1.主句如果是一般过去时， 间接引语的时态也要变成相应的过去时态。 例如: She said,”I am mad at Mary.” She said that she was mad at Mary. 2.主句如果是一般现在时，或一般将来时，间接引语时态不变。 He says,”I am tired.” He says that he is tir
ed. He will say,”I have a big house.” He will say that he has a big house. 3.如果直接引语为客观真理或自然规律时，间接引语为一般现在时。 The teacher told us ,”The earth is round.” The teacher told us that the earth is round. Our teacher told us,”The earth moves around the sun. Our teacher told us that the earth moves around the sun. 4.如果直接引语中有特定的表示过去的时间状语，变为间接引语时， 时态可以不变。 She said,”I joined the army in 1965,” She said that she joined the army in 1965. 5.直接引语为陈述句和感叹句时， 变为间接引语时， 连接词用 that. 在 口语中 that 口语省略。 They said,”We will go camping tommorrow.” They said that they would go camping the next day. He says,”What a great cuontry China is!” He says that China is such a great country. 6.直接引语为一般疑问句、选择疑问句和反意疑问句时，变为间接引 语时用 if 或 whether 引导，意思为“是否”。主句的引述动词为 ask. “Are you a doctor or a teacher?” He asked. He asked if(whether) I was a doctor or a teacher. “Do you get up at 6 o’clock?” He asked. He asked if(whether) I got up at 6 o’clock.
注意：变为宾语从句的间接引语要用陈述句的语序，引述动词 say 要 变为 ask. 7.直接引语为特殊疑问句时，变成由特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句，间 接引语要用陈述句的语序，say 要变为 ask. She asked,”Where does he live?” She asked where he lived. He said,”Why do you enjoy reading?” He asked why I enjoyed reading 8.直接引语为祈使句时，常变成不定式作宾语补足语的复合宾语。 “sit down,Tom.”He said to him. He asked Tom to sit down. “Don?t smoke here.” He said to Bob. He asked Bob not to smoke there. 注意: ask 在句中是”使、让“的意思 Exercise : 1.John said, “I ?m going to London with my father.” 2. She said , “I like playing basketball.” 3. She said to me, “They want to help me.” 4. He asked Tom, “Can I look at your photos?” 5. “The earth moves around the sun.”The teacher told us. 6.He asked Tom , “Where are you going?” 7.The teacher asked me, “Why do you want to do that?” 8. “Are you doing your homework?” Jim’s mother asked him.
9.The teacher told us, “The sun rises in the east.” 10.He asked me , “Is this book yours or hers?” 11.He saked Tom , “Where are you going?” 12.The teacher asked me, “Why do you want to do that?” 13. “Are you doing your homework?” Jim’s mother asked him. 14.The teacher told us, “The sun rises in the east.” 15.He asked me , “Is this book yours or hers?” 16.“We will go to the park tomorrow,”Lilei told his mother. 17.He said , “Are you interested in English?” 18.“What can I do for you ?”he asked me. 19.“Don’t smoke in the room,”he said to me
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