当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 高中英语被动语态讲解与练习整理

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习整理


高中英语被动语态讲解
一、被动语态的构成:动作承受者+助动词 be(各种时态)+及物动词的过去分词+(by+动作发出者) 1. That boy breaks the glass. The glass is broken by that boy. 二、被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动形式, 被动语态由 be+过去分词构成,be 随时态的变化而变化。以

do 为例,各 种时态的被动语态形式为: 1. We request visitors not to touch the exhibits.(do) Visitors ___________ not to touch the exhibits (by us). ( am/is/are +done (过去分词) 一般现在时被动语态) 2.The boss gave me ten minutes to decide whether i should reject the offer. (did) I ___________ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer (by the boss). ( was/were done 一般过去时被动语态) 3.People will/shall lose hundreds of jobs if the factory closes.(will/shall do) Hundreds of jobs ____________if the factory closes.(will/shall be done) The city is going to hold the winter Olympic Games.(be going to do ) The winter Olympic Games_____________ by the city.(be going to be done ) The cat is about to catch the mouse when I come in.(be about to do) The mouse ____________________ by the cat when i come in .(be about to be done) I am to buy a car in the coming month.(be to do) A car ________________ by me in the coming month .(be to be done) (will/shall/be going to/be about to/be to +be done)一般将来时被动语态 引申:People would/should/ were going to/were about to/were to send the news to soldier's mother as soon as it arrived. The news __________________________________________ the soldier's mother as soon as it arrived. 4.We have completed all the preparation for the task. (have done) All the preparations for the task _______________ by us.(have been done) (have been done)现在完成时被动语态 5.By the end of last year, Beijing had completed another new gym.(had done) By the end of last year, another new gym ______________in Beijing.(had been done) (had been done)过去完成时被动语态 6.We will have completed the project before September.(will have done) The project ____________________________ before July(will have been done). (will have been done)将来完成时被动语态 7. The city is building a new cinema here.(be doing) A new cinema _____________ here by the city.(be being done) (be being done)现在进行时被动语态 8.They were holding a meeting when I was there.(be doing) A meeting _________________ when I was there.(be being done) (be being done)过去进行时被动语态 三. 被动语态的特殊结构形式 1)带情态动词的被动结构。其形式为:情态动词+be+过去分词。 The baby-sitter should take good care of the baby. The baby _________________________by the baby-sitter. 2)有些动词可以有两个宾语,在用于被动结构时,可以把主动结构中的一个宾语变为主语, 另一宾语仍然保 留在谓语后面。通常变为主语的是间接宾语。 His mother gave him a present for his birthday. He ____________________by his mother for his birthday. 3) 当“动词+宾语+宾语补足语”结构变为被动语态时,将宾语变为被动结构中的主语,其余不动。 Someone caught the boy smoking a cigarette. The boy ______________________a cigarette. 4)在使役动词 have, make, get 以及感官动词 see, watch, notice, hear, feel, observe 等后面不定式作宾语补语 1

时,在主动结构中不定式 to 要省略,但变为被动结构时,要加 to。Someone saw a stranger walk into the building. A stranger ___________________ into the building. 5) 有些相当于及物动词的动词词组,如 “动词+介词”,“动词+副词”等,也可以用于被动结构,但要把它 们看作一个整体,不能分开。其中的介词或副词也不能省略。We put off the meeting till Friday. The meeting ___________ till Friday. 四、 It is said that+从句及其他类似句型 一些表示“据说”或“相信”的动词如 believe, consider, expect, report, say, suppose, think 等可以用于句型“It+ be+done+that 从句”或“主语+be+done+to do sth.”。有:It is said that…/It is said to do 据说,It is reported that/It is reported to do…据报道, It is believed that/It is believed to do…大家相信, It is hoped that/It is hoped to do 大家希望, It is well known that/It is well known to do 众所周知,It is thought that/It is thought to do…大家认为,It is suggested that/It is suggested to do…据建议。 It is said that the boy has passed the national exam. (=The boy is said to have passed the national exam. ) 五、谓语动词的主动形式表示被动意义 1.英语中有很多动词如 break,catch,clean,drive,lock,open,sell,read,write,wash 等,当它们被用作不 及物动词来描述主语特征时,常用其主动形式 表达被动意义,主语通常是物。 This kind of cloth washes well. The door won't lock. (指门本身有毛病) The door won't be locked. (指不会有人来锁门, 指“门没有锁”是人的原因) 2. 系动词没有被动形式, 但有些表示感受、 感官的连系动词 feel, sound, taste, book, feel 等在主系表结构中常以主 动形式。Your reason sounds reasonable. 六、非谓语动词的主动形式表被动意义 1. 在 need,want,require, bear 等词的后面,动名词用主动形式表示被动意义,其含义相当于动词不定式的 被动形式。 The house needs repairing(to be repaired) .这房子需要修理。 2.形容词 worth 后面跟动名词的主动形式表示被动含义,但不能跟动词不定式;The picture-book is well worth reading. 3. I have a lot of things to do this afternoon. 4. 形容词不定式的主动形式表达被动意义。 这些形容词有 nice, easy, fit, hard, difficult, important, impossible, pleasant,interesting 等。 例 This problem is difficult/easy/hard/important/impossible/interesting to work out . 七、被动语态与系表结构的区别 当“be+过去分词”作被动语态时表示主语承受的动作;作系表结构时表示主语的特点或所处的状态时,be 后 面的过去分词是表语,相当于形容词。其区分办法如下: The glass is broken. (系表结构)The glass was broken by the boy. (被动语态) 七、被动语态与高考试题赏析 1). In some parts of the world, tea ___ with milk and sugar. A. is serving B. is served C. serves D. served 2). This is Ted’s phone. We miss him a lot. He ___ trying to save a child in the earthquake.A. killed B. is killed C. was killed D. was killing 3). ---- Have you moved into the new house? ---- Not yet, the rooms _____. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting 4). When and where to go for the on-salary holiday ___ yet. A. are not decided B. have not been decided C. is not being decided D. has not been decided 5). The manager was happy to learn that the tickets ___. A. was booked B. had been booked C. were booked D. have been booked 6. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, are ____and perfected now. A. Developed B. have developed C. are being developedD. will have been developed 7. The new bridge ___ by the end of next month. A. has been designedB. had been designed C. was designedD. Will have been designed 8.--- Do you like the material? --- Yes, it ___ very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt 9. It is difficult for a foreigner ____ Chinese. A. write B. to write C. to be written D. written 10 --- What do you think of the book? ---Oh, excellent. It’s worth ___ a second time. A. to read B. to be read C. reading D. being read 11. This page needed ___ again.A. being checked B. checkedC. to check D. to be checked




更多相关文档:

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语被动语态一、被动语态的构成形式 1. 被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动...

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语被动语态讲解与练习 高中英语被动语态精讲一、被动语态的基本时态变化 be+过去分词,be 随时态的变化而...

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。被动语态专项练习题 1.Our house___, A . is getting paint B . is getting painted C . is...

高中英语被动语态专项练习及答案

高中英语被动语态专项练习及答案_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。被动语态基础...高中英语被动语态讲解与... 3页 1下载券 高中英语被动语态练习 27页 1下载券...

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。被动语态 Passive Voice 一、被动语态的构成 动词语态是动词的一种特殊形式,表示句中主语和谓语动词之间的关系...

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语被动语态讲解一、被动语态的构成形式 1. 被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动形式, ...

高中英语被动语态讲解以及练习

高中英语被动语态讲解以及练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档高中英语被动语态讲解以及练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。 ...

高中英语被动语态专项练习

高中英语被动语态专项练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。被动语态一、被动语态的构成...should blame 解析 A feel 的宾语从句为强调句型,在 be to do 结构中,在...

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)

高中英语被动语态讲解与练习(含答案)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Grammar 被动语态一、被动语态的构成形式 1. 被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动形...

高中英语语法讲解与练习之被动语态

高中英语语法讲解与练习之被动语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语被动语态总结一、被动语态的构成形式 1. 被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动...
更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com