1. small talk 闲谈 聊天 big talk 大话
make (do) small talk talk talk (吹)牛皮 大话
back talk 顶嘴 an empty talk 空谈 a heart-to-heart
talk 谈心 2. make + 宾语 + do 3. sound like + n. sound as if 好像
4. refer to(prep.) + n./pron./V-ing. 提到 谈及；参考 查阅；指示指代；涉及 5. take place 发生 6. at social occasions at a social event 在社交场合 on this/that occasion 在这种/那种场合 7. stand around 站成一圈 8. be serious about… 认真对待… take sth. seriously 严肃认真地对待某事 9. impress … on … 把…印在…上/里 impress …on/upon one’s mind 把…印在…脑子里 impress sb. with sth.= impress sth on sb 某物给某人留下印象 10.确保 make sure that… make sure of /about + n. 11.avoid doing 12.Would you love/ like to do…? 你愿意做…吗？表请求 13.make friends (with sb.) 交朋友 建立友谊
join hands with sb. 与… 联系/合作 shake hands with sb. 与…握手 14. 缺少… vt. lack sth vi. lack for … n. a lack of … 15.be nervous about sth. 对… 神经紧张/ 害怕/ 胆怯/ 焦虑不安 16. (1)needn’t do=don’t have to do 不必去做 You needn’t tell him the truth. He will not be interested. (2)needn’t have done 本不必做 You needn’t have brought it to me. I’ve already had it. (3)There was no need for sb. to do. 对某人来说没必要做某事 (4)It is no good/ no use doing It is no wonder that…难怪../ 怪不得 17.be easy to do 易于做… 18.have a conversation 交谈 说话 19.do a planning 做计划 做准备 20.a little “一点” 作定语 + 不可数名词 I know a little French. 作状语 修饰 adj. adv. V. 比较级 I slept a little. 用作 n. pron. 作宾语 主语等 I understood a little of your speech. a bit of”一点” 作定语 + 不可数名词 I know a bit of French. not a little “很 非常” I am not a little afraid of snake. 我非常害怕
蛇 not a bit “一点也不” 害怕蛇 quite a little 相当多 不少 little by little 逐渐地 in advance 预先 事先 21.Be prepared ！准备好！ prepare sth.= get/have sth. ready 准备某事 prepare for sth. = get ready for sth.= be prepared for 为某事做好准备 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 prepare sth. for sb.= prepare sb. sth. 为…做准备 prepare sb. to do sth. 为某人做某事做准备 make preparations for…为…做准备 in preparation for 作为…的准备 prepare for the worst 做最坏的打算 be ready for 为…做好准备 22. think of 想起 回想起 think through 仔细考虑 think back to 回忆起 回想起 think highly of 对…高度评价 think of … as… 把…看作… think aloud 自言自语 after a little 过了一会 think little of 不重视 in advance of 在…之前 优于… I am not a bit afraid of snake. 我一点也不
think well (ill) of 认为… 好(不好) think nothing of it 哪儿的话
23. tell about 谈论 告诉(某人)关于…的事 24. that way = in that way
20.damage vt. 指损伤人或物，或对健康、价值、效益造成损失，程 度较 destroy 轻 do damage to 对… 造成危害
destroy vt.指破损程度大，无法修复，也可指打破希望、计划等 ruin vt.指“毁坏”，常和 destroy 通用，也可做名词
22.a two-way process 一个双向的过程 23.make sb.+ n. 使某人成为 24.encourage v.鼓励→ adj. encouraging encouraged encourage sb. to do sth. encourage sb. 令人鼓舞的激励的 受鼓舞的
What he said encouraged me to work harder. My mother’s words encouraged me a lot.
sb. be encouraged by I was encouraged by my mother’s words. sth. be encouraging My mother’s words are encouraging.
encourage +sb. in sth. All the family encouraged the boy in efforts to become a doctor. discourage sb. from doing 阻止某人做某事
24.nod v.点头 → nodding → nodded nod at/ to sb. 对某人点头 nod off 睡着 nod sth. to sb. 向某人点头示意 点头之交 泛泛之交
25.be/ stay/get in contact with “与…保持/取得联系” make/lose contact with “与…取得/失去联系” come into contact with sb. 会见某人 keep/give in touch with sb. “与…保持/取得联系”
keep/ lose track of “保持/失去联系” 26.body language 身体语言 肢体语言 27.ask for more information ask sb. for sth 28.look away from sb (sth) 把目光从… 移开 29.other people’s sentences 其他人的话语 30. in addition “另外 除此之外” 副词短语 作状语 置句首 句中 句末 一般用逗号隔开 in addition to “另外 除此之外” 介词短语 “另外 除此之外” besides… apart from… aside from…
31. a certain colour/ Mr. Wang 一个王先生 32.find out sth. 33. I have a favor to ask . 34. as a consequence =as a result 35. It is no coincidence . 36. be due (to do) 37. impress sb. impress sb. with sth. 38.in addition in addition to sth. 39.didn’t need to do sth.
needn’t have done 40.put on weight 41. be depressed 42. discourage sb from doing sth. 43. date sb. 44. leave out sth 45. be aware of sth. 46. take the lead 47. show off sth. 48. imagine doing imagine that … imagine sb.(sth) to be imagine sb.(sth.) as … imagine one’s doing … 49. put one’s foot in one’s mouth 50. It is estimated that …. 51.establish a relationship
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