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高中英语必修4


Unit 4 Reading 2
Showing our feelings

Speak while enjoying the pictures–facial expressions.

fearful

happy

sad

sad, upset


angry

angry

confused

surprised

shy

surprise anger fear

joy

sorrow

disgust contempt 厌恶 轻视

Go on enjoying body languages.

handshake

baby kiss

hug kiss your hand to sb.

shake

nod

bow

Fast reading
Decide which of the sentences are true or false. 1. Body language is never as important as spoken language. often more 2. If you are angry at a person, you might turn your back to him or her.

3. You can threaten a person by refusing to speak. You do not threaten a person by refusing to speak. You threaten a person by physical action.

4. If you stand with your arms across your body, you are always protecting yourself from being physically attacked. You may be protecting yourself from a conversation you do not want, or you may be showing that you do not agree with someone.

5. If you sit looking away from a person, or with your back turned, you are saying you are not interested in that person. 6. You should not greet your new
boss by giving her or him a hug.

7. Body language is the same all over

the world.
Body language is sometimes the same, but it is sometimes quite different. 8. Most people can understand each other if they try.

similar body language
1.frowning or turning one’s back to someone 2. closing one’s hand and shaking it at someone 3. nodding the head up and down

to show anger

to threaten that person

to show agreement

4. shaking the head

to show disagreement or refusal

similar body language

5. looking away from a person or yawning

to show no interest to the person

6. standing, holding your arms across your chest

to protect yourself from an unwanted conversation

7. sitting, looking at and turning towards the person you are talking to

to show you are interested

similar body language
8. rolling your eyes and turn your head away

to show you do not believe what you hear or you do not like it

different body language
1.children’s looking directly at an adult in Asia and South America
not good behavior

2.children’s not looking directly at the teacher in North America
to get punishment from their teachers because they think the children are not telling the truth

not acceptable

1. a smile

2. standing too close to your boss or teacher

Misunderstanding
3.a hug to your boss or teacher

probably not a good idea to show respect

Universal gestures
A smile usually If someone “loses face” they may smile to hide it.

intends to put people at ease.

smile
A smile can hide other feelings, such as anger, fear or worry.
A smile does not always mean that one is happy.

Read the passage carefully again and

discuss the importance of body language
in a small group. Refer to your answers

above and use the correct statements to
help you. Make notes during your

discussion. These questions may help you.

1. How can you know others’ feelings,
even if they do not speak to us?

2. Why should we be careful of our body
language?

3. Why is it important to watch as well
as listen to others? 4. What are some jobs in which using body language is extremely important?

Giving Performance
Please act out according to the following situations (choose either one):

Situation 1:
You are meeting a British friend in the airport, and you are going to hug him. Imagine what will happen. Situation 2: You are visiting in another country, and you want to cut hair, but you have difficulty in communicating. How can you communicate with the barber with body language?

Words and expressions It is possible to “read” others

around us ,even if they do not
intend for us to catch their

unspoken communication.
即使我们周围的人们不打算让我们理解 他们非语言的交流,但我们也可能”理解” 他们.

▲ even if even though 是连词词组, 用来引导 让步状语从句, 意为 “尽管; 即使”。 注意:若主句与从句皆表示将来情况, even if 从句可用一般现在时代替将来 时。

① We have decided to visit the
Museum even if/even though it

rains tomorrow.
我们决定明天参观博物馆, 即使天下雨。

② Even if I leave now, it’ll be too late.
即使我现在离开, 我也会迟到的。

③ She understood what I was I was talking about, even though it was the first time we had spoken together. 即使那是我们第一次谈话,她还是明 白了我在谈什么。 辨析 :even if 与even though even if 从句所说的不肯定, 而even though 从句所说的则是事实。

④ He will not let out the secret even if he knows it. 即使他知道这个秘密,他也不肯说出 来。(他对秘密知道与否不一定) ⑤ He will not let out the secret even though he knows. 他虽然知道这个秘密,却不肯说出来。 (他知道这个秘密)

In most places around the world , frowning and turning one’s back to someone shows anger .
turn 作系动词,表示“变色;变质”等,后面 接形容词作表语,如接名词,则不用冠词。例 如: Leaves turn yellow in autumn.秋天,树叶变黄。 When he saw the letter , his face turned red . 看到这封信时,他的脸红了。 The milk has turned sour.牛奶酸了。 After graduation , he turned doctor . 毕业后,他当了医生.

辨析: turn ,change, become, go 的用法区别 (1)turn 表示”逐渐改变”;change 有”完全改 变或改变其本来性质”的意思. (2)become 表示成为,是普通用语,一般不表 示”未来的事”,多表示”过去完成的事”. (3)go 表示某物变质,胜利残缺等.如 go bad , go blind , go mad 等

相关短语: turn around turn away turn in turn off turn to at every turn take turns turn over

转身,反复思考 走开,拒绝 上缴,告发 关掉 求助,致力于 事事,处处,常常 依次,轮流 打翻,移交,交给,翻身

turn out turn down turn into turn on turn up in turn turn back

生产,制造 调低,关小,拒绝 进入,变成 打开,对……发怒 出现 依次,轮流 折回,挡住,使折回

There are many ways around the world to show agreement , but nodding the head up and down is used for agreement almost worldwide .

在世界各地,有许多表示同意的方式, 但是几乎世界范围内上下点头表示 同意.

agreement n. [U] 同意;意见一致 having the same answer or idea We're all in agreement.
我们看法一致。

I'm quite in agreement with what he said.
我十分同意他所说的话。

n. [C] 协定;协议 written promise between people, countries, etc. in the agreement 在协议书中 arrive at an agreement 达成协议 come to an agreement 达成协议 carry out an agreement 履行协议 make an agreement 商定 sign the agreement 签署协议 an agreement between A and B 双方协议

If I roll my eyes and turn my head away , I most likely do not believe what I am hearing or do not like it .
如果我转动眼球并把头扭向一边,很可能我 不相信我所听到的花,或是不喜欢它。

1. believe 作及物动词的用法; (1) believe 表示“相信”,相当于think …. true , 可接表示 人或事物的名词或代词,也可接what或that从句。 例如: I believe you .= I believe what you have said . 我相信你所说的话. You cheated me last time and I won’t believe you this time / next time. 你上次骗了我,这一次/下一次我不会相信你了. (2) believe 表示”认为”,后面一般接that 从句或复合宾语. 例如: People used to believe that the earth was the centre of the universe. 从前人们认为地球是宇宙的中心. I believe we should buy the smaller one . 我觉得我们因该买比较小的那个.

拓展: believe in 的用法: (1)believe in 表示”信仰;信赖”.例如: Jack believed in life after death.杰克相信死后有来世. Do you believe in ghosts ?你相信有鬼么? (2) believe in 也可以表示”相信;信任”,相当于trust.例如: I believe in your innocence.我相信你是无辜的. 注意:believe sb 意为”相信某人所说的话”;believe in sb 意为 ”信任某人”,指相信人的品格,作风,为人等方面的情况. (3) believe in 后接动名词,表示”主张,赞成”,相当于support. 例如: He doesn't believe in sending his children away to a boardingschool.他不赞成把孩子们送到寄宿学校去。 (4) believe in 还可表示“相信......有价值;认为......有好处”。 例如: Helen believes in jogging is good for her health. 海伦相信慢跑对她的健康有益。

Being respectful to people is subjective , based on each culture , but in general it is probably not a good idea to give a hug to a boss or teacher. 对人的尊敬是主观的,是以每一种文 化为基础的,但总的说来,拥抱一位 老板或老师很可能是不妥当的想法。

respectful为形容词,意为“恭敬的;敬重的”。例如: He is respectful of his parents‘ opinions. 他很尊重他的父母的意见。 拓展: (1)respect为不可数名词,意为“尊敬”。常用短语: show / have respect for sb.例如: I have great respect for journalists , but I don‘t know why. 我对记者非常尊敬,但不知道是什么原因。 She has no respect for the manager. 她一点也不尊敬经理。 (2)respect vt . 尊敬,敬重。例如: All children should respect their parents. 所有孩子都应该尊敬父母。 You should respect the opinions of your friends . 你应该尊重朋友们的意见。

We can often be wrong about each other , so it is an amazing thing that we understand each other as well as we do ! 我们常常令彼此误解,因此如果我们尽可能 地做到彼此了解,那就太好了! amazing 的意思与surprising , astonishing 接近, 常用作定语。 例如: The new car is running at an amazing speed . 那辆新的小汽车正以惊人的速度行使。

拓展: (1)amaze 用作及物动词,意为“使惊讶”。 例如: It amazed me to hear that your were leaving. 听说你要走我很惊讶。 Visitors were amazed at the achievements in the car manufacture of the city during the past decade. 参观者对这座城市过去十年中在汽 车制造工业方面的成就感到惊奇。 (2)有类似用法的动词还有: excite,satisfy,move ,interest,shock,disappoint,puzzle,surprise, worry ,please ,bore,annoy,astonish等。 例如: The news astonished everybody.这个消息使每个人都感到惊讶。 He was astonished at what he had found. 他发现的情况使他十分惊 讶。 We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the championship.听说他们的球队赢得了冠军,我们很惊讶。

Looking away from people or yawning will , in most cases , make me appear to be uninterested.
如果你把眼光从某人身上移开, 或者打了 个哈欠, 这个人就可能会认为你对他不 感兴趣。

▲ look away from (1) not look at… 不看,不注视 ① Don’t look away from me when I’m speaking to you. 当我和你说话时看着我,不要看别处。 [开放思想] look at 看;视为 look back 回头看;回顾

look down on/upon 轻视, 瞧不起 look for 寻找 look forward to 盼望 look into 调查 look out 小心 look on 旁观 look over 仔细检查 look through 浏览 look up 仰视; 在词典, 参考中查找

② Just look at what you’ve done!

瞧你干了些什么!
③ The old like looking back on the

past.
老年人喜欢回顾过去。

④ I wish you wouldn’t look down
upon/on this kind of work. 我希望你不要看不起这类工作。

⑤ We are looking forward to seeing you
again.

我们盼望再见到你。 ⑥ The police are looking into the accident. 警察正在调查这件事。 ⑦ In that case we will not look on with folded arms. 在那种情况下, 我们不会袖手旁观。

▲ yawn (1) v. open the mouth wide and breathe in deeply 打呵欠 ① She yawned during the lecture because it was boring. 她听课时打哈欠, 因为这堂课很乏味。 (2) n. the action of yawning 哈欠 ② He gave a yawn and then fell asleep. 他打了一个哈欠之后就睡着了。

We can often be wrong about each other, so it is an amazing thing that we understand each other as well as we do

amazing 的意思与surprising, astonishing 接近,常用作定语. 例如: The new car is running at an amazing speed . 那辆新的小汽车正以惊人的速度行驶.

拓展: (1)amaze 用作及物动词,意为”使惊讶”. 例如: It amazed me to hear that your were leaving. 听说你要走我很惊讶. Visitors were amazed at the achievements in the car manufacture of the city during the past decade. 参观者对这座城市过去十年中汽车制造 工业方面的成就感到惊奇

(2) 有类似用法的动词还有: excite ,satisfy , move , interest, shock , disappoint , puzzle , surprise , worry , please , bore , annoy , astonish 等. 例如 : The news astonished everybody. 这个消息使每个人都感到惊讶. He was astonished at what he had found. 他发现的情况使他十分惊讶. We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the championship. 听说他们的球队赢得了冠军,我们很惊讶.

as well as: (1) 与…一样 (好)

John plays basketball , if not better than, as ________ well as Mike. (2) as well ( as ) = too 也, 还? He gave me money and advice as well.


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