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大学英语课件第2单元


综合教程 1

Unit 2 Food

Unit 2

Food

Unit 2

Food

Part A
Lead in
Text Exercise

Part B
Lead in Text


Exercise

Part C
Phonetics Grammar Writing Functions and Notions

Workshop

Part A

Lead in

Task 1

Task 2

Task 3

Part A

Lead in

Task 1 Study the pictures and discuss the questions below in small groups. Use the words given below if necessary.

1.
2. 3.

Who are the people in each picture? What’s their relationship?
Cues: canteen, cafeteria

Where are they? What are they doing?
Cues: hotdog, French fries, Coca-Cola

Do you think they enjoy what they are doing now?
Cues: salad, steak

Part A

Lead in

Task 1 Study the pictures and discuss the questions below in small groups. Use the words given below if necessary.

1.

Who are the people in each picture? What’s their relationship?
They look like college students eating in a canteen.

2.

Where are they? What are they doing?
a. Yes, I do. My favorite is hotdog. It is healthy. b. No, I don’t. Most of them are junk food.

3.

Do you think they enjoy what they are doing now?
For western food, I like salad, steak, pizza, etc.

Part A

Lead in

Task 2 Listen to the following short dialogues and fill in the blanks.
Dialogue 1 A: Hey, Steven. How is your first week here? B: Not bad, but I don’t quite like the food in the canteen. A: Why? I think it’s ________ and you can pick whatever you like, _________, tasty pizza hamburgers, chips and so on. junk food B: But don’t you think most of them are _______________ ? cheap A: Well, they are really __________. B: But they are also high-calorie (高热量的) and low-nutrition (低营养的) food,

aren’t they? It’s bad for our health.
cut back on A: Mmm ... maybe you’re right. I’ll try to _______________ those foods. B: Right. Health is more important than taste.

Part A

Lead in

Task 2 Listen to the following short dialogues and fill in the blanks.
Dialogue 2 A: Linda, it’s dinner time. Let’s go get some food in the canteen. not for me B: Uh-huh, ____________. A: What’s wrong with you? You didn’t have anything at lunch, did you? going on a diet B: No, I didn’t. Actually, uh ... I’m ________________.

A: Are you? Why? 5 pounds B: I’ve gained ___________ in the first month here. You know, that’s
horrible. damage A: Hah ... but you can’t just starve yourself like this. It’ll __________ your health. lose weight B: I don’t care. All I want is to _______________.

Part A

Lead in

Task 3 Discuss the following questions.

1.

Will you worry about gaining weight in the first college year?
Cues: food delicious, can’t help, exercise

2.

What do you think of going on a diet to lose weight?
Cues: overweight, health

Part A

Lead in

Task 3 Discuss the following questions.

1.

Will you worry about gaining weight in the first college year?
a. Yes. The food is so delicious. I just can’t help eating, and often eating more than I need.

b. Not at all. I do a lot of exercises.

2.

What do you think of going on a diet to lose weight?
a. I’m already a little overweight for my age. So I’m going to do whatever to get it right. b. Oh, I’ve never thought about doing that. It’s not good for your health/It will cost you your health.

Part A

Text

College Students & Diet Most college students are out on their own for the first time when they go to college. However, while enjoying their free college life, they often end up suffering from poor eating habits that lead them to put on weight and even damage their health.

Part A

Text

A common error is underestimating serving sizes, meaning they often eat more than they think they are eating. They eat too much junk food and they have too many alcoholic drinks which are filled with empty calories and help contribute to a worsening diet. They also eat sporadically, eating a huge breakfast (or no breakfast at all) before classes, and then cramming in as much food as they can during their lunch break. As a result, some students will put on 15 or more pounds during their first year of college, which is called the Freshman 15.

Part A

Text

Many of these students will then go on a diet to lose weight. But the problem is, usually we can’t maintain that low level of calorie intake, and as soon as we stop eating at that low level, it comes right back. Thus they fall into a cycle

of losing weight, going back to their original diet, and quickly
putting back on all the weight. This up-and-down weight loss is unhealthy for the body and the heart.

Part A

Text

There are many reasons that college students have these eating habits. One of them is a lack of money. College is expensive, and even though financial aid can help cover these expenses, students often don’t have a lot of money left to live. Healthy eating can be expensive. Many energy-dense foods are not only the least expensive, but also the last to rise in price. A lack of time also makes it difficult for college students to eat healthy food. …

Part A

Text



Full-time students usually have 12 to 16 hours of class per week. These classes are often spread throughout the day sporadically, leaving little time for them to cook. Then there are the college cafeterias. Many of these are of the “buffet” variety, where students can pick whatever they like and eat as much as they want, leading to overeating.

Part A

Text

It can be really hard for college students to avoid these habits. They are simply the easiest ways for them to eat, and breaking the cycle of poor diet can be expensive and timeconsuming. However, it’s important to have a balanced diet. Instead of grabbing that extra slice of pizza at the cafeteria, grab an apple and an orange with fewer calories, but more nutrition and energy. Instead of drinking soda, drink water which is free. Don’t buy high-calorie ramen noodles, buy whole-wheat spaghetti and low-fat sauce. Try to cut back on drinking as well. (453 words)

Part A

Text

Translation

大学生与饮食
上大学,对多数大学生来说,是第一次离家独立生 活。他们享受着自由的大学生活,但最后往往会养成不 良的饮食习惯,导致体重增加,甚至营养不良。

Part A

Text

Translation

常见的错误就是低估食物的份量,也就是说他们吃进去
的比自己认为的要多。他们吃太多垃圾食品,喝太多含酒精 饮料而摄入无营养价值的热量,从而导致饮食恶化。他们饮 食很不规律,上课前吃超大一份早餐(或者什么都不吃), 午餐又放开胃口大吃特吃。结果,有些学生在第一年体重会

增加15磅甚至更多,这被称为“新生15磅”。

Part A

Text

Translation

接着,这些学生多会通过节食来减肥。但问题是,通常
我们不可能长期维持低热量的摄取,所以一旦停止节食,体 重马上反弹回来。于是他们陷入了一个节食减肥、正常饮食、 迅速反弹这样一个循环。体重如此反复增减,对身心都不健 康。

Part A

Text

Translation

大学生养成这样的饮食习惯是有很多原因的。其中之一
就是他们缺钱。上大学的费用很高,即使助学金能解决这部 分开销,但留给学生的生活费就不多了。健康饮食往往花费 很多。许多热量高的食物不仅价格最便宜,而且是最不容易 涨价的。时间紧张也是大学生很难健康饮食的原因。

……

Part A

Text

Translation

……
全日制学生每周基本有12到16小时的课程。一天的课往往安 排得很不集中,这样学生就没时间自己做饭了,所以他们就 去学校食堂吃。这些食堂大部分是自助式的,学生可以尽情 地挑自己喜欢的东西吃,结果导致饮食过量。

Part A

Text

Translation

对大学生来说,要避免这些坏习惯很难。这样吃其实是
最简单省事的,要改掉这种不良饮食习惯既耗财又耗时。但 合理饮食很重要。在自助食堂就餐后不要再抓一块比萨塞到 嘴里,而应拿个热量低点、营养和能量高点的苹果和桔子吃。 不要喝汽水,而应喝直饮水。不要买高热量的拉面,而应买

全麦意大利面条和低脂调味酱。另外,尽量少喝酒。

Part A

Text

Language Points

on one’s own
without anyone’s help; alone, without anyone else e.g. We cannot solve this problem on our own. 我们无法解决这一问题。

I may get lost on my own.
我单独一个人可能会迷路。

Part A

Text

Language Points

end up to come to be in a particular situation or state, especially when you didn’t plan it

e.g. At first they hated each other, but they ended up getting married.
他们起初相互仇恨,到后来却成了夫妻。

Wasteful people usually end up in debt.
挥霍浪费者最后往往负债。

Part A

Text

Language Points

underestimate v. to think or guess that the amount, cost or size of something is smaller than it really is

e.g. We underestimated the time it would take to get there.
我们低估了抵达那里所需的时间。

People often underestimate the importance of training.
人们常常低估培训的重要性。

Part A

Text

Language Points

serving n. an amount of food for one person

e.g. This recipe will be enough for four servings. 本食谱为四人量。 Serving size As determined by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in USA, serving size is the portion of food used as a reference on the Nutrition Facts on food package labels to indicate the amount customarily consumed or the recommended amount to be eaten, e.g. serving size 1 cup (228g).

Part A

Text

Language Points

A common error is underestimating serving sizes…
Note: It is possible for young people to underestimate the serving
sizes because of their good appetite. But according to a New York Times article, “One Bowl=2 Servings. F.D.A. May Fix That.” by William Neuman (http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/06/business/06portion.html?_r =1), food producers would never like to scare off their consumers with the real calorie counts, so they often put smaller serving sizes on the food packages, which may contribute to the underestimating.

Part A

Text

Language Points

junk food food that is quick and easy to prepare and eat, but that is thought to be bad for your health when regularly eaten
Note: This is an informal term coined by Michael Jacobson, director of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, in 1972. Junk food includes foods such as soft drinks, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, cake, French fries, chocolate and other confectionery, pizza, cookies, fried chicken, onion rings and donuts.

Part A

Text

Language Points

alcoholic drinks drinks such as beer or wine that contain a substance that can make you drunk

e.g. The airlines have turned to alcoholic drinks to keep its planes full of passengers.
航空公司向乘客提供含酒精的饮料以使航班满座。

Alcoholic drinks is not allowed into certain countries.
有些国家禁止带入含酒精的饮料

Part A

Text

Language Points

empty calories foods that are very high in energy but low in nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, fiber and essential fatty acids

Part A

Text

Language Points

contribute to to increase, improve or add to something; to be one of the causes of something e.g. This book contributes little to our understanding of the subject.

此书对我们了解这门学科无所助益。
Air pollution contributes to respiratory diseases.

空气污染会引起呼吸道疾病。

Part A

Text

Language Points

cram v. to eat food quickly and make food or drink go down your throat and towards your stomach; to push or force somebody or something into a small space

e.g. I managed to cram down a few mouthfuls of food.

我好歹狼吞虎咽地吃了几口东西。
Jack crammed his clothes into the bag. 杰克把他的衣服塞进袋子里。

Part A

Text

Language Points

put on to become fatter and heavier, especially by the amount mentioned e.g. Rosie’s put on five kilos since she quit smoking. 罗琦戒烟以来体重已增加了5公斤。 He has put on weight during the last two months. 他上两个月里体重增加了。

Part A

Text

Language Points

Freshman 15
Note: The term is the average amount of weight gained during a student’s stay at a college or university. Undergraduate students typically gain up to fifteen pounds during the first year. The expression is commonly used in the United States and Canada. The purported causes of this weight gain are increased alcohol intake and the consumption of fat and carbohydrate-rich cafeteria style food and fast food in university dormitories. Many dining halls in United States universities are all-you-can eat style and offer copious dessert choices. In addition, lack of sleep may lead to overeating and weight gain. Other causes include malnutrition, stress, and decreased levels of exercise.

Part A

Text

Language Points

go on a diet to cut on the food one eats in order to lose weight e.g. Mary went on a diet last week as suggested by her doctor. 玛丽上周遵医嘱开始节食。 No sugar for me, please. I am going on a diet. 请别给我加糖, 我现在正按照规定节食。

Part A

Text

Language Points

maintain v. to make something continue at the same level, standard, etc.; to strongly express your belief that something is true

e.g. The two countries have always maintained close relations.

这两个国家一直保持着密切的关系。
Some experts maintain that these reforms will lead to a decline in educational standards.

一些专家坚称这些改革会导致教育水平下降。

Part A

Text

Language Points

intake n. the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into your body

e.g. Lower your intake of fat and alcohol to improve your health.
为了增进健康,减少脂肪和酒精的摄入量。

Control of our food intake is the basis behind successful weight loss.
控制食物摄入量是成功减肥的基础。

Part A

Text

Language Points

fall into to gradually get into a particular condition, especially to get into a bad condition e.g. He soon fell into the habit of having a drink on the way home from work.

他很快沾染上了在下班回家路上去喝酒的习惯。
Being alone in the city, Shelley fell into despair.

孤身在城市里,雪莉陷于绝望。

Part A

Text

Language Points

cycle n. a number of events happening in a regularly repeated order

e.g. A year constitutes a cycle of the seasons.
一年由四季的周期循环组成。 A cycle of the sun takes a year.

太阳循环周期需要一年。
Note: vicious cycle/circle: one trouble leads to another that worsens the first, its antonym is virtuous cycle/circle.

Part A

Text

Language Points

financial aid money that is given or lent to students at a university or college who cannot pay the full cost of their education e.g. They offer financial aid unconditionally.

他们无条件提供财务援助。
Financial aid is available to international students.

外国留学生可获得校方资助。

Part A

Text

Language Points

energy-dense foods
Here they refer to processed foods with sugar and fat

added to improve the taste. They have more calories
for the volume of food and generally fewer nutrients.

Part A

Text

Language Points

grab v. to take or hold somebody or something suddenly; to have or take something quickly, especially because you are in a hurry

e.g. Jim grabbed a cake from the plate. 吉姆从盘子里抓了一块蛋糕。 Let’s grab a sandwich before we go. 咱们赶快吃个三明治就走吧。 I manage to grab a couple of hours’ sleep on the plane. 我在飞机上抓紧时间睡了两三个钟头。

Part A

Text

Language Points

ramen noodles
Note: It is a Japanese noodle dish. It consists of

Chinese style wheat noodles served in a meat- or fishbased broth, often flavored with soy sauce or miso, and uses toppings such as sliced pork, dried seaweed,

kamaboko, green onions, and occasionally corn. Almost
every locality in Japan has its own variation of ramen.

Part A

Text

Language Points

cut back on to reduce the size, amount or number of something e.g. Many companies are cutting back on staff at the moment. 目前许多公司在裁员。 We have got to cut back on our expenses. 我们不得不销减我们的花销了。

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Task 5 Task 2 Task 6 Task 3 Task 7 Task 4

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

1.

According to the first paragraph, what causes weight gain or malnutrition?
Poor dietary habits.

2.

What contributes to the Freshman 15?
Too much junk food, too many alcoholic drinks, and irregular daily diet.

3.

What is the problem with fat diet?
Once we stop taking in the low level of calorie in the diet, our weight will soon increase.

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

4.

According to paragraph 4, what are the reasons for college students’ poor eating habits?
Lack of money to cover the expensive healthy diet, and lack of time to cook by themselves, which lead to rampant overeating in the college cafeterias.

5.

Why is it hard for college students to develop healthy eating habits?
Because it takes much money and time.

Part A

Exercises

Task 2 Identify the key words or main ideas of the following paragraphs
errors common _________ in diet fat diets problems of _____________ to lose weight

Paragraph 2:

Paragraph 3:

reasons __________ Paragraph 4: eating habits

for

college

students’

Paragraph 5:

________ to avoid poor eating habits ways

Part A

Exercises

Task 3 Fill in the puzzle spaces with the words from Text A according to the explanations given below.
Across 3. an amount of food for one person 5. to increase, improve or add to something; to be one of the causes of something 6. to eat food quickly and make food or drink go down your throat and towards your stomach 8. a source of materials to nourish the body 9. happening only occasionally or at intervals that are not regular 10. existing at the beginning of a particular period, process or activity Down 1. to take or hold somebody or something suddenly 2. to think or guess that the amount, cost or size of something is smaller than it really is grab 2. underestimate 4. the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into serving 4. intake your body contribute 6. cram 7. to make something continue at the same level, maintain 8. nutrition standard, etc. sporadically 10. original

1. 3. 5. 7. 9.

Part A

Exercises

Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary.
intake 1. High salt _________ may lead to heart attack. underestimate 2. Never _______________ your opponent and think you will beat him

easily.
contribute 3. Our teacher encourages us to ______________ to the discussion. cram 4. The bus is full and we can’t ________ any more passengers in. original 5. I like their __________ plan better than this one.

Part A

Exercises

Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary.

6. He only works _______________. sporadically 7. We need enough food to ___________ our strength. maintain 8. This food provides all the ____________ your baby needs. nutrition
grab 9. Let’s ________ a hamburger and watch TV. servings 10. They eat five ____________ of vegetables and fruit every day.

Part A

Exercises

Task 5 Complete the sentences using derivatives (派生词) of the words in the box. Change the word forms if necessary.

worse 1. The interview was much ____________ than he had expected. Originally 2. ____________, we had intended to go to Shanghai, but then we

decided to go to Shenzhen.
Health 3. _________ is more important to me than money.
weighed 4. Have you __________ yourself lately? financed 5. The repairs to the school will be ___________ by the education

department.

Part A

Exercises

Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

1.

While we are doing the exam, we should be careful.
While doing the exam, we should be careful. While you are watching TV, you’d better close the door. While watching TV, you’d better close the door.

2.

3.

While his mother is cooking, she often wears a white hat. While cooking, his mother often wears a white hat.

Part A

Exercises

Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

1. The school has 300 teachers. We visited the school last year.
The school which we visited last year has 300 teachers. 2. The knife is very sharp. We often use it to cut bread. The knife which we often use to cut bread is very sharp. 3. I really enjoy studying in this school. It has a very beautiful campus. I really enjoy studying in this school which has a very beautiful campus.

Part A

Exercises

Task 7 Translate the following sentences into English, paying attention to the highlighted parts.
1. 起初他们拒绝承认错误,最后还 是向老师道歉了。(end up) 2. 过完暑假后,小明的体重增加了5 公斤。(put on) 3. 那孩子遇上麻烦时,通常向老师 寻求帮助。(turn to) 1. At first, they refused to admit their mistake, but they ended up saying sorry to their teacher. 2. Xiao Ming put on five kilograms in weight over the summer vacation. 3. That child usually turns to his teacher for help when he meets troubles. 4. If we are not able to increase sales, we’ll have to cut back on production. 5. It took him only one week to fall into bad habits of smoking and drinking.

4. 如果不能增加销量,就必须降低 产量。(cut back on)
5. 短短一个星期他就养成了抽烟喝 酒的坏习惯。(fall into)

Part B

Lead in

Task 1

Task 2

Part B

Lead in

Task 1 Listen to the recording, and complete the following passage. One of the most missed things is (1)___________ meals, but home-cooked

cafeteria food is inevitable. A lot of freshmen won’t have the chance to
dorms live in apartment-style (2)_______ yet, and shouldn’t count on being able

to cook their own food. Most schools have realized the food they

(3)______ is one of the biggest complaints around campus. In response, serve
many have been trying to (4)_______ the quality and variety of what they better serve. However, it can be easy to get off schedule of what one may normally eat at home, but (5)___________ a well-balanced diet will help sticking to (6)_________ the “Freshman 15.” prevent …

Part B

Lead in

Task 1 Listen to the recording, and complete the following passage.


Oops...too late for that? Well, that’s okay because almost all schools
gym have free access to the (7)_______. It’s always important to

(8)_____________ and get daily exercise anyway. Unfortunately, the stay in shape
manages Freshman 15 (9)_____________ to find a number of students. So to

solve this problem, doing some fitness exercises may be needed.
proven Finding a gym buddy has been (10)________ useful, especially in

helping to keep that person on track.

Part B

Lead in

Task 2 Discuss the following questions with your partner about eating in the college canteen.

1.

How do you like the food in your college canteen?
Cues: once/twice, don’t like…, prefer to stay…

2.

What is it like when you eat in the canteen?
Cues: a member of…, be good at…

Part B

Lead in

Task 2 Discuss the following questions with your partner about eating in the college canteen. 1. How do you like the food in your college canteen?
a. It tastes good. But the price is a little too high. b. I prefer light foods. But most dishes are so salty and oily.

2.

What is it like when you eat in the canteen?
a. I pick up my food, pay at the counter and then eat together with my friends. I don’t care much about the food. But I do enjoy talking with my friends. b. I was taught not to talk while eating, so I always try to enjoy my food alone. But, you know, it’s really impossible to get a quiet corner here in the canteen.

Part B

Text

The College Canteen

A canteen is not just the place where you go to eat. Especially in colleges this place is an open area for debating, passing love-letters, cracking gossips, kidding and having fun.

Part B

Text

It is the force of double “f” that drives you to come to a canteen as often as you can. Food and friends—both start

with “f”—and canteen is the union zone for the two. College
canteens build up an atmosphere of rendezvous where you would love to spend all day with pals.

Part B

Text

After the class gets over, you rush to the canteen, not to

have a healthy meal. Rather you would love to take a bite of
some snacks. You eat here firstly because it’s where you can have loads of chips, countless cups of tea and coffee that your mamma will scold of.

Part B

Text

Moreover, the whole canteen session is fun because it’s much related with sharing and caring. In most cases, it has been seen that a collective fund is raised for tea and snacks where each one has a weekly or monthly contribution.

Therefore, canteen is something that brings you close. You
can get rid of your worries and unhappiness when you are around the college canteen, because it’s a land of charm and

joy. And it is always in motion. The most uninteresting may
sound the brightest in the canteen.

Part B

Text

No wonder the college canteen around the globe has given birth to music bands. The compositions and the lyrics all come from banging the canteen tables and creating instant jingles, sometimes to tease a newcomer, sometimes proposing a girl and sometimes after being refused for a proposal and many more like that. People who just crowd for fun also have something to learn here. When thoughts are raised, you, too, are made to think about them. In short, the college canteen is more than a simple hangout which adds different flavors to your life. It can make and shape your life. (328 words)

Part B

Text

Translation

大学食堂
食堂不仅仅是就餐的地方。尤其在大学,食堂是一
个开放之地,大家可以在那里讨论事情、传递情书、闲

聊见闻、嬉笑玩耍。

Part B

Text

Translation

大家经常前往食堂的动力就是“双f”,即food(食物) 和friends(朋友),这两个词都以“f”开头,而食堂就是 这“双f”的聚集之地。大学食堂会制造一种聚会的气氛, 让大家愿意和朋友们在那儿呆上一整天。

Part B

Text

Translation

下课后你冲进食堂,不为一顿健康的饭菜,而是来 尝尝小吃。在食堂吃饭,首先是因为在这里没有老妈的 训斥,你可以敞开了吃炸薯条,一杯接一杯地喝茶和咖 啡。

Part B

Text

Translation

另外,整个食堂用餐时间都会非常有趣,因为它充满

分享与关怀之情。多数情况下,大家会凑份子建立一个集
体基金,用来买茶水和小吃,每人按周或按月交费。因此, 食堂能拉近大家的距离。当你身处食堂时,烦恼和不快都 会消失,因为食堂是魅力和欢愉之地,且总是充满动感。 哪怕是最无聊的事情,在食堂讲出来也可能成为最有趣的

了。

Part B

Text

Translation

难怪世界各地的大学食堂能催生乐队呢。那些乐曲、 歌词的灵感就源于敲击餐桌的叮当声,有时是拿新来的 人逗乐,有时是因为向女孩表白,有时则是表白被拒,

不一而足。那些只想打发时间而涌向食堂的人也可以从
食堂聚会里学到东西。在那里,思想得到表达,而你也 会受到启发。总之,食堂远非一个简单场所,它不仅可 以给你的生活增添色彩,它还可以塑造你的人生。

Part B

Text

Language Points

cracking gossips telling gossips

Part B

Text

Language Points

kid v. to deceive (someone) in a playful or teasing way

e.g. He was trying to kid us about it. 他想拿那件事开我们玩笑。 Don’t take any notice of him; he is kidding around. 别理他, 他不过是在胡闹。

Part B

Text

Language Points

rendezvous n. a place, typically a bar or restaurant, that is used as a popular meeting place

e.g. This cafe is a rendezvous for writers and artists. 这家小餐馆是作家和艺术家经常聚会的地方。 We should have a rendezvous for the meeting. 我们应该有一个指定的会议集合地。

Part B

Text

Language Points

pal n. a friend

e.g. He thought to play a trick over his old pal. 他想跟他的老朋友开个玩笑。

This is my new pen pal.
这是我的新笔友。

Part B

Text

Language Points

session n. a period of time devoted to a specific activity

e.g. The morning session in this school ends at 11:55 a.m. 这所学校上午的课在11:55结束。

Be seated! This court is now in session.
请坐下!本庭现在开庭。

Part B

Text

Language Points

collective fund money owned by a group of people e.g. She contributed to the collective fund with an open heart.

她向集体基金会捐款,慷慨解囊。
The factory have kept a collective fund in case of accidents. 工厂已筹备了一笔集体基金以防不测。

Part B

Text

Language Points

get rid of
to remove or dispose of sth. e.g. We have to get rid of these bad habits.

我们得戒掉这些坏习惯。
Only in this way can you get rid of your sleeplessness.

你只有这样才能摆脱失眠。

Part B

Text

Language Points

charm
n. the power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness

e.g. He was captivated by her youthful charm.
他被她的青春魅力迷住了。

Mike is a man of charm and cultivation.
迈克是一个既有魅力又有教养的男子。

Part B

Text

Language Points

motion n. the act or process of changing position or place

e.g. Police controlled the motion of the crowd. 警察控制着人群运动。 The train was in motion. 火车开动了。

Part B

Text

Language Points

give birth to to produce e.g. She gave birth to a fine healthy baby. 她生了一个健康可爱的婴儿。 The scientist’s experiments gave birth to a new drug. 那位科学家的实验产生了一种新药。

Part B

Text

Language Points

lyric
n. the text of a popular song

e.g. I didn't remember the lyric, but the song sounded quiet and peaceful. 我不记得歌词,但是那歌听起来给人很平静安宁的感觉。 He is good at remembering lyric. 他很善于记歌词。

Part B

Text

Language Points

bang v. to strike heavily and often repeatedly; bump

e.g. Someone was banging on the door. 有人在捶门。 He banged his fist on the table to emphasize his argument. 他用拳头敲着桌子为自己的辩驳助威。

Part B

Text

Language Points

jingle n. the sound produced by or as if by bits of metal striking together

e.g. The key fell on the ground with a jingle. 钥匙叮当落地。 Jingle bells, jingle bells, jingle all the way. 铃儿响叮铛,铃儿一路响叮铛。

Part B

Text

Language Points

tease
v. to make fun of; mock playfully

e.g. You always tease me, but also bring me a lot of fun.

你总是在捉弄我,但是却给了我无尽的快乐。
Don't take it seriously - he's only teasing.

别把它当真,他只不过是在开玩笑。

Part B

Text

Language Points

propose v. to form or make a proposal, especially of marriage

e.g. I have already proposed to Sarah. 我已经向萨拉求婚了。 propose marriage to a girl 向一个姑娘求婚

Part B

Text

Language Points

in short briefly e.g. It is, in short, extremely annoying.

简而言之,这将是非常麻烦的局面。
In short, we must be prepared.

简而言之, 我们要有准备。

Part B

Text

Language Points

hangout
n. a place where a person lives or often visits

e.g. This coffee shop is our favorite hangout.
这家咖啡屋是我们最喜欢聚会的地方。

This street is a major hangout for vendors.
这条街是一个小商贩的主要聚集处。

Part B

Text

Language Points

flavor n. distinctive taste of food; characteristic quality of sth.

e.g. a TV show with an American flavor

带有美国风情的电视节目
It gives our little meals an eastern flavor.

它给我们的便餐增添了一种东方风味。

Part B

Exercises

Task 1

Task 2

Part B

Exercises

Task 1 Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

1.

The two initials “f ” refer to the following two words respectively.
A. Fair and faith. B. Fancy and fun.

C. Fame and family.
D. Food and friends.

Part B

Exercises

Task 1 Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

2.

Canteen can be otherwise referred to be a (n) _____________.
A. B. cafe inn

C. cafeteria
D. tea house

Part B

Exercises

Task 1 Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

3.

Why is the whole canteen session fun?
A. Because students can crack gossips there. B. Because boys can propose girls there. C. Because students can get closer and relax there. D. Because students can have delicious food there.

Part B

Exercises

Task 1 Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

4.

The phrase “give birth to” in paragraph 5 means __________.
A. B. produce bring up

C. raise
D. propose

Part B

Exercises

Task 2 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to Text B. 1. Students often quarrel for different opinions in canteen. ( 2. Canteen is a place where students can make friends. ( ) )

3. Students don’t need to pay for tea and snacks in the canteen. ( )

4. Students who often dine in the canteen can join in a college music band. ( ) )

5. Students can learn a lot in canteen gatherings. (

Part C

Phonetics

Central Vowels & Back Vowels

Central Vowels & Back Vowels Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Part C

Phonetics

Central Vowels & Back Vowels

Central Vowels & Back Vowels
中元音(central vowel)发音时舌高点出现在舌中部,包括

[?], [?:]和 [?] 。发音时舌高点出现在舌前部的元音称之为后元音
(back vowels),包括[a:], [?], [?:], [u]和[u:] 。

Part C

Phonetics

Central Vowels & Back Vowels

Task 1 Listen and circle the word you hear.

1. 2. 3. 4.

A. bus A. part A. front A. far

B. boss B. port B. frond B. for

C. booze C. put C. fruit C. fool

D. birds D. pert D. first D. fur

5.

A. muck

B. mock

C. moot

D. murk

Part C

Phonetics

Central Vowels & Back Vowels

Task 2 Listen and practice the sentences you hear.

1. In Hartford, Hereford hurricanes hardly ever happen. 2. The nurses in skirts washed thirty dirty shirts.

3. If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?
4. How much wood would a woodcutter cut if a woodcutter could cut wood? He’d cut as much wood as a woodcutter could if a woodcutter could cut wood. 5. How much myrtle would a wood turtle hurdle if a wood turtle could hurdle myrtle? A wood turtle would hurdle as much myrtle as a wood turtle could hurdle if a wood turtle could hurdle myrtle.

Part C

Phonetics

Central Vowels & Back Vowels

Task 3 Read, listen and improve.
Note: 法国著名音乐人 Pascal Obispo 为宣传对抗艾滋病创作了一首励志歌

曲 ”Live for Love United”,适逢2002 世界杯盛事即将举行,希望借着世界 杯让世界关注艾滋病患者。
A Song: Live for Love United Love united we will up For all the people of the world Have you ever dreamed of playing for The biggest team there is on earth Have you ever played at dreaming large The time is now and you are the star… What to do to die today?

At a quarter or two to two. A terrible difficult thing to say But a harder thing still to do. The dragon will come at the beat of the drum With a rat-a-tat-tat a-tat-tat a-tattoo At a quarter or two to two today, At a quarter or two to two.

Part C

Grammar

冠词

冠 词

Task 1

Task 2

Part C
冠词

Grammar

冠词

一、基本用法与规律
冠词是一种虚词,本身不能独立充当句子成分,只能附着在一个 名词上面帮助说明名词的含义 。英语中的冠词分为两类:定冠词 (the Definite Article)和不定冠词(the Indefinite Article)。不 定冠词有两种形式:a (用在以辅音音素开头的单词前),an (用 在以元音音素开始的单词前)。定冠词就是the。一般说来,普通名 词有特指和泛指两种情况,特指的时候一般用到定冠词,而泛指的时 候则一般用到不定冠词。具体情况可以用以下表格说明:

Part C

Grammar

冠词

冠词 一、基本用法和规律
冠词是一种虚词,本身不能独立充当句子成分,只能附着在一个名词上面帮
助说明名词的含义。英语中的冠词分为两类:定冠词( the Definite Article) 和不定冠词( the Indefinite Article)。不定冠词有两种形式:a ( 用在以辅音 音素开头的单词前),an ( 用在以元音音素开始的单词前)。定冠词就是the。一般 说来,普通名词有特指和泛指两种情况,特指的时候一般用到定冠词,而泛指的 时候则一般用到不定冠词。具体情况可以用以下表格说明: 特指 可数名词单数 可数名词复数 不可数名词 the computer the computers the money 泛指 表示类别 a computer ( 零冠词) computers (零冠词)money 表示“一个(些)” a computer some computers some money

Part C
I would like to buy new mobile phone. (new 前应加a) The wheat is grown in the north of China. (wheat 前不加the)

Grammar

冠词

二、名词复数使用中常见错误
单数可数名词通常都需要加冠词。

不可数名词表示泛指时,前不加冠词。 对于乐器,常用“定冠词+ 可数名词单数”表示泛指; 在球类运动、棋类游戏和竞赛技能等名词前则不要加 冠词。 当表示“每”、“每一”的概念时,单位名词前要加 定冠词。 在其后面,但与whole 连用时要放在whole 前面。

My brother would like to learn piano. (piano 前应加the) He was paid by hour. (hour 前应加the)

The all trees have lost their 当定冠词与all, both, half, much 等连用时,要放 leaves.( the 应该放在all 后面)
The Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is based in Shenzhen. (Huawei 前的the应删掉)

一般情况下专有名词前不加冠词,但也有一些情况要 加冠词。

Part C

Grammar

冠词

二、名词复数使用中常见错误
This is fourth time that I have visited Canada. (fourth 前应加the) This is a too difficult task for them to carry out. ( a 应该放在difficult 之后)

在形容词的最高级、序数词、only 之前, 通常要加定冠词the。 当单数可数名词之前的形容词有too, so, as, however, how 等词修饰时,不定冠词应放 在形容词后。

A student as he is, he has opened an online shop on Alibaba. ( student 前的a 应删掉)
He was selected the chairman of the congress last year. (chairman 前的the 应删掉)

在以“普通名词+as”开始的让步状语从句 中,此普通名词前不加冠词。
在作表语、同位语或补足语表示正式或独一 无二的职位、头衔的名词前,常不用冠词。

Part C

Grammar

冠词

Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I am learning to play ____ chess. A. a B. an C. the D. × Mr. Zhang has just been appointed ____ chief editor. A. a B. an C. the D. × These small toys are sold by ____ dozen in the whole sale market. A. a B. an C. the D. × _____ Walmart is planning to open a new store in this area. A. a B. an C. the D. × He is ____ only person who has received higher education in his family. A. a B. an C. the D. ×

Part C

Grammar

冠词

Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 6. ______ Rice is the main food in Thailand. A. a B. an C. the D. × 7. He is ____ honest person. A. a B. an C. the D. × 8. ______ carrots are my favorite vegetable. A. a B. an C. the D. × 9. There is ____ tree in the garden. A. a B. an C. the D. × 10. _______ American as he is, he can speak Chinese very fluently. A. a B. an C. the D. ×

Part C

Grammar

冠词

Task 2 Choose the right Chinese translation for each of the following English sentence.
1. His success is out of the question. A. 他必成功。 B. 他必失败。 A Mr. Steve called to see you when you were out. A. 你不在的时候,史蒂夫先生来访,要见你。 B. 你不在的时候,一个叫史蒂夫的先生来访,要见你。 Have you seen the red and white roses on the campus? A. 你看到校园里那些红白相间的玫瑰花吗? B. 你看见校园里那些红玫瑰花和白玫瑰花吗? A lawyer would make a better statesman than a soldier. A. 律师改作政治家比改作军人更易成功。 B. 律师比军人更易成为好政治家。 They are the students of our school. A. 他们是我们学校的一部分学生。 B. 他们是我们学校的全体学生。

2.

3.

4.

5.

Part C Functions and Notions

Likes and Dislikes

Task 1

Task 2

Part C Functions and Notions
Likes and Dislikes
The following are some common expressions for making likes and dislikes. Likes Which would you prefer, … or…? What’s your favorite…? I’d prefer… I like… I love… I’m fond of… I’m crazy about… Dislikes I don’t like… I hate… I can’t stand… I’m fed up with… I’ve had enough of… It isn’t to my taste. I’m getting bored with…

Part C Functions and Notions
Task 1 Listen to the recordings and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Dialogue 1 Cathy: Jane, where are the cookies? Don’t tell me you ate them all! Again! Jane: Yes, I did. I couldn’t help it. They are so tasty. like Cathy: I thought you didn’t ______ cookies. hate Jane: Well, I _____ chocolate cookies. But Rosa is crazy different. I’m _______ about them. favorite Cathy: Huh, Rosa cookies are my __________ too. taste Jane: Well, tell you what, Rosa cookies ________ even better with a glass of cold milk. Cathy: Come on, Jane. You’ll put on more pounds if you eat like this. Jane: Don’t worry. I’ll go on a diet tomorrow.

Part C Functions and Notions
Task 1 Listen to the recordings and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Dialogue 2
favorite A: What’s your ___________ food at the canteen?

B: I love tomato with eggs. It’s delicious.
getting bored A: But I’m ____________ with this dish.

B: Why? I eat it almost every day. A: For the first several times, I think it was OK. Then… B: It’s good to our health and it tastes good as well.
prefer A: Well, now I’d _________ other dishes.

B: People really have different tastes.

Part C Functions and Notions
Task 2 Make a conversation according to the following situation, using expressions for likes and dislikes.
Your friend is tired and you tell him/her to have soft drinks. But he/she prefers tea.

A sample has been given for your reference.

Part C Functions and Notions
Task 2 Make a conversation according to the following situation, using expressions for likes and dislikes. Sample:

You:
Sam: You:

Hi, Sam. How are you?
Actually I am a bit tired because of all the homework I have. Here’s Red Bull. It makes you feel fresh.

Sam:
You: Sam: You: Sam:

Well, I don’t like that kind of drinks.
Then, what do you drink when you are tired? I usually drink tea. I’m fond of Chinese tea. Does it work as quickly as Red Bull. Yes, it works perfectly for me.

Part C

Writing

Effective Sentences Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Part C

Writing

Writing for General Purposes: Effective Sentences
Before doing the exercise, read the guidelines to writing skills in the following box, as this may be of some help to you. Writing Strategy
To be effective, a sentence must at least possess these qualities: correctness (准确), unity (完整) and conciseness (简洁). Correctness: a sentence should have a subject ( 主语 ) and a predicative verb (谓语动词) and it should begin with a capital
There is no predicative verb in the letter and ends with a full stop. sentence.

Example 1 Incorrect: The result being that he can stay. Correct: The result is that he can stay.

Part C

Writing

Writing for General Purposes: Effective Sentences
Unity: a sentence should express a single complete idea.
The two facts mentioned in the sentence are not logically connected: a man born in South Africa is not certain to become a great explorer.

Example 2 Poor: Born in South Africa, he later became a great explorer. Improved: Born in a family of explorers, he later became a great explorer. The number of words is reduced in the second Conciseness: Use only the necessary words, or as few words as possible so long as the meaning is fully expressed. Example 3 Wordy: Students in the present time have to work to pay for college. Improved: Today, students have to work to pay for college.
sentence, but the meaning is the same as that of the original one.

Part C

Writing

Task 1 Read Text A again and rewrite the following sentences, paying attention to correctness, unity and conciseness. 1. As a result of hard working, many students will put on 15 or more pounds during their first year of college. (unity)
As a result of overeating, many students will put on 15 or more pounds during their first year of college.

2. The unhealthy diet habits leading them to gain weight and even become malnourished. (correctness)
The unhealthy diet habits are leading them to gain weight and even become malnourished. Or The unhealthy diet habits lead them to gain weight and even become malnourished.

Part C

Writing

Task 1 Read Text A again and rewrite the following sentences, paying attention to correctness, unity and conciseness. 3. Healthy eating can be expensive while a lack of time makes it difficult for college students to eat healthily. (unity)
Healthy eating can be expensive while many high energy-dense foods are the least expensive.

4. Can be really hard for college students to avoid these habits. (correctness)
It can be really hard for college students to avoid these habits.

5. It’s important for college students to have a balanced diet. College students should not grab that extra slice of pizza at the cafeteria. College students should grab an apple and an orange. (conciseness)
It’s important for college students to have a balanced diet. Instead of grabbing that extra slice of pizza at the cafeteria, grab an apple and an orange.

Part C
Task 2

Writing

Text A centers on how students can eat healthily at college. Now work with a partner and do the following: Student A Student B Student B
Go through student A’s writing and rewrite some sentences that you think need to be improved.

Write a paragraph of about 50 words stating the importance of healthy food. Pay special attention to the effectiveness of sentences.

Student A & Student B
Read both the original paragraph and student B’s version to the class and let your classmates decide which one sounds better.

Part C

Writing

A sample has been written for your reference.

Food is important to health at all stages of life. Healthy diets help children grow, develop and do well in school. They enable people of all ages to work effectively and feel their best. Healthy food also can help to reduce the risk for diseases, such as heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. Foods contain nutrients. These nutrients are essential because the body cannot make them and must get them from food.

Part C

Writing

Writing for Specific Purposes: Menu
Task 3 Suppose you are working part-time in the school cafeteria. Fill in the blank of the following sample and create a menu which includes vegetables, pork, fish, chicken, beef, soup, desserts, rice/noodles, and drinks.

Part C

Writing

Part C

Writing

Part C

Workshop

Finding Food on Campus

I

Background

From the text, you have learned that good eating habit and healthy food are important for your study and life on campus. But you have not got many details about what college students in the English-speaking countries eat. Let’s find them out. And if possible, you may compare their favorite food with yours.

II Task
You need to find out the foods that are popular among college students in the English-speaking countries. It is suggested that you log on the Internet and use search engines like Google to get the latest information including texts and pictures.

Part C

Workshop

III

Process

Step 1: Visit websites of the universities you already know. The websites below are for your reference. http://www.bbcgoodfood.com/content/recipes/favourites/studen thttp://www.studentcook.co.uk/ http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/ Step 2: If you want to use Google. You may try these key words: healthy food, junk food, eating on campus, college canteen menu, etc. Step 3: Complete the following form by putting in the names and/or pictures of the foods according to their groups.

Part C

Workshop


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