed to fulfill the task ahead (3)It's a shame ______ of time. 我们没能提前完成任务,真感到惭愧。 It suddenly occurred to him that he had left his keys in (4)____________________ the office.(occur) 他突然想到他把钥匙忘在了办公室。
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As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home,he heard a voice calling him. 正当他悲伤地经过回家路上拐角处的茶叶店时,他听 见一个声音正在叫他。 句型公式 “hear + 宾语+ doing/done/do”结构

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【句式点拨】 本句是as引导的一个时间状语从句,主句中calling him 是现在分词短语用作a voice 的补足语,形成“hear + 宾语+ doing/done/do”结构。能用于该结构的动词还 有:watch, see, find, catch,observe等。此外, leave(使……处于某种状态),keep(使……保持某种状 态),get,have等也常接doing/done作补语。

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【温馨提示】 在“hear + 宾语+ doing/ done/do”结构中,doing强 调动作正在进行;do表示动作的全过程;done表示发 生了的被动动作。在被动语态中,do要改为to do形式。

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【活学活用】 (1)I can't help singing along with her every time I hear her singing. 每次我听到她唱歌,我都情不自禁地跟着一起唱。(强 调动作正在进行) (2)Wishing them a good voyage, I see them go, agreeing with them about a signal they should hang out at their return. 我祝他们一路平安,送他们动身,顺便同他们约定好回 来悬挂的信号。(强调动作的全过程)

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Festivals around the world

考 点 探 析

(3)As he was pushing his bicycle across the tracks, he was surprised to hear his name called. 他正推着自行车,跨过轨道时,忽听到有人叫他的名字。 (强调发生了的被动动作) watching the train leave until it (4)We stood there,__________________ disappeared out of our sight.(watch) 我们站在那里,看着火车离开直到消失在视线外。 (5)When the police came, they found the window of the broken into .(break into) house ________ 当警察到来时,他们发现房间的窗户被人闯入了。

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第11讲

Unit 1

Festivals around the world

跟 踪 训 练

语法填空 What 1.____________impressed us most about the city was its traditional culture and modern architecture. have dressed (dress) up so carefully as it 2.You needn't ____________ was quite an informal gathering. (should) apologize 3.It is required in the regulations that you ____________ (apologize) to the others in the room if you are in a meeting and your phone rings. 4.Some of the girls today do not intend to depend on to marrying (marry) rich themselves, looking forward ____________ men.
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Festivals around the world

跟 踪 训 练

Played/Having been played(play)a trick on by her 5._____________________ students,the new girl teacher seemed very embarrassed with her face red. 6.For weeks on end people walked round the streets wearing masks,doing what they wanted without ________________(recognise) . being recognised 7.From the blood spots, the police think a terrible have taken accident must ____________ (take) place here not long ago. 8.He broke his word again. How I wish had kept he____________(keep) his word!

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Festivals around the world

9.His new iPhone and his bad performance always remind ____________ (remind) me of the saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” 10.The use of masks was limited by laws,the first of dating them ____________ (date)back to the fourteenth century.

跟 踪 训 练
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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练
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第12讲 Unit 2 Healthy eating

第12讲
佳 作 晨 读

Unit 2

Healthy eating

你所在的研究性学习小组对中学生的健康状况进 行了一次调查,主要内容如下: 现状:身体素质逐年下降;肥胖人数增多。 原因:学习紧张,体育锻炼少;较少参加家务等体力 劳动;饮食不均衡。 专家建议:少上网聊天,保证睡眠;每天运动一小时; 多吃蔬菜水果,不吃垃圾食品。

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佳 作 晨 读

Unit 2

Healthy eating

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— Last week, some of us made a survey about middle school students' health.

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佳 作 晨 读

Unit 2

Healthy eating

The survey shows that the general health of middle school students is declining year by year, with more people having the problem of overweight. One of the reasons could be that they have a heavy load in their study so that they seldom do physical exercises. What's more, they don't do labour work like housework and they don't have a balanced diet. To solve the problem, experts advise that we should not chat online so often to have enough sleep and we should do sports for at least one hour a day. Besides, we'd better eat more of fruits and vegetables and refuse junk foods.
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佳 作 晨 读

Unit 2

Healthy eating

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 1.行文逻辑:提出主题→描述现状→分析原因→专家 建议。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: make a survey(做调查),decline(下降),year by year(年 年),a heavy load(沉重的负担),what's more(此外), balanced(平衡的),at least(至少),refuse(拒绝)等。

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佳 作 晨 读

Unit 2

Healthy eating

3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:①名 词性从句:that the general health of middle school students,that they have a heavy load in their study,that we should not chat online;②结果状语从句:so that they seldom do physical exercises;③“with+宾语+doing”复 合结构:with more people having the problem of overweight 等。

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Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 diet diet vi.节食 1.________ n.饮食→________ balance n . 平 衡 → ________ balance vt. 权 衡 , 平 衡 2 . ________ balanced adj.平衡的 →________ curiosity n . 好 奇 心 → ________ curious adj. 好 奇 的 3. ________ curiously adv.好奇地 →________ strength n .强项,长处,力量 → ________ strong 4. ________ adj. 强壮 strongly strengthen 的→ ________adv.强壮地→ ________ vt.加强 weak adj. 虚 弱 的 5. weakness ________n . 缺 点 → ________ weakly adv.虚弱地→________ weaken vt.使变弱 →________ benefit n.利益→________ 6. ________ benefit v.有益于;有助于 beneficial adj.有益的 →________
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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

limit limit 7. ________ n . 界 限 → ________ vt. 限 制 ; 限 定 →________ limited adj.有限的 consult vt.咨询;请教 →________ consultant 8. ________ n.顾问;商议者; 会诊医生;请教者 digest vt. & vi.消化→________ digestion n.消化 9. ________ glare vi.怒目而视;闪耀 10. ________ combine vt. & vi.(使)联合→________ combinationn.联合 11. ________ hostess n.女主人;女主持人→________ host n.主人, 12. ________ 主持人

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Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

Ⅱ.短语检测 earn one's living 1.谋生 _________________________ get away with 2.被放过;(做坏事)不受惩罚 ____________________ in debt 3. 欠债;负债 ______________________ lose weight 4.减肥 ______________________ before long 5. 不久以后 ____________________ win…back 6.赢回;重新获得 ______________________ cut down 7. 削减;删节 _______________________ tell a lie 8.说谎 ________________________

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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

Ⅲ.佳句再现 better ,” he thought. 1.“Nothing could be ________ 他想:“再没有比这些更好吃的了。” hurrying by 2.Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang ____________. 突然,他看见他的朋友李昌匆匆走过。 getting away with 3.He could not have Yong Hui _________________telling people lies! 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉!

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Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

must have happened 4.Something terrible __________________if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant as he always did. 要是李昌不像往常那样来他的餐馆吃饭,那问题就严 重了。 5.I thought you were a new customer and now I know that to spy on me you only came ____________________and my menu. 我原来认为你是一位新顾客,现在我才明白你只是来 打探我和我的菜谱的。

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Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

Ⅳ.单元语法[情态动词(Ⅱ)] 1.—Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Guangzhou this morning. have taken —Really? She could ____________ (take) the 9:00 train. It's much more comfortable and safer to travel by train. 2.—It's so late. Our son should be back! must —Don't worry. I dare say he ____________have some extra work to do. 3.—Excuse me, where is the nearest bank? can’t —Go straight ahead; you____________miss it, which is a huge building.
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Healthy eating

基 础 梳 理

4.—Why don't you wear your jogging shorts, mum? must —Well, my legs are too skinny, if you ____________ know. have come (come) in person; a 5.You needn't ____________ telephone would have been enough.

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 balance n. 天平;平衡;余额 v.平衡;权衡 (1)out of balance 不平衡 off balance 失去平衡的,没有站稳的 keep/lose one's balance 保持/失去平衡 (2)balance A against B 权衡/比较A与B (3)balanced adj. 保持平衡的 a balanced diet 均衡的饮食

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Unit 2

Healthy eating

【巧学助记】

考 点 探 析

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Unit 2

Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?单项填空] You are working too hard. You'd better keep a balance between work and relaxation. 你工作太努力了。你最好在工作与休闲之间找到一 个平衡点。 lost her balance (2)She cycled too fast round the corner, ____________ and fell off. 她在拐弯处骑得太快,结果失去平衡而摔倒了。

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

against (3)You must balance the good points ________the bad points and then make your decision. 你必须权衡优劣,然后做出决定。 balanced (4)The study shows a well ________diet can improve your state of mind. 研究表明,一种健康均衡的饮食可以改善你的精神 状态。

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Healthy eating

2

lie v. 说谎(lied, lied, lying);躺下,位于 n.谎言 (1)lie to sb 向某人说谎 lie in 在于 (2)tell a lie/lies 撒谎 a white lie 善意的谎言

考 点 探 析

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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

【温馨提示】 注意以下词形变化。
动词 lie lie 过去式 lied lay 过去分词 lied lain 现在分词 lying lying 词性 vi. vi. 词义 说谎 躺,位于

lay
考 点 探 析

laid

laid

laying

vt.

放置,下蛋

【语境助记】 The man lying lied that he had laid the money on the table. 躺在那里的那个男人撒谎说他已把钱放在了桌子上。
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Unit 2

Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?课标全国卷?阅读C] Approximately two thirds of people have lied about reading a book which they haven't. 大约三分之二的人撒谎说看过自己实际没 有看过的书。 (2)The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table laid already ________ for a meal. 客厅里干净整洁,餐桌已经摆好,准备吃饭了。 (3)He entered the room lit only by candles and saw lying Geoffrey ________ on the floor. 他走进那个只点着蜡烛的房间,看到了杰弗里躺在 地板上。
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3

consult vt.& vi.请教;向??咨询;与人商量;查 阅(to refer) (1)consult?for? 查阅(词典、参考书等) consult sb about sth 关于某事请教/咨询某人 consult with sb 与某人商量,与某人磋商 (2)consultant n. 咨询者;顾问

考 点 探 析

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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

【巧学助记】

考 点 探 析

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Unit 2

Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)I can't give you the thumbs up right now. I will have to go back to consult with my director. 我现在还不能同意你的要求。我必须回去与我的主 管商量。 consulting with her daughter and manager, she (2)After ______________ decided to take on the part, on her terms. 与她的女儿兼经纪人商量之后,她决定出演这一角 色,不过要按照她开出的条件。 (3)When in doubt about the meaning of a word, consult a dictionary . __________________ 拿不准词义时,查查词典。
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Healthy eating

4

考 点 探 析

limit n. 界限;限度vt.限制;限定 (1)beyond/over the limit 超过限度 within the limits of? 在??范围内 without limit 无限(制)地 set a limit to? 对??规定限度 (2)limit?to? 把??限制在??内 be limited to? 受限制于?? (3)limited adj. 有限的

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Healthy eating

【温馨提示】 limit用作名词时意为“限制,限定”;而limitation则 意为“局限,局限性”。

考 点 探 析

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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2013?福建卷?阅读C] Supplies are limited. Call immediately to add these Silver Eagles to your holdings before it's too late. 供应有限。趁不算晚,赶紧打电 话把这些银色之鹰收入囊中吧。 serving the (2)There is a limit to one's life, but no limit to ________ people. 一个人的生命有限,但是为人民服务是无限的。 (3)Membership is by invitation only will be limited to and__________________100 individuals. 该俱乐部的会员资格仅来自邀请,且会员人数将限制 在100人。
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Healthy eating

5

考 点 探 析

benefit vt.& vi.有益于;有助于;受益 n.利益;好 处 (1)benefit from/by? 从??中受益,得益于?? (2)to one's benefit 对某人有益的是 for the benefit of sb/for sb's benefit 为了某人的利益 (3)beneficial adj. 有益的 be(very)beneficial to?=be of (great/much) benefit to? 对??(很)有益 【温馨提示】 A benefit B=B benefit from A

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?单项填空] China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals for the benefit of all its citizens. 为了所有公民的利益,中国一直在推进公共医疗的改 革。 (2)This cooperation is very constructive. Both our benefit from companies will ______________ it. 这项合作非常富有建设性, 因此我们两家公司都会受 益。

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from (3)Children deserve outdoor activities, ________ which they can benefit enormously. 孩子们需要进行户外活动,这对他们非常有好处。 of great benefit/very (4)Your recommendation will be beneficial __________________ to the development of my company. 您的建议对我公司的发展大有裨益。
考 点 探 析

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Healthy eating

6

考 点 探 析

combine vt.& vi.(to put or add together)(使)联合; (使)结合 (1)combine into? 联合成?? combine?with? 把??与??结合起来 be combined with? 与??结合/联合 (2)combination n. 结合;联合;化合(物) a combination of? 一种??的结合(物) in combination with… 与……联合起来

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Healthy eating

【易混辨析】 combine, connect, join与unite 这四个词都可以表示“联合,连接”的意思,但各有 不同。
combine 考 点 探 析 connect join “结合,联合”,指为了某一目的而把两事物结 合在一起。 “连接”,指用东西把两个事物连到一起,或两 个事物直接相连,二者仍保持原状。 “连接”,指用线、绳、桥等把两个事物或两地 连接起来,和connect意思相近,也可指两事物互相 紧密相接。

unite

“联合”,指两种以上的事物结合为一体,有 “合二为一”的意思,强调结合后的统一性。

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always being combined with other elements, most commonly with oxygen. 铝在自然界中无法独立存在,因为它总是跟其他元素 一起存在,最常见的是跟氧。 (2)We think it is important that theory be combined with practice. must_________________ 我们认为理论与实践相结合是重要的。

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考 点 探 析

combined with exercise. (3)Diets are more effective when __________ 节食与运动相结合才会更有效。 (4)The firm is working on a new product in combination with ______________________several overseas partners. 这家公司与几个海外合伙人在联合开发新产品。 (5)用combine,connect,join或unite的适当形式填空。 united ①The whole family________to help him when he was in trouble. join ②We had better________the island to the mainland with a steel bridge. connected the gas stove with the gas pipe. ③He________ combine ④We must________theory with practice.
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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 get away with 被放过; (做坏事)不受惩罚 get across 解释清楚,使人了解 get along/on with… 进展;与……相处 get around/round 走动;(消息)传开 get down to 开始,着手 get sb down 使某人沮丧;使某人悲伤 get away (from) 逃离或摆脱开 over get ________ 爬过……;克服(困难);从……中恢复过 来

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)The child ought to be punished.You shouldn't let him get away with telling lies! 这个孩子应当受到处罚。你不应该对他撒谎不进行 处罚! (2)用get相关短语的适当形式填空。 got around ①News soon ________________ that he had won the first prize. get down to ②You must________________ your studies this year. get over ③If we can______________ present difficulties,then everything should be all right.
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2

cut down 削减;删减;砍下,砍倒 cut up 劈碎,切碎 off 切断;隔绝 cut ____ cut in 插嘴;打岔 cut out 删掉;戒掉 cut across 抄近路;走捷径

考 点 探 析

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Healthy eating

【温馨提示】 cut down中的down为副词,因此,当遇到代词it, them等时,要放在cut与down之间:cut it/them down。

考 点 探 析

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)This article is too long, and you have to cut it down to 1,000 words. 这篇文章太长,因此你得把它压缩到一千字才行。 (2)用cut相关短语的适当形式填空。 cut down on sweets to lose weight. ①You must ________ cut across the grass. ②It's much quicker if we ________ ③Just when we reached the most important point, the cut off. line was ________

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Healthy eating

3

考 点 探 析

in debt 欠债;欠款 be in heavy debt 负债累累 in debt to sb=in sb's debt=in debt to sb 欠某人的人情/债 be/get out of debt 摆脱债务 get into debt 负债 pay off one's debts 还清某人的债务

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)If you waste money like that, you'll end up in debt. 如果你那样浪费钱财,迟早会负债。 was in debt (2)He______________when he was poor, but he has been out of debt since he got rich. ______________ 他穷的时候欠了债,自从富裕后就摆脱了债务。 paid off our debts (3)After years' hard work, we've________________at last. 经过多年艰苦的劳动,我们终于还清了债务。

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1

◇ 句型透视 ◇ “Nothing could be better,” he thought. 他想:“再没有比这些更好吃的了。” 句型公式 否定词+比较级=最高级

考 点 探 析

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Healthy eating

【句式点拨】 “否定词+比较级”结构是否定形式与比较级连用, 表示最高级意义,通常译为“没有比……更……, 没有像……一样……”。常用的否定词有no,not, never,nothing,nobody,hardly等。
考 点 探 析

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Healthy eating

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Mr Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn't ask for a better boss. 为史蒂文森先生工作真好 —— 我实在找不到比他更 好的老板了。 (2)—How was your recent trip to Sichuan? —I've never had a more pleasant one before. “最近你到四川的旅行怎么样?” “从来没有这么愉快过。” more valuable than time, but nothing is (3)Nothing is ______________ less valued. 没有比时间更贵重的东西,但也没有比 它更受轻视的东西。
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2

He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉! 句型公式 have sb doing sth

考 点 探 析

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【句式点拨】 have sb doing sth常用于否定句中,意为“不允许/容忍 某人做某事”;用于肯定句中时,则意为“让某人一直 做某事”。

考 点 探 析

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【相关拓展】 (1)have sb do sth (=make/let sb do sth)意为“让某人做 某事”。省略to的不定式表示一次性的具体动作,宾语 与宾补之间为主动关系。

考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)I can't have you speaking to your mother in a rude manner. You must apologize to her immediately. 我不允许你用那种粗鲁的方式跟你的母亲说话。你必须 立刻向她道歉。 laughing all the way. (2)He was very funny and had us ________ 他非常滑稽,一路上逗得我们笑个不停。 help you finish the (3)Don't be worried. I'll have Tom ________ work. 别担心,我会让汤姆帮你完成工作。 robbed of yesterday.(rob) (4)The woman had her handbag ________ 昨天,这位女士的手提包被抢了。
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跟 踪 训 练

语法填空 1.Owing to the guard's carelessness, the thief was lucky have got to escape, otherwise he could not ____________ (get) away with stealing so many valuable things. belief 2.My father told me he hadn't much ____________ (believe) in doctors of traditional Chinese medicine. cutting 3.It was by____________(cut) down the cost that the factory made some money and got out of debt in the have gained end. 4.My husband must ____________ (gain)weight. The sweater that used to fit him well is now too tight for him.
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Healthy eating

跟 踪 训 练

5.No one is to see the document without the ____________ (permit) of the writer of the report. permission 6.Since the young man fell into gambling, the whole have been family ____________ (be) in heavy debt these years. to win 7.You can't expect yourself ____________ (win)back his trust over the night because it takes time for the damage you have done to him to heal. happier 8.In my opinion, it can't be ____________(happy) to stay with my intimate friends.

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第12讲

Unit 2

Healthy eating

having lost 9.Not ____________ (lose) weight after going on a diet for three months, Jane felt very upset. (which/that is) combined (combine) 10.A balanced diet ________________________ with exercise is the recipe for a healthy life.

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第13讲 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note

第13讲
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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

[2012?江西卷] 某英文报社举办以“I Like Reading” 为主题的征文活动,你打算投稿。请根据以下要点写 一篇短文: 1.你为什么喜欢读书; 2.你喜欢读哪一类的书(例如:历史、科学、文学等)? 请给出至少两个理由。 注意:词数120左右。

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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— I Like Reading Reading is my favourite hobby. I can never stop the love for reading because books are like wise teachers as well as good friends in my life. As we know, books are the source of knowledge. I benefit a great deal from reading.

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The Million Pound Bank Note

There are a variety of books for us to choose from, like history books, science books, literary books and so on. But what interests me most are literary books, especially those by famous writers. For one thing, they help to improve my writing skills and broaden my horizons. For another, they can enrich my life and provide me with great fun. Isn't it a pleasure to have great calm in mind while you are reading?

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The Million Pound Bank Note

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— ①行文逻辑:总体介绍自己的爱好→给出建议→列举 理由。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: benefit from,a great deal(许多,大量), a variety of(各种各 样的),and so on(等),provide…with(向……提供), have…in mind(记住), as well as(也),for one thing… for another(首先……其次)等。

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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:①原因 状语从句:because books are like wise teachers;②主语 从句:what interests me most;③否定疑问句:Isn't it a pleasure to have great calm in mind while you are reading?等。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

基 础 梳 理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 birthplace 1.________ n.出生地;故乡→________ birth n.出生 novel n.小说;长篇故事→________ novelist 2.________ n.小说家 3.___________ n.冒险→adventurer ________ n.冒险家→ adventure ________ adventurous adj.冒险的 businessman n.商人→________ business n.生意;商业 4.________ patient 5 . patience ________n . 耐 心 → ________adj. 耐 心 的patiently → ________ patient adv.耐心地 →________n.病人 wandervi.漫游;漫步;徘徊 6.________ permit vt. & vi.许可;允许→________ permission n.允许 7.________

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The Million Pound Bank Note

基 础 梳 理

stare vi.凝视;盯着看 8.________ spot vi. 发 现 ; 认 出 → ________( spotted 9 . ________ 过 去 spotted 过去分词) 式)→________( sought seek vt. 寻 找 ; 探 索 → ________ 10 . ________ ( 过 去 sought (过去分词) 式)→________ unbelievable believe vt. 相 信 11 . ________adj. 难 以 置 信 的 → ________ believableadj.相信的 →________ belief n.信仰→________ rude rudeness n. 粗 鲁 12 . ________ adj. 粗 鲁 的 ; 无 礼 的 → ________ rudely adv.粗鲁地 →________

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基 础 梳 理

Ⅱ.短语检测 by accident/chance 1.偶然地;意外地 __________________________ in rags 2.衣衫褴褛 ________________________ go ahead 3.前进;往下说 _________________________ stare at 4.盯着看 ________________________ account for 5.导致;做出解释 _________________________ on the contrary 6.与此相反,正相反 ________________________ take a chance 7.冒险 _________________________ as for 8.至于;关于 _________________________

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基 础 梳 理

Ⅲ.佳句再现 carried out 1.Well, towards nightfall I found myself ____________ to sea by a strong wind. 傍晚时分,我发现我被一阵大风刮到海上去了。 2.The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted a ship. __________________by 第二天早上,正当我感到绝望时,一艘轮船发现了我。 That's why 3.________________ we've given you the letter. 那正是我们给你这封信的原因。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

基 础 梳 理

whenever you want and have ________ whatever 4.You must come ________ you like. 您只要想来就可以来,而且您想吃什么尽管吃。 5.The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an which accounts for unpaid hand, ________________my appearance. 事实上,我靠做义工来顶替船费,这就是我为什么衣 冠不整的原因。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

基 础 梳 理

Ⅳ.单元语法(宾语从句和表语从句) 1.—Sir, I feel it complicated to apply to a university abroad. where —Why not read our guide? This is ____________ the relevant information is available. 2.What makes telling the truth harder than lying is that ____________truth requires research and facts, while lies need none. 3.A business plan should be a strategic outline of what ____________ you are going to do, why and how you are going to do it.
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The Million Pound Bank Note

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4.After you've done with the application form, send it whoever to ____________ is in charge of sales. whether 5.I haven't settled the problem of____________I'll go back home during the coming May Day.

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The Million Pound Bank Note

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 scene n. (戏剧)一场;(the place where some action occurs)现场;场面;景色 behind the scenes 在后台;在幕后 on the scene 在现场;当场 set the scene 提供条件 appear/come on the scene 出场;登场 the scene of the accident 事故现场

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The Million Pound Bank Note

【巧学助记】

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【易混辨析】 scene, scenery, sight与view
scene scenery 指展现在眼前的情景,也可以指scenery 的一部分,景物 中的人及活动大多包括在内。 指某地总的自然风光或景色,尤指美丽的乡间景色。 既可以指场景、眼前看到的景观,也可以指名胜、风景。 在表示“名胜,风景”时,用复数形式。 常指从某个位置或角度所看到的景色,还可表示“观 点”。

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sight

view

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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?课标全国卷?阅读C] An actor and an actress stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they were at the water's edge on an island. 一位男演员和一位女演员站在场景前,这样看来他 们就像是站在小岛上的水边。 (2)Firefighters and police crews to the scene rushed__________________ , but the couple were already dead. 消防队员和警察匆匆赶往现场,但这对夫妻已经丧 命。
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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

(3) It was not long before a helicopter arrived on the scene to rescue the survivors of the plane ______________ crash. 不久一架直升机来到了现场,搭救那次飞机失事的 幸存者。 (4)用scene,sight,view,scenery 的适当形式填空。 sight ①The cave is a very nice ________ in that place. view ②From the top of the hill you have a nice ________ of the whole city. scenery in the mountains is very beautiful. ③The ________ scene immediately. ④Firefighters were on the ________
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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

2

考 点 探 析

permit vt.许可;允许;准许 n.(a legal document giving official permission to do something)通行证;许 可证;执照(可数) (1)permit sb sth 允许某人某事 permit sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 permit doing sth 允许做某事 be permitted to do sth 被允许做某事 (2)a driver's/driving permit 驾驶执照 (3)permission n. 准许,许可,批准 with/without one's permission 得到允许/未经允许 ask for permission 请求允许
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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

【温馨提示】 permit后不能直接跟不定式,但应注意可以有“be permitted to do sth”结构。与permit一样,后面直接跟动 名词或跟不定式复合结构的动词还有:allow, forbid, advise等。
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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2013?江苏卷?阅读A] Smoking is not permitted while riding or standing in line for rides or in any of the children's areas or the Water Park. 在水上公园或者任何其他儿童区域乘坐或排队时不 允许吸烟。 to get up (2)The doctor will not permit Mother____________ until her leg is better. 在母亲的腿好些之前,医生不允许她起床。

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(3)He entered the chemistry lab without being permitted/permission . __________ 他未经允许就进入化学实验室。 (4)The soldiers had orders that no (should) be permitted through. stranger________________ 士兵们接到命令,不许任何陌生人通过。
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The Million Pound Bank Note

3 spot vt.发现,认出 n.斑点;污点;地点 (1)spot sb doing sth 看到某人正在做某事 be spotted with 散布,点缀 (2)on the spot (=on the scene) 到(在)现场;当场

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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)When walking in the street, she spotted one of the teachers who had taught her before. 她在街上走着的时候, 她看见一位过去教过她的教 师。 (2)He left the party seconds before smoke was spotted coming up/rising along the stairs. ________ 就在他离开聚会几秒钟后,有人发现烟雾顺着楼梯 冒上来了。

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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

(3)James was called to see the producer and got the on the spot job______________. 詹姆斯被叫去见制片人,当场就得到了那份工作。 (4)More than ten policemen turned up at the spot where the accident happened. ________ 十多位警察出现在出事地点。
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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

4

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account vi.& vt. 认为;说明;总计有n. 说明;理由; 计算;账目 (1)account for 导致;做出解释;(在数量方面)占 (2)on account of (=because of) 因为 on no account=in no way 决不(置于句首,句子要部分倒装) open/close an account (在银行)开立/结清账户 take sth into account/consideration 考虑到某事

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The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读D] Sports account for a growing amount of income made on the sales of commercial time by television companies. 体育用品在电视商业销售收入中占的数额日益增大。 accounted for (2)My car broke down on its half way, which ____________ my being late for the meeting. 我的汽车半路出故障了,这就是我开会迟到的原因。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

taken (3)Everything ________ into account, her plan seems more practicable. 考虑到各种因素, 她的计划也许更切实可行一些。 shall (4)On no account ________ you go to bed with the gas on. 你无论如何不可让煤气开着,自己去睡觉。
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The Million Pound Bank Note

5

seek(sought, sought) vt.& vi.寻找;探索;寻求 seek one‘s fortune/fame 追求财富/名誉;碰运气 seek after/for 寻找;追求 seek sth from sb 向某人寻求某事 seek to do sth (=try/attempt to do sth) 试图/企图做某事

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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读D] One way children seek more attention from parents is by making themselves different from their siblings. 孩子寻求父母更多的关注的一种方法是使自己不同 于他们的兄弟姐妹。 sought his doctor's advice,but the doctor didn't (2)He____________________ give him anything useful. 他征询医生的意见,但是医生并没有给出有用的建 议。

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(3)All three countries have large oil companies that are seeking deals in Africa. ____________ 三个国家都有大石油公司在非洲寻求贸易机会。 (4)The special medicine for the disease wasn't found sought everywhere. though________ 尽管四处寻找,治疗这种疾病的药还是没有找到。
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The Million Pound Bank Note

1

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bring up 吐 (1)bring sb up to be/as 培养某人成为 bring sb up to do sth 培养某人做某事 (2)bring about 引起;导致 bring back 归还;使回忆起 bring in 赚得;提出 out bring ______ 出版;显现;生产 bring down 降低

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 抚养(孩子);培养;教育;提出(话题);呕

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The Million Pound Bank Note

【活学活用】 (1)The story of two babies switched mainly indicates that blacks' social position was shaped by how they were brought up. 两个被掉包的孩子的故事主要表明黑人的社会地位 是由他们被养大的方式塑造的。
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Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

(2)请写出bring up在句中的意思。 ①These are matters that you can bring up in the committee.(提出 ) ②We are brought up to respect others.( 教育 ) ③Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. ( 养育,抚养 ) ④He was so sick that he brought up everything.(呕吐 )

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2

go ahead 前进;(用于祈使句)可以;往下说 go ahead with sth 继续(做)某事 ahead of… 领先……;在……前面;早于…… look ahead 朝前看 ahead of time/in advance 提前

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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Is your work going ahead now that the workers have arrived? 既然工人们都到了,你的工程有进展吗? (2)用ahead相关短语的适当形式填空。 went ahead with his speech. ①After a pause, he ______________ ahead of time . ②The new bridge was completed ____________ ③—Could I use your bike? go ahead —Sure,____________. I'm not using it.

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ Indeed,sir,I hope you'll come here whenever you like. 真的,先生,我希望您想来的时候您就来。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

【句式点拨】 whenever引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter when,意为“在任何时候,无论何时”。同类词还 有wherever,however等。

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第13讲

Unit 3

The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 (1)whatever,whoever,whichever,whomever 既可引 导名词性从句,也可引导让步状语从句,在引导让 步状语从句时相当于no matter what/who/which/whom。 (2)however 用作连接副词,相当于no matter how,引 导让步状语从句,意思是“不管怎样……;无论如 何……”,具体结构为:however+形容词/副词+ 主语+谓语。

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The Million Pound Bank Note

【温馨提示】 whichever,whatever在句中还可作定语。如:The content is the same whichever book you choose. 不管你选哪一本书,内容都是一样的。

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第13讲

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The Million Pound Bank Note

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷] The map is one of the best tools a man has whenever he goes to a new place. 无论一个人什么时候去一个新的地方,地图是他带 在身边的最好的工具之一。 However great the difficulties are , we must (2)________ complete the task on time. 不管困难有多大,我们都必须按时完成任务。

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Whatever part he is playing, his own character still (3)________ shows through. 不管他扮演什么角色,他自己的性格仍然会表现出 来。 whichever restaurant has a free table. (4)We'll eat at ________ 哪个饭馆有空桌我们就在哪儿吃吧。
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The Million Pound Bank Note

跟 踪 训 练

语法填空 1.Study and, in general, the pursuit of truth and beauty is are permitted a kind of activity in which we ____________(permit) to remain children all our lives. 2.This afternoon, just as I was doing my business, a man (who was) dressed _____________________(dress) in rags stepped into my shop and begged me for some money. 3.His parents died when he was a baby. Nobody knows that brought (bring) him up. who it was ____________ 4.She hurried to the front of the computer nervously, with staring (stare) at the screen. her eyes closely ____________
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跟 踪 训 练

5.The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost when ____________ I was spotted by a ship. had sought 6.If all nations ____________(seek) the change of their energy supply sources to reduce waste a little earlier, things would be much better now. unbelievable (believe)record in the 7.Usain Bolt set an ____________ 100-metre race at the Beijing Olympics. 8.When trying to open the door, he found himself locked ____________(lock) in the room.

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that 9.You are too trusting; the fact is ____________ not everybody is as honest as you are. 10.Her family was short of money, accounting/which accounted _____________________________ (account) for her not continuing her studies.

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第14讲 Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of the stars

第14讲 Unit 4
佳 作 晨 读

Astronomy: the science of the stars

你班就是否应该花费巨大的人力、物力和财力进 行太空探索进行了讨论。大多数同学认为进行空间探 索利大于弊,许多新产品使全球受益匪浅;有些人认 为空间探索完全是浪费时间和金钱。请你根据讨论的 内容写一篇英语短文。

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第14讲 Unit 4
佳 作 晨 读

Astronomy: the science of the stars

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— Do We Need Space Exploration? Man has been fascinated by outer space for thousands of years. It has been almost over forty years since man's first landing on the moon. Now, some people believe that space exploration is a waste of time and money. They point out that it cost billions of dollars to carry on the space research, but a little information was brought back.

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第14讲 Unit 4
佳 作 晨 读

Astronomy: the science of the stars

However, every coin has two sides. There are still a majority of other people who believe that space exploration has more advantages. And I agree with those people. Many new products, such as weather and communication satellites, are also products of space programs, and they have benefited people all over the world. And what's more, scientific knowledge about outer space has been acquired by mankind.

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第14讲 Unit 4
佳 作 晨 读

Astronomy: the science of the stars

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 1.行文逻辑:提出问题→分析问题→个人看法。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如: fascinate(使……着迷),a waste of(……的浪费),point out(指出),carry on(进行), bring back(带回), a majority of( 大多数的,绝大部分), benefit(使……受益),what's more( 此外),acquire(获得)等。

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第14讲 Unit 4
佳 作 晨 读

Astronomy: the science of the stars

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:①名词 性从句:…that space exploration is a waste of time and money,…that it cost billions of dollars to carry on the space research;②定语从句:…who believe that space exploration has more advantages;③非谓语动词: landing;④谚语引用:every coin has two sides 等。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

基 础 梳 理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 astronomyn.天文学→________ astronomer n.天文学家 1.________ biology n . 生 物 学 → ________ biologist n . 生 物 学 家 2 . ________ →biological adj.生物学的 physicist n . 物 理 学 家 → ________ physical adj. 物 理 学 的 3. ________ physics n.物理,物理学 →________ exist vi.存在→________ existencen.存在 4. ________ puzzle puzzle n . 难 题 ; 谜 5 . ________ vt. 使 ?? 迷 惑 → ________ puzzled adj.迷惑不解的 →________ violently adv. violence n.暴力→________ 6. ________ violent adj.猛烈的→________ 猛烈地
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

基 础 梳 理

harmful adj.有害的→________ harm n.害处→________ harm vt. 7. ________ 对??有害 global adj. 全世界的;全球性的 → ________ globe n .球体; 8. ________ 地球仪 unlike prep. 不 像 ; 和 ?? 不 同 → ________( like 9. ________ 反义 dislike v. & n.不喜欢 词)prep. →________ mass n.质量;团;块;大量→________ masses (pl.)群 10. ________ 众

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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Ⅱ.短语检测 lay eggs 1.下蛋 ________________________ watch out 2.密切注视;当心;提防 ________________________ now that 3. 既然 ________________________ give birth to 4.产生;分娩 ________________________ in time 5. 及时;迟早 ________________________ prevent…from 6.阻止;制止 ___________________________ cheer up 7. 感到高兴;感到振奋 _________________________ break out 8.突发;爆发 ___________________________ block out 9. 挡住(光线) _________________________ in one's turn 10.轮到某人;接着 ________________________
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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Ⅲ.佳句再现 so violent that 1.The earth became ______________it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. 地球变得激烈动荡, 不知道这个形状是否会继续存在 下去。 which made it possible 2.This produced a chain reaction, ____________________ for life to develop. 这就产生了一系列的反应,使得生命就有可能开始发 展了。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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3.But when I tried to step forward, I found I was carried twice as far as ________________ on the earth and fell over. 但当我试着向前迈步的时候,我发觉我被送出去很远, 步子的跨度竟是在地球上的两倍,因而我摔倒了。 whether life will continue 4.So ____________________on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved . _________________________ 所以, 在未来的数百万年中, 生命能否在地球上延续 取决于这个问题能否得到解决。 5.As a result of this event, a great dust cloud formed in blocking out the sunlight . 由于这一事件,在 the sky__________________ 天空中形成一大团尘埃,遮住了阳光。
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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Ⅳ.单元语法(主语从句) What 1.Life is like a tale. ____________matters is not how long it is, but how good it is. That 2.____________ she was invited to the ball made her very happy. when 3.It hasn't been made clear____________the new underground line is to be open to traffic. That 4.____________Mo Yan had been awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature made us very proud. that 5.It has been proved ____________ several new kinds of medicine have a positive effect on the cure of H7N9.
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 harmful adj. 有害的;伤害的(causing or capable of causing harm) (1)be harmful to 对??有害 (2)do sb harm/do harm to sb 对某人有害 There is (no) harm in (sb's) doing sth (某人)做某事有(无)害处 (3)harm n.& vt. 损伤;伤害 harmless adj. 无害的

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?天津卷?阅读B] Clearly,people enjoy the benefits of lighting their evenings, but some scientists think it can be harmful for humans,too. 很明显,人们喜欢照亮夜空的好处,但是一些科学 家认为这对人类也会有坏处。 to (2)Your smoking can be harmful ________the health of your children. 你吸烟会危害到你的孩子的健康。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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(3)It never occurred to him that his carelessness could such great harm to himself. do ______________ 他从未想到他的粗心会对自己造成如此巨大的损失。 (4)He has got into the bad habit of reading on the bed, which is harmful to/does harm to his eyesight. __________________ 他已养成在床上看书的坏习惯,这习惯对他的视力 有害。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

2

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exist vi.存在;生存 (1)exist on (=live on)sth 靠某物生存 exist in? 存在于??之中 exist as? 作为??而存在,以??形态存在 There exists? 有/存在?? (2)existence n. 存在;实有 in existence 现存的;现有的 come into existence 产生;存在 bring into existence 使发生;使产生;使成立

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

【温馨提示】 exist没有被动语态,也不能用于进行时态。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?广东卷?阅读D] Although online classes have existed for more than a decade,the concern over cheating has become sharper in the last year with the growth of “open online courses”. 尽管网上授课出现已有十多年了,但在过去的一年 里,随着“网上开放课程”的增多,对于作弊的担 忧也变得更加尖锐。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

(2)No one knows when such a custom first came into existence/being . ________________ 没有人知道这种风俗是什么时候开始有的。 there exists a (3)From the starting point to destination, __________ long distance. 从起点到终点还有很长一段距离。
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

3

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prevent v.阻止;制止 prevent/stop/keep?from doing sth 阻止??做某事 protect?from 保护??不受??侵袭;挡住;防御 keep…doing sth 使……一直做某事 【温馨提示】 (1)在主动语态中,stop和prevent的搭配中可省去from; 而keep sb/sth from?中的from不可省略。 (2)在被动语态里,这三个搭配中的from均不可省略。 (3)“protect…from”结构中,from后接能带来伤害或损 害之物。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读A] For example, there are Chinese shoes made of silk that were worn by women to tie their feet firmly to prevent them from growing too much! 比如说这里有一种丝质的中国古代女子穿的鞋子, 它们紧紧绑在脚上使脚不会长得太大!

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

was prevented by the timely arrival (2)A nasty incident ____________ of the police. 警察的及时到来阻止了一次严重的事故。 (3)Every possible means should be taken to prevent the polluted . river from being ________ 应该采取各种可能的措施来防止这条河流受到污染。
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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4 puzzle n. 谜;难题vt.& vi.(使)迷惑;(使)为难 (1)be in a puzzle 不知如何是好 be in a puzzle about? 对??迷惑不解 (2)puzzle over/about 冥思苦想;绞尽脑汁 (3)puzzled adj. (被)迷惑的;不解的 puzzling adj. 令人迷惑的 be puzzled by… 被……迷惑 【温馨提示】 puzzled意为“迷惑的,不解的”,往往用于指人或人 的表情、脸色、声音等;puzzling意为“令人迷惑的, 让人不解的”,往往指物。
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读A] But his curiosity was difficult to control and this new computer really puzzled him. 但是他难以抑制自己的好奇心,并且这台新电脑确实 让他很迷惑。 puzzled (2)The reporters as well as some critics remained ________ by the election results. 一些批评家和记者们仍然对这次大选的结果困惑不解。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

What puzzled the doctors most was that they could not (3)____________________ find the cause of the disease. 最使医生困惑的是他们无法查出病因。 a puzzle . (4)How they discovered it still remains __________ 他们是如何发现它的仍是个谜。
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

5

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pull n. & vt.拉(力);拖;牵引力 pull back 拉回来;缩回;使后退 pull down 拉下(窗帘等);拆毁;拆掉(房屋等) pull out 拔出;(列车等)驶出,出站;启程 pull in (列车等)驶进,到站;(船)靠岸 pull together 齐心协力,团结起来 pull through (使)渡过危机(难关) pull…up 把……往上拽

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?福建卷?阅读A] When they pulled the carpet up in my old bedroom, they found the ring. 当他们揭起我旧卧室的地毯时,找到了这枚戒指。 (2)Everyone was very concerned whether he would through or not. pull________ 每个人都很关心他是否能够挺过去。 (3)They were so deeply involved in the matter that they out found it hard to pull ________. 他们在那个问题上陷得太深,难以自拔。 down than to build up. (4)It is easier to pull ________ 拆房容易盖房难。
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 in time (sooner or later)迟早;(eventually)最后; (early or soon enough)及时 on time 准时 all the time 一直;始终 at one time 曾经,一度 at a time 每次,逐一 from time to time 有时,偶尔 in no time 立刻;马上 time and time again 一次又一次;一再

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

【温馨提示】 in time 后可接for sth/to do sth 的形式,意为“做某事 及时/不迟”。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?湖北卷?阅读D] It was lucky for Mrs Almond to have her disease identified in time. 阿蒙德夫人及时确诊了她的病,这真是幸运。 (2)用time的相关短语填空。 in time ①If you keep on, you'll succeed ____________ . in time ②The car came to a stop just____________to prevent an accident. At one time ,half the land on the earth's surface ③____________ was covered by forest. in no time ④We'll have had the leak fixed______________ .
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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

2

cheer up 高兴起来;振作精神 (1)cheer sb up 使某人振作起来 cheer sb on (比赛中)以喝彩声鼓励;为某人加油 cheer for 为……而欢呼 (2)Cheers! [口语](用于祝酒)干杯! words of cheer 鼓励的话

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)[2013?湖南卷?阅读B] Upon arriving at the classroom, the author was cheered up by a warm welcome. 一走进教室,作者因为热烈的欢迎而高兴起来。 (2)If they win the final tonight, the team are going to to be cheered tour around the city __________________by their enthusiastic supporters. 如果他们赢了今晚的决赛,队员们将会巡游全城, 接受热心支持者的欢呼。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 But when I tried to step forward, I found I was carried twice as far as on the earth and fell over. 但当我试着向前迈步的时候,我发觉我被送出去很远, 步子的跨度竟是在地球上的两倍,因而我摔倒了。
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

句型公式 …倍数+as+形容词/副词+as…

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 该句型表示“……是……的几倍”,该句型也可用 half, one-fourth等词,表示“是……的一半/几分之 几”。 常见的倍数比较的表达方式有: (1)倍数+as+形容词/副词原级+as… (2)倍数+形容词/副词比较级+than… (3)倍数+the size/height/weight/depth/…+of… (4)倍数+as many/much+名词+as…

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)Global warming is heating the planet twice as quickly as previously feared. 全球变暖的速度比人们以前担心的快两倍。 (2)The gravity on the surface of Mars is about one third as strong as it is on the earth. (strong) ________ 火星表面的引力大约是地球表面引力的三分之一。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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the size of Britain, is (3)Kenya, a land more than twice ________ everywhere parched. (size) 肯尼亚,一个面积超过英国两倍多的地方,四处干 旱炎热。 as much as (4)Some of the doctors are paid almost twice ________ the nurses. (much) 有些医生所获得的报酬差不多是护士的两倍。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

2

This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop. 这就形成一个连锁反应,使生命发展成为可能。 句型公式 make it possible…使……成为可能

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

【句式点拨】 本句中it作形式宾语,真正的宾语为不定式短语 for life to develop。it作形式宾语还可以代替动名词或从句。

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Astronomy: the science of the stars

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【活学活用】 (1)The girl knows three foreign languages, which makes it easier for her to find a good job. 这姑娘懂三门外语,这会使她更容易找到一份好工作。 it (2)No matter where he is, he makes ________ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast. 无论他在哪里,早饭前散散步成为他的习惯。 it (3)I hate ________ that you're not around. And the fact was that you didn't call. 我讨厌你不在身旁,而事实上你也没打电话来。

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第14讲 Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars

跟 踪 训 练

语法填空 1.During those four years, he worked day and night, improving (improve) his theory gradually until thus____________ it was complete. 2.Those reports included one case, ____________ a fire where/in which broke out and destroyed two cars, although there were no injuries. 3.I suppose by the time I come back in ten years' time all have been pulled these old houses will _____________________(pull) down. it(was) 4.Sometimes he found____________very hard to fall asleep at night, so he went to see the doctor.
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

跟 踪 训 练

5.So violent it sent large volcanic rocks raining ____________(rain)down within a 5-mile radius of summit. 6.Formaldehyde is used in the building materials, which harmful is as ____________(harm) a chemical to our health as melamine. 7.Despite what I'd been told about the native people's did attitude towards strangers,at no time ____________ I come across any rudeness. That 8.____________ we should work out a plan to deal with the present serious situation is important.
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Astronomy: the science of the stars

9.He entered the room lit only by candles and saw lying Geoffrey____________ (lie) on the floor. 10.It was not only these odd sights that astounded her, for more puzzled she was even____________(puzzle) by what she heard.

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练
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第15讲 Unit 5 Canada— “The True North”

第15讲
佳 作 晨 读

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

请根据下列提示写一篇今年十一期间第一次离家去加 拿大的短文。 1.离多伦多较远,早晨从旅馆乘车去,下午5点返回。 2.上午参观动物园,并在动物园附近的公园野餐,下 午参观爬行动物馆。 3.第一次离开父母和同学们一起旅游,第一次见到鲸 鱼和熊等。

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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— It was the first time that I had been away from home without parents during the National Day. I went on a trip with my class to the zoo in Toronto. We left the hotel where we stay very early in the morning because we had a long journey. We spent the whole day in the zoo. I could remember seeing whales, bears and some other animals for the first time. I was very excited.

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第15讲
佳 作 晨 读

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

At midday, we had our picnic lunch in a park near the zoo. After lunch, we visited the Reptile House and saw many kinds of animals. It was fantastic. At 5 o'clock, we got on the bus and drove to the hotel. In conclusion,it is the best trip I have enjoyed.

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佳 作 晨 读

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 1.行文逻辑:总体介绍→行程描述→个人感受。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如:for the first time(第一次),fantastic(极好的),in conclusion( 总之),after lunch,many kinds of等。 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式结构。如:①定语 从句:where we stay very early, I have enjoyed;②原因状 语从句:because we had a long journey;③it+be+that+ 完成时: It was the first time that I had been…等。

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第15讲

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

Ⅰ.单词荟萃 surround vt. 包围;围绕→________ surroundingsn.(复)周围的事 1.________ surroundingadj. 周围的 物;环境→________ baggage n.行李→________ luggage n.(同义词) 2.________ distant adj.遥远的 3. ________ distance n.距离;远方→________ tradition n . 传 统 →traditional 4. ________ ________adj. 传 统 的 →traditionally ________ adv.传统地 impression n . 印 象 impress vt. 使 印 象 深 刻 → ___________ 5. ________ impressive adj.留下印象的 →________ terrify vt. 使恐怖,恐吓 → 6. ________ ________adj. 恐惧的,受 terrified terrifying 惊吓的→ ________ adj.令人恐惧的
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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

mix vt.& vi.混合,调配→mixture 7. ________ ________n.混合(物); 混合状态 within prep.在??之内 8. ________ chat 9. ________ vt.聊天 wealth n.财富 10. ________ wealthy adj.富有的→________ slight adj.轻微的→________ slightly adv.轻微地 11. ________ eastward adv. 向 东 → ________ eastern adj. 东 方 的 12. ________ east n.东方 →________

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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

Ⅱ.短语检测 manage to do sth 1.设法做(成了)某事 ________________________ rather than 2.与其;不愿 ________________________ catch sight of 3. 看见;瞥见 _________________________ in the distance 4.在远处 ________________________ settle down 5. 定居;平静下来;专心于 _______________________ have a gift for… 6.对……有天赋 ________________________ at dawn 7. 在黎明 _________________________ dream about 8.梦想 _______________________

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第15讲

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

Ⅲ.佳句再现 Rather than take the aeroplane 1. ________________________all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海 岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。 were not leaving for 2.They ____________________Montreal until later. 晚些时候,她们才会去蒙特利尔。 as far as 3.It's too bad you can't go ________________ Ottawa, Canada's capital. 很可惜你们不能一直走到加拿大的首都渥太华。
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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

looking over 4.As they sat in a buffet restaurant ______________ the broad St Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. 当她们坐在一家自助餐厅里眺望广阔的圣劳伦斯河时, 一个年轻人坐到了她们身边。 5.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring ________ over 90 metres. 那里空气湿润,所以树都长得特别高,一些高达90多米。

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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

基 础 梳 理

Ⅳ.单元语法(同位语从句) 1.Evidence has been found through years of study that ____________children's early sleeping problem is likely to continue when they grow up. that 2.He ended his speech with a remark____________ knowledge is power. 3.The teacher left word with our monitor that ____________ she would explain the problem again next time. that 4.The fact has worried many scientists ____________ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years.
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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

考 点 探 析

◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 surround vt.& vi.(to be around)包围;围绕 (1)surround sb/sth with sb/sth 使某人/物包围某人/物 be surrounded by/with? 被??包围 (2)surrounding adj. 周围的 surroundings n. 环境(常用复数)

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第15讲

Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

【温馨提示】 surroundings用复数形式,主要指周围的具体的物质环 境。而environment是集合名词单数,既可表示抽象概念, 也可表示具体意义,指对人的发展产生影响的自然环境或 生活环境。
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Unit 5

Canada—“The True North”

考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2013?北京卷?阅读C] Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. 身边围绕着可信的朋友和家人或者躲到远离大城市 的偏远地区,一些明星才得以安宁下来。 Having been surrounded (2)____________________for a few days, the enemies had to throw up their arms and give in. 被围困了几天,敌人只好举手投降了。

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surrounded in all directions, the thief (3)With the house ________ couldn't flee and was caught. 因为房屋被四面八方包围了,小偷无法逃脱,结果 被抓了。

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2

考 点 探 析

measure vi.& vt.测量;衡量;判定 n.计量制;计 量单位;措施 (1)measure?by? 用??衡量?? measure sb for a suit(=make a suit to sb's measure) 给 某人量身做一套衣服 sth measures 2 metres by 4 metres 某物长4米宽2米 (2)take sb's measure 给某人量尺寸 make?to one's measure 依照某人的尺寸做?? take measures to do sth 采取措施做某事

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2013?天津卷?阅读B] They call on people and the government to take measures to fight against it. 他们号召人民和政府采取行动来抵制它(光污染)。 not be measured only by (2)Success should ________________ educational achievement. 成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

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考 点 探 析

to measure (3)It was difficult________________ the precise impact of the strike. 对此次罢工影响多大难以做出准确的评估。 (4)The mayor expressed his wish that some measures should be taken immediately to __________________ control the air pollution. 市长表达了他的愿望,要立刻采取某些措施来控制 空气污染。

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3

考 点 探 析

distance n. (the amount of space between two objects or points)距离;远方;遥远;疏远 v.不介入, 与??疏远 (1)in the distance 在远方 at a distance 隔一段距离;距离稍远 a distance of? 在??远的地方 from a distance 由远处 keep sb at a distance 对某人冷淡;与某人疏远 keep one's distance from? 与??保持距离 (2)distant adj. 遥远的;远处的;久远的

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读D] Distances between them appear no greater to a modern traveller than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. 对于现在的旅行者来说,它们之间的距离 并不比过去从一个村庄走到另一个村庄远。 at a distance of (2)The railway station is ________________ two miles from our school. 火车站离我们学校有两英里的路程。 keep her distance from John if she (3)She was warned to ____________ didn‘t want to get hurt. 有人警告她说,如果不想 受到伤害就离约翰远一点儿。
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4

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confirm vt.(to state or show that sth is definitely true by providing evidence) (尤指通过提供证据)证实,证明; 确定,确认;批准 confirm sb in belief/opinion/theory 使某人对信念/观点/理论明确 confirm sth/that? 证实?? confirm whether? 确认是否?? It has been confirmed that? 已经确定……

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?四川卷?阅读B] Additional $10 may be paid to confirm the booking and will be returned on arrival. 将会另付十美元来确认预订,到达后将归还。 It's not been confirmedthat the agreement is to be signed. (2)______________ 有关签订协议的消息尚未得到证实。 (3)If confirmed ________ that all 228 people on board are dead, it would be the worst loss of life in Air France's history. 如果机上的228人全部遇难的话,这将是法航有史以来 最大的灾难。

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5

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impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记 (1)impress sth on/upon sb =impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事/物 be impressed by/with/at 对??印象深刻 (2)impression n. 印象;感想 make/give an impression on/upon? 给??一个印象 have/get the impression that? 有??的印象 (3)impressive adj. 令人印象深刻的

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读表达] Even so, she impressed the world with her courage and strong desire to succeed. 即使如此,她的勇气和对成功的强烈渴望让世人印象 深刻。 was deeply impressed (2)I __________________by what I saw and heard during this visit. 这次参观中的所见所闻使我感受很深。 that (3)I asked him for a job under the impression________ he was the head of the firm. 我以为他是公司老板而向他求职。
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What impressed me most was the enthusiasm that (4)________________ Chinese people showed to the sports event. 最让我印象深刻的是中国人民对于这次体育赛事表现 出的热情。

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 manage to do 设法做 try to do sth 尽力做某事 manage sb 设法对付某人 manage sth 经营/管理…… manage it 能做到
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【易混辨析】
manage to do “设法做成某事”,不定式所表示的动作 一定完成,相当于succeed in doing sth。 “努力做某事”,不定式所表示的动作不 一定完成。

try to do 考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2013?浙江卷?阅读D] She managed to finish the class without crying. 她撑着没有哭上完了那堂课。 (2)用manage或try的适当形式填空。 managed to send ①Although they were very poor,they ________ their sons to school. tried ②The man ________ to escape but failed.

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2

考 点 探 析

catch sight of 看见;瞥见 lose sight of 看不见…… lose one's sight 失明 keep sight of 使能看得到;保持看得到的距离 at (the) sight of 一看到……(就) in/within sight 可以看见;在视线内 out of sight 看不见;在视线外

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【活学活用】 (1)Standing at the top of the hill you can catch sight of the whole city. 站在山顶,你能够看见全城的景色。 (2)用sight相关短语的适当形式填空。 At the sight of ①________________ his mother, the boy stopped crying. ②She watched the train until it went __________. out of sight ③I ________ my former teacher just now, but very caught of a corner and I ________ him. soon he sight turned
lost sight of

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西 海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。
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句型公式 rather than 而不是

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考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 rather than“而不是”,连接两个并列成分,后接 名词、代词、形容词、副词、v.-ing形式或不定式。 与其相关的结构如下: A rather than B…(Rather than B, A…)是A而不是B would rather…than宁愿……也不…… prefer to do… rather than do…喜欢做……而不喜欢 做……

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【温馨提示】 连接两个成分作主语时,其谓语动词的数通常与前 面的主语保持一致。如: The teacher rather than the students is to blame. 应受责备的是老师而不是学生。
考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)I have decided to send him an e-mail rather than (to) telephone. 我决定给他发个电子邮件,而不是打电话。 would rather stay at home than go shopping on (2)I ____________ such a humid day. 在这样潮湿的天气里,我宁愿待在家里,也不愿去 购物。

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Rather than (3)____________waste your time doing it yourself, why don't you call in a builder? 你为什么宁愿浪费时间自己去干而不去请一个建筑 工人呢? preferred to telephone her rather than write to (4)He ____________ her. 他宁愿给她打电话,也不愿意给她写信。

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2

It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres. 那里空气湿润,因而树木长得特别高,一些高达90多 米。 句型公式 名词(代词)+非谓语形式/名词/介词短语…

考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 本句中some measuring over 90 metres是一个“pron.+ v.-ing”型的独立主格结构。 构成形式:名词(代词)+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/ 副词/不定式/名词/介词短语 句法功能:作状语,表示时间、条件、原因、伴随状况 等,还可以作定语。

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)There being no bus, we had to walk home. 由于没有公共汽车,我们只好走回家。(表原因) (2)Computers very small, we can use them widely. 电脑虽小,我们却能广泛地利用它们。(表让步) (3)The meeting over, our headmaster soon left the meeting room. 散会了,校长很快就离开了会议室。(表时间) (4)Two hundred people died in the accident, many of them children. 两百人死于事故,其中有许多儿童。(表并列)
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考 点 探 析

(5)A robber burst into the room, knife in hand. (hand前不 能加his) 劫匪手里拿着刀闯进房间。(表方式) (6)Weather permitting ________,they will go on an outing to the beach tomorrow. 如果天气允许的话,他们将在明天组 织一次海滨郊游。(表条件) fixed on (7)He was listening attentively in class, his eyes ________ the blackboard. 他上课专心听讲,眼睛紧盯着黑板。(表方式) to be planted next spring, (8)Many trees, flowers, and grass ________ our newly-built school will look even more beautiful. 要是明年春天种上许多的树、花和草,我们新建的学校 看上去将会更美。(表条件)
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跟 踪 训 练

语法填空 1.Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don't think have managed we could ____________ (manage) to finish the project without you. terrified 2.Fairly ____________ (terrify) of being washed away, James was struggling to grab the edge of the boat. 3.I first met John at my sister's wedding. He____________ was chatting (chat) with some of the honoured guests at the time. 4._______________ (impress) me most was that the factory has very strict rules. What impressed

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跟 踪 训 练

5.He cannot have caught sight of his teacher entering ____________(enter)the classroom, for he was still chatting with his desk mate. 6.There are so many tall trees in the forest,some of them measuring ____________(measure) 50 metres. 7.Most____________ impressively (impress), the PaperPhone uses no power when nobody is interacting with it. (it is) mixed (mix)with the right amount 8.Petrol, when ____________ of air, will burn when a flame or spark is applied to it. 9.The class remained very noisy although the bell had rung five minutes before. The teacher was about to lose when his temper ____________ they settled down.
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hadn’t bought(buy)the house last 10.I would rather you ____________ year. Now house prices are falling sharply.

跟 踪 训 练
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